# Questions tagged [operator-theory]

Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

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### Interesting examples of spectral decompositions of BOUNDED operators with both continuous and discrete spectrum

I would like to have a few basic examples of bounded self-adjoint operators $T$ (more generally bounded normal would be fine) on a Hilbert space $(H,\langle,\rangle)$ for which the following criteria ...

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60 views

### k-rank numerical range of an operator

Let $T\in\mathscr{B(\mathcal{H})}$ where $\mathcal{H}$ is an infinite dimensional seperable Hilbert Space and $k\in\mathbb{N}\cup\{\infty\}$. Now we define k-rank numerical range of $T$ denoted by $\...

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46 views

### Convolution with an analytic semigroup

Let $e^{At}$ denote an analytic semigroup on Hilbert space $X$ generate by $A:D(A)\to X$. Also, let $f\in L^1(0,\tau;X)$. I want to show that the convolution
$$ g(t)=\int_0^t e^{A(t-s)}f(s)ds$$
...

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**1**answer

91 views

### When do supremum and expectation commute?

This is an alternative form of the question in When do maximum and expectation commute?
When we looking for conditions on $G(t,x(t))$ such that
$$
\sup\limits_{t\in [0,N]}E[G(t,X(t))]=E[\sup\limits_{...

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90 views

### Is this basis a Schauder basis?

Let $G$ be a torsion free group. Let $\alpha$ be an element in $\mathbb CG$, the group algebra of $G$, with $\|\alpha\|_1=1$ and assume that
$\{1,\alpha,\alpha^2,\dotsc\}$ is linearly independent,
$(...

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**1**answer

81 views

### Does this element belong to all powers of the augmentation ideal of the group algebra.

Let $G$ be a torsion free group, and let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are elements in the augmentation ideal, $I$, of $\mathbb CG$, the group algebra of $G$. Assume that there exists complex numbers $a$ and $...

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68 views

### Are these kinds of “crossed product” studied?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra acting in a Hilbert space $H$, and let $\rho$ be a representation of a group $G$ on a Hilbert space $K$. Define $M\rtimes_\rho G$ to be a von Neumann algebra acting in ...

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53 views

### About crossed product of the group von Neumann algebra

Let $G$ be a group with a normal subgroup $N$. If $K$ is a field, then it is well known in ring theory that $K[G]\cong K[N]*(G/N)$ ($*$ stands for the crossed product). Do we have such an isomorphism ...

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**1**answer

67 views

### Convergence of self-adjoint elements in $\sigma$-weak topology

In a von Neumann algebra, if $A_{\alpha}$ converges to $0$ in the $\sigma$-weak topology, do the positive parts $(A_{\alpha})_{+}$ necessarily converge to $0$ in the $\sigma$-weak topology?

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45 views

### Theta Summable operator with bounded trace

Let $D$ be an unboudned self-adjoint operator on the Hilbert space $H$. We assume that all spectrum of $D$ are eigenvalues and $D$ is theta-summable, i.e. $e^{-tD^2}$ is of trace class for all $t>...

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148 views

### Compact images of nowhere dense closed convex sets in a Hilbert space

Let $B=-B$ be a nowhere dense bounded closed convex set in the Hilbert space $\ell_2$ such that the linear hull of $B$ is dense in $\ell_2$.
Question. Is there a non-compact linear bounded operator ...

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80 views

### eta invariant and spectral flow

We know that for a family of first-order self adjoint elliptic (Fredholm) operator $A_t$, for $t\in [0,1]$ we have the formula
$$\eta(A_1)-\eta(A_0)=spfl(A_t)_{t\in[0,1]}+\int^1_0 \omega(s)ds,$$
where ...

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70 views

### Bounded and sectorial operators

Is there any assumption for a bounded operator to be sectorial ? Is there any characterization of such operators ?
Here, the definition of sectorial operators follows the book of Markus Haase:
...

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**1**answer

136 views

### When is $\inf_{n\geq0}x^n\neq0$?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra acting on a Hilbert space $H$. Let $x$ be a positive element of $M$ with $\|x\|=1$. So, $(x^n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ is a decreasing sequence of positive elements and $y:=\...

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75 views

### Generation of strictly contraction Semigroups

Let $T(t)$ be a $C_0$-semigroup on Banach space $X$, and $A$ its generator. By Lumer-Philipps theorem we know that if $A$ is densely defined and m-dessipative operator then it generates a $C_0$-...

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54 views

### On the eigenvalue of the expectation value of a random matrix in quadratic form

When we handle with some dynamic input-output mappings, there occurs a question as follows:
Let $M$ be a random matrix, of which each element contains random terms. Consider the two expectation ...

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27 views

### A variation on Sylvester equation

Let $X$ be a finite measure space and $D,M$ be bounded linear operators on a $(L^1(X;\mathbb C))^2$. $D$ is a diagonal operator matrix whose entries are multiplication operators by the invertible ...

