Questions tagged [green-function]

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References for Green functions of $\nabla \cdot a \nabla$ on a domain with $a \in L^\infty$

I am looking for a reference for basic properties of the Green function for a symmetric, uniformly elliptic operator $\nabla \cdot a \nabla$ where the coefficients $a_{ij}= a_{ji}$ are only assumed to ...
4
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3answers
197 views

Does the Green's function of the simple random walk on $\mathbb Z^d$ always vary locally?

Let $G_0(x)=G(x,0)$ be the Green's function of the simple symmetric random walk on $\mathbb Z^d$, $d\geq 3$. The question is whether $G_0$ must always vary locally, i.e., whether $$ \sum_{\substack{y\...
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1answer
93 views

Numerical methods for evaluating singular integrals

The Helmholtz decomposition for a vector field B contains both volume integrals and two boundary integrals (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmholtz_decomposition). For brevity I show just one of the ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Singularity of reproducing kernel for elliptic operator

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth compact Riemannian manifold and dimension $2$, $\Gamma$ a smooth vector bundle over $M$, and suppose $L: W^{k,2}(\Gamma)\to W^{k-2,2}(\Gamma)$ is a second order strongly ...
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1answer
181 views

Green function of the triangular kernel?

What is the green function of the triangular kernel $K$: $$ K(x,y)=1-|x-y| $$ where $x,y\in R$ such that $|x-y|<1$?
3
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0answers
81 views

Proving the exponential decay of Green's function for the lattice $-\Delta+p$

The Green function $G(x,y) =G(x-y)$ of the discrete Klein-Gordon operator $-\Delta+p$ on $\mathbb{Z}^{d}$ is given by: \begin{eqnarray} G(x-y) = \int_{[-\pi,\pi]^{d}}\frac{d^{d}k}{(2\pi)^{d}}\frac{e^{...
3
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0answers
147 views

Fourier transform of Green function and its derivative

Consider a real Sturm-Liouville operator $L$ on $[0,+\infty)$ and use the following notations : https://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Titchmarsh-Weyl_m-function Assume $a = 0$, $\alpha \in [0,\...
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0answers
81 views

Biharmonic heat flow on compact manifolds

Consider $\partial _t u (t,x) = -\partial _x ^4 u$ on a compact manifold, or even a special specific one like the torus. Are there any estimates on the Green function (bihamornic heat kernel), for ...
5
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0answers
49 views

Expression for the (1+1)-dimensional retarded Dirac propagator in position space

Where an expression for the (1+1)-dimensional retarded Dirac propagator in position space can be found, especially including the generalized funcion supported on the light-cone? In particular, is it ...
3
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1answer
313 views

Green's Function for 3D Relativistic Heat Equation

On the Wikipedia page here , it states that the Green's function for 3D relativistic heat conduction (with $c=1$) $$[\partial_t^2 + 2\gamma\partial_t -\Delta_{3D}] u(t,x) = \delta(t,x) = \delta(t)\...
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0answers
124 views

Diffusion equation solution using Laplace transform [closed]

Consider the operator $$ L=k\frac{\partial ^{2}}{\partial x^{2}}-\frac{\partial }{\partial t} $$ with domain $D(L)={u} \in \Bbb R \times [0,+\infty )$, initial value $u(x,0)=g(x), \forall x\in \Bbb R$...
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0answers
80 views

Green's Function for Fractional Laplacian on the Union of Two Balls

I have two disjoint open intervals $B_1, B_2 \subset \mathbb{R}$, and variables $0 < s < 1$ and $t \in B_1 \cup B_2$. I want to solve: $$r_{B_1 \cup B_2}(\Delta^{s} f) = \delta_t$$ for $f$. ...
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3answers
1k views

fundamental solution of an elliptic PDE in divergence form with non-symmetric matrix

I am looking for the fundamental solution of the following PDE $$\partial_i (a^{ij}\partial_j u)=f$$ where $a^{ij}(x)$ is a non-symmetric matrix with possibly non-constant coefficients. I could ...
2
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0answers
156 views

Fundamental solution of parabolic PDE with variable coefficients

Let us consider the parabolic operator $$ \mathcal{L} = \partial_t - \nabla_x \cdot(a(x)\nabla_x) $$ over a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^d$. The coefficient matrix $a(x)$ is elliptic and ...
2
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0answers
56 views

Bessel decay for nonhomogeneous PDE

I'm interested in the following nonhomogeneous PDE $$ (\Delta-k^{2})u=-g $$ on the upper-half plane with smooth and integrable Dirichlet boundary condition, where $g$ is a smooth positive function ...
3
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1answer
137 views

Reconstructing the Green's function of an initial-value problem of partial differential equation

Consider a partial differential equation that is of the following form: \begin{equation} (-\partial_x^2+g(x))f(x, t)=i\partial_tf(x, t) \end{equation} where $g(x)$ is a real function. Suppose that $f(...
5
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0answers
80 views

