Questions tagged [micro-local-analysis]

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102 views

Holder continuity relative to Rellic-Kondrachov compactness via the nonlinear Aronsson operator

Connected to the question, Does Morrey's inequality contextually relate to Rellic-Kondrachov compactness? An analysis of the well-known nonlinear Aronsson operator gives $C^{(1, \frac{1}{3})}$ ...
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130 views

Does Morrey's inequality contextually relate to Rellic-Kondrachov compactness?

I have been reflecting on this question, and want to share my thinking thus far. I'd be grateful for the community's inputs. We refer to Morrey's inequality, Theorem 4 on pp 266 of Evan's book on PDE, ...
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26 views

Partial hypoellipticity

The question is posed specifically about the wave equation and is related to partial hypoellipticity of the wave equation. Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$, $M=(0,T)\times \Omega$ and $\Gamma=(0,T)\...
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Can the existence of geodesics be deduced from properties of the Laplacian?

As I understand it, the semiclassical trace formula in particular relates lengths of geodesics to eigenvalues of the Laplacian. Is it possible to prove that every compact Riemannian manifold has a ...
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1answer
783 views

Does the 'reproducing kernel formula' for a bounded open set $U$ define an equivalent norm on the Sobolev space $H^1_0(U)$

We refer to the 'reproducing convolution formula with a kernel' for an open bounded domain $U$ of $R^n$, $n \geq 2$ discussed in the paper of G. Talenti (Annali de Matematica, Dec 1976) on Best ...
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310 views

Bernoulli-like polynomials

Let $\psi_0 (x,t)=\frac{te^{xt}}{1-e^{-t}}$. Then $$\psi_0(0,t)=\frac{t}{1-e^{-t}};$$ $$\psi_0(x,t)=1+\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{t^n}{n!} B_n(x)$$ where $B_n$ is a monic polynomial of degree $n.$ Now ...
5
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1answer
157 views

Why do people study Weyl asymptotics and partial-spectral-projections?

The major focus of the research that my advisor has me doing centers around the idea of asymptotic behavior of partial-spectral-projections on compact manifolds. In a few sentences, here is the ...
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155 views

History of microlocal analysis

Was the study of pseudo-differential operators the basis for the birth of microlocal analysis? I'm trying to find out how this branch of analysis was developed...
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61 views

Wave front set and differential operator

A simple result of microlocal analysis would be, if P is a differential operator then $WF(Pu) \subseteq WF(u)$, where WF denotes the wave front set of the distribution. Can anyone give me an example ...
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1answer
127 views

Distribution boundary value of analytic function and wave front sets

Assume $f(z)$ is analytic in the tube domain $\mathbb R^n\oplus iC$, where $C\subset \mathbb R^n$ is a convex cone. Under the assumption $|f(x+iy)|\leq 1/|y|^k$, we know by a Theorem of Martineau (see ...
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37 views

Is the cone $\Sigma(T)$ orthogonal to the singular support of a distribution?

Hello I am totally new to microlocal analysis and I have a question. Is the cone $\Sigma(T)$ orthogonal to the singular support of a distribution? $$\xi \notin \Sigma(T) \iff \exists V\ conic\ ...
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180 views

Smoothness of solution map for PDE

I am wondering what sort of results are available for the following sort of problem, or where to look in the literature for work dealing with such problems, especially in the degenerate elliptic ...
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234 views

Properties of microlocalization

Let $i: M\hookrightarrow X$ be the inclusion of a closed submanifold in a smooth manifold $X$. I denote by $T_MX$ the normal bundle to $M$ in $X$, by $T^{\ast}_MX$ its dual bundle, and by $D^b(X)$ the ...
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58 views

Extension of a compactly supported pseudo-differential operator

Let $\Omega$ be a open subset of $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ and $P \in \Psi^{m}(\Omega)$ a compactly supported pseudo-differential operator, that is, the kernel of $P$, is compact. Is it true that $P$ extends ...
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53 views

Wave equation with data on null surfaces

Consider the solid cone $C$ as the region inside $z=1-\sqrt{x^2+y^2}$ and bounded by $0\leq z\leq 1$. Now let us define $$\Omega= \{z=\frac{1}{2}\} \cap C\quad \text{and}\quad \Sigma= (\partial C \cap ...
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1answer
464 views

How to understand the Fourier-Sato transform and microlocalization functors?

