# Questions tagged [combinatorial-group-theory]

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121
questions

**12**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Commutator problem vs conjugacy/word problem

For a finitely presented group $G$, generated by a finite set $A$, the commutator problem is the decision problem: given a word $w$ over the alphabet $A \cup A^{-1}$, can one decide if $w$ is a ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Largest Hopfian quotient

Let $\Gamma$ be a group, say finitely generated if it helps. Does $\Gamma$ admit a largest Hopfian quotient? That is, does there exist a Hopfian quotient $H$ of $\Gamma$, such that every surjective ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Howson property of automorphism group of $F_2$ and of $F_3$

Is the intersection of any two finitely generated subgroups of $\operatorname{Aut}(F_2)$ (resp. $\operatorname{Aut}(F_3)$) again finitely generated? That is, does $\operatorname{Aut}(F_2)$ (resp. $\...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### The conjugacy problem for two-relator groups

Is the conjugacy problem for two-relator groups known to be undecidable?
The word problem for two-relator groups is a famous open problem (appearing e.g. as Question 9.29 in the Kourovka notebook), ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

73 views

### Examples of infinitely presented non-LEF groups

A group is LEF (locally embeddable in the class of finite groups) if it embeds into an ultraproduct of finite groups. Residually finite groups are LEF and finitely presented LEF groups are residually ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Tools for computing from group presentations

What are some tools -- either theoretical/by hand or algorithmic/by computer -- that are useful for doing computations in finitely presented groups?
In my particular case, I'm working with a finitely ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

243 views

### Combinatorial problem in $G(32, \, 6)$

The following problem arose when studying the same type of questions in Algebraic Geometry that led me to my previous question MO379272.
Let us consider the group $G$ of order $32$ whose label in GAP4 ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Can one reduce to 'reversing' the right multiplier finite-state automata of an automatic group to obtain a biautomatic structure?

Let $\left( G, A, W, \left\{ R_{a} \right\}_{a \in A \cup \{ 1 \}} \right)$ be a group equipped with an automatic structure, where $G$ is the group, $A$ is a finite set of generators of $G$, $W$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

582 views

### Combinatorial problem in $\mathsf{S}_4$

I am working on a problem in Combinatorial Group Theory related to a construction in Algebraic Geometry, and I would like to have a conceptual proof of the fact described below.
I am looking for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Proving an inequality regarding number of transitive subgroups of the symmetric group

I defined the sequence $t$ where where $t(n)$ is the number of transitive subgroups of $S_n$ where we regard conjugate subgroups as distinct, i.e. the labeled version of A002106 at the OEIS.
Then I ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

424 views

### Is Thompson's group $T$ co-Hopfian?

A group $G$ is co-Hopfian if every injective homomorphism $G\to G$ is bijective, i.e., if $G$ contains no proper subgroups isomorphic to $G$. My question is whether Thompson's group $T$ is co-Hopfian.
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

169 views

### CCT groups of order $\leq 32$

A finite, non-abelian group $G$ is said to be a center
commutative-transitive group
$($or a CCT-group, for short$)$ if commutativity is a transitive
relation on the set on non-central elements. In ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

382 views

### Are these two kernels isomorphic groups?

We have a finitely presented, infinite group $\mathsf{B}$,
coming from a geometric topology problem (it is the quotient of a braid group for a genus 2 surface).
It is generated by elements
\begin{...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Geometric content of area of a word in geometric group theory?

Where does the idea of 'area' come from in Geometric Group Theory? The wikipedia article states that this definition was 'inspired' from Riemannian geometry:
Gromov's proof was in large part informed ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Intersection of subgroup of a free group with the lower central series

If I have a subgroup $S$ of a free group $\mathcal{F}_m$, what can I say about the behaviour of the descending sequence of subgroups
$\left< S, \Gamma_c(\mathcal{F}_m) \right>$ (where $\Gamma_c(\...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

316 views

### Reference request: Recent progress on the conjugacy problem for torsion-free one-relator groups?

I am aware that the Spelling Theorem of B. B. Newman implies that one-relator groups with torsion are hyperbolic, and thus have a solvable conjugacy problem. My understanding is that for one-relator ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Bounding the size of the conjugating elements given the Dehn function

I am learning a little bit about Dehn functions of group presentations and I came across a question that is probably pretty basic but that I was giving me trouble. I'll set some notation but ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Time complexity of randomized algorithm: right-multiplying by random elements $z_i$ from a group $H$ to achieve $H$-invariance

