The quantum-field-theory tag has no usage guidance.

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### Relation between quantum affine algebras and W-algebras

In the paper, there is a concept $qq$-characters for W-algebras $W_{q_1,q_2}$. The usual $q$-character is defined for quantum affine algebra in the paper. A $q$-character can be obtained from a ...

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### Looking for A. J. Tolland's exposition of non-renormalizability [duplicate]

In the MathOverFlow thread "Mathematical explanation of the failure to quantize gravity naively" there are references to "A.J. Tolland's very nice exposition of nonrenormalizability". However, ...

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### How undecidable is the spectral gap?

Nature just published a paper by Cubitt, Perez-Garcia and Wolf titled Undecidability of the Spectral Gap, there is an extended version on arxiv which is 146 pages long. Here is from the abstract:"Many ...

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### Fourier series of a Wightman field

From a proof that 2D Wightman CFT leads to a vertex algebra [1]:
Let
$$
Y(a,z):=\frac{1}{(1+z)^{2\Delta_a}}\Phi_a\left(i\frac{1-z}{1+z}\right),\quad\text{with}\quad |z|<1.
$$
Here $\Delta_a\ge 0$ ...

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### Equation of motion for the Lagrangian $\mathcal{L} = \text{Tr}(\partial^\mu G \partial_\mu G^{-1})$, $G$ is unitary $N \times N$ matrix? [closed]

What is the equation of motion for the Lagrangian$$\mathcal{L} = \text{Tr}(\partial^\mu G \partial_\mu G^{-1})$$where $G$ is an $N \times N$ unitary matrix? Could anyone supply a reference to its ...

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### Mathematics of Chiral Rings

Let $A$ be a graded vector space, and suppose that two commuting differentials $d_1$ and $d_2$ of degree +1 act on $A$, such that $A$ equipped with either is a chain complex.
We now construct $C(A)$, ...

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### Generating Functional for the Dirac Field, equivalence of expressions

As with the Klein-Gordon field, we can alternatively derive the Feynman rules with the free Dirac theory by means of a generating functional. In analogy with the scalar field theory where $Z[J]$ is ...

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### Complex scalar field, computation of propagators, four point function [closed]

This is a followup to my previous question here.
In quantum field theory, the Lagrangian for the complex scalar field is$$\mathcal{L} = \partial_\mu \phi^* \partial^\mu \phi - m^2 \phi^*\phi.$$Can ...

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### Complex scalar field, generating functional?

The Lagrangian for the complex scalar field is$$\mathcal{L} = \partial_\mu \phi^* \partial^\mu \phi - m^2 \phi^* \phi.$$Can anyone work out or provide me a reference to the computation of the ...

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### Gauge field quantization, electromagnetism

Classical electromagnetism (with no sources) follows from the actions$$S = \int d^4x\left(-{1\over4}F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu}\right),\text{ where }F_{\mu\nu} = \partial_\mu A_\nu - \partial_\nu A_\mu.$$The ...

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### The proof that a vertex algebra can lead to a Wightman QFT

On p. 13 of "Vertex Algebras for Beginners", 2nd edition, Kac writes:
"Under certain assumptions and with certain additional data one may reconstruct the whole QFT from these chiral algebras, but we ...

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### q-Virasoro and q-Heisenberg algebras

The literature has definitions (seemingly plural, though they might be linked) of a $q$-deformed Virasoro algebra. But is there any link of these to a $q$-deformed Heisenberg algebra? (Classically ...

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### Examples of n+1D TQFT with 1 dimensional Hilbert spaces on n-torus and n-sphere but higher dimensional Hilbert spaces on other n-manifolds

Are there simple examples of $n+1$D TQFT that assign 1-dimensional Hilbert spaces to both $n$-torus and $n$-sphere but higher dimensional Hilbert spaces to some other $n$-manifolds? Here I am assuming ...

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### What does it mean to take the diagonal of the group $SU(2) \times SU(2) $?

I am reading Witten's paper on topological field theories, in specific the topological twist in page 359. In order to perform the twist he takes the diagonal subgroup of $K = SU(2)_{\text{Right}} ...

