# Questions tagged [quantum-field-theory]

For questions about mathematical problems arising from quantum field theory, the branch of physics which describes subatomic particles and their interactions in terms of perturbations of the corresponding scalar, vector or tensor fields.

242
questions

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Construction of thermodynamic limit for GFF

This question is related to my previous question, but now I'm trying to address it to a more concrete model which is the Gaussian Free Field (GFF). In my first post, I was asking what was the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Derive how the level quantization for 3d quantum Chern-Simons theory path integrals?

Let us consider abelian and non-abelian 3d quantum Chern-Simons theory path integrals:
abelian Chern-Simons theory on non-spin manifolds ---
$$
\int [DA]\exp(i \frac{k}{2\pi} \int_X (A \wedge dA ))
...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Anti-symmetric operators for the Dirac or Majorana spinors

In a Zoom lecture given by a mathematical physics professor, if I recalled correctly, he explained that the in 1+1 dimensional spacetime (or 2 dimensions in short), the "action" of fermions (spinors) ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

211 views

### Path integral derivation of extended TQFT

I know this isn't exactly a math question, but I am asking it here anyway. We define an extended TQFT to be a functor (preserving tensor products) from the $\left(\infty,n\right)$-category of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

+50

### Batalin-Vilkovisky integral is invariant under infinitesimal deformation

This is from page 90 and 93 of Mnev's paper BV formalism and applications.
Let $\mathcal L_{t} \subset \Pi T^{*}M$ be a smooth family of Lagrangians with $t \in [0,1]$ a parameter, s.t.
$\...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

584 views

### Current status of axiomatic quantum field theory research

Axiomatic quantum field theory (e.g. the wightman formalism and constructive quantum field theory) is an important subject. When I look into textbooks and papers, I mostly find that the basic ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Non-perturbative Renormalization in the sense of Polchinski's equation. Do we have a mathematical formulation?

My question is about mathematical treatment of exact renormalization group in the sense of Polchinski's flow equation. In a heuristic form, Polchinski's equation looks like: $\partial_t S[\phi] = \...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

558 views

### Anomaly in QFT physics v.s. determinant line bundle

In a quantum field theory (QFT) lecture, a math-physics professor explains the anomaly in physics, say the non-invariance of the partition function of an anomalous theory under background field ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

414 views

### QFT and its notations

I know hardly anything about quantum field theory (QFT) but I'm giving a try to understand some ideas of it. As far as I understand, in QFT one is interested in studying measures such as:
\begin{...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

162 views

### Relativistic scattering theory vs non-relativistic one

In relativistic scattering theory (e.g. in quantum electrodynamics) the existence of the $S$-matrix as well as of Moller operators is postulated as far as I understand (although at some stage it has ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### What is the meaning of the coefficients of the Alekseev-Torossian associator

Drinfeld associators became a central object in mathematics and mathematical physics. They appear in deformation quantization, quantum groups, in the proof of the formality of the little disks operad, ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

511 views

### Vafa-Witten invariants for mathematicians

As Richard Thomas has written (we paraphrase just slightly), mathematical physicists Vafa and Witten introduced new "invariants" of four-dimensional spaces in a paper:
A Strong Coupling Test of S-...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

129 views

### Integration of a particular quartic form

I would like to solve the following integral:
\begin{equation}
\int \prod_i d x_i e^{a x_i^2 + b x_i^4 + c x_i^2 x^2_{i+1}}
\end{equation}
This integral can be for sure lead back to a common ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Donaldson Invariants in 2 dimensions

I am trying to understand the correspondence between Donaldson invariants and different correlation functions in certain topological quantum field theories. To be exact, among others I am reading ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

296 views

### Meaning of divergent integrals

In quantum field theory, one usually encounters divergent integral when one calculates loop functions, such as the integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}dkk^{3}\frac{1}{(k^{2}-m^{2})^{2}}$ which is divergent. ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Expression for the (1+1)-dimensional retarded Dirac propagator in position space

Where an expression for the (1+1)-dimensional retarded Dirac propagator in position space can be found, especially including the generalized funcion supported on the light-cone?
In particular, is it ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### What is the value of the partition function of CFT on a compact conformal manifold?

