# Questions tagged [fundamental-group]

The fundamental-group tag has no usage guidance.

217
questions

**4**

votes

**1**answer

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### Surface bundles associated to a short exact sequence of groups

Suppose $S$ is a closed, connected, oriented surface of genus at least two and $G$ is any group. Suppose further that $\Gamma$ is any group that fits into the following short exact sequence:
$$ 1 \to \...

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votes

**1**answer

65 views

### Fundamental group to groupoid : bijection between homotopy classes?

I'm looking at the fundamental group $\pi_{1}(M)$ of the $n^{th}$ unordered configuration space $M$ of $\mathbb{R}^{d}$. In particular, it's well-known that $\pi_{1}(M)\cong S_{n}$ (symmetric group) ...

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262 views

### Is $\operatorname{Aut}(\mathcal{M})$ a fundamental group in Grothendieck's sense?

This question is a follow-up to Are there infinitely many L-rigs? and to Is an automorphic form of $\operatorname{GL}_{n}(\mathbb{A}_{\mathbb{Q}})$ determined by its L-function?.
I copy paste a deepl ...

**41**

votes

**3**answers

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### “Cute” applications of the étale fundamental group

When I was an undergrad student, the first application that was given to me of the construction of the fundamental group was the non-retraction lemma : there is no continuous map from the disk to the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Fundamental group of twisted loop space

I'm interested in computing the fundamental group of the twisted loop space $$\Omega_f(M)=\{ \gamma \in C^{\infty}(\Bbb R,M) \mid \gamma(s+1)=f\gamma(s)\}$$
where $f \in \text{Aut}(M,x_0)$, for ...

**2**

votes

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148 views

### Isocrystals on simply connected varieties

Esnault and Shiho - Convergent isocrystals on simply connected varieties proves that there are no non-trivial convergent isocrystals on simply connected varieties. There is another similar result in ...

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103 views

### What is the étale fundamental group of projective spaces over finite fields?

Is there any convenient way to understand the étale fundamental group of projective spaces over finite fields, in particular, the étale fundamental group of $\mathbf{P}^2_{\mathbf{F}_q}$?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Lifting of a proper map in the cover is a proper map

Let $M$ be an orientable surface without boundary$($I am not assuming $M$ is compact, it can be non-compact$)$. Let $\Phi: M\to M$ be a proper homotopy-equivalnce$($A proper homotopy-equivalence can ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Does the Hawaiian Earring Group embed into the permutation group of $\mathbb N$?

Recall that the Hawaiian earring group, $\mathbb G$, is the fundamental group of the Hawaiian Earing using the point at the origin. It can be understood more combinatorially as a subgroup of the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

579 views

### 3-manifold with fundamental group $\mathbb Z$

Let $M$ be a compact $3$-manifold with nonempty boundary. If $\pi_1(M)=\mathbb Z$, can we prove that $M$ is homeomorphic to $S^1 \times D^2$?

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89 views

### Is the category of covering spaces always a topos?

It is well knows that for a nice (locally path connected, semi-locally simply connected) topological spaces, the category of covering spaces over $X$ is equivalent to the functor category $\left[\Pi_1\...

**6**

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171 views

### Fundamental group of a product in characteristic 0

It is proven in SGA1 that if $k$ is an algebraically closed field, if $X$ is a proper $k$-scheme and if $Y$ is a locally noetherian $k$-scheme (say, $X$ and $Y$ are non-empty and connected) then $\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### triviality of homology with local coefficients

Let $X$ be a manifold or a CW-complex.
Let
$\pi: \tilde X\longrightarrow X$
be a covering map.
Let $\pi_1(X)$ be the fundamental group of $X$ and let $\rho: \pi_1(X)\longrightarrow O(n)$ be an ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### can the actions of fundamental groups annihilate homology?

Let $X$ be a path-connected manifold (or a CW complex).
Let $\pi_1(X)$ be the fundamental group of $X$.
Let $\pi: \tilde X\longrightarrow X$ be a covering map.
For each $m\geq 0$, let $C_m(\tilde X)$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Representation of fundamental groupoid as $2$-sheaf

By https://arxiv.org/abs/1406.4419 (The fundamental groupoid as a terminal costack, Ilia Pirashvili), we know that for a topological space $X$, the $2$-functor
$$\text{Top}(X)\rightarrow \text{Gpd}, \...

**2**

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104 views

### Outer Galois representations and Tate modules of Jacobian varieties

Let $X$ be a proper smooth curve over a field $k$. Then we have an exact sequence of profinite groups
\begin{equation*}
1 \to \pi_1(X_{\overline k}) \to \pi_1(X) \to G_k \to 1,
\end{equation*}
...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

935 views

### Are “large enough” finite etale covers arithmetic?

Let $X$ be a variety over a number field $K$. Then it is known that for any topological covering $X' \to X(\mathbb{C})$, the topological space $X'$ can be given the structure of a $\overline{K}$-...