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29 views

### Relative compactness of differential operator

Let $\Omega$ be $\mathbb R^n$ or a complete (unbounded) open manifold, and $f$ be a smooth function on $\Omega$.
We consider a self-adjoint 2nd. elliptic operator $H$ on $L^2$ space(to simplify the ...

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447 views

### Multiple of identity plus compact

Is there an example of a bounded operator $T\in\mathcal{B}(H)$, where $H$ is a separable complex Hilbert space, such that no restriction to an infinite dimensional closed subspace is multiple of ...

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99 views

### Regarding approximation by invertible operators [closed]

This post here states that if $E$ is an infinite dimensional space and if $T$ is an injective, bounded,non surjective opertor with closed range in $E$, then $T$ cannot be approximated in operator norm ...

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**1**answer

68 views

### Dirac operator on manifold with periodic end

Let $\tilde W$ be a spin closed oriented manifold, $Y$ is a codimension $1$ closed oriented submanifold of $\tilde W$, and denote the $W$ the cobordism from $Y$ to
itself obtained from cutting $\...

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60 views

### Regarding norm attaining functions

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces.Let $L(X,Y)$ denote the space of all bounded linear map from $X$ to $Y$. $T:X\longrightarrow Y$ is said to be norm attaining if there exists a $x\in S_X$(the closed ...

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104 views

### Renyi's theorem on mixing

I have been trying to understand the proof of Renyi's characterization of (strongly) mixing transformations:
A measure preserving transformation $T \text{ is strongly mixing iff for every measurable }...

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61 views

### Support size of a zero divisor

Let $G$ and $\mathbb C[G]$ be a torsion free group and its group algebra. Is there a function $f:\mathbb N\rightarrow\mathbb R$, with $\lim_nf(n)=\infty$ such that if $0\neq\alpha,\beta\in\mathbb C[G]$...

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175 views

### Constructing a noncommutative algebra from a commutative algebra

I was told at a conference that one way to construct a noncommutative algebra from a commutative one is to "replace the product of finite spaces (which on the level of continuous functions corresponds ...

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**1**answer

89 views

### Optimal estimate in trace norm

Let $x,y$ be vectors of some Hilbert space of unit length.
Then we can consider the projection $P_x:=\langle \bullet, x \rangle x$ and similarly $P_y.$
Assume then that we know that $\left\lVert x-...

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102 views

### An example of non trivial projections in a group von Neumann algebra

Let $G$ and $\text{vN}(G)$ be a torsion free group and its group von Neumann algebra. Is there a characterization of non trivial projections in $\text{vN}(G)$? If not, is a certain class of them ...

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142 views

### An analytical zero divisor

Let $G$, $\mathbb C[G]$ and $\text{vN}(G)$ be a torsion free group, it's group ring and group von Neumann algebra, resp.. Let $0\neq\alpha\in\mathbb C[G]$ and $0\neq p\neq1$ is a projection in the ...

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63 views

### Superposition operator from Sobolev space to Lebesgue space

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded, connected set in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with smooth boundary. I am wondering under what conditions on the real function $f(x):\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ the superposition operator $F(...

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121 views

### Compact embedding result

Let $\tau$ and $\ell$ be positive numbers. We know that the space $H^2(0,\ell)\cap H^1_0(0,\ell)$ is compactly embedded into $L^6(0,\ell)$. Now, is the space $L^2(0,\tau;H^2(0,\ell)\cap H^1_0(0,\ell))$...

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81 views

### Fredholmness of formal selfadjoint operator $AA^*$ and Fredholmenss of $A$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Hilbert spaces with respective inner products $\langle , \rangle_{X,Y}$. Let $A:X \rightarrow Y$ be a bounded linear operator. Assume there is a non-degenerate sesquilinear product $...

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55 views

### Disreteness of spectra of Dirichlet laplacians

I have fundamental questions on Dirichlet Laplacians.
Let $D \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be an open subset and $\mathcal{L}$ be the (non positive) Dirichlet laplacian on $D$.
We denote by $T_t=e^{t\...

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**1**answer

106 views

### Schrödinger operator with Coulomb potential

The free Laplacian $-\Delta$ has absolutely continuous spectrum $[0,\infty).$ The Coulomb Hamiltonian $H=-\Delta-\frac{1}{\vert x\vert}$ on $L^2(\mathbb R^3)$ has absolutely continuous spectrum $[0,\...

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108 views

### Energy in doubling measure metric spaces

Let $(X,\mu, d)$ be a metric measure space where $\mu$ is a doubling measure. For a relatively compact set $U\in X$ consider the following quantity
$$I(U,\mu,d)=\int_U \int_U \log^2(d(x,y)) d\mu(x) d\...

