# Questions tagged [linear-pde]

Questions about linear partial differential equations. Often used in combination with the top-level tag ap.analysis-of-pdes.

287
questions

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36 views

### General solution to a second order linear PDE

The following PDE defined on $\mathbb{R}^2$ $$\frac{\partial}{\partial x}\frac{\partial}{\partial y}f(x,y) = 0,$$ has solution $$f(x,y) = g(x) + h(y),$$ where $g,h : \mathbb{R} \mapsto \mathbb{R}$ are ...

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**2**answers

256 views

### Vacuum region with positive measure for the Schrödinger equation

Let us consider the free Schrödinger equation $(i\partial_t+\Delta_x)\psi=0$ in $\mathbb{R}_t\times\mathbb{R}_x^d$. I'm trying to understand the structure of the vacuum region
$$\Omega(\psi):=\{(t,x)\...

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**1**answer

139 views

### Existence of divergence-free unit vector field in conformally rescaled euclidean metric

Question. Let $\Omega \subset \mathbf{R}^2$ be a convex polygonal domain, equipped with a Riemannian metric $g$. Under which conditions on $g$ is there a vector field $X$ in $\Omega$ with $\mathrm{div}...

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53 views

### Divergence-free constraint for a boundary integral equation

Consider the system
$$
\begin{cases}
\operatorname{curl} \operatorname{curl} \mathbf{u} = 0 \qquad B \cup (\mathbb{R}^3 \setminus \overline{B}) \\
c_1 (\operatorname{curl} \mathbf{u} \times \mathbf{n})...

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64 views

### References for Green functions of $\nabla \cdot a \nabla$ on a domain with $a \in L^\infty$

I am looking for a reference for basic properties of the Green function for a symmetric, uniformly elliptic operator $\nabla \cdot a \nabla$ where the coefficients $a_{ij}= a_{ji}$ are only assumed to ...

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89 views

### Explicit computation of a norm in context of operator-semigroups and differential equations

I am interested in the explicit calculation of the following norm $\vert \cdot \vert$.
Let $X$ a Banach space with norm $\Vert \cdot \Vert$ and $(T(t))_{t \geq 0}$ a strongly continuous one-parameter ...

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**1**answer

150 views

### The only rotation fields satisfying this PDE are constant

$\newcommand{\div}{\operatorname{div}}$$\newcommand{\SO}{\operatorname{SO(2)}}$$\newcommand{\R}{\operatorname{\mathbb{R}}}$$\newcommand{\bdx}{\partial_x}$$\newcommand{\bdy}{\partial_y}$$\newcommand{\...

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106 views

### Heat flow derivative of entropy

In a 1966 paper (Speed of Approach to Equilibrium for Kac's Caricature of a Maxwellian Gas, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal., Vol. 21), McKean seems to suggest that the successive derivatives of entropy $H (...

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**1**answer

109 views

### Neumann/Robin Laplacian semigroup well-known estimate

Let $\Delta_R:D(\Delta_R)\to L^2(\Omega)$ the Robin Laplacian defined on:
$$D(\Delta_R)=\left\{u\in H^1(\Omega)\ \big |\ \Delta u\in L^2(\Omega),\ \dfrac{\partial u}{\partial\nu}+bu=0 \ \text{on}\ \...

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44 views

### Where does the order of conormality comes from?

Let $X^n$ be a closed manifold, and let $Y^k \subseteq X$ be a closed embedded submanifold. A distribution $ u \in C^{-\infty} \left(X\right)$ is said to be conormal of order $m$ along $Y$ if its ...

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76 views

### Fourier Transform; half space baby problem (new)

This question is related to a prior question i asked, see Fourier Transform ; half space elliptic baby problem.
Essentially I am asking the same question now but taking a lot more care.
So lets ...

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134 views

### Looking for a reference or the procedure on how to solve the parabolic equation with $L^2$-weight

Let $\zeta, u_0\in L^2(\Omega)$, with $\zeta \geq 0$ and $\Omega\subset \Bbb R^d$ open and bounded.
\begin{equation}\label{Star-3.7}
\begin{cases}
\partial_t u -\Delta u + \zeta u=0 &\mbox{ in }\...

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66 views

### Solutions of constant coefficients differential operator on $\mathbb{R}^n$

Let $D$ be a constant coefficients linear differential operator on complex valued functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $\tilde D=\mathbb{F}^{-1}\circ D\circ \mathbb{F}$ be its conjugation with the Fourier ...

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91 views

### Calculating frequency of sound of ringing metal coin

I would like to reproduce the results of Manas - The music of gold: Can gold counterfeited coins be detected by ear?, but it skips a lot of steps, and the mathematics behind it is a bit advanced for ...

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173 views

### Is there a metric on Euclidean space that turns the Helmholtz equation into the Laplace equation?

Is there a Riemannian metric $\tilde g$ on $\mathbb R^d$ such that
$$\tag{1}
\Delta_{\tilde g}=e^f(\Delta +1),$$
for some $f\in C^\infty(\mathbb R^d)$? Here $\Delta=\partial_{x_1}^2+\ldots+\partial_{...

