# Questions tagged [linear-pde]

Questions about linear partial differential equations. Often used in combination with the top-level tag ap.analysis-of-pdes.

260
questions

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28 views

### Finite element method reference, from the perspective of the finite elements themselves

I found the finite element chapters in The Finite Element Method of Elliptic Problems especially enlightening and would like to learn more about the theory behind the base components of a general ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Space of holomorphic functions multiplied by smooth functions taking real values

Suppose we have a fixed function $f: \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ (sufficiently regular, say $C^\infty$ ). The question is: for which $f$ there exists a scalar function $g: \mathbb{R}^2 \...

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44 views

### Approach to solve a coupled system of PDE (heat transfer in cylindrical coordinates)

I have the following two PDEs, which describe steady-state coupled heat transport between an externally heated axisymmetric solid body (Eq. 1, $T(r,z)$) and a fluid (Eq. 2, $t(z)$) flowing inside it:
...

**1**

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**0**answers

25 views

### Solution of the Mason-Weaver equation in cylindrical coordinates

I'd like to know if there is some litterature about the cylindrical Mason-Weaver equation.
The basic Mason-Weaver equation is treated in Wikipedia :
$$\partial_t f(t,x)=\partial_x f(t,x)+\partial_{...

**3**

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**1**answer

137 views

### Ancient Heat equation and Liouville's theorem

I encounter a difficulty when proving the bounded solution of ancient heat equation implying constant function. Suppose $u(t,x)$ is the solution of ancient heat equation:
\begin{equation}
u_{t} = \...

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58 views

### Weak maximum principle for a perturbation of the Laplacian

This question is motivated by similar considerations for the Kohn-Laplacian in the Heisenberg group, but it seems that I cannot even give an answer in the Euclidean case, so here we go.
Suppose that ...

**3**

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**2**answers

253 views

### Gradient $L^p$ estimates for heat equation

I'm looking for a proof of the gradient estimate associated to the heat equation with Dirichlet boundary conditions, to see if I can express the constant $\color{red}{C}$.
$$\|e^{t\Delta_d}f\|_{W^{1,...

**2**

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**1**answer

201 views

### Regularity on the boundary for the heat equation with linear source

This is probably a known problem but I was not able to find exactly what I am looking for.
I have the following linear heat equation with zero-flux boundary conditions:
\begin{equation}
\begin{cases}...

**4**

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154 views

### Equivalent definitions of differential operator

This puzzles me from some time and is in parts connected to the questions Symmetrized derivatives version and Symmetrized derivatives version II.
For me the linear DO between vector bundles $E$ and $...

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**0**answers

157 views

### A basic question about the Spectral Theorem

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded open region in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\phi_i $ be the eigenfunctions of $-\Delta$ with Dirichlet boundary condition, i.e.
$$-\Delta \phi_i=\lambda_i \phi_i, \ \ \phi_i|_{\...

**1**

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**1**answer

345 views

### Existence for an overdetermined system of PDEs

I am interested in the existence of a vector valued solution $y = y(x, t) \in\mathbb{R}^n$ to a system of $2n$ equations: there are twice more equations than unknowns. More precisely:
Let $A$ and $...

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**2**answers

266 views

### System of linear pde with non constant coefficients

I'm a physicist and during my research work, I found a system of linear pde with non constant coefficients that I have to study, since I have totally no experience about systems of pde and I have even ...

**2**

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88 views

### Justification for uniqueness of solutions to dispersive PDE

For the sake of concreteness, we consider the linear Schrödinger equation
$$
\partial_t u = i\Delta u, \ \ \ \ u(0, x) = u_0(x).
$$
The solution is typically obtained by taking the Fourier transform ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Lack of exponential $L^2_{t,x}$ decay for a heat equation with growing coefficients

Edit: I have changed the nature of the question, but in order to have a better idea of what I can expect for the original problem (see below).
Given $T>0$ and $n \in \bf Z$, consider the following ...

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**3**answers

374 views

### Solutions of $\Delta \phi + \phi =0$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$

I know a few solutions of the equation $\Delta \phi + \phi =0$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$. They can be described as the Fourier transform of any finite measure $\mu$ on $S^1$. In particular take $\mu$ a finite,...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Anti-diagonal matrix operator

Let $(A,\mathcal{D}(A))$ be an infinitesimal generator of a strongly continuous semigroup $(T(t))_{t\ge 0}$ on a Banach space $X$ and define on $\mathcal{X} := X \times X$ the
operator matrix
$$\...

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35 views

### Reference request: existence of strong solutions to a linear parabolic problem with mixed boundary conditions

on a domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ with smooth boundary $\partial\Omega$ subdivided into two parts $\Gamma_D$ and $\Gamma_N$ I am considering the parabolic problem
$$
\partial_t u = \Delta u + ...