**5**

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341 views

### Complex conjugation inducing a trivial map on the fundamental group

Let $V$ be a smooth projective complex variety defined over the reals such that $G=\pi_1(V)$ is a non-abelian finite simple group. Assume that $V$ has a real point. Can the map $G\to G$ induced by ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

265 views

### A complex variety with a finite non-abelian simple fundamental group

Does there exist a complex smooth proper variety whose fundamental group is finite non-abelian simple?

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37 views

### Restricted wreath product as fundamental group of a space with coinciding Reidemeister and Nielsen numbers

I am studying a group $\mathbb{Z}_n \wr \mathbb{Z}^k$, where $\wr$ denotes the restricted wreath product:
$$
\mathbb{Z}_n \wr \mathbb{Z}^k = \bigoplus_{x\in\mathbb{Z}^k}(\mathbb{Z_n})_x\rtimes\mathbb{...

**3**

votes

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127 views

### Galois theory of ramified coverings vs classical Galois theory

That's an exact copy of my former MSE question I asked a couple of weeks ago and unfortunately not got the answer I was looking for.
The question adresses reuns' answer in this thread: Algebraic ...

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votes

**2**answers

614 views

### Action of fundamental group on homotopy fiber

For a Serre fibration of pointed topological spaces $f:X \to B$, there is an action of $\pi_1\left(B,b_0\right)$ on the fiber $F$. The construction of this action I'm familiar with uses a lift $F\...

**6**

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**1**answer

258 views

### An extension of symplectomorphism group

$\DeclareMathOperator\GL{GL}\DeclareMathOperator\Sp{Sp}$Let $\omega=\sum dx_i\wedge dy_i$ be the standard symplectic structure of $\mathbb{R}^{2n}=\mathbb{R}^{n}\times \mathbb{R}^n$.
We consider the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Čech cocycles and monodromy

It is well known that over a topological space $X$ (and choosing an open cover $\mathfrak{U}$) every locally constant Cech cocycle $g$ on $\mathfrak{U}$ with coefficients in a group $G$ yields a $G$-...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Understanding fundamental group of Poincare homology sphere

I'm currently reading Knots, Links, Braids, and 3-Manifolds by V. V. Prasolov and A. B. Sossinsky. I have trouble understanding the following picture. The dashed line denotes a trefoil whose tubular ...

**4**

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213 views

### Contractibility and orientation double cover

Question. Let $M$ be a triangulated non-orientable 3-manifold with non-orientable boundary. (It is possible to assume that the boundary is the Klein bottle.) Let $\ell$ be a non-orientable loop on the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

279 views

### Non-self-intersecting paths on $\mathbb{C}\setminus\{0,1\}$ [closed]

Let us make two small holes around points $0$ and $1$ on the complex plane and consider non-self-intersecting paths that start on the boundary of one hole and finish at the boundary of the another. It ...

**1**

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**0**answers

59 views

### Glueing local systems over union of compact Riemann surfaces

Let $X,Y$ be two connected, non-singular compact Riemann surfaces such that $X$ intersects $Y$ transversely at two distinct points. Let $L$ be a $\mathbb{C}$-local system on $X$. Let $L'$ be the ...

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110 views

### Canonical étale path between a point and its ''nearby'' point

Consider the punctored line $X=\Bbb{A}^1_k\setminus \{s_1,\ldots,s_n\}$ over some field $k$. A(n étale) path in $X$ between two geometric points $x$ and $y$ is, by definition, an isomorphism between ...

**8**

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**1**answer

310 views

### The direct product of the geometric fundamental group and the absolute Galois group

Given a geometrically connected variety $X$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ we have a short exact sequence
$$
1\to \pi_1(X_{\overline{\mathbb{Q}}})\to \pi_1(X)\to Gal(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})\to 1.
$$
A ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

573 views

### Fundamental group of punctured simply connected subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$

(This question is originally from Math.SE where it was suggested that I ask the question here)
Let $S$ be a simply connected subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$ and let $x$ be an interior point of $S$, meaning ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

402 views

### Can we define fundamental groups functorially for non-pointed path connected topological spaces?

Let $\text{ppTop}$ denote the category of pointed and path connected topological spaces with morphisms base-preserve continuous maps. The fundamental group gives a functor $FG: \text{ppTop}\to \text{...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Fundamental group under Gelfand duality

Gelfand duality states that the functor of continuous functions $C(-)$ from compact Hausdorff topological to commutative $C^*$-algebras is an equivalence of categories. In other words, all topological ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Fundamental group of the complement of cell subcomplexes

Given a regular CW complex stucture on a manifold $C$ of dimension $n$ and a subcomplex $D$ of dimension $n-2$, I want to compute the fundamental group of the complement $\pi_1(C\setminus D)$. A ...