Paving property

In their famed paper (https://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0011053), Bourgain and Goldstein conjecture what they call the paving property: Let $H_{jk}=\delta_{j,k+1}+\delta_{j,k-1}+v(\theta+j\omega)\delta_{...
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0answers
57 views

Parabolic (heat) PDE Green's function spatial asymptote at infinity

Consider a general parabolic partial differential equation with its spatial dimensions on $R^n$, such as a heat equation, with the diffusion coefficient dependent on the spacial variables. Does its ...
6
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0answers
258 views

Linear PDE with non constant coefficients and properties of Green's Function

Lots of information is available about Poisson's PDE $\operatorname{div}(\operatorname{grad}(u(\vec{x}))))=f(\vec{x})$. However it is hard to find information about the more generalized case \begin{...
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0answers
103 views

Green's third identity potential massive object

Consider a massive object occupying a volume $U$ with boundary $\partial U$. Let the gravitational potential inside be $V_{in}$ and outside $V_{out}$ Normally the gravitational field of a massive ...
4
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0answers
118 views

Limit of Green's function as metric changes (S^2 -> R^2)

The Laplace-Beltrami operator is invertible on the space of 1-forms on $S^2$ (since $S^2$ has zero first betti number). Therefore it has an inverse, the Green's function. Now let the radius $r$ of $S^...
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0answers
73 views

When are Green's functions causal convolution kernels

Let $L$ be a linear differential operarator acting on distributions over $\mathbb{R}$ and $G(t, s)$ be a Green's function, i.e., a solution to $LG(t, s) =\delta(t-s)$. $G$ is said to be causal if $G(...
2
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1answer
242 views

The study of dynamics of a polynomial vector field via Green's function methods

In the litterature, in particular in the papers on dynamical investigation of polynomial vector fields on the plane, are there some research devoting to study the Green's function for the PDE which is ...
5
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1answer
479 views

Green's function for fourth order equation

I know the D'Alembert operator ${\frac {1}{c^{2}}}\partial _{t}^{2}-\Delta _{\text{3D}}$ has a well-known Green's function $\frac{\delta(t-\frac{r}{c})}{4 \pi r}$. This is very useful for studying 3D ...
2
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1answer
419 views

hyperbolic “Green function” on a product of upper half-planes

Let $\Delta_{hyp}=\Delta_{hyp,1}=-y^2(\partial_x^2+\partial_y^2)$ be the hyperbolic Laplacian acting on functions of $\mathfrak{h}$ (the Poincare upper half-plane) and consider its resolvent $$ R(s)=(...
1
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1answer
207 views

How to determine the spectrum from the diagonal Green's function

Let $L: L^2(\mathbb{R}) \supseteq Dom(L) \rightarrow L^2(\mathbb{R})$ be a densely defined closed operator. Assume that the resolvent admits an integral kernel (Greens function) $G$, i.e. for $z\in \...
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0answers
94 views

singular integral operators

Let $(\Omega,g)$ be a compact domain with smooth boundary and suppose that $g$ is smooth. Let $g_D$ and $g_N$ denote the Dirichlet and Neumann green functions for the Laplace-Beltrami operator. My ...
9
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1answer
521 views

Variation of the Green function with respect to the metric

Consider a (closed) Riemann surface and let $G(x,y)$ be the Green function of the Laplace-Beltrami operator. We can informally identify $G$ with the two-point correlation function for the Gaussian ...
2
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1answer
263 views

Singularity of the heat kernel

The heat kernel in one dimension for the real line is given by the usual gaussian density function: $$g(t,x,y)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi t}}e^{-\frac{(x-y)^2}{2t}}\, .$$ In particular, by differentiating ...
3
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1answer
166 views

Methods to compute the Green's function for the 1D wave equation with nonsmooth coefficient?

I am seeking advice on the best available numerical methods to compute the Green's function for a 1D wave equation with rough coefficient. Suppose that the coefficient $c(x)$ in the 1D wave equation ...
3
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0answers
512 views

Convexity of the electrostatic energy on a Riemann surface

Let $M$ be a compact Riemann surface. Let $\Lambda$ be a differentiable real $2$-form of integral one. Let $G$ be the Green function associated to $\Lambda$, i.e. $G: M \times M \to \mathbb R \cup \{...
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0answers
232 views

Diagonal of Green's Function

I am looking to numerically calulate the diagonal of Green's function. I am interested in Green's functions of elliptic PDEs and in those that arise from stochastic processes (discrete and continuous)....
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0answers
70 views

Potential theory solution for Variable coefficient Poisson with Dirichlet Boundary conditions

I am looking for a potential theory representation for the following equation in $2$D: $$\vec{\nabla} \cdot \left(a(x) \vec{\nabla}u\right) = 0 \,\, \forall x \in \Omega \,\, (\spadesuit)$$ $$u = g \,...
5
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1answer
146 views

