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3
votes
2answers
154 views

Two point function of a free scalar field in Euclidean space-time

This question was previously asked here http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/251927/two-point-function-of-a-free-massless-scalar-field-in-euclidean-space-time though I did not get there an ...
8
votes
3answers
342 views

References for Yang-Mills Theory

We are looking to run a working seminar about the Yang-Mills story. We hope that our seminars is of interest to analysts (working with curvatures and Ricci flows on Riemannian manifolds), the ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Relation of BRST model of equivariant cohomology and BRST cohomology?

I'm now reading Kalkman's paper "BRST model for equivariant cohomology and representation for equivariant Thom class". And I've seen his definition for BRST model is $B=W(\mathfrak{g})\otimes ...
9
votes
3answers
350 views

Braided Hopf algebras and Quantum Field Theories

It is well-known, that there are a lot of applications of classical Hopf algebras in QFT, e.g. Connes-Kreimer renormalization, Birkhoff decomposition, Zimmermann formula, properties of Rota-Baxter ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

Primitive log-divergent graphs and convergence of Feynman amplitudes

To a connected graph $G$, quantum field theory attaches the integral $$ I_G=\int_{\sigma} \frac{\Omega_G}{\Psi_G^2} $$ where $N_G$ is the number of edges of the graph, $\sigma$ is the simplex of ...
6
votes
0answers
95 views

Extreme unitary minimal models of conformal field theory

Some of the best understood conformal field theories are the 2D unitary minimal models $\mathcal{M}(m+1,m)$ indexed by the integer $m\ge 2$ and with central charge $$ c=1-\frac{6}{m(m+1)}\ . $$ I ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

Many-Body Green's Functions for Interacting Systems of Fermions

I've recently been trying to compute the Green's function for a non-interacting system of fermions. Since this is a site for mathematicians, for context, let me provide the following definition: ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Relation between quantum affine algebras and W-algebras

In the paper, there is a concept $qq$-characters for W-algebras $W_{q_1,q_2}$. The usual $q$-character is defined for quantum affine algebra in the paper. A $q$-character can be obtained from a ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Looking for A. J. Tolland's exposition of non-renormalizability [duplicate]

In the MathOverFlow thread "Mathematical explanation of the failure to quantize gravity naively" there are references to "A.J. Tolland's very nice exposition of nonrenormalizability". However, ...
37
votes
4answers
3k views

How undecidable is the spectral gap?

Nature just published a paper by Cubitt, Perez-Garcia and Wolf titled Undecidability of the Spectral Gap, there is an extended version on arxiv which is 146 pages long. Here is from the abstract:"Many ...
7
votes
1answer
124 views

Fourier series of a Wightman field

From a proof that 2D Wightman CFT leads to a vertex algebra [1]: Let $$ Y(a,z):=\frac{1}{(1+z)^{2\Delta_a}}\Phi_a\left(i\frac{1-z}{1+z}\right),\quad\text{with}\quad |z|<1. $$ Here $\Delta_a\ge 0$ ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Equation of motion for the Lagrangian $\mathcal{L} = \text{Tr}(\partial^\mu G \partial_\mu G^{-1})$, $G$ is unitary $N \times N$ matrix? [closed]

What is the equation of motion for the Lagrangian$$\mathcal{L} = \text{Tr}(\partial^\mu G \partial_\mu G^{-1})$$where $G$ is an $N \times N$ unitary matrix? Could anyone supply a reference to its ...
8
votes
1answer
434 views

Mathematics of Chiral Rings

Let $A$ be a graded vector space, and suppose that two commuting differentials $d_1$ and $d_2$ of degree +1 act on $A$, such that $A$ equipped with either is a chain complex. We now construct $C(A)$, ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Generating Functional for the Dirac Field, equivalence of expressions

As with the Klein-Gordon field, we can alternatively derive the Feynman rules with the free Dirac theory by means of a generating functional. In analogy with the scalar field theory where $Z[J]$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

Complex scalar field, computation of propagators, four point function [closed]

This is a followup to my previous question here. In quantum field theory, the Lagrangian for the complex scalar field is$$\mathcal{L} = \partial_\mu \phi^* \partial^\mu \phi - m^2 \phi^*\phi.$$Can ...
6
votes
1answer
369 views

Complex scalar field, generating functional?