Is the value of the partition function of a 2d CFT on a compact conformal manifold well defined? Or is there some kind of "anomaly" that makes it dependent on a bulk or some other kind of further ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Uniqueness of Witten-Dijkgraaf 2D TQFT at 0th dimension

If I understand correctly, Dijkgraaf-Witten TQFT in dimension 2 is the
following. Fix any finite group $G$, we define a field over a closed
2-manifold to be a principle $G$ bundle (it's automatically ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

759 views

### A toy model in 0-d QFT

Questions
For any positive integer $r$, compute $$(\frac{d}{dY})^r e^{(Y^2)}| _{Y=0}.$$ The answer should directly relates to a counting problem about Feynman diagrams.
Is there a tutorial for how ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Inverse semigroups and partial symmetries

I recently ran across the idea of inverse semi-groups in the context of partial symmetries, where the symmetry only acts on part of the system and not the entire system (e.g., in quasi-crystals).
My ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

818 views

### Challenge: Non-Gaussian quartic integral and path integral in Quantum field theory

(1) It is well-known that we can get a Gaussian integral of this type, where $x$ is in $\mathbb{R}$:
$$
\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} dx e^{-ax^2}=\sqrt{(2\pi)/a}. \tag{i}
$$
We can generalize this ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Formal mathematical definition of renormalization group flow

I was watching some lectures by Huisken where he mentioned that one-loop renormalization group flow was in some analogous to mean curvature flow. I have tried reading up the exact definition of what ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Bridgeland stability for restricted Kahler moduli?

Let $X$ be a simply-connected, smooth, projective Calabi-Yau threefold. To my understanding, Bridgeland introduced stability conditions on triangulated categories to give a proper mathematical ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

228 views

### Are vertex operator algebras ever conspiratorial?

I have a vertex operator algebra (VOA) $V$ with all niceness properties (unitary, rational, CFT type, etc). Its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g} = V_1$ of spin-$1$ fields is large, and I understand how the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Zero in the spectrum of an elliptic second order operator

This might be considered as a continuation of my previous question Spectrum of a linear elliptic operator
but is independent. I have another question on V. Gribov's paper "Quantization of non-Abelian ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Spectrum of a linear elliptic operator

In the paper in quantum fields theory by
Gribov,V.; (1978) "Quantization of non-Abelian gauge theories". Nuclear Physics B. 139: 1–19;
in Section 3 the author makes the following claim from PDE and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

603 views

### Quantum Field Theory: completing the “A Bridge between Mathematicians and Physicists” series

I decided to read the series "A Bridge between Mathematicians and Physicists" written by Eberhard Zeidler. But when I read the preface of the first book I realized that at first this series should be ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Quantum corrections to geometry

In this video Alain Connes made a comment about the ,,quantum corrections'' of the geometry. I would like to understand this notion in some details since I haven't found anything about this in the ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Can we define topological quantum field theories on Calabi-Yau manifolds?

Calabi Yau manifolds are Kähler manifolds with vanishing first Chern class. According to the conjecture of E. Calabi , for a Kähler manifold M , if
$c_1 (M) = 0 $ , then M would admit a Ricci-flat ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

278 views

### Gauge invariance of Chern-Simons functional integral for a 3-manifold with boundary

I am trying to understand how the functional integral for Chern-Simons theory for a possibly non-compact 3-manifold with boundary is made gauge invariant.
For a compact 3-manifold, $M$, without ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Dimension of the skein module of a closed manifold?

I'm looking for a reference to Witten's conjecture that the free part of the (Kauffman bracket) skein module of a closed 3-manifold is finitely generated, i.e. the dimension of $K(M)$, where $M$ is a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Conformal group and cobordism

In this post, I am exploring my thoughts on the implementation of conformal symmetry group structure and cobordism relations.
Namely, I like to know what has been done and explored in the past?
on ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Relate two different mod 2 indices: $\eta$ invariant and the number of zero modes of Dirac operator, associated to SU(2)

My major question in this post here is that:
How can we relate the following two mod 2 indices:
$\eta$ invariant,
the number of the zero modes of the Dirac operator $N_0'$ mod 2,
associated to ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Lagrangian subgroups/submanifolds, 2d topological boundary and 3d “non-abelian” Chern–Simons theory