Modified mean value property

Let $L=\Delta + c$ in 3 dimensions, where $c$ is a positive constant. I met this modified mean value property of a solution $u$ of $Lu=0$ as $$u(\xi)=\frac{\sqrt{c}\rho}{sin(\sqrt{c}\rho)}\frac{1}{4\...
2
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0answers
133 views

Green's functions on linear subspaces and relations to boundary conditions

Consider the Laplacian $-\Delta$ on (in a suitable sense) twice differentiable functions subject to homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions $\mathscr{H}=\{f : f(0)=f(1)=0\}$. We can identify the ...
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0answers
658 views

Green's function for fractional Laplacian

Consider the fractional differential equation \begin{align} D_{|x|}^\alpha u(x) +bu(x)=f(x) \end{align} with $0<\alpha<2$ on an unbounded domain. Instead of $D_{|x|}^\alpha$ one also often sees ...
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0answers
125 views

smoothness of green's function in wave equation

I have a linear acoustic wave propagation originated from a monopole source, written as \begin{align} \mathcal{L}p(\mathbf{x},t) = S_m(\mathbf{x},t), \quad \mbox{in } \Omega \end{align} where the ...
2
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1answer
119 views

Does the green kernel converge as a series of functions?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact rimannian manifold. It is well known that we can diagonalyse the Green kernel as a $L^2$ operator acting on functions. Moreover we have the convergence of the following series,...
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0answers
307 views

Existence of Green's functions for PDEs

Here is what I think I know: Given a symmetric linear differential operator $\mathcal{L}$ that is positive definite on a function space(/space of distributions) $\mathcal{H}$, we can find its inverse, ...
4
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1answer
523 views

Analytical solution of diffusion PDE with Robin boundary condition

I need to find the analytical solution of the time-independent diffusion equation with constant coefficients on the unit disk $\Omega$ with subject to Robin boundary conditions. The formulation is as ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Green's function of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator

The Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator $L$ is given by $$ Lu = \Delta u- \frac{1}{2}x\cdot \nabla u. $$ Is there a known closed form expression of the Green's function of $L$ on $\mathbb R^d$ (for $d\geq 2$ ...
10
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5answers
889 views

Reference request for a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations

Is there a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations with no mention of Green's functions? Is there perhaps a purely algebraic analog?
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0answers
311 views

What's Known About the Green's Function to the 1D Diffusion Equation with Position-dependent Diffusion Coefficient?

Consider a one-dimensional diffusion equation $$ C(x) \partial_t \Phi(t,x) = \partial_x^2 \Phi(t,x), $$ on the interval $[0,1]$. The function $C(x)$ has a pole of order 1 at $x=0$ and a pole of finite ...
3
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1answer
232 views

What can we say about the left inverse of the Green's function?

Let $\mathbb{D}$ be an self-adjoint elliptic operator of a compact manifold and $G(x,y)$ the Green's function of $\mathbb{D}$. By definition $G(x,y)$ is the right inverse of $\mathbb{D}$ in the sense ...
1
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1answer
332 views

Is Green's function of an elliptic operator always symmetric?

Let $D$ be an elliptic operator of a compact Riemannian manifold and $G(x_0,x_1)$ the Green's function of $D$. Is $G$ always symmetric in variables $x_0$ and $x_1$, i.e. $G(x_0,x_1)=G(x_1,x_0)$? If ...
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0answers
200 views

Green function and translational symmetry

I have met this problem in solving the classical field theory of a scalar field with a cubic term. I am able to solve exactly each equation, given in a form of odes, but this question escapes my ...
5
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1answer
318 views

Green's function for *GJMS* operator

Consider a Riemannian manifold $(M^n, g)$ of dimension $n$ with a metric $g$. We assume $M$ to be closed (compact without boundary). Let's not assume any hypothesis on the Yamabe invariant of the ...
0
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0answers
217 views

Solvable PDEs and their Green's functions

I have a class of PDEs of the form $$ -\Box\phi(x)+\lambda\phi_0^2(x)\phi(x)=0 $$ with $\phi_0^2(x)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty b_ne^{ip_n\cdot x}$. I know some exact solutions for them (see here and ...
3
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1answer
387 views

Is Poisson's kernel integrable?

Let $E$ be a smooth domain. Green's function is defined as $G(x,y)=F(x,y)-\Phi(x,y)$ where $F$ is the fundamental solution to the Laplace equation. For a fixed $x\in E$, $\Phi(x,\cdot)$ is a harmonic ...
0
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1answer
971 views

direct proof that schrodinger's equation kernel corresponds to delta-function initial value [closed]

I want to show directly, that the kernel for the n-dimensional free linear schrodinger equation, if taken to time t=0, is dirac's $\delta $ function. I can show that the integral is constant, but it ...