# Questions tagged [free-groups]

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193
questions

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### Strong converse of Kazhdan's property (T)

In his 1972 paper Sur la cohomologie des groupes topologiques II, Guichardet proved$^\ast$ that (non-abelian) free groups satisfy the following strong converse of property (T): The $1$-cohomology $H^1(...

5
votes

1
answer

231
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### Words which are not inverted by any endomorphism

Let $w$ be a word in a free group $F_2$ of two generators $x_1, x_2$ such that there does not exist any endomorphism of free group which takes $w$ to $w^{-1}$. Let $w_1, w_2$ be two words in the same ...

2
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0
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### Further questions to limit groups and an article of Fujiwara and Sela

I already have asked a question to the following article:
Koji Fujiwara, Zlil Sela, The rates of growth in a hyperbolic group, Invent. math. 233 (2023) pp 1427–1470, doi:10.1007/s00222-023-01200-w, ...

9
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1
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354
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### Morse theory on outer space via the lengths of finitely many conjugacy classes

Let $F_n$ be the free group on letters $\{x_1,\ldots,x_n\}$ and let $X_n$ be the (reduced) outer space of rank $n$. Points of $X_n$ thus correspond to pairs $(G,\mu)$, where $G$ is a finite connected ...

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### Are there free and discrete subgroups of $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{R}) \times \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{R})$ that are not Schottky on any factor?

$\DeclareMathOperator\SL{SL}$Does there exist a free and discrete subgroup $\Gamma < \SL_2(\mathbb{R}) \times \SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ such that neither $\pi_1(\Gamma)$ nor $\pi_2(\Gamma)$ is free and ...

8
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1
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285
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### If G is a finitely generated group with vcd(G) finite, is vcd(H) finite for H, where H is an automorphism group of G?

$\DeclareMathOperator\vcd{vcd}\DeclareMathOperator\Aut{Aut}\DeclareMathOperator\Inn{Inn}\DeclareMathOperator\Out{Out}$Here I mean $\vcd(G)$ to be the virtual cohomological dimension of $G$. Some ...

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249
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### Surjections from genus $n$ surface group to free group of rank $n$

Let $\Sigma_n$ be a genus $n$ surface, let $\mathcal{H}_n$ be a genus $n$ handle body, and let $F_n$ be a free group of rank $n$. Fix an identification of $\pi_1(\mathcal{H}_n)$ with $F_n$. I know ...

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72
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### Fundamental domain of Möbius transformations

In the book Indra's pearls, Möbius transformations are used to construct Kleinian fractals, which are limit sets of a free group generated by two Möbius transformations $a$ and $b$.
In the process of ...

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2
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247
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### Stable equivalence of generating sets of a finitely-generated group?

This question came about when I was naively considering to what extent generating sets for finitely-generated groups are unique.
Let $G$ be a group and let $\phi_1, \phi_2 : F_k \to G$ be two ...

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28
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### Is there a sofic approximation for the free group on two generators satisfying $\sigma_i (a)(j)=j+1$?

Consider $\{a,b\}$ the generators of the free group.
With a sofic approximation I mean a sequence $\{\sigma_i\}_{i=1}^{\infty}$, with $\sigma_i:F_2\to \text{Sym}(d_i)$ satisfying
$\lim_{i\to\infty}\...

2
votes

1
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118
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### Nontrivial abelianization of torsion-free pro-$p$-group which contains a dense free subgroup is infinite?

Let $G$ be a topologically finitely generated pro-$p$-group. Assume that $G$ is torsion-free, it contains a dense free subgroup of infinite rank and the (topological) abelianization $G^{\text{ab}}$ of ...

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2
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492
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### Length of a product of conjugates of an element in a free group

Let $G$ be a free group generated by a set $S$. For $g\in
G$, let $l(g)$ be the length of $g$ with respect to $S$.
Now for $a\in G$ and $g_1,\dotsc,g_n\in G$, let $$T=g_1^{-1}ag_1g_2^{-1}ag_2\dotsm ...

16
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1
answer

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### Elements of a free group that can't be inverted by automorphisms

Let $F_n$ be a free group of rank $n$. Say that $w \in F_n$ is non-reversible if there does not exist any $f \in \text{Aut}(F_n)$ such that $f(w) = w^{-1}$.
Original Question. Intuitively, I expect ...

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### Examples of locally hyperbolic groups

It is well-known that a subgroup of a hyperbolic group need not be hyperbolic. Let us say that a (finitely generated) group $G$ is locally hyperbolic if all its finitely generated subgroups are (...

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193
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### Primitive elements in a free group with trivial projection

For a free group $F$, an element $w$ is primitive if it is part of some free basis for $F$.
Let $\pi:F[x_0,x_1,...,x_n]\rightarrow F[x_1,x_2,...,x_n]$ be defined $\pi (x_0)=1$ and $\pi (x_i)=x_i$ for $...

3
votes

1
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134
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### Is is true that a proper subword cannot lie in the normal closure of a word?

