Questions tagged [quantum-field-theory]

For questions about mathematical problems arising from quantum field theory, the branch of physics which describes subatomic particles and their interactions in terms of perturbations of the corresponding scalar, vector or tensor fields.

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3
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0answers
65 views

Construction of thermodynamic limit for GFF

This question is related to my previous question, but now I'm trying to address it to a more concrete model which is the Gaussian Free Field (GFF). In my first post, I was asking what was the ...
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46 views

Derive how the level quantization for 3d quantum Chern-Simons theory path integrals?

Let us consider abelian and non-abelian 3d quantum Chern-Simons theory path integrals: abelian Chern-Simons theory on non-spin manifolds --- $$ \int [DA]\exp(i \frac{k}{2\pi} \int_X (A \wedge dA )) ...
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1answer
100 views

Anti-symmetric operators for the Dirac or Majorana spinors

In a Zoom lecture given by a mathematical physics professor, if I recalled correctly, he explained that the in 1+1 dimensional spacetime (or 2 dimensions in short), the "action" of fermions (spinors) ...
7
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2answers
211 views

Path integral derivation of extended TQFT

I know this isn't exactly a math question, but I am asking it here anyway. We define an extended TQFT to be a functor (preserving tensor products) from the $\left(\infty,n\right)$-category of ...
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154 views
+50

Batalin-Vilkovisky integral is invariant under infinitesimal deformation

This is from page 90 and 93 of Mnev's paper BV formalism and applications. Let $\mathcal L_{t} \subset \Pi T^{*}M$ be a smooth family of Lagrangians with $t \in [0,1]$ a parameter, s.t. $\...
16
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1answer
584 views

Current status of axiomatic quantum field theory research

Axiomatic quantum field theory (e.g. the wightman formalism and constructive quantum field theory) is an important subject. When I look into textbooks and papers, I mostly find that the basic ...
7
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1answer
139 views

Non-perturbative Renormalization in the sense of Polchinski's equation. Do we have a mathematical formulation?

My question is about mathematical treatment of exact renormalization group in the sense of Polchinski's flow equation. In a heuristic form, Polchinski's equation looks like: $\partial_t S[\phi] = \...
17
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1answer
558 views

Anomaly in QFT physics v.s. determinant line bundle

In a quantum field theory (QFT) lecture, a math-physics professor explains the anomaly in physics, say the non-invariance of the partition function of an anomalous theory under background field ...
4
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2answers
414 views

QFT and its notations

I know hardly anything about quantum field theory (QFT) but I'm giving a try to understand some ideas of it. As far as I understand, in QFT one is interested in studying measures such as: \begin{...
6
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2answers
162 views

Relativistic scattering theory vs non-relativistic one

In relativistic scattering theory (e.g. in quantum electrodynamics) the existence of the $S$-matrix as well as of Moller operators is postulated as far as I understand (although at some stage it has ...
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109 views

What is the meaning of the coefficients of the Alekseev-Torossian associator

Drinfeld associators became a central object in mathematics and mathematical physics. They appear in deformation quantization, quantum groups, in the proof of the formality of the little disks operad, ...
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511 views

Vafa-Witten invariants for mathematicians

As Richard Thomas has written (we paraphrase just slightly), mathematical physicists Vafa and Witten introduced new "invariants" of four-dimensional spaces in a paper: A Strong Coupling Test of S-...
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1answer
129 views

Integration of a particular quartic form

I would like to solve the following integral: \begin{equation} \int \prod_i d x_i e^{a x_i^2 + b x_i^4 + c x_i^2 x^2_{i+1}} \end{equation} This integral can be for sure lead back to a common ...
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1answer
145 views

Donaldson Invariants in 2 dimensions

I am trying to understand the correspondence between Donaldson invariants and different correlation functions in certain topological quantum field theories. To be exact, among others I am reading ...
4
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3answers
296 views

Meaning of divergent integrals

In quantum field theory, one usually encounters divergent integral when one calculates loop functions, such as the integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}dkk^{3}\frac{1}{(k^{2}-m^{2})^{2}}$ which is divergent. ...
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0answers
43 views

Expression for the (1+1)-dimensional retarded Dirac propagator in position space

Where an expression for the (1+1)-dimensional retarded Dirac propagator in position space can be found, especially including the generalized funcion supported on the light-cone? In particular, is it ...
4
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0answers
135 views

What is the value of the partition function of CFT on a compact conformal manifold?