Note: This question was inspired by a related question about the Quantum Merlin Arthur (QMA) complexity class on Quantum Computing Stack Exchange. I was deliberating whether to ask this on CS Theory ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Description of quasimorphisms of the free group

Let $F$ be a free group of finite rank with a fixed basis and corresponding word metric. Let $Q = Q^0_h(F, \mathbb{R})$ be the space of real homogenous quasimorphisms that vanish on the basis of $F$. ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

624 views

### Minimum number of relations that must be added to make a group abelian

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group and let $c(G)$ denote the minimal number of relations that we must add to a presentation fro $G$ in order to make $G$ abelian. I would like to find examples of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Complementing the red and blue boolean cube?

Given a boolean $0/1$ cube in $n$ dimensions with $2^{n-1}$ red and $2^{n-1}$ blue points can we complement the cube (blue becomes red and vice versa) in $\operatorname{poly}(n)$ transformations?
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

20 views

### Do small subsets of $S_n$ subgroups cover almost all permutation configurations of $S_n$?

Given integer $m\in[1,n]$ fix a set $\mathcal T$ of permutations in $S_n$. Then there are subgroups $G_1,\dots,G_m$ of $S_n$ so that $\mathcal T$ is covered by cosets of $G_1,\dots,G_m$.
For ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

91 views

### Are almost all permutation configurations from $S_n$ covered by small subsets subgroups of $S_n$?

Given integer $m\in[1,n]$ fix a set $\mathcal T$ of permutations in $S_n$. Then there are subgroups $G_1,\dots,G_m$ of $S_n$ so that $\mathcal T$ is covered by cosets of $G_1,\dots,G_m$.
Do we have ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

703 views

### Is an HNN extension of a virtually torsion-free group virtually torsion-free?

This is a cross post from Math.StackExchange after 2 weeks without an answer and a bounty being placed on the question.
Let $G=\langle X\ |\ R\rangle$ be a (finitely presented) virtually torsion-free ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Number of words of length N that reduce to the identity in a specific Coxeter group

Suppose we have a Coxeter group whose diagram is given by a simplex. In other words, $G=\langle g_1,\ldots ,g_k\mid(g_i)^2=e,\,(g_ig_j)^3=e \rangle$. How many words of length $N$ simplify to the ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

328 views

### Minimum Simple Burger-Mozes Type Group

Burger and Mozes constructed (Burger and Mozes - Lattices in products of trees) infinite, finitely presented, torsion-free simple groups which split as amalgams of two finitely generated free groups ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Breuer-Guralnick-Kantor conjecture and infinite 3/2-generated groups

A group $G$ is called $\frac{3}{2}$-generated if every non-trivial element is contained in a generating pair, i.e. $$\forall g \in G \setminus \{e \}, \ \exists g' \in G \text{ such that } \langle g,g'...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

453 views

### Darkness in the lamplighter group

Consider paths through the lamplighter group $\mathbb{Z}_n\wr\mathbb{Z}$ with steps consisting of moving left, moving right, and toggling the lamp at the current position. How many paths of length $m$ ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

186 views

### Conjugacy in right-angled Artin groups

I am looking for a reference containing the following result:
Let $a$ and $b$ be two elements of a right-angled Artin group $A$. Assume that $a$ and $b$ have minimal length (with respect to the ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

746 views

### Is there a name of semidirect product of a group with its automorphism group?

Consider the construction $G \rtimes \text{Aut}(G)$. Here $
G$ is a group, $\text{Aut}(G)$ is the automorphism group and the semidirect product is over the most obvious action.
1) Is there any name ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### When is the semidirect product of $(Z/pZ)^n$ and $(Z/qZ)^2$ generated by two elements?

I asked a very similar question here and got a wonderful answer. But now I need to change the question slightly (this is the last question like this, I promise).
I would like to characterize when $(\...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

544 views

### When is the semidirect product of an elementary abelian group and a cyclic group generated by two elements?

I am trying to characterize when a semi-direct product of the form $(Z/pZ)^n \rtimes (Z/qZ)$ is isomorphic to a group generated by two elements. Here $p$ and $q$ are distinct odd primes.
I would be ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

324 views

### Amalgamated product of automatic groups

In Gersten's "Problems on Automatic Groups", Problem 14, he asks the following question: Let $G=A\ast_{C}B$ where $A$ and $B$ are automatic and $C$ is infinite cyclic. Is $G$ automatic?
Is this ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Quotient groups of the lower central series of a surface group