Let $F$ be a free group and $w\in F$ a cyclically reduced word. Let $v$ be a non-trivial proper subword of $w$. Is it true that $v\notin \langle w^F\rangle$?

3
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3
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227
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### Perfect group that is split extension of a normal free subgroup of finite index

Does there exists a non-trivial free group $F$ and a finite group $L$ acting on $F$ such that the semidirect product $F\rtimes L$ is perfect?
Thanks @YCor for reformulating the question.

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2
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### If $K\rtimes \mathbb{Z}$ is a finitely generated group but $K$ isn't, must the fixed points of $1_\mathbb{Z}$ be a finitely generated group?

I've copied over this question from what I asked on StackExchange, in the hope that an expert here can readily answer the question.
Is there an example of a group $G=K\rtimes \mathbb{Z}$ satisfying ...

2
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1
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177
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### Compute reduced word for element in particular free group

Let's consider some particular free group, for instance, the example $G = \langle A, B \rangle < \text{SL}(2, \mathbb{Z})$ in Wikipedia about ping-pong lemma, and some element $g \in G$.
Problem #1 ...

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224
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### Bound on the period of the identity (in a free group) for an automorphism followed by left-multiplication

Let $F$ be a finite-rank free group, $g$ an element of $F$ and $\Phi\colon F \to F$ an automorphism. Consider the dynamical system $\psi_g\colon F \to F$ defined by $x \mapsto g\Phi(x)$. Say that $g$ ...

3
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1
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185
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### Injectivity of certain homomorphisms on free groups

Consider free groups $F(A)$ and $F(B)$ on finite generating sets $A,B$. Write $A$ and $B$ as the disjoint unions $A=A_1\sqcup A_2$ and $B=B_1\sqcup B_2$. We consider the free groups $F(A_i)$ and $F(...

2
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116
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### Probability of a finite cylinder set in a free group

Let $\mathbb{F}_n$ be the free group (each elemen is in its reduced form) generated by the set $\Sigma_n = \{a_1, a_2, \cdots, a_n, a_1^{-1}, a_2^{-1}, \cdots, a_n^{-1}\}$ and let $e$ denote the ...

9
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1
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331
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### Finite presentability of semi-direct product of free group and its commutator subgroup

Let $F_n$ be a free group of rank $n \geq 2$. The group $F_n$ acts on its commutator subgroup $[F_n,\, F_n]$ by conjugation. Let $G = [F_n,\, F_n] \rtimes F_n$. It's not hard to see that $G$ is ...

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98
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### understanding the definition of subgroup of the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group

Definition. Let $\widehat{G T}^{1}$ be the set of elements $f$ in the derived subgroup $\hat{F}_{2}^{\prime}$ of $\hat{F}_{2}$ such that $x \mapsto x$ and $y \mapsto f^{-1} y f$ extends to an ...

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153
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### Uniform amenability at infinity

Let's recall that a group $G$ is amenable if for any finite subset $E\subset G$ and any $\epsilon>0$
there is a finite subset $F\subset G$ such that
$$\max_{s\in E} |s F \mathbin{\triangle} F| \le \...

-1
votes

1
answer

282
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### Are all Coxeter groups virtually free or virtually surface groups?

From Surface subgroups of Coxeter and Artin groups (Gordon, Long and Reid, 2003) DOI link, we can read that (Theorem 1.1) a Coxeter group is either virtually free or contains a surface group ($\pi_1$ ...

1
vote

1
answer

124
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### Free partners in semi-direct products

Let $G = N \rtimes K$ be a semi-direct product of groups and suppose that $K$ is a finite group. Call the set $\mathcal{F} = \{ \alpha \in G \mid \langle \alpha, K \rangle = \langle \alpha \rangle \...

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508
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### Length of commutators in the free group

Let $G=F_2$ be the free group of rank $2$. Is there a constant $c>0$ such that the word length $|[u,v]|$ of every commutator $[u,v]=uvu^{-1}v^{-1}$ where $u,v\in G$, $|u|,|v|>0$ is at least $c(|...

2
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2
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290
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### Some questions on a paper of Baumslag and Solitar

I was recently trying taking a look at the paper "Some two-generator one-relator non-hopfian groups" by Baumslag and Solitar where they introduce the groups now known as the Baumslag-Solitar ...

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### Computability of the "free envelope rank" of an endomorphism of a free group

Let $F$ be a free group freely generated by the finite set $S$ and $\sigma\colon F\to F$ be a group morphism. We define the free envelope rank of $\sigma$, written $r(\sigma)$, as the smallest $k$ for ...

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3
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### Membership to double cosets in free groups

Is there an elementary and efficient algorithm for testing the membership to a double coset of f.g. subgroups in a free group?
Has this membership problem been implemented in GAP/Magma?
More ...

2
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1
answer

197
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### Dirichlet region of a free group

Let $G$ be a non-uniform lattice Fuchsian group and let $P$ be a Dirichlet region for $G$. In particular $G$ has parabolic elements, $P$ is not compact and has finite area. We are in the unit disc. Is ...

