The p-adic number system for any prime number p extends the ordinary arithmetic of the rational numbers in a different way from the extension of the rational number system to the real and complex number systems

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A list of proofs of the Hasse–Minkowski theorem

I am currently doing a project in which I intend to include the most insightful possible proof of the Hasse–Minkowski theorem (also known as the Hasse principle for quadratic forms, among other names) ...
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Do algebraic completion/topological completion of fields always terminate? If so, are they unique?

Take the field $\mathbb{Q}$, If we complete it topologically with respect to the Euclidean norm, we get $\mathbb{R}$, then if we complete it algebraically, we get $\mathbb{C}$. On the other hand, the ...
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Computing the $p$-adic gamma function $\Gamma_p$

Let $p>2$ be a prime. For $n \in \mathbb{Z}^+$ we can define $$F(n) = (-1)^n \prod_{1<i<n, p\nmid i} i.$$ Since $\mathbb{Z}$ is dense in $\mathbb{Z}_p$, we can ...
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p-adic versions of log concavity for graphs (or matroids)

It was recently shown using techniques inspired by algebraic geometry (by Huh and Adiprasito-Huh-Katz) that the chromatic polynomial of a graph (or matroid) has coefficients that satisfy log-concavity....
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Is $K^\times/ F^\times$ compact for local fields?

Let $K/F$ be a finite extension of local fields (of characteristic 0). Is it true that the quotient group $K^\times/ F^\times$ is always compact? I understand that if the extension is cyclic, it is ...
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A p-adic logarithm as a limit of discrete logs

I've been searching for something similar to the argument below for about a week now and I just must be missing out on the right key words. Can someone point me in the right direction and/or let me ...
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Continous morphisms of a local field with conditions in positive characteristic

Let $P$ be a an irreducible polynomial of $k:=\mathbb F_q(T)$, $\Omega_P$ be the completion of an algebraic closure $\overline{k_P}$ of $k_P$, the completion of $k$ for the topology induced by the $P$-...
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An averaging procedure on finite multisets of $2$-adic integers

Recently there was this question talking about an averaging procedure on finite multisets of integers. After seeing that question, I thought about the same procedure but with integers replaced by $2$-...
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How to define Weierstrass degree of higher dimensional $p$-adic power series?

Let $K \supset \mathbb{Q}_p$ be the $p$-adic field with ring of integer $O_K$ and unique maximal ideal $m_K$. If $f(x)$ be a power series in $O_K[[x]]$, then the Weierstrass degree of $f(x)$ denoted ...
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The stabiliser group of an isotropic quadratic form over $\mathbb{Q}_p$ is non-compact?

Let $\mathbb{Q}_p$ denote the $p$-adic integers. Let $V$ be a $\mathbb{Q}_p$-vector space and $Q : V \rightarrow \mathbb{Q}_p$ be a non-degenerate integral quadratic form. We say that the pair $(Q,V)$ ...
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Analytic p-adic functions that take an algebraic value

Suppose it exists $r\in\mathbb R$ such that the non constant p-adic function $f(z)=\sum_{n\ge0}a_nz^n$ ($a_n\in\mathbb C_p$) is defined on $\mathcal D=\{z\in\mathbb C_p\mid v_p(z)>r\}$. Does it ...
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Zeroes of the Euler series

Consider a prime $p$. Let $f$ be the Euler series defined by $f(z)=\sum_{n\ge0}n!z^n\}$. It is defined and analytic over $\mathcal D=\{z\in\mathbb C_p\mid v_p(z)>-\frac1{p-1}\}$. I try to check if ...
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Identity theorem in $p$-adic geometry/analysis

If one wants to do $p$-adic analysis and geometry, it is often bad so adapt "naively" complex analytic ideas, basically because $\mathbb{Q}_p$ is disconnected. The modern approach to this is,...
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Can an abelian group have multiple different actions of $\mathbb{Z}_p$?

This is perhaps a trivial question, but I've asked a few colleagues and they couldn't answer. For a given abelian group $M$, is it possible to have several different actions of the ring of $p$-adic ...
276 views

Why $E_1(\mathbb{Q}_p)\cong\mathbb{Z}_p$

I read an article where it is said: $E_1(\mathbb{Q}_p)\cong \mathbb{Z}_p$ where $E$ is an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and $E_1(\mathbb{Q}_p)=\{P\in E(\mathbb{Q}_p):\tilde{P}=\tilde{O}\}$. The ...
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Where is the flaw in this argument with $p$-adic extensions?

I cannot find what I am missing in the following computation. Let $K=\mathbb{Q}_p(p^{1/{(p-1)p^{\infty}}})$ and $L=\mathbb{Q}_p(\zeta_{p^{\infty}})$, where $\zeta_{p^n}$ is a primitive $p^n$-th root ...
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intuition for lattices in p-adic (or other non-Archimedean) vector spaces?

I could use some help to jumpstart my intuition for lattices in vector spaces over non-Archimedean fields, like $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and $\mathbb{F}_q((t))$. I have some intuition for $\mathbb{Z}$-lattices ...
260 views

Analytic continuation of $f(x)=\sqrt{\frac{1-x}{1-x^p}}$ over the p-adics

Consider the power series $f(x)=\sqrt{\frac{1-x}{1-x^p}}$ over the algebraic closure of $\mathbb{Q}_p$, defined by $f(0)=1$. What can be said about an analytic continuation "in the form of Mittag-...
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valuation of a derivative in a completion

Let $q$ be a power of a prime $p$ and $w$ be an irreducible polynomial of $\mathbb F_q[T]$. Denote by $\mathbb C_w$ the completion of an algebraic closure of $K_w$, the completion of $\mathbb F_q(T)$ ...
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p-adic expansion of roots of unity [closed]

Let $w$ be an n-th root of unity, I have two questions 1) What are the conditions on the prime $p$ such that $w\in \mathbb{Z}_p$, and if it is the case what is the p-adic expansion of an n-th root of ...
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If two monic polynomials of $\mathbb{Z}_p[X]$ (p-adic integer coefficient) are relatively prime modulo p, then do they generate $\mathbb{Z}_p[X]$?

I'm currently reading a paper of Rene Schoof, and I got stuck in a line. And I'm trying to check the above sentence. Although that seems to be elementary, I hope someone can give me a counterexample ...