Is the value of the partition function of a 2d CFT on a compact conformal manifold well defined? Or is there some kind of "anomaly" that makes it dependent on a bulk or some other kind of further ...
5
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0answers
72 views

Uniqueness of Witten-Dijkgraaf 2D TQFT at 0th dimension

If I understand correctly, Dijkgraaf-Witten TQFT in dimension 2 is the following. Fix any finite group $G$, we define a field over a closed 2-manifold to be a principle $G$ bundle (it's automatically ...
12
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2answers
759 views

A toy model in 0-d QFT

Questions For any positive integer $r$, compute $$(\frac{d}{dY})^r e^{(Y^2)}| _{Y=0}.$$ The answer should directly relates to a counting problem about Feynman diagrams. Is there a tutorial for how ...
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101 views

Inverse semigroups and partial symmetries

I recently ran across the idea of inverse semi-groups in the context of partial symmetries, where the symmetry only acts on part of the system and not the entire system (e.g., in quasi-crystals). My ...
13
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2answers
818 views

Challenge: Non-Gaussian quartic integral and path integral in Quantum field theory

(1) It is well-known that we can get a Gaussian integral of this type, where $x$ is in $\mathbb{R}$: $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} dx e^{-ax^2}=\sqrt{(2\pi)/a}. \tag{i} $$ We can generalize this ...
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2answers
1k views

Formal mathematical definition of renormalization group flow

I was watching some lectures by Huisken where he mentioned that one-loop renormalization group flow was in some analogous to mean curvature flow. I have tried reading up the exact definition of what ...
4
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0answers
135 views

Bridgeland stability for restricted Kahler moduli?

Let $X$ be a simply-connected, smooth, projective Calabi-Yau threefold. To my understanding, Bridgeland introduced stability conditions on triangulated categories to give a proper mathematical ...
4
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0answers
228 views

Are vertex operator algebras ever conspiratorial?

I have a vertex operator algebra (VOA) $V$ with all niceness properties (unitary, rational, CFT type, etc). Its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g} = V_1$ of spin-$1$ fields is large, and I understand how the ...
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0answers
45 views

Zero in the spectrum of an elliptic second order operator

This might be considered as a continuation of my previous question Spectrum of a linear elliptic operator but is independent. I have another question on V. Gribov's paper "Quantization of non-Abelian ...
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0answers
88 views

Spectrum of a linear elliptic operator

In the paper in quantum fields theory by Gribov,V.; (1978) "Quantization of non-Abelian gauge theories". Nuclear Physics B. 139: 1–19; in Section 3 the author makes the following claim from PDE and ...
5
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1answer
603 views

Quantum Field Theory: completing the “A Bridge between Mathematicians and Physicists” series

I decided to read the series "A Bridge between Mathematicians and Physicists" written by Eberhard Zeidler. But when I read the preface of the first book I realized that at first this series should be ...
17
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2answers
2k views

Quantum corrections to geometry

In this video Alain Connes made a comment about the ,,quantum corrections'' of the geometry. I would like to understand this notion in some details since I haven't found anything about this in the ...
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136 views

Can we define topological quantum field theories on Calabi-Yau manifolds?

Calabi Yau manifolds are Kähler manifolds with vanishing first Chern class. According to the conjecture of E. Calabi , for a Kähler manifold M , if $c_1 (M) = 0 $ , then M would admit a Ricci-flat ...
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1answer
278 views

Gauge invariance of Chern-Simons functional integral for a 3-manifold with boundary

I am trying to understand how the functional integral for Chern-Simons theory for a possibly non-compact 3-manifold with boundary is made gauge invariant. For a compact 3-manifold, $M$, without ...
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0answers
98 views

Dimension of the skein module of a closed manifold?

I'm looking for a reference to Witten's conjecture that the free part of the (Kauffman bracket) skein module of a closed 3-manifold is finitely generated, i.e. the dimension of $K(M)$, where $M$ is a ...
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0answers
100 views

Conformal group and cobordism

In this post, I am exploring my thoughts on the implementation of conformal symmetry group structure and cobordism relations. Namely, I like to know what has been done and explored in the past? on ...
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0answers
87 views

Relate two different mod 2 indices: $\eta$ invariant and the number of zero modes of Dirac operator, associated to SU(2)

My major question in this post here is that: How can we relate the following two mod 2 indices: $\eta$ invariant, the number of the zero modes of the Dirac operator $N_0'$ mod 2, associated to ...
8
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0answers
185 views

Lagrangian subgroups/submanifolds, 2d topological boundary and 3d “non-abelian” Chern–Simons theory

This post is meant to ask for proper references to fill a gap in the literature. My short question is that are there known and precise ways to formulate 2d topological boundary conditions" for ...
17
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0answers
423 views

Donaldson-Thomas Theory and “Quantum Foam” for Mathematicians

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective Calabi-Yau threefold. From an algebro-geometric perspective, the Donaldson-Thomas invariants $\text{DT}_{\beta, n}(X)$ are virtual counts of ideal sheaves on $X$ with ...
9
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1answer
348 views

Does there exist a discrete gauge theory as a TQFT detecting the figure-8 knot?