In the answer to MO question 132247, it is possible to find a nice computation of the quotient groups of the lower central series of a finitely generated free group.
Q. What are the quotient ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

630 views

### Can a hyperbolic, one ended, one relator group, have a shorter trivial word?

Let $G= \langle S \mid r \rangle$ be a one-relator presentation for a one-ended hyperbolic group, with $r$ cyclically reduced.
Question: Can there be a nontrivial word $w(S)$ which is trivial in the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

401 views

### Minimum number of operations necessary to arrive at any configuration

Let $k \geq 2$ and $N_1, N_2, ..., N_k$ be positive integers.
Let $S=\{(a_1,a_2,...,a_k) \in \mathbb{Z}^k:1 \leq a_i \leq N_i\}$ and $A=\{1,2,...,\prod_{i=1}^{k} N_{i}\}$.
Given a bijective map $f:...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Minimal length presentations of cyclic groups

By the length of a finite presentation I mean the sum of the lengths of the relators. I am interested in knowing what the minimal length of a presentation of $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$. I'm even more ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### An algorithm determining whether two subgroups of a finitely generated free group are automorphic

In the book Lyndon, Schupp, Combinatorial Group Theory, P.30 in the edition from 2000 They mention an unpublished work by Waldhausen that is said to give an algorithm to determine whether two ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### 2-generator subgroups of an Artin group of small type

Suppose I have an Artin group $G$ of small-type, meaning that the generators either commute or braid. E.g a braid group. Take two generators $g, h$ and arbitrary conjugates of these generators $xgx^{-...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### “Bisecting” a free subgroup with respect to word length

My broad question is regarding the lengths of (reduced) words in a subgroup of a free group.
As motivation, consider the free group $Gp(S)$ where $|S|=n$, that is, a free group of rank $n$. Let $S=\{...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Maximal power in a sequence of iterated commutators in the rank two free group

I have the following problem: in the free group $F_2=\langle a,b\rangle$, we define the sequence
$\begin{cases}
w_0=a, \\
w_1=b, \\
w_{n+2}=[w_{n+1},w_{n}] & \text{for }n\ge 0.
\end{cases}$
So $...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Concentration of Reduced words

This might be a rather broad question, and I'll be satisfied with some intuition and pointers to relevant literature. However, I'll certainly fill in more context and details based on any feedback.
...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

415 views

### Subgroup of a free group that is characteristic but not totally characteristic

Looking for a counter example (if it exists) and a reference for further reading. Can there be a subgroup of finite index in a finitely generated free group that is characteristic but not totally ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Change of generators and shortest product in groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group.
For a set of generators $B$ of $G$, $\ell_B(x)$ is the length of the smallest sequence of elements(and inverse of the elements) in $B$, such that the product ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

237 views

### Free subgroup of a quotient

Let $F$ be a free group on $x,y,z$. Fix $n>1$ (I am ready to assume that $n$ is large enough). Let $\mathcal{W}$ be the set of cyclically reduced words $w$ in $F$ where the letter $z$ appears at ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Order problem in nilpotent groups

Let $G$ be a f.g. nilpotent group. I wanted to know if the order problem (given $g \in G$, deciding if there exists $n$ s.t. $g^n=e$) is decidable in $G$? In such a group, the word problem is ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Need a good name for an algorithmic problem in groups that generalizes the conjugacy problem

I am looking for a good name for the following problem:
Given elements $g_1,\dotsc,g_n$ in a (finitely generated) group $G$, determine if the product of their conjugacy classes $g_1^G\dotsb g_n^G$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### When can we establish an isomorphism between two not-finitely presented groups?

Assume that finitely generated groups $G$ and $H$, are not finitely presented. Fix a generating set $\mathfrak g:=\{g_1,\dotsc,g_n\}$ of $G$. Let $\mathfrak R:=\{R_1,R_2,\dots\}$ be the set of all ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Could the number of defining relators of a finitely presented group increase

Do there exist finitely generated groups $G$ and $H$ with following properies:
$G=\langle g_1,\dotsc,g_n\rangle$ is not finitely presented, Let $R:=\{r_1,r_2,\dots\}$ be the set of its defining ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

416 views

### A question about generating set of groups and epimorphism

Do there exist non-isomorphic finitely generated groups, $G$ and $H$, along with epimorphisms $\phi:G\rightarrow H$ and $\psi:H\rightarrow G$, such that every generating set of these groups is an ...