Large scale properties of groups; growth functions; Dehn functions; small cancellation properties; hyperbolicity and CAT(0); actions and representations; combinatorial group theory; presentations

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4
votes
2answers
171 views

Non-Cayley expander graphs

When I search about expander graphs in google I see a lot of articles about expander Cayley graphs. Now my questions are as follows: Are all expander regular graphs are Cayley, or there is a special ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Torsion-free, normal subgroups of certain Coxeter groups

Let $G$ be the reflection group of a regular, 4-dimensional, hyperbolic honeycomb. I would like to find a family $H_i < G$ of finite-index, torsion-free subgroups of $G$, so that I can represent ...
6
votes
1answer
313 views

Liouville property - a very basic question

Let $\mathbb{F}_2$ be the free group on two generators. By a result of Kaimanovich and Vershik, for each measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb{F}_2$ such that the support of $\mu$ generates $\mathbb{F}_2$, we ...
4
votes
0answers
125 views

Groups with infinitely many finite conjugacy classes

I've been coming across the condition "IMFCC: having infinitely many finite conjugacy classes" often in recent times and I was wondering if there is any serious difference between having "IMFCC" and ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Question about martin boundaries of random walks induced on transient subgroups

Suppose $\Gamma$ is a discrete, finitely generated, non-amenable group, and consider a random walk given by a measure $\mu$. Assume the measure is symmetric, finitely generated, and the support of ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Extending continuous functions from $\partial X$ to $X\cup \partial X$

Consider a proper geodesic hyperbolic space $X$ (in the sense of Gromov). Let $\partial X$ be its Gromov boundary. Consider a complex-valued continuous function on the boundary $f\colon\partial ...
5
votes
0answers
89 views

Mal'cev completions of finitely generated torsion-free nilpotent groups

There is some question from geometric group theory: One wonders if the following conditions are equivalent for finitely generated torsion-free nilpotent groups $\Gamma$ and $\Lambda$: $\Gamma$ and ...
12
votes
2answers
255 views

Are finitely generated amenable groups positively finitely generated?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group. Is there a positive integer $n$ such that $n$ random elements of $G$ generate it with positive probability? Being more formal, note that $G^n$ is ...
8
votes
1answer
195 views

Is the action of $G$ on $H_1(T^n, \mathbb{Z}) = \mathbb{Z}^n$ faithful?

Let $G$ be a finite group of diffeomorphisms of the torus $T^n$ fixing some point $p$, i.e. $p$ is fixed by every element of $G$. I have two questions. Is the action of $G$ on $H_1(T^n, \mathbb{Z}) ...
5
votes
2answers
180 views

comparing homology of a space and homology of the classifying space of its fundamental group

Let $X$ be a (connected) closed $n$-manifold and $G=\pi_1(X)$ be the fundamental group of $X$. There is a classifying map $f: X \rightarrow K(G, 1)$ which induces an isomorphism on $\pi_1$. I would ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

boundary of semihyperbolic groups

There are various definitions of boundary of a hyperbolic group. Which of those generalize to semi-hyperbolic groups (in the sense of Alonso and Bridson)? The example I have in mind is a semisimple ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Asymptotic dimension of Bicombable groups

Do Bicombable Groups have finite asymptotic dimension?
4
votes
0answers
98 views

Invertibility of group Laplacian in $\ell^1$

Let $G$ be a discrete group and let $S$ be a generating set for $G$; assume that $S$ is symmetric (i.e., $g\in S$ iff $g^{-1}\in S$). Let $L=L_S=\frac{1}{|S|}(\sum_{g\in S} g-1)$ be an element of the ...
12
votes
1answer
257 views

Hyperbolic 3-manifold groups acting on the plane

Can the fundamental group of a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold act freely on the plane by homeomorphisms? Freely and cocompactly? Freely, cocompactly, and preserving orientation?
2
votes
0answers
161 views

Extra large spherical joins

If $X$ and $Y$ are piecewise spherical complexes, then their spherical join $X * Y$ is CAT(1) if and only of $X$ and $Y$ are CAT(1) (see the appendix of the first Charney-Davis paper below). One of ...
3
votes
0answers
145 views

Are all finitely generated subgroups of SL2 LERF? [closed]

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a finitely generated subgroup. Must $H$ be LERF? A group $H$ is said to be LERF (locally extended residually finite), or subgroup separable, if its ...
7
votes
1answer
160 views

Subgroups of the mapping class group of a surface generated by Dehn twists

Let $G$ be the mapping class group of a surface of genus $g > 1$. Is it known for which positive integer $k$ one can find a subgroup $H$ of $G$ generated by a finite number of Dehn twists and a ...
8
votes
2answers
218 views

Quasi-isometric rigidity of Nil

Let $Nil$ be the unique simply connected non-abelian three-dimensional nilpotent Lie group, i.e. the group of upper triangular matrices with all the eigenvalues equal to 1 (this group is also known as ...
10
votes
1answer
456 views

What is the Status of Borel conjecture today?