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255 views

### Criterion for a Banach algebra to be finite dimensional

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra (say, complex and unital) and suppose that every (closed) commutative subalgebra of $A$ is finite dimensional.
Question. Does it follow that $A$ is finite dimensional?
...

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294 views

### Does point-wise weak convergence give weak convergence in $L^2(I;X)$?

Let $X$ be a separable reflexive Banach space, $F$ be a locally Lipschitz nonlinear operator on $X$ that is weakly continuous on $X$, and $u_n$ are $u_n$ weakly converges to $u$ on $L^2(0,T;X)$. Now, ...

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57 views

### Common eigenvector of commuting unbounded Operators

Let be T,S two self adjoint linear Operator on a Hilbert Space $\mathcal{H}$ with pure point spectrum.
Then T,S commute if and only if they have a complete set of common eigenvectors.
This is the ...

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**1**answer

155 views

### Is the kernel of a Fredholm operator stable under perturbation?

This is a follow-up of this question.
In a nutshell: Does the kernel of a bounded operator change "nicely" with the operator?
Let $(X,\| \cdot \|)$ be an infinite-dimensional normed vector space.
...

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77 views

### Conditional Expectation for von Neumann algebra

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $T: M\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a finite normal faithful tracial map, s.t., if $\phi : M \rightarrow A \cap A^{*}$ is a conditional expectation, (A being a weak ...

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182 views

### Elementary quantum scattering problem on the line.

Let us consider the quantum scattering problem on the line with the Hamiltonian
$$H=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+ V(x),$$
where $V(x)=1$ when $x\in (0,a)$, and $V(x)=0$ otherwise.
It is easy to see that $H$ ...

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**1**answer

184 views

### Can this self-adjoint operator have an infinite-dimensional compression with compact inverse?

The following might be quite straightforward, but I very rarely work in detail with unbounded operators, so I thought it would be worth seeing quickly if I have overlooked an example that is obvious ...

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104 views

### Closure of tensor product /tensor product semigroup

In this reference the following claim is made in Remark 2
Let $A,B$ be closable operators on Banach spaces $X,Y$, then $A \otimes 1$ and $1 \otimes B$ are closable operators on the Banach space $X \...

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33 views

### Invariance of simple functions

Let $(A(s),D(A(s)))_{s\in\mathbb{R}}$ be a family of unbounded operators on a Banach space $X$ and $g:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow X$ be a simple function, i.e.,
\begin{align*}
g=\sum_{i=1}^n{x_i\textbf{1}_{...

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**2**answers

295 views

### Hölder continuity for operators

Let $x,y$ be positive real numbers then
$$|\sqrt{x}-\sqrt{y}|=\dfrac{|x-y|}{\sqrt{x}+\sqrt{y}}=\sqrt{|x-y|}\cdot \dfrac{\sqrt{|x-y|}}{\sqrt{x}+\sqrt{y}}\leq 1\cdot |x-y|^{\frac{1}{2}}$$
we obtain $1/...

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39 views

### Is singular Cauchy operator bounded in Morrey spaces?

The singular Cauchy operator is defined by
$$S_\Gamma :f \to \int_\Gamma \frac{f(\xi)}{\xi-z} d\xi , z\in \Gamma.$$
Is this operator bounded in Morrey spaces and weighted Morrey spaces? i.e.
is there ...

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**1**answer

324 views

### One question about the $\eta$ invariant

This question is from the paper, The Analysis of Elliptic Families
II. Dirac Operators, Eta Invariants, and the Holonomy Theorem, Commun. Math. Phys. 107, 103-163 (1986) --- Proposition 2.8.
Suppose ...

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**1**answer

105 views

### The tensor product of two bounded operators

Let $E$, $F$ be two complex Hilbert spaces and $\mathcal{L}(E)$ (resp. $\mathcal{L}(F)$) be the algebra of all bounded linear operators on $E$ (resp. $F$).
The algebraic tensor product of $E$ and $F$ ...

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181 views

### Absence of fixed points

Let $f$ be an arbitrary function in $L^2(0,\infty)$ and consider the function
$$(g_f)(y) = \frac{1}{y-x_0} \int_{0}^{\infty} f(x) \frac{xy}{(x^2+y^2+1)} \ dx$$
where $x_0$ is an arbitrary but fixed ...

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96 views

### Compactness of operators of Markov processes

I have a question about operators of Markov processes.
Let $(E,\mu)$ be a locally compact separable metric measure space. Let $X=(X_t,P_x)$ be a $\mu$-symmetric Markov process on $E$. For any bounded ...

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**1**answer

248 views

### Function square-integrable

Let $f$ be an arbitrary function in $L^2(0,\infty)$ and consider the function
$$(g_f)(y) = \frac{1}{y-x_0} \int_{0}^{\infty} f(x) \left(\frac{xy}{(x^2+y^2+1)}\right)^2 \ dx$$
where $x_0$ is an ...