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105 views

### Geometric interpretation of Lagrange's linear equation and its solution [closed]

What is the geometric meaning of the Lagrange's linear equation, $$P\dfrac{\partial z}{\partial x} + Q \dfrac {\partial z}{\partial y}= R \\Pp+ Qq= R$$ where $P$,$Q$,and $R$ are functions of $x\,$,$\,...

**1**

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44 views

### A linear first order PDE with boundary condition

I want to solve the following first order PDE
$$
(\star)\quad\begin{cases}
\nabla u\cdot \nabla\xi=f \quad\text{in}\,\Omega, \\
u\mid_{\partial \Omega}=0
\end{cases}
$$
where $\xi\in C^2(\overline{\...

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60 views

### Solution of equation on vector field

I have a vector field function $\vec{J}: {\bf R}^3\to {\bf R}^3$ looking like:
$$ \vec{J}(\vec{r}) = (\vec{B} \times \vec{v}(\vec{r}))\rho(\vec{r}) $$
with a (very well behaved) real, positive, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

637 views

### Research topics in Microlocal Analysis

Before asking this question here I did some research on web but I would like to get the opinion of those directly interested if there are any , (as I did in this thread Research topics in distribution ...

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**1**answer

150 views

### Reference request: Schauder estimates for parabolic equations

Where can I find Schauder estimates for second order linear parabolic equations (in divergence form with potential)?
Any reference would be highly appreciated.

**5**

votes

**2**answers

169 views

### $W^{k,1}$ regularity for elliptic equations

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded region in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and assume $u$ is a solutions of $\nabla \cdot (a \nabla u)=f$ with $a>c>0$ in $\Omega$, where $a\in C^k(\bar{\Omega})$. Is the following ...

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122 views

### 6 linear PDE for only 3 unknowns?

Let $x \in (0,L)$, $t \in (0,T)$, and let $u_0 = u_0(x) \in \mathbb{R}^3$, $g=g(t) \in \mathbb{R}^3$, $P = P(x,t) \in \mathbb{R}^3$ and $Q = Q(x,t) \in \mathbb{R}^3$ be continuously differentiable ...

**1**

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**1**answer

113 views

### First order partial differential equation [closed]

I know there is a solution to this pde
$$\partial_{t} f(t,x)= \partial_{x}(v(x)f(t,x))$$
$$ f(0,x)=g(x)$$
( Where $v$ and $g$ are known functions)
which is given by
$$ f(t,x)=\frac{1}{v(x)} h(t+\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Eigenfunctions of elliptic equations

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded region in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $a_1, a_2$ be smooth positive functions such that $a_1-a_2$ is compactly supported in $\Omega$, and $a_i>c>0$, for some constant $c$. ...

**1**

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**1**answer

158 views

### Global solutions of the wave equation with bounded initial condition

Let $f,g$ be bounded compactly supported smooth functions, and assume $u$ is the solutions of the wave equation
$$u_{tt}-c^2(x)\Delta u=0 \ \ \hbox{on} \ \ \mathbb{R}^n \times (0,\infty)$$
$$u(x,0)=f, ...

**1**

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**1**answer

104 views

### Two PDE for one unknown?

Let $x \in (0,L)$, $t \in (0,T)$, and let $f_1 = f_1(x,t) \in \mathbb{R}$, $f_2 = f_2(x,t) \in \mathbb{R}$, $u^0 = u^0(x) \in \mathbb{R}$ and $g= g(t) \in \mathbb{R}$ be continuous functions.
My ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Wave equation regularity

I have an equation of the type
$$\hat{\rho} u_{tt}-\hat{E}u_{xx}=f(x,t)$$
for $x\in (0,1)$ and $t>0$, where $\hat{\rho}$ and $\hat{E}$ are constants, $u(0,t)=u(1,t)=0$, $u(x,0)=p(x)$, $u_t(x,0)=q(...

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100 views

### Harnack Inequality for uniformly elliptic PDE via constructing a singularity

I am trying to prove a Harnack inequality for a nonnegative subsolution $u \in H^1(B_2)$ to the PDE $\text{div}(A Du) \ge 0$, where $A = A(x)$ is uniformly elliptic. The proof outline I am following ...

**1**

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159 views

### Replacing the initial conditions for a PDE

The problem
The PDE I am working with is given by $\left(\partial_a^b \leftrightarrow\frac{\partial^b}{\partial a^b}\right)$
$$\partial_t \psi = i \partial_x^2 \psi$$
$$\psi(x,t=0) = \psi_0(x)$$
$$\...