Let me recall the conjecture: $M$ and $N$ two aspherical closed $n$-manifolds with isomorphic fundamental groups, then $M$ and $N$ are homeomorphic.
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Joint point of coarse geometry and dynamical system?

My major interest is on dynamical systems, but I did REU in a coarse embedding problem. I wonder whether there's some significant connection between those two subjects. I've tried to google for a ...
6
votes
1answer
184 views

Generators of pure braid groups of arbitrary Coxeter groups

Let $W$ be an arbitrary Coxeter group, and let $A$ be the associated Artin-Tits braid group, with standard Coxeter generators $\sigma_i\in A$. Let $P$ be the "pure braid group", the kernel of the ...
4
votes
2answers
324 views

A question about generating set of groups and epimorphism

Do there exist non-isomorphic finitely generated groups, $G$ and $H$, along with epimorphisms $\phi:G\rightarrow H$ and $\psi:H\rightarrow G$, such that every generating set of these groups is an ...
8
votes
1answer
160 views

Does every generating set of the first homology group of a Cayley graph give rise to a presentation of its group?

Let $G$ be a group, and fix a symmetric generating set $S$. Let $X$ be the corresponding Cayley graph. Let $R$ be a set of words in $S$, each corresponding to the identity of $G$, such that the set ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Rigidity of lower-dimensional lattices in Euclidean groups

Informal intro / motivation: Suppose I have an infinite set of atoms arranged in a 2D periodic crystalline "sheet". By crystalline I simply mean that it is preserved by the action of integer linear ...
3
votes
0answers
113 views

Short exact sequences for amalgamated free products and HNN Extensions

I asked this question on math stackexchange (see here) but didn't get any answer so I thought I would post it here too: If $A$ and $B$ are groups we have the following short exact sequence: $$ 0 \to ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Fully residually free groups and completion

Let $G$ be a fully residually free group with a finitely generated profinite completion. Is $G$ necessarily finitely generated?
5
votes
0answers
167 views

Wild automorphisms of a free group

Let $F_X$ be a free group on a countably infinite set $X$. Let $\alpha$ be an automorphism of $F_X$ and $H$ a closed subgroup of $F_X$ in the profinite topology. Is it possible that $\alpha(H) ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Profinite rank of Fuchsian groups

Let $G$ be a Fuchsian group whose profinite completion is finitely generated. Must $G$ be finitely generated? A Fuchsian group is a discrete subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{R})$ or ...
3
votes
2answers
326 views

Subgroups of hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated hyperbolic group, and let $H \leq G$ be a subgroup whose profinite completion is finitely generated. Must $H$ be finitely generated? In view of Ian Agol's answer, I ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

An inequality for Fuchsian groups?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated Fuchsian group. (i.e. a discrete subgroup of $\mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{R})$). Is it true that $d(G) < 2\beta_{2}^1(G) + 1$ ? Here, $\beta_{2}^1(G)$ stands ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Is a finitely generated residually free group “almost LERF”?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated residually free group. (i.e. for each $1 \neq g \in G$ there exists a homomorphism $\tau \colon G \to F$ such that $F$ is a free group, and $\tau(g) \neq 1$.) ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Rank gradient in free products amalgamating a finite subgroup

Let $A,B$ be finitely generated groups with a common finite subgroup $C$. Suppose that $[A : C] > 2, [B : C] > 1$. Must $A *_C B$ have positive rank gradient? See Which 3-manifolds have ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Which 3-manifolds have positive rank gradient?

For which $3$-manifolds $M$ is the fundamental group $\pi_1(M)$ finitely generated and has positive rank gradient? Recall that the rank gradient of a finitely generated group $G$ is defined to ...
5
votes
0answers
113 views

Volume growth of balls

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $K\subset G$ a compact subgroup. Suppose that on the homogeneous space $X=G/K$ we have a $G$-invariant proper metric $d$. For $R>0$ let $B(R)$ be the open ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Engulfing Kleinian groups?