**22**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Does anyone know a basepoint-free construction of universal covers?

Let $X$ be a real manifold (for simplicity). The standard construction of the universal cover $\varphi: \widetilde{X} \longrightarrow X$ involves fixing a basepoint $p \in X$ and considering homotopy ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

213 views

### Is there a reasonable notion of universal cover for schemes over arbitrary fields?

Let $X$ be smooth projective variety, such as an elliptic curve. We know that $X$ does not have a universal cover in the category of schemes.
However, if $k = \mathbf{C}$, then $\tilde{X}$ exists as ...

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votes

**0**answers

105 views

### How to compute fundamental groups of slice disk complements?

To compute the fundamental group of the complement $S^3 \setminus K$ of a knot, one usually uses the Wirtinger algorithm. Is there a similarly well-established procedure for computing the fundamental ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Étale fundamental group of multiplicative group over an algebraically/separably closed field

This is a repost of my question here.
Do we know the structure of the étale fundamental group $\pi^\text{et}_1(\mathbb{G}_{m,K^\text{sep}})$ of the multiplicative group, for a given field $K$? For ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Realizing an amalgamated product of groups by splitting a closed manifold along a codimension 1 submanifold

In the paper "A splitting theorem for manifolds" by S.E. Cappell,
https://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~v1ranick/papers/capsplit.pdf
the following "inverse" of the Seifert-van Kampen theorem for closed ...

**0**

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188 views

### Galois cover corresponding to finite quotient of the étale fundamental group

Let $X$ be a connected scheme,$\pi_1(X,\bar{x})$ its étale fundamental group for some geometric point $\bar{x} : Spec(K) \rightarrow X$
and $E = \pi_1(X,\bar{x})/N$ a finite quotient of $\pi_1(X,\bar{...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

403 views

### Space with semi-locally simply connected open subsets

A topological space $X$ is semi-locally simply connected if, for any $x\in X$, there exists an open neighbourhood $U$ of $x$ such that any loop in $U$ is homotopically equivalent to a constant one in $...

**3**

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212 views

### First thoughts about fundamental group of a topological (Lie) groupoid

I am reading the paper Chern-Weil map for principal bundles over groupoids.
In page number $13$, authors say
let us recall the definition of fundamental group of a topological groupoid.
But, they ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

353 views

### Generalize $H^1_{dR}(X)=\mathrm{Hom} (\pi_1(X),\mathbb R)$ to fundamental Groupoid

Let $X$ be a path-connected smooth manifold, it is known that: $$H^1(X):=H^1_{dR}(X)=\mathrm{Hom} (\pi_1(X),\mathbb R).$$ Explicitly, a closed one-form $\alpha$ gives a function on $\pi_1(X)$ by $[\...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

436 views

### Categorical Significance of Fibrations

It is well known that the category $\text{Set}$ classifies covering spaces among $1$-categories. That is, for each topological space $X$, there is an equivalence of categories $[ \Pi (X) , \text{Set}]...

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122 views

### Fundamental groups of open algebraic varieties [closed]

Let X be an algebraic variety over $\mathbb C$.
1. Is it possible to compute its fundamental group?
2. If X is two dimensional, what is its fundamental group?
3. Let $X\to \bar X$ be the inclusion to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

358 views

### The (topological) fundamental group of (quasi)-projective algebraic varieties

I would like to know:
What does the fundamental group of a quasi-projective algebraic variety look like?
I remember that I have seen somewhere that for a connected, finite-type CW-complex $X$, ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

303 views

### Finite etale covers of products of curves

Probably this question can be phrased in a much greater generality, but I will just state it in the generality I require. I work over $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $C_1, C_2 \subset \mathbb{P}^1$ be non-empty ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

691 views

### Fundamental group of a topological group

It is well known that the fundamental group of a path-connected topological group is abelian. Suppose that $G$ is a connected topological group and let $Ab(G)$ the abelianization of the topological ...

**3**

votes

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152 views

### Recover an etale fundamental group from local fundamental groups?

Suppose we have a scheme $S$ and an etale covering $\{ U_i \to S \}$. How much information about $\pi_1^{et} (S)$ can we recover from all the $\pi_1^{et} (U_i)$ ?
Are there special conditions we can ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

67 views

### Concerning the Spanier group relative to an open cover

Let $\mathcal{U} = \{ U_i \; |\; i\in I \}$ be an open covering of $X$. Spanier defined $\pi (\mathcal{U}, x)$ to be the subgroup of $\pi_1 (X, x)$ which contains all homotopy classes having ...