# Questions tagged [semigroups]

A semigroup is a set $S$ together with a binary operation that is associative. Examples of semigroups are the set of finite strings over a fixed alphabet (under concatenation) and the positive integers (under addition, maximum, or minimum). Of course, any monoid or group is also a semigroup.

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### How can I have a copy of seminary note of Prof. Barbu

I would like to refer this luminous seminary note by Prof Viorel Barbu: Seminar on nonlinear semigroups and evolution equations'' published in 1970, iasi. There seems to be no libraries holding ...
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### Is there any characterization and/or classification of subsemigroups of finite monogenic semigroups?

A semigroup $S$ is called monogenic if $S$ is generated by some element $a$ (which is unique if $S$ is not a group) in the sense that $S=\{a^n:n\in\mathbb N\}$. Observe that each mongenic group is ...
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Every semigroup containing an ideal subgroup is called a homogroup. Let $(S,\cdot)$ be homomgroup, hence it contains an ideal $I$ that is also a subgroup. It is easy to see that $I$ is the least ideal,...
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### A exemple of a strongly-continuous contraction semigroup : how to prove the contraction?

I am trying to prove that $P_t := e^{\lambda t (P-I)}$ (where $Pf:= \int f(y) P(\cdot , dy)\in \mathcal{C}_0(\mathbb{R}^d)$, for $f\in \mathcal{C}_0(\mathbb{R}^d)$, $P$ being a probability kernel), is ...
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### Question about actions of full transformation monoids

[Reposted from math.stackexchange] Consider a monoid $M$ acting on a set $X$, where $M$ is the full transformation monoid on some set $A$ (i.e., the set of all functions from $A$ to itself, with ...
### Do we have that $\| \Delta u \|_{L^p(\Bbb R^d)} + \| u \|_{L^p(\Bbb R^d)}$ and $\| u \|_{W^{2,p}(\Bbb R^d)}$ are equivalent norms?
Is it possible that $$\| \Delta u \|_{L^p(\Bbb R^d)} + \| u \|_{L^p(\Bbb R^d)}~~~~and~~\| u \|_{W^{2,p}(\Bbb R^d)}$$ are equivalent norms? This results is pretty easy and straightforward for $p=2$ ...
Let $S$ be a finitely generated free abelian semigroup (or monoid), and let $T \subset S$ be a sub-semigroup (sub-monoid). Does the Nielsen-Schreier theorem hold in this case, that is, will $S$ still ...