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44 views

### Semiclassical analysis and reflection law

I was curious about the following vague question. In pseudodifferential calculus and semi-classical analysis there are various theorems that relate geodesics of the underlying space to the behavior of ...

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**1**answer

164 views

### Reconstructing the metric on $CP^2$ with special one forms

I know that $(z_1,z_2)$ are the affine\inhomogeneous coordinates on the complex projective space $CP^2$. Now I have four one forms $(Y_1,Y_2, Y_3, Y_4)$. I want to rewrite the Fubini Study metric on $...

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73 views

### Perturbation in the equation $u_t=\epsilon Pu$, where $P$ is an elliptic partial differential operator

Let $Pu=\sum_{ij} \partial_j(a_{ij}(x) \partial_{i} u)$ be an elliptic operator. Consider the equation
$$
(u=u_\epsilon)\\
\partial_t u=\epsilon Pu \text{ in } \mathbb R^+ \times \Omega,\\
u(0,x)=u_0(...

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107 views

### Engineering mathematics course and the order of the teaching of its topics

I am going to teach a course names "Engineering Mathematics" and the topics in it, are:
Fourier series and integrals; including the motivation and computational aspects and their ...

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57 views

### $L^\infty$ Transport Equation Estimate: Characteristics of the Milne Problem on a Finite Slab

Cross-posted from MSE here.
I'm trying to justify equation (3.43) on page 18 of this paper by Lei Wu and Yan Guo on diffusion approximation of the radiative transport equation.
Consider the following ...

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**1**answer

102 views

### Maximum principle for an elliptic like operator

I am trying to prove some monotonicity of a solution of a given pde; after considering a quantity like $ \phi(x) = x \cdot \nabla v(x)$ ($v$ is the solution of a given pde) I arrive at something ...

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89 views

### Laplacian coupled with another equation over a two-dimensional rectangular region

I have the two-dimensional Laplacian $(\nabla^2 T(x,y)=0)$ coupled with another equation which is:
$$\frac{\partial t}{\partial x}+\alpha(t-T)=0 \tag 1$$
where it is known that $t(x=0)=t_i$.
The ...

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75 views

### Continuity of weak solutions to wave equation with time-dependent coefficients

Consider the following second-order wave equation
$$
u_{tt} - div( a\cdot \nabla u) = f \quad \text{ in } (0,T)\times \Omega
$$
with boundary conditions
$$
u(0)=g, \ u_t(0)=h, \ u|_{\partial \Omega}=0....

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117 views

### Isometric immersions of $\mathbb{S}^n$ into $\mathbb{S}^{2n}$

A major open problem in submanifold geometry is to determine whether there exists a nontotally geodesic isometric immersion of $\mathbb{S}^n$ into $\mathbb{S}^{2n}$. Every isometric immersion of $\...

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**2**answers

124 views

### Difference between semilinear and fully nonlinear

I'm confused why the Hamilton Jacobi Bellman equation:
$$\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}(t,x)+\Delta u(t,x) -\lambda||\nabla u(t,x) ||^{2}=0$$
is considered fully nonlinear, but not semilinear.
By ...

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181 views

### Laplacian on a manifold with two boundary components

I am interested in the Laplace equation on knot complements. The full complement of a knot $K$ is in $S^3$, but for compactness, we delete an open tubular neighborhood around $K$. The Laplace PDE on $...

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58 views

### How to proceed in this Boundary value problem where Eigen values are calculated numerically?

While solving a boundary value problem (background provided in the Context section) I reach the following variable separated two equations ($F(x)$ and $G(y)$)
\begin{eqnarray}
\lambda_h F''' - 2 \...

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46 views

### Finite element method reference, from the perspective of the finite elements themselves

I found the finite element chapters in The Finite Element Method of Elliptic Problems especially enlightening and would like to learn more about the theory behind the base components of a general ...

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83 views

### Space of holomorphic functions multiplied by smooth functions taking real values

Suppose we have a fixed function $f: \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ (sufficiently regular, say $C^\infty$ ). The question is: for which $f$ there exists a scalar function $g: \mathbb{R}^2 \...

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52 views

### Approach to solve a coupled system of PDE (heat transfer in cylindrical coordinates)

I have the following two PDEs, which describe steady-state coupled heat transport between an externally heated axisymmetric solid body (Eq. 1, $T(r,z)$) and a fluid (Eq. 2, $t(z)$) flowing inside it:
...

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49 views

### Solution of the Mason-Weaver equation in cylindrical coordinates

I'd like to know if there is some litterature about the cylindrical Mason-Weaver equation.
The basic Mason-Weaver equation is treated in Wikipedia :
$$\partial_t f(t,x)=\partial_x f(t,x)+\partial_{...

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203 views

### Ancient Heat equation and Liouville's theorem

I encounter a difficulty when proving the bounded solution of ancient heat equation implying constant function. Suppose $u(t,x)$ is the solution of ancient heat equation:
\begin{equation}
u_{t} = \...