This post is meant to ask for proper references to fill a gap in the literature.
My short question is that are there known and precise ways to formulate 2d topological boundary conditions" for ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

423 views

### Donaldson-Thomas Theory and “Quantum Foam” for Mathematicians

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective Calabi-Yau threefold. From an algebro-geometric perspective, the Donaldson-Thomas invariants $\text{DT}_{\beta, n}(X)$ are virtual counts of ideal sheaves on $X$ with ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

348 views

### Does there exist a discrete gauge theory as a TQFT detecting the figure-8 knot?

My question: Does there exist a discrete gauge theory as TQFT detecting the figure-8 knot?
By detecting, I mean that computing the path integral (partition function with insertions of the knot/...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### $T\bar{T}$ deformation: Stress-energy momentum tensor deformed in CFT and in QFT for various $d$-dimensions

The $T\bar{T}$ deformation is based on the original work of Zamolochikov [1] explored deformations of two-dimensional conformal field
theories (CFT) by an operator that is quadratic in the stress-...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

280 views

### How does quotienting by a finite subgroup act on the framed-cobordism class of a group manifold?

Let $G$ be a connected simple connected compact Lie group, and $\Gamma \subset G$ a finite subgroup. Then (the underlying manifold of) $G$ can be framed by right-invariant vector fields, and this ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

732 views

### One particle irreducible Feynman diagrams

In quantum field theory Feynman has invented a diagrammatic method to encode various terms in the Taylor decomposition of integrals of the following form below which I will write in a baby version as ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

780 views

### References on dualities on quantum field theory for mathematicians

Dualities on QFT–also called Quantum Field Theory dynamics–is a huge and fundamental research area. However, despite underpinning major mathematical breakthroughs such as the work of Kapustin and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

212 views

### Yang-Mills theory v.s. Kaluza–Klein theory: Classical actions

In general Yang-Mills theory [1] seems to be different from the dimensional reduced Kaluza–Klein theory.
However, the historical account was that people tried to trace back the origin of non-Abelian ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

449 views

### Yang-Mills theory with non-compact gauge groups G

Physicists are familiar working with Yang-Mills theory with compact and semi-simple gauge groups $G$ (Lie groups).
However, it is not entirely clear the formulation of Yang-Mills theory with non-...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Geometry of Affine Kac-Moody Algebras

I recently asked this question on phys.SE and it was suggested to me to ask it here.
One can reconstruct the unitary irreducible representations of compact Lie groups very beautifully in geometric ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

240 views

### Chern-Simons theory with non-compact gauge groups G

This is related to a previous question, where a nonlinear σ model (NLSM) describes a scalar field Σ which takes on values in a nonlinear manifold called the target manifold T. There we ask the general ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

398 views

### Witten zeta function v.s. Riemann zeta function

From a talk, we learned that
The symplectic volume of the space $M$ of gauge equivalence classes of flat G connections is given by the “Witten zeta function”:
where we sum over irreducible ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Nonlinear sigma models with non-compact groups / target spaces

A nonlinear σ model (NLSM) describes a scalar field Σ which takes on values in a nonlinear manifold called the target manifold T.
The target manifold T is equipped with a Riemannian metric g. Σ is ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### The Precise Meaning of the Moduli Space of Flat Connections?

Questions: I would like to have a precise description of the meanings of the Moduli Space of Flat Connections, such that it is understandable by mathematical physicists and physicists.
For 3d Chern-...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### Coleman–Mandula theorem and a mathematical proof

Coleman–Mandula theorem (by Sidney Coleman and Jeffrey Mandula) [1] is a no-go theorem in theoretical physics. It states that "space-time and internal symmetries cannot be combined in any but a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Complex projective algebraic variety, moduli space of flat connections, and instantons

In Looijenga's work below, if I understand correctly, it shows that
Statement 1: At an algebraic variety, the moduli space of SU($N$) flat
connections on a 2-torus $T^2$ is given by the space of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### Dimensions of the instanton moduli space from Atiyah-Hitchin-Singer

Atiyah-Hitchin-Singer Ref 1 states that the number of
virtual dimensions of the instanton moduli space
for SU(N) Yang-Mills theory with topological charge $\mathcal{Q}$ over a manifold $X$ is given ...