Given a smooth real vector bundle $\pi: E \to M$ I can look at the (bounded from below) derived category of sheaves on $E$. Since $E$ admits a very natural action of $\mathbb{R}^{\geq 0}$ by scaling, ...
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1answer
422 views

Kernel of the composition of operators

Let $X \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$, $Y \subset \mathbb{R}^{m}$, and $Z \subset \mathbb{R}^{p}$ be open subsets, and let $K_P \in C_0^\infty(X \times Y)$ and $K_Q \in C_0^{\infty}(Y \times Z)$. Then, $K_P$ ...
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1answer
225 views

Wavefront set of characteristic function of rough set

It is a standard exercise to show that if $X\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n$ has smooth boundary, then the characteristic function $1_X$ has wavefront set $$\{(x,\xi)\in\partial X\times\mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{0\}...
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2answers
461 views

Weyl law for (non-semiclassical) Schrodinger operator

The Weyl law for a semiclassical Schrodinger operator $$ A_h\ := \ -h^2\Delta+V(x) $$ on an $d$-dimensional complete Riemannian manifold $M$ says that the number $N(A_h,1)$ of eigenvalues of $A_h$ ...
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0answers
109 views

Entire analytic functions with entire analytic Fourier transform, and corresponding distributions

I'm interested in the Fourier transform on a space of distributions that includes more than the usual tempered distributions, and in particular allows for $\delta$-distributions supported at complex ...
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2answers
731 views

How to visualize the Microsupport of a Sheaf?

I am looking through Persistent homology and microlocal sheaf theory to learn a bit on barcodes. They are require the notion of a microsupport of a sheaf, looks like it could be a rather concrete ...
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1answer
96 views

Associating a pseudo-differential operator to the symbol in the SG setting

We all know that given a symbol $a(x,\xi) \in S^{\mu,\rho}(\mathbb{R}^n,\mathbb{R}^n)$, a pseudo-differential operator can be defined as \begin{equation} Op(a)u(x)=(2\pi)^{-n}\int \int e^{i(x-x')\cdot ...
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2answers
343 views

Trace on $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^k) \mathbin{\hat{\otimes}_\pi} \mathcal{S}'(\mathbb{R}^k)$

I asked this question on Math StackExchange, but it did not receive an answer, despite my offering a bounty to attract attention. I am unsure whether it is appropriate for this venue, but I thought ...
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1answer
255 views

Wavefront set and Duhamel's principle

Consider the Cauchy problem: $$ \frac{\partial u}{\partial t} + \mathrm{i}\mkern1mu A(x,D_x) u = f \quad 0< t < T; \qquad u = u_0 \quad \text{when}\; t = 0, $$ where $A$ has real principal ...
4
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1answer
168 views

Interesting (non) examples of singular support

I'm trying to better understand singular support of sheaves on smooth manifolds---to this end: What are examples of conical subsets of $T^*X$ that cannot arise as the singular support of a sheaf on $...
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0answers
227 views

Support of a microlocal defect measure

I'm trying to complete the proof of the Theorem 6.1 in the notes https://www.math.u-psud.fr/~nb/articles/coursX.pdf, which ensures, under certain conditions, that the support of the microlocal defect ...
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110 views

Propagation of singularities and the Schrodinger equation

I always thought that the propagation of singularities theorem by Hörmander says (on $\mathbb R^n$ for a classical symbol $p(x,\xi)=\xi^2+V(x)$) that for a Schrödinger equation $$(i \partial_t-p(x,D))...
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174 views

One-parameter unitary group preserving invariant domain of infinitesimal generator

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space (e.g. $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{d}))$, and let $\mathcal{D}_{1}\subset\mathcal{H}$ be a dense subspace (e.g. $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^{d})$). Suppose that an ...
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393 views

Propagation of Singularities

I'm following the book "Elementary Introduction To The Theory Of Pseudodifferential Operators" by X. S. Raymond and the Joshi Lectures Notes - https://arxiv.org/pdf/math/9906155.pdf - to prove the ...
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33 views

Production of $H^s$ singularities in the strictly hyperbolic Cauchy problem

This question is a spin-off from Hyperbolic PDEs - Proof that the restriction of a locally $H^s$ solution to a spacelike hypersurface is locally in $H^s$ as I am trying to find a solution without ...
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1answer
311 views

Is every endomorphism of the sheaf of holomorphic functions on a disk a differential operator?

Let $D= \{z\in \mathbb{C}:|z| < 1\}$ be the unit disk. And consider the sheaf of holomorphic functions $\mathcal{O}_{D}$. Question (?) : Is there a sheaf endomorphisms $\phi : \mathcal{O}_D \to \...
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2answers
460 views

Composition of a smoothing operator with an $L^2$-bounded operator, non-compact Riemannian manifold

I'm trying to close in on a definitive answer to my own question BVPs for elliptic PDOs: When do Green functions ($L^2$ inverses) define pseudo-differential operators in the interior?, and think I ...
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4answers
799 views

Is every continuous microlocal operator a pseudo-differential operator?