Let $G$ be a Kleinian group, and let $H \lneq G$ be a finitely generated subgroup. Must there be a proper finite index subgroup $U$ of $G$ containing $H$ ? I know that this is true for Fuchsian ...
6
votes
2answers
213 views

How bad is the modular space?

I'm wondering if there is some results about the quotient space $\mathbb{H}^{3}/PSL(2,\mathcal{O}_{K})$? Do we know something about its homology or homotopy groups ? $\mathbb{H}^{3}$ is the hyperbolic ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Salvaging Howson's theorem for free profinite groups

This is an attempt to find a correct version of Do free profinite groups satisfy Howson's theorem? Let $F$ be a free profinite group, and let $A,B \leq F$ be closed finitely generated subgroups ...
3
votes
2answers
233 views

Do limit groups satisfy Howson's theorem?

Let $G$ be a limit group, and let $A,B \leq G$ be finitely generated subgroups generating $G$ (i.e. $\langle A \cup B \rangle = G$). Must $A \cap B$ be finitely generated? Recall that a limit ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Homology of spherical braid groups

By the spherical braid group, I mean the fundamental group of the configuration space of distinct unordered points in $S^2$. I am wondering what is known about the group homology of the spherical ...
10
votes
2answers
298 views

Conjugacy of matrices of order three in $PGL(2,k)$, where $k$ is any field

We know that every matrix of order three in $PGL(2,\mathbb Z)$ is conjugate to the following matrix $$ \left( \begin{array}[cc] &1 & -1 \\ 1&0 \end{array} \right) $$ I want to know if ...
0
votes
0answers
120 views

Rational cohomological dimension of the lattices in $SL_n(\mathbb{Q}_p)$

What is the rational cohomological dimension of the lattices in $SL_n(\mathbb{Q}_p)$, where $n\geq 3$ ? A reference would be appreciated. For the definition of "cohomological dimension of a group ...
5
votes
0answers
265 views

Quotients of an extension of the Higman group

(Note: this started as a different question that soon changed form, thanks to the answers.) Let $G = \mathbb{Z}/4\mathbb{Z} \ltimes H_4$, where $H_4$ is the Higman group and $\mathbb{Z}/4\mathbb{Z}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Algorithm to generate hyperbolic metric on a compact surface

Let $F$ be a compact surface of genus $g$ with generators $a_1,b_1,\ldots ,a_g,b_g$ with relation $[a_1,b_1]\cdots [a_g,b_g]=1$. We can also consider surfaces with boundary in which case the ...
5
votes
0answers
109 views

Connectedness of cones in the boundary of a 1-ended hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a one-ended hyperbolic group. We can think of the boundary of $G$ as consisting of geodesic rays originating at the identity in some Cayley graph, modulo the relationship of being ...
5
votes
0answers
131 views

A group acting acylindrically on a fine hyperbolic graph with infinite edge stabilizers

I am looking for an example of a group $G$ that acts (cocompactly and) acylindrically on a hyperbolic graph $\Gamma$, such that a) the graph $\Gamma$ is fine, b) $\Gamma$ is not a tree, c) not all ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Cubulating non-compact hyperbolic manifolds

Let $X$ be a hyperbolic manifold of arbitrary dimension. When does $X$ admit a cell structure of a CAT(-1) cube complex? of a hyperbolic CAT(0) cube complex? I suspect that the question is widely ...
7
votes
0answers
172 views

A conjecture of Lubotzky on ranks of subgroups of special linear groups over the integers

In a 1985 paper named "Dimension function for discrete groups" Lubotzky conjectured that: For any integer $n \geq 3$ the group $\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$ contains infinitely many finite index ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

k-fellow traveler property and automatic structur

Let P be a permutation group with some generating set S and let W be the word acceptor automaton of P, if I know the value of k (k-fellow-traveller property of CayleyGraph CG(P,S)). I realized that ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

Local quasiconvexity in graphs of free groups with cyclic edge groups

In Wise1 Wise shows that hyperbolic graphs of free groups with cyclic edge groups are subgroup separable. In Hsu-Wise these are shown to be cubulated, and by Agol they're virtually special, so ...
3
votes
2answers
200 views

Do quasi-isometric groups have the same rational cohomology?

Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be two finitely generated groups which are quasi-isometric in the sense of geometric group theory. Are their rational cohomology rings $H^{\ast}(G_i; \mathbb Q)$ necessarily ...