**1**

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**1**answer

64 views

### Exact solution of two coupled transport equations

I want to solve the following system
$$\eqalign{
& y_t = -y_x + z\text{ in }(0,\text{T}) \times (0,1) \cr
& z_t = z_x + y\text{ in }(0,\text{T}) \times (0,1) \cr
& y(0,x) = y_0,\,\,z(...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

667 views

### fundamental solution of an elliptic PDE in divergence form with non-symmetric matrix

I am looking for the fundamental solution of the following PDE
$$\partial_i (a^{ij}\partial_j u)=f$$
where $a^{ij}(x)$ is a non-symmetric matrix with possibly non-constant coefficients.
I could ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Existence of solution for the PDE $p \frac{\partial f(p, q)}{\partial p}-q \frac{\partial f(p, q)}{\partial q}=g(p, q)$

Consider the following PDE:
\begin{equation}
p \frac{\partial f(p, q)}{\partial p}-q \frac{\partial f(p, q)}{\partial q}=g(p, q),\tag{$\star$}
\end{equation}
where $g$ is a flat function at the point (...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Wave equation with 'spring' integral boundary condition

I am really stuck with this small toy problem.
I am trying to solve a wave equation on unit interval $x \in [0,1]$ with a specific boundary condition which I can't see how to tackle. The problem is:
...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

232 views

### ODE with Bessel decay

This is related to my previous question, but it is probably less scary and an expert in using Mathematica could figure out an answer easily.
I would like to estimate the asymptotic behaviour of the ...

**2**

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**0**answers

55 views

### Bessel decay for nonhomogeneous PDE

I'm interested in the following nonhomogeneous PDE
$$ (\Delta-k^{2})u=-g $$
on the upper-half plane with smooth and integrable Dirichlet boundary condition, where $g$ is a smooth positive function ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

608 views

### Moduli space of linear partial differential equations

Is there a way to view "the space of all possible linear PDE's" as an algebraic variety with singularities?
This is in connection with a quote from someone on the web that I saw a long time ago. At ...

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65 views

### Nodal domains on a surface

What is it known about the topology of nodal domains of eigenfunctions of self-adjoint operators?
In particular I'm interested in self-adjoint operators on a complete, non-compact, surface $\Sigma \...

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**0**answers

54 views

### Uniqueness of solution of linear PDE of first order

Let $\vec u\colon \mathbb{R}^n\times \mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}^k$
be at least $C^1$- smooth vector valued function. Assume they satisfy a first order linear equation
$$\partial_t \vec u(x,t)=\sum_{j=1}^...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

135 views

### Existence of unique critical points to second order elliptic PDEs

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is bounded and convex and $\partial\Omega$ be smooth. Consider the second order elliptic PDE (1)
$$
\begin{cases}
Lu = f &\text{ on } \Omega\,,\\ u=0 &\text{ ...

**1**

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**0**answers

61 views

### Rankine Hugoniot Condition for non piecewise smooth solution

I studied the following theorem: (Rankine-Hugoniot condition)
Let $u:\mathbb{R} \times [0,+\infty) \to \mathbb{R}$ be a piecewise $C^1$ function. Then $u$ is a weak solution of the conservation law ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Method of characteristics beyond the Lipschitz setting

I have come across the following easy-looking problem that is driving me mad.
I have a family of measures (on the real line $\mathbb R$) $\{\mu_t\}_{t>0}$ which is uniformly bounded (the measures ...

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54 views

### How to solve this linear Cauchy Problem

within my thesis, I am struggeling with the following PDE:
$u_t+a(x,y)u_{xx}+b(x,y)u_{xy}+c(x,y)u_{yy}+d(x,y)u_{x}+e(x,y)u_{y}+f(x,y)u=0$
$u(T,x,y)=1,$
where $a,b,c,d,e,f$ are polynomials and the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

38 views

### Random solute transport equation

After reading the article Probability density functions for solute transport in random fields, by M. Shvidler, K. Karasaki, see https://pubarchive.lbl.gov/islandora/object/ir%3A116072/datastream/PDF/...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Analytical testcase for 2D/3D anisotropic Diffusion (Heat Kernel)

I want to verify and compare different Discretizations of the anisotropic diffusion equation in 2D / 3D image of my testsetting.
I want to verify and compare different Discretizations of the ...

**0**

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**2**answers

356 views

### Solving the Poisson equation using a random walk on $\mathbb Z ^d$

How do I solve the Poisson equation with the help of a discrete random walk on $\mathbb Z ^d$?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Observability inequality for the heat equation

I want to ask about the observability inequality for the heat equation ( internal control), we consider the backward heat equation with Dirichlet boundary conditions:
\begin{array}{c}
\varphi _{t}+\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Underdetermined PDE

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^d$, $d>1$ be an open and bounded Lipschitz domain. It is well-known, that for a given function $f\in L^q(\Omega)$ with $1<q<\infty$ and and such that $\int_\Omega ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Unique continuation for the wave equation

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded region in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\Gamma \subset \subset \partial \Omega$, assume $u$ solves the wave equation
$$u_{tt}-c(x)\Delta u=0, \ \ u(x,0)=f(x),$$
where $f$ and $1-c$ ...