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64 views

### Weak maximum principle for a perturbation of the Laplacian

This question is motivated by similar considerations for the Kohn-Laplacian in the Heisenberg group, but it seems that I cannot even give an answer in the Euclidean case, so here we go.
Suppose that ...

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417 views

### Gradient $L^p$ estimates for heat equation

I'm looking for a proof of the gradient estimate associated to the heat equation with Dirichlet boundary conditions, to see if I can express the constant $\color{red}{C}$.
$$\|e^{t\Delta_d}f\|_{W^{1,...

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**1**answer

231 views

### Regularity on the boundary for the heat equation with linear source

This is probably a known problem but I was not able to find exactly what I am looking for.
I have the following linear heat equation with zero-flux boundary conditions:
\begin{equation}
\begin{cases}...

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187 views

### Equivalent definitions of differential operator

This puzzles me from some time and is in parts connected to the questions Symmetrized derivatives version and Symmetrized derivatives version II.
For me the linear DO between vector bundles $E$ and $...

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159 views

### A basic question about the Spectral Theorem

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded open region in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\phi_i $ be the eigenfunctions of $-\Delta$ with Dirichlet boundary condition, i.e.
$$-\Delta \phi_i=\lambda_i \phi_i, \ \ \phi_i|_{\...

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**1**answer

367 views

### Existence for an overdetermined system of PDEs

I am interested in the existence of a vector valued solution $y = y(x, t) \in\mathbb{R}^n$ to a system of $2n$ equations: there are twice more equations than unknowns. More precisely:
Let $A$ and $...

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**2**answers

339 views

### System of linear pde with non constant coefficients

I'm a physicist and during my research work, I found a system of linear pde with non constant coefficients that I have to study, since I have totally no experience about systems of pde and I have even ...

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100 views

### Justification for uniqueness of solutions to dispersive PDE

For the sake of concreteness, we consider the linear Schrödinger equation
$$
\partial_t u = i\Delta u, \ \ \ \ u(0, x) = u_0(x).
$$
The solution is typically obtained by taking the Fourier transform ...

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votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Lack of exponential $L^2_{t,x}$ decay for a heat equation with growing coefficients

Edit: I have changed the nature of the question, but in order to have a better idea of what I can expect for the original problem (see below).
Given $T>0$ and $n \in \bf Z$, consider the following ...

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**3**answers

402 views

### Solutions of $\Delta \phi + \phi =0$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$

I know a few solutions of the equation $\Delta \phi + \phi =0$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$. They can be described as the Fourier transform of any finite measure $\mu$ on $S^1$. In particular take $\mu$ a finite,...

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votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Anti-diagonal matrix operator

Let $(A,\mathcal{D}(A))$ be an infinitesimal generator of a strongly continuous semigroup $(T(t))_{t\ge 0}$ on a Banach space $X$ and define on $\mathcal{X} := X \times X$ the
operator matrix
$$\...

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35 views

### Reference request: existence of strong solutions to a linear parabolic problem with mixed boundary conditions

on a domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ with smooth boundary $\partial\Omega$ subdivided into two parts $\Gamma_D$ and $\Gamma_N$ I am considering the parabolic problem
$$
\partial_t u = \Delta u + ...

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177 views

### Geometric interpretation of Lagrange's linear equation and its solution [closed]

What is the geometric meaning of the Lagrange's linear equation, $$P\dfrac{\partial z}{\partial x} + Q \dfrac {\partial z}{\partial y}= R \\Pp+ Qq= R$$ where $P$,$Q$,and $R$ are functions of $x\,$,$\,...

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47 views

### A linear first order PDE with boundary condition

I want to solve the following first order PDE
$$
(\star)\quad\begin{cases}
\nabla u\cdot \nabla\xi=f \quad\text{in}\,\Omega, \\
u\mid_{\partial \Omega}=0
\end{cases}
$$
where $\xi\in C^2(\overline{\...

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65 views

### Solution of equation on vector field

I have a vector field function $\vec{J}: {\bf R}^3\to {\bf R}^3$ looking like:
$$ \vec{J}(\vec{r}) = (\vec{B} \times \vec{v}(\vec{r}))\rho(\vec{r}) $$
with a (very well behaved) real, positive, ...

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**1**answer

755 views

### Research topics in Microlocal Analysis

Before asking this question here I did some research on web but I would like to get the opinion of those directly interested if there are any , (as I did in this thread Research topics in distribution ...

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**1**answer

165 views

### Reference request: Schauder estimates for parabolic equations

Where can I find Schauder estimates for second order linear parabolic equations (in divergence form with potential)?
Any reference would be highly appreciated.

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179 views

### $W^{k,1}$ regularity for elliptic equations

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded region in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and assume $u$ is a solutions of $\nabla \cdot (a \nabla u)=f$ with $a>c>0$ in $\Omega$, where $a\in C^k(\bar{\Omega})$. Is the following ...