7
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183
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### Howson property of automorphism group of $F_2$ and of $F_3$

Is the intersection of any two finitely generated subgroups of $\operatorname{Aut}(F_2)$ (resp. $\operatorname{Aut}(F_3)$) again finitely generated? That is, does $\operatorname{Aut}(F_2)$ (resp. $\...

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0
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### When does bottom stratum of relative train track map give rise to irreducible outer automorphism of free groups

Let $F_n$ be the free group of finite rank $n$ and let $\mathcal{O} \in \text{Out}(F_n)$. Let $\Gamma$ be a finite graph and $f : \Gamma \to \Gamma$ a relative train track representative of $\mathcal{...

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### How can I build free unital magmas?

N. Bourbaki formally defines the free magma $M(X)$ over a set $X$. However, it does not define the free unital magma over $X$, which I am denoting by $M^{\ast}(X)$ (maybe you know some more common ...

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### Is there a non-free group $G$ whose subgroups are all freely decomposable?

Suppose that $G$ is a group such that every subgroup $H \subseteq G$ (including $G$ itself) is either free or a non-trivial free product, i.e. $H = H_1 * H_2$ with $H_1, H_2$ both non-trivial. Is ...

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### Why is every nilpotent-by-finite finitely generated pro-p-group always $p$-adic analytic

I'm studying the paper "On the verbal width of finitely generated pro-p groups" by Andrei Jaikin-Zapirain (link at ProjectEuclid) and I cannot see a claim made in a proof. I don't know if ...

5
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192
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### Converse of Schreier theorem

I know that every subgroup of a free group is free (Schreier theorem).
I'm wondering that a (non-trivial) converse is true, that is, if every proper subgroup of an infinite group $G$ is free, then $G$ ...

3
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0
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### Extending a representation of a free group to an extension of a mapping torus

Given a free group on $n$ generators, $F_n$, $\phi$ an automorphism of $F_n$, and a non-trivial representation $\rho: F_n \rightarrow \operatorname{Homeo}_+(\mathbb{R})$, are necessary and sufficient ...

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### Symmetric group in terms of block permutations

For $i+j+k=N$, consider the permutation $\Pi_{i,j,k}\in S_N$, which keeps the numbers $0,\ldots,i-1$ fixed, and exchanges the numbers $i,\ldots,i+j-1$ with the numbers $i+j,\ldots,i+j+k-1$.
$$\Pi_{i,j,...

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### Applications of Tits' alternative in algebraic number theory

I have recently studying Tits' alternative. The theorem statement goes like the following:
Tits' alternative: Let $G$ be any finitely generated linear group over a field. Then one of the following is ...

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341
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### Are groups with the Haagerup property hyperlinear?

In his 2008 paper Hyperlinear and Sofic Groups: A Brief Guide, Pestov asked (Open Question 9.5) whether every group with the Haagerup property is hyperlinear (or sofic). Has this question been ...

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0
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101
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### Intersection of subgroup of a free group with the lower central series

If I have a subgroup $S$ of a free group $\mathcal{F}_m$, what can I say about the behaviour of the descending sequence of subgroups
$\left< S, \Gamma_c(\mathcal{F}_m) \right>$ (where $\Gamma_c(\...

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2
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### Free groups are CT-groups [closed]

A group $G$ is called CT-group if being commutative elements is transitive relation on $G\setminus\{1\}$ i.e. if $ 1 \neq x,y,z\in G $ and $[x,y]=1, [y,z]=1 $ then $[x,z]=1$.
I encountered the fact ...

1
vote

1
answer

217
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### Ideal of the free Lie algebra L(x,y) generated by x

Let $L=L(x,y)$ be the free Lie algebra generated by letters $x,y.$ For a vector subspace $V\leq L$ we denote by $[V,L]$ the vector space spanned by brackets $[v,l],v\in V,l\in L.$
A vector subspace $V\...

11
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0
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357
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### Ascending chain condition for 1-element normal closures in a free group

Let $F$ be a free group of finite rank. Does $F$ satisfy the ascending chain condition on normal subgroups each of which is a normal closure of one element?
In other words, can there exist elements $...

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537
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### Infinitely generated non-free group with all proper subgroups free

Is there any example of group $G$ satisfying the following properties?
$G$ is non-abelian, infinitely generated (i.e. it is not finitely generated) and not a free group.
$H< G$ implies that $H$ is ...

10
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1
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683
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### How can you order a free group?

A left order on a (discrete) group $G$ is a total order on $G$ satisfying $\forall g,h,k \in G: g < h \implies kg < kh$. A right order is defined symmetrically, and a biorder is an order that is ...

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### outer automorphism classification

I am trying to understand Bestvina's "A Bers-like proof of the existence of train tracks for free group automorphisms". I'm going to ask a probably trivial question ... Here we go:
The automorphism $\...

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0
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312
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### How does Outer Space look like without a simplex?

Considering the simplicial structure of Culler and Vogtmanns Outer Space $CV_n$. The question is now:
Let $\Delta \subset CV_n$ be a closed simplex of dimension $3n-4$ or $3n-5$, how does $CV_n \...