Let $\mathcal S'=\mathcal S'(\mathbb R^n)$ be the Schwartz distribution space. Suppose $A\colon\mathcal S'\to\mathcal S'$ is linear, continuous and microlocal. By being microlocal I mean that the wave ...
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1answer
223 views

Microlocal proof of Wigner semicircle theorem?

Something I really enjoy about Tao's writing is that he proves the same theorem over and over. While I complain a bit sometimes about clarity, this is a heuristic that I very much believe in. This ...
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0answers
141 views

Interpretation of Smoothing Operators as $\Psi$DO's

In most of the computations I've seen involving pseudodifferential operators (referred to as $\Psi$DO's from now on) we do not have true equality. Instead we often only have equivalence of operators, ...
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1answer
338 views

Characterisation of the wavefront set

I am totally new to microlocal analysis, and have been studying Jared Wunsch's notes. I have been puzzling over the properties of the wavefront set. Let $X$ be a compact Riemannian manifold, and $\...
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1answer
513 views

Schwartz kernel theorem

I would like to understand how the Schwartz kernel theorem works for some more difficult cases and therefore would like to discuss an example from scratch: Let the Dirichlet Laplacian on the half-...
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0answers
49 views

Show that if $a$ belongs to the symbol class $S^m_{\rho , \delta}$ for $\rho > 1$, then in fact $a \in S^{-\infty}$

I'm trying to learn more tools from microlocal analysis by reading Grigis and Sjostrand's Microlocal analysis for differential operators. In the first chapter, they define the standard $C^\infty$ ...
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7answers
3k views

Applications of Microlocal Analysis?

What examples are there of striking applications of the ideas of Microlocal Analysis? Ideally i'm looking for specific results in any of the relevant fields (PDE, algebraic/differential geometry/...
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0answers
55 views

Normal form of Principal type $\Psi$DO's

Suppose we have a pseudo differential operator of principal type with a complex symbol and such that the poisson bracket of the real and imaginary parts on the characteristic set is non-negative.I ...
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1answer
357 views

Inverse of pseudo differential operator

Let $\operatorname{Op}_h(x,D)(a)$ denote the Weyl-quantisation of a symbol $a$. Is there an explicit way to invert this pseudo-differential operator in an asymptotic series? By this I mean, can we ...
3
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1answer
275 views

Help understand a calculation involving RHom of sheaves on manifolds

I am reading a paper and there is some computation of RHom of sheaves that I don't understand. I hope this is the right place to ask. It is this paper, example 3.10 , page 25 arxiv.org/pdf/1005.1517v4....
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23 views

Sufficient conditions for a conormal vector to be regular for an orbit stratification

Let a complex reductive group $G$ act on a $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ with finitely many orbits. Let $\mathcal{S}$ be the stratification of $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ according to these orbits. Let $(x,\xi) \in T_S^{*}\...
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1answer
213 views

Show that a very regular kernel $k(x,y)$ has operator $K : \mathcal{E}'(\Omega) \to \mathcal{D}'(\Omega)$ which is pseudo-local

I am reading Francois Treves' Introduction to pseduodifferential and Fourier integral operators, vol. I. I am having trouble understanding the proof of Lemma 2.1, which is stated as follows. Let $\...
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1answer
432 views

Intuition behind the Duistermaat-Guillemin version of Weyl's law

The theorem in question (see this paper), after a modification by Ivrii (see this paper) states the following: Let $(M, g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold of dimension $n \geq 2$. Assume that the ...
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3answers
884 views

Characteristic Variety of the Principal Symbol solves PDE system?

In the study of partial differential equations, it is often considered enough to analyze the principal symbols and their characteristic variety (see for example, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/...
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0answers
87 views

Combining microlocal Helgason's support and Holmgren's theorem to prove injectivity of limited-angle Radon transform

This questions is slightly related to Kashiwara's watermelon theorem and Microlocal version of Helgason's (support) and Holmgren's theorems, in which I asked for some references. Now I ...
3
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1answer
434 views

Wave front set from the FBI or Segal-Bergman transform (and a motivation)

In the André Martinez's notes "Introduction to microlocal and semiclassical analysis" the Wave Front Set is defined as the complement of the set of points having neighborhoods where the FBI transform ...
4
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1answer
442 views

Kashiwara's watermelon theorem and Microlocal version of Helgason's (support) and Holmgren's theorems

I would like to find good references for the theorems mentioned above in the title. I am reading chapter VIII of Hörmander's classic, but I wonder whether there is something more up-to-date. My ...
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1answer
173 views

Ask the validity of Tauberian lemma in Sogge's book

In C.D.Sogge's Fourier Integrals in Classical Analysis pp.128-129, he proved Lemma4.2.3(Tauberian Lemma): Lemma. Let$g(\lambda)$ be a piece-wise continuous tempered function of $\mathbb{R}$. Assume ...