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### Understanding Segal's definition of conformal field theory

I have a fundamental problem in understanding Segal's definition of a conformal field theory:
On the one hand his monoidal CFT-functor is a formalization of the fact that, physically, the integrand ...

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### anomaly polynomial of generalized Hitchin system

I would like to ask about mathematical background of this object. So, I am trying to puzzle out with 4d $\mathcal{N}=2$ SQFT. As far as I can gather this theroy can be described in terms of ...

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### Fock Space Proof of $(g(x)\phi^4)_2$ Mass Gap?

Is there a proof that does not depend on Euclidean methods? Is this a proof? :
$V(g)$ can be written as $P+R$ where $P$ is non-negative and $R$ is $N$-bounded (and hence $(H_0+\lambda P)$-bounded). ...

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### Quantum Fields and Infinite Tensor Products

As I understand it, a naive interpretation of the state space of a quantum field theory is an infinite tensor product
$$\otimes_{x\in M} H_x,$$
where $x$ runs over the points of space. This ...

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### How to learn QFT from mathematical perspective?

I want to learn QFT, because I have heard of its applications in mathematics, I am not interested in scattering cross sections and such. Where can I start to learn? Only books I found are either way ...

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### Why is an extended T(Q)FT called fully local?

Hopefully this question does not double another. If so, don't bother to close this.
An extended topological quantum field theory is sometimes called, 'fully local".
Why is that? I can imagine that ...

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### Reference for Hopf algebra applications to Feynman diagrams

I need to give a talk about Hopf algebras and I would like to give a (at least) 5 minutes introduction using Feynman diagrams as a motivation. I'm looking for a not-so-heavy reference explaining how ...

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### AKSZ sigma models for higher spin

The AKSZ framework constructs 2D sigma models in the BV formalism. Is there a generalization of the AKSZ approach to higher spin?

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### TQFT characterization of braiding statistics

In the TQFT language, quasiparticles correspond to Wilson loop operators. It is well-known that quasiparticles can have non-trivial braiding statistics.
Take $2+1$ dimensional Abelian Chern-Simons ...

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### Dixon's diagram for BRS cohomology

The article by J. A. Dixon titled Calculation of BRS cohomology with spectral sequences (Comm. Math. Phys. Volume 139, Number 3 (1991), pages 495-526) describes in words a diagram that is not printed. ...

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### Quantum Field theory - integral notation

I have a problem with understanding how the resolution of the identity of an operator is presented in some literature for physicists.
I'm a student of mathematics, and I understand the notion of a ...

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### reference for higher spin - not gravitational nor stringy

Other than the papers of Berends, Burgers and van Dam, are there any papers that study the general case of deforming a free field theory with higher spin fields to be interactive?

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### Fourier transform of a matrix represented compact lie group

In physics, I come across this kind of integration (in the nonlinear sigma model):
\begin{equation}
S[g] = \frac{1}{\lambda} \int d^dr\ \text{tr}[\triangledown g\triangledown g^{-1}]
\end{equation}
...

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### Does the $(\mathbb Z/2)$-graded isomorphism $E_n \cong E_{n+2}$ have any nice properties?

This question assumes everything is dg. Let's decide to work over the "field" $\mathbb Q[\mu,\mu^{-1}]$ where $\mu$ has homological degree $+2$. Then chain complexes are just $\mathbb Z/2$-graded. ...

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### What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?
Is the Sp(2) doublet the ghost, antighost pair?
Introductory accounts of this subject seem to be hard to find. I would appreciate a reference for someone who ...

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### “extended TQFT” versus “TQFT with defects”

There are two ways in which higher categories appear in topological field theory: in extended TFTs and in TFTs with defects. How are these appearances related?
According to the Atiyah-Segal axioms, a ...

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### Commutation relations for Dirac and Pauli electron

I hope this question makes sense.
Let $\phi$ be a quantized Dirac spinor with four components $\phi_{\alpha}$, $\alpha=1,2,3,4$. If we denote by $\pi$ the conjugate momentum, then they obey the ...

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### Reference request for a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations

Is there a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations with no mention of Green's functions? Is there perhaps a purely algebraic analog?

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### How to take this Grassmann integral?

I'm trying to reconstruct and understand what is explained in a paragraph of this paper. I am trying to check if the method they describe actually gives us the Laughlin state. The integral I'm facing ...

