# Questions tagged [perturbation-theory]

The tag has no usage guidance.

99 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
11 views

### Hopf normal form of 2D system – How to calculate parameter $\beta$?

In the Scholarpedia article on the Hopf bifurcation, it is discussed that any generic (nondegeneracy and transversality) 2D system exhibiting a Hopf bifurcation has a locally topologically equivalent ...
160 views

### Finding $\theta$ such that at least one eigenvalue of $A(\theta)$ is real

Is there a known method to find a set of $\theta$ such that at least one eigenvalue of $A(\theta)$ is purely real? Assume $A(\theta)$ is a real square matrix whose elements are linear functions of a ...
• 297
98 views

### Local differentiability of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a real symmetric matrix

Let $A(x)\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a real symmetric matrix depending on the point $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$, where the eigenvalues are not necessarily simple. Can we say that for all $x$ there exists an ...
• 29
117 views

### Could variable be still function in x and y after performing Reynolds averaging over area

All, Let $S(x,y,t)$ be a variable function in $x$, $y$, and $t$. After performing Reynold averaging over area $\frac{1}{A}\int S(x,y,t) dA$, could $S$ still be a function in $x$, and $y$? Equations (1-...
• 101
202 views

• 151
118 views

### Seeking a precedent – two-stage Gaussian integration?

Sometimes, by iteration, linear algebra can be used to solve non-linear equations. For example, consider the system $$Ax=a \qquad B(x)y=b(x),$$ where $a$ is a vector with scalar entries, $A$ is a ...
• 1,870
1 vote
446 views

### Lipschitz continuity of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of Hermitian matrices

It is well-known that the eigenvalues (in decreasing order) of a Hermitian matrix $A$ are Lipschitz continuous functions of $A$. Do there exist orthonormal eigenvectors that vary in a Lipschitz ...
• 3,243
166 views

### Proof (or reference) about $\lambda_i(A+\epsilon e_je_j^*) = \lambda_i(A) + \epsilon |v_{i,j}|^2 + O(\epsilon^2).$

I'm looking for a proof (or a reference in a textbook) about the fact that $$\lambda_i(A+\epsilon e_je_j^*) =_{\epsilon \to 0} \lambda_i(A) + \epsilon |v_{i,j}|^2 + O(\epsilon^2),$$ where $A$ is a ...
• 161
133 views

### Reference for action-angle coordinates [closed]

Does anyone know a good reference to start studying Action-Angle coordinates? Thank you in advance !
• 97
68 views

### Perturbative approach starting from a probability distribution approximated form

I approximate a probability distribution $P_x(x)$ with a $P_x^{app}(x)$, such that $P_x(x)-P_x^{app}(x) = O(\epsilon)$ uniformly in x, where epsilon is a small positive quantity. Consider the generic ...
42 views

• 227
1k views

### Why should I look at the resolvent formalism and think it is a useful tool for spectral theory?

Wikipedia calls resolvent formalism a useful tool for relating complex analysis to studying the spectra of a linear operator on a Banach space. Sure, I believe you because I've seen results that use ...
• 303
1 vote
89 views

• 21
453 views

### $C^1$ perturbation of diffeomorphism is diffeomorphism?

if $f \in$ diff($M$), where $M$ is manifold, if $C^1$ perturbation $f_{\epsilon}$ of $f$ s.t. $||f_{\epsilon}-f||_{C^1} < \epsilon$. Can we prove $f_{\epsilon} \in$ diff($M$) if $\epsilon$ is ...
• 563
1 vote
97 views

• 121
375 views

### Is the kernel of a Fredholm operator stable under perturbation?

This is a follow-up of this question. In a nutshell: Does the kernel of a bounded operator change "nicely" with the operator? Let $(X,\| \cdot \|)$ be an infinite-dimensional normed vector space. ...
• 6,387
90 views

### Bounds on $\|(P+\Delta)^n - P^n\|_F$ for stochastic matrices

Let us suppose that $P$ is a stochastic matrix (non-negative matrix with $P \mathbf{1} = \mathbf{1}$). Let $\Delta$ such that $P + \Delta$ is a stochastic matrix (which means $P + \Delta$ is non-...
• 113
245 views

### Analytic families of compact self-adjoint operators: eigenvalue extension

Suppose that $A(t), t \in \mathbb{R}$, is an analytic family of compact self-adjoint operators on a Hilbert space. The Kato-Rellich theorem says that every non-zero eigenvalue of $A(t)$ splits into ...
• 479
258 views

### Eigenvalue Argument Perturbation

Given two square matrices $A$ and $B$. There are quite some results on the distance between the eigenvalues, e.g., $$| \lambda_A - \lambda_B | \leq \| A - B \|_F,$$ where $A$ and $B$ are Hermitian ...
609 views

### Perturbation of a stochastic differential equation

Suppose we have the following two stochastic differential equations for $x_0$ and $x$ respectively \begin{align} dx_0 &= -k_0(t)(x_0-1)dt+\eta_0(t) x_0\,dB \tag1\\ dx &= -(k_0(t)+\epsilon ...
• 2,029
2k views

### Differentiability of Eigenvalues - Perturbation Theory

first, I have a general question. In perturbation theory, I saw perturbations in eigenvalues and eigenvectors of square, non-symmetric matrices and the calculations were all right but no one ever ...
• 129
1 vote
73 views

### Showing a modified system of quadratic equations is stable

I have and $n$ dimensional dynamical system, given by $\dot{x} = M D(x) P x - \frac{c}{2}x$ $P$ is a full rank $n \times n$ matrix, with $p_{ij} \in [0,c]$, such that $p_{ij}=c-p_{ji}$ for some ...
• 111
52 views

### Region of attraction of simple ODE with perturbation

Consider the following simplest example: $$\dot{x} = x(x-1)(x+1)$$ $[-1,1]$ is the ROA. Now consider the two dimensional case: \begin{equation} \begin{aligned} &\dot{x} = x(x-1)(x+1)\\ &...
• 345
This question is about the two vectors $w'$ and $y$ that are necessary for the argument in section $7$ (page 6) of this paper by Terence Tao and Van Vu, https://arxiv.org/abs/math/0703307 (that ...