The Lagrangian for the complex scalar field is$$\mathcal{L} = \partial_\mu \phi^* \partial^\mu \phi - m^2 \phi^* \phi.$$Can anyone work out or provide me a reference to the computation of the ...
6
votes
1answer
205 views

Gauge field quantization, electromagnetism

Classical electromagnetism (with no sources) follows from the actions$$S = \int d^4x\left(-{1\over4}F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu}\right),\text{ where }F_{\mu\nu} = \partial_\mu A_\nu - \partial_\nu A_\mu.$$The ...
7
votes
1answer
229 views

The proof that a vertex algebra can lead to a Wightman QFT

On p. 13 of "Vertex Algebras for Beginners", 2nd edition, Kac writes: "Under certain assumptions and with certain additional data one may reconstruct the whole QFT from these chiral algebras, but we ...
11
votes
1answer
234 views

q-Virasoro and q-Heisenberg algebras

The literature has definitions (seemingly plural, though they might be linked) of a $q$-deformed Virasoro algebra. But is there any link of these to a $q$-deformed Heisenberg algebra? (Classically ...
13
votes
1answer
217 views

Examples of n+1D TQFT with 1 dimensional Hilbert spaces on n-torus and n-sphere but higher dimensional Hilbert spaces on other n-manifolds

Are there simple examples of $n+1$D TQFT that assign 1-dimensional Hilbert spaces to both $n$-torus and $n$-sphere but higher dimensional Hilbert spaces to some other $n$-manifolds? Here I am assuming ...
4
votes
2answers
427 views

What does it mean to take the diagonal of the group $SU(2) \times SU(2) $?

I am reading Witten's paper on topological field theories, in specific the topological twist in page 359. In order to perform the twist he takes the diagonal subgroup of $K = SU(2)_{\text{Right}} ...
5
votes
0answers
234 views

Understanding Segal's definition of conformal field theory

I have a fundamental problem in understanding Segal's definition of a conformal field theory: On the one hand his monoidal CFT-functor is a formalization of the fact that, physically, the integrand ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

anomaly polynomial of generalized Hitchin system

I would like to ask about mathematical background of this object. So, I am trying to puzzle out with 4d $\mathcal{N}=2$ SQFT. As far as I can gather this theroy can be described in terms of ...
5
votes
0answers
108 views

Fock Space Proof of $(g(x)\phi^4)_2$ Mass Gap?

Is there a proof that does not depend on Euclidean methods? Is this a proof? : $V(g)$ can be written as $P+R$ where $P$ is non-negative and $R$ is $N$-bounded (and hence $(H_0+\lambda P)$-bounded). ...
14
votes
3answers
500 views

Quantum Fields and Infinite Tensor Products

As I understand it, a naive interpretation of the state space of a quantum field theory is an infinite tensor product $$\otimes_{x\in M} H_x,$$ where $x$ runs over the points of space. This ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

How to learn QFT from mathematical perspective?

I want to learn QFT, because I have heard of its applications in mathematics, I am not interested in scattering cross sections and such. Where can I start to learn? Only books I found are either way ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Why is an extended T(Q)FT called fully local?

Hopefully this question does not double another. If so, don't bother to close this. An extended topological quantum field theory is sometimes called, 'fully local". Why is that? I can imagine that ...
6
votes
1answer
217 views

Reference for Hopf algebra applications to Feynman diagrams

I need to give a talk about Hopf algebras and I would like to give a (at least) 5 minutes introduction using Feynman diagrams as a motivation. I'm looking for a not-so-heavy reference explaining how ...
4
votes
1answer
266 views

AKSZ sigma models for higher spin

The AKSZ framework constructs 2D sigma models in the BV formalism. Is there a generalization of the AKSZ approach to higher spin?
7
votes
1answer
393 views

TQFT characterization of braiding statistics

In the TQFT language, quasiparticles correspond to Wilson loop operators. It is well-known that quasiparticles can have non-trivial braiding statistics. Take $2+1$ dimensional Abelian Chern-Simons ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Dixon's diagram for BRS cohomology

The article by J. A. Dixon titled Calculation of BRS cohomology with spectral sequences (Comm. Math. Phys. Volume 139, Number 3 (1991), pages 495-526) describes in words a diagram that is not printed. ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

Quantum Field theory - integral notation

I have a problem with understanding how the resolution of the identity of an operator is presented in some literature for physicists. I'm a student of mathematics, and I understand the notion of a ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

reference for higher spin - not gravitational nor stringy

Other than the papers of Berends, Burgers and van Dam, are there any papers that study the general case of deforming a free field theory with higher spin fields to be interactive?
1
vote
0answers
170 views

Fourier transform of a matrix represented compact lie group

In physics, I come across this kind of integration (in the nonlinear sigma model): \begin{equation} S[g] = \frac{1}{\lambda} \int d^dr\ \text{tr}[\triangledown g\triangledown g^{-1}] \end{equation} ...
9
votes
0answers
223 views

Does the $(\mathbb Z/2)$-graded isomorphism $E_n \cong E_{n+2}$ have any nice properties?