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### Level quantization of 7d $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action

In 3d, one can write down the $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action to be $$S(A)=\frac{k}{192\pi}\int_{M}\text{Tr}(A d A +\frac{2}{3}A^3),$$ where $A$ is an $SO(N)$ connection. The level quantization can be ...

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### Infinite dimensional 2-Hilbert spaces

Is there a definition of an infinite dimensional 2-Hilbert space?
Finite dimensional 2-Hilbert spaces have been discussed by Baez in
http://arxiv.org/abs/q-alg/9609018
In the more recent paper by ...

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### Feynman integrals in algebraic geometry [closed]

In quantum field theory, multi-loop Feynman integrals are basic ingredients of calculating high order corrections. Recently, I have come across the paper A Feynman integral via higher normal ...

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### differential forms in double field theory

In double field theory, there are 'double differential forms' meaning that the standard 1-forms $d x^i$ generate an algebra over functions depending on both of the double coordinates
$x^i$ and $\tilde ...

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### Some explanation about Dynin's formalism

I have seen this claim on the Wikipedia page for the Yang-Mills Millenium problem by Alexander Dynin. He is a mathematician working at the Department of Mathematics of Ohio State University and so, I ...

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### Comparison of Different Types of QFT

As far as I can tell, there are a number of major types of quantum field theory. For example,
Constructive QFT, which has two major branches (Algebraic/Axiomatic QFT and Functorial QFT).
Topological ...

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### 2d Ising model in conformal fields theory and statistical mechanics

I am not completely sure that this question is appropriate for this mathematical site. But since in the past I did get on MO couple of times nice answers to rather physical questions, I will try. ...

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### p-Adic String Theory and the String-orientation of Topological Modular Forms (tmf)

I am going to ask a question, at the end below, on whether anyone has tried to make more explicit what should be, it seems to me, a close relation between p-adic string theory and the refinement of ...

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### What is geometric engineering in quantum field theory?

Could someone help me to understand what geometric engineering in quantum field theory is? I didn't find any introductary articles online. Thank you!
Edit : Here is my background. I am math major. I ...

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### Classical and Quantum Chern-Simons Theory

Please excuse a sloppy question from an old user who hasn't been here in a long time. I think the expertise here is such that it can be answered anyway.
Let $\Sigma$ be a two-manifold and $M$ a ...

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### Large vs Small Gauge transformations and Physical theories

I can't decipher the difference between large and small gauge transformations especially in its applications in physics.If perhaps one can engineer a simple physical theory that has such a ...

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### References request: constructive quantum field theory

I am taking a course this semester on QFT, which deals much with constructive quantum field theory. Some of its topics so far involve relationships between non-Gaussian probability measures,Feynman ...

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### Quantization by cohomology

Ok, so I have heard some cool stuff here and there about how to Quantize Yang-Mills via cohomology, can anyone refer any texts in the literature that have shed some light on this, I mean I have some ...

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### Duality between orbifold and quasi-Hopf algebra (twisted quantum doubles)

A quick Question:
Is there some duality known between the quasi Hopf algebra
$D^\omega(H)$ of a finite group $H$ to an orbifold model (such as
SU(2)/$G$ or SO(3)/$G$ orbifold of some ...

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### Some identities with the Riemann-Hurwitz zeta function

The only definition that I have ever seen of this Riemann-Hurtwitz zeta-function is this,
For $0 < a \leq 1$ we have the identity
$$ \zeta(z, a) = \frac{2 \Gamma(1 - z)}{(2 \pi)^{1-z}} \left[\sin ...

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### zeta-function regularized integrals

I gather that the following two identities about $\xi(3)$ hold via some notion of zeta-function regularized integrals.
$\xi(3) = \frac{(2\pi)^3}{3}\int _0 ^\infty d\lambda \frac{\sqrt{\lambda} }{1 + ...

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### Understanding the intermediate field method for the $\phi^4$ interaction

In Rivasseau's and Wang's How to Resum Feynman Graphs, on page 11 they illustrate the intermediate field method for the $\phi^4$ interaction and represent Feynman graphs as ribbon graphs. I had to ...