My question: Does there exist a discrete gauge theory as TQFT detecting the figure-8 knot? By detecting, I mean that computing the path integral (partition function with insertions of the knot/...
5
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0answers
162 views

$T\bar{T}$ deformation: Stress-energy momentum tensor deformed in CFT and in QFT for various $d$-dimensions

The $T\bar{T}$ deformation is based on the original work of Zamolochikov [1] explored deformations of two-dimensional conformal field theories (CFT) by an operator that is quadratic in the stress-...
14
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0answers
280 views

How does quotienting by a finite subgroup act on the framed-cobordism class of a group manifold?

Let $G$ be a connected simple connected compact Lie group, and $\Gamma \subset G$ a finite subgroup. Then (the underlying manifold of) $G$ can be framed by right-invariant vector fields, and this ...
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4answers
732 views

One particle irreducible Feynman diagrams

In quantum field theory Feynman has invented a diagrammatic method to encode various terms in the Taylor decomposition of integrals of the following form below which I will write in a baby version as ...
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1answer
780 views

References on dualities on quantum field theory for mathematicians

Dualities on QFT–also called Quantum Field Theory dynamics–is a huge and fundamental research area. However, despite underpinning major mathematical breakthroughs such as the work of Kapustin and ...
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0answers
212 views

Yang-Mills theory v.s. Kaluza–Klein theory: Classical actions

In general Yang-Mills theory [1] seems to be different from the dimensional reduced Kaluza–Klein theory. However, the historical account was that people tried to trace back the origin of non-Abelian ...
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449 views

Yang-Mills theory with non-compact gauge groups G

Physicists are familiar working with Yang-Mills theory with compact and semi-simple gauge groups $G$ (Lie groups). However, it is not entirely clear the formulation of Yang-Mills theory with non-...
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0answers
143 views

Geometry of Affine Kac-Moody Algebras

I recently asked this question on phys.SE and it was suggested to me to ask it here. One can reconstruct the unitary irreducible representations of compact Lie groups very beautifully in geometric ...
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0answers
240 views

Chern-Simons theory with non-compact gauge groups G

This is related to a previous question, where a nonlinear σ model (NLSM) describes a scalar field Σ which takes on values in a nonlinear manifold called the target manifold T. There we ask the general ...
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398 views

Witten zeta function v.s. Riemann zeta function

From a talk, we learned that The symplectic volume of the space $M$ of gauge equivalence classes of flat G connections is given by the “Witten zeta function”: where we sum over irreducible ...
5
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1answer
173 views

Nonlinear sigma models with non-compact groups / target spaces

A nonlinear σ model (NLSM) describes a scalar field Σ which takes on values in a nonlinear manifold called the target manifold T. The target manifold T is equipped with a Riemannian metric g. Σ is ...
9
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1answer
338 views

The Precise Meaning of the Moduli Space of Flat Connections?

Questions: I would like to have a precise description of the meanings of the Moduli Space of Flat Connections, such that it is understandable by mathematical physicists and physicists. For 3d Chern-...
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0answers
259 views

Coleman–Mandula theorem and a mathematical proof

Coleman–Mandula theorem (by Sidney Coleman and Jeffrey Mandula) [1] is a no-go theorem in theoretical physics. It states that "space-time and internal symmetries cannot be combined in any but a ...
4
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0answers
149 views

Complex projective algebraic variety, moduli space of flat connections, and instantons

In Looijenga's work below, if I understand correctly, it shows that Statement 1: At an algebraic variety, the moduli space of SU($N$) flat connections on a 2-torus $T^2$ is given by the space of ...
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0answers
192 views

Dimensions of the instanton moduli space from Atiyah-Hitchin-Singer

Atiyah-Hitchin-Singer Ref 1 states that the number of virtual dimensions of the instanton moduli space for SU(N) Yang-Mills theory with topological charge $\mathcal{Q}$ over a manifold $X$ is given ...

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