This question assumes everything is dg. Let's decide to work over the "field" $\mathbb Q[\mu,\mu^{-1}]$ where $\mu$ has homological degree $+2$. Then chain complexes are just $\mathbb Z/2$-graded. ...
8
votes
2answers
446 views

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism? Is the Sp(2) doublet the ghost, antighost pair? Introductory accounts of this subject seem to be hard to find. I would appreciate a reference for someone who ...
11
votes
0answers
379 views

“extended TQFT” versus “TQFT with defects”

There are two ways in which higher categories appear in topological field theory: in extended TFTs and in TFTs with defects. How are these appearances related? According to the Atiyah-Segal axioms, a ...
2
votes
0answers
232 views

Commutation relations for Dirac and Pauli electron

I hope this question makes sense. Let $\phi$ be a quantized Dirac spinor with four components $\phi_{\alpha}$, $\alpha=1,2,3,4$. If we denote by $\pi$ the conjugate momentum, then they obey the ...
4
votes
3answers
240 views

Reference request for a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations

Is there a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations with no mention of Green's functions? Is there perhaps a purely algebraic analog?
6
votes
0answers
107 views

How to take this Grassmann integral?

I'm trying to reconstruct and understand what is explained in a paragraph of this paper. I am trying to check if the method they describe actually gives us the Laughlin state. The integral I'm facing ...
1
vote
0answers
164 views

Level quantization of 7d $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action

In 3d, one can write down the $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action to be $$S(A)=\frac{k}{192\pi}\int_{M}\text{Tr}(A d A +\frac{2}{3}A^3),$$ where $A$ is an $SO(N)$ connection. The level quantization can be ...
14
votes
2answers
524 views

Infinite dimensional 2-Hilbert spaces

Is there a definition of an infinite dimensional 2-Hilbert space? Finite dimensional 2-Hilbert spaces have been discussed by Baez in http://arxiv.org/abs/q-alg/9609018 In the more recent paper by ...
1
vote
0answers
288 views

Feynman integrals in algebraic geometry [closed]

In quantum field theory, multi-loop Feynman integrals are basic ingredients of calculating high order corrections. Recently, I have come across the paper A Feynman integral via higher normal ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

differential forms in double field theory

In double field theory, there are 'double differential forms' meaning that the standard 1-forms $d x^i$ generate an algebra over functions depending on both of the double coordinates $x^i$ and $\tilde ...
6
votes
3answers
840 views

Some explanation about Dynin's formalism

I have seen this claim on the Wikipedia page for the Yang-Mills Millenium problem by Alexander Dynin. He is a mathematician working at the Department of Mathematics of Ohio State University and so, I ...
2
votes
1answer
371 views

Comparison of Different Types of QFT

As far as I can tell, there are a number of major types of quantum field theory. For example, Constructive QFT, which has two major branches (Algebraic/Axiomatic QFT and Functorial QFT). Topological ...
7
votes
2answers
650 views

4d Constructive Quantum Field Theory

As a follow up to my previous question (How does Constructive Quantum Field Theory work?), I was wondering what difficulties physicists have had constructing 4d axiomatic qfts. Why has CQFT's success ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

2d Ising model in conformal fields theory and statistical mechanics

I am not completely sure that this question is appropriate for this mathematical site. But since in the past I did get on MO couple of times nice answers to rather physical questions, I will try. ...
18
votes
0answers
579 views

p-Adic String Theory and the String-orientation of Topological Modular Forms (tmf)

I am going to ask a question, at the end below, on whether anyone has tried to make more explicit what should be, it seems to me, a close relation between p-adic string theory and the refinement of ...
4
votes
0answers
513 views

What is geometric engineering in quantum field theory?

Could someone help me to understand what geometric engineering in quantum field theory is? I didn't find any introductary articles online. Thank you! Edit : Here is my background. I am math major. I ...