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Fundamental group of cyclic branched cover of affine plane

Let $f\in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$ be an irreducible polynomial. Let $n>0$ be an integer such that the hypersurface $S:=\{ (x,y,z)\in \mathbb{C}^3|z^n=f(x,y) \}$ is a connected complex submanifold of $\...
Doug Liu's user avatar
  • 525
11 votes
1 answer
380 views

Why can we take the colimit over the category of elements?

I'm trying to understand J. P. Murre's Tata notes on Grothendieck's theory of the fundamental group. For a Galois category $\mathcal C$ (which I'm taking to be locally small) with fundamental functor $...
themathandlanguagetutor's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
103 views

Reliable literature with the list of centers of all simply connected simple real Lie groups

Wikipedia webpage https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simple_Lie_group contains a full list of all simple (centerless) real Lie groups. One of the columns in tables (therein) contains fundamental groups of ...
Piotr's user avatar
  • 41
2 votes
0 answers
88 views

Fundamental group of a quotient by a group action

Suppose I have a quotient $X \to S$ by a finite abelian group $G$ action (I have several cases, but in all of them the group $G$ and the action could be written explicitly), where $X,S$ are surfaces (...
Manenky's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
238 views

Example of three dimensional atoroidal Poincaré duality group with some pathology

I am looking for a 3-manifold which is closed, aspherical, orientable, and atoroidal. And additionally I want to see an example that does not admit a fixed-point-free action on a simplicial tree. As a ...
Peter Kropholler's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
414 views

A question on the manifold $ \{n\otimes n-m\otimes m:n,m\in S^2,(n,m)=0\} $

Consider a manifold $ N $ defined as follows $$ N=\{n\otimes n-m\otimes m:n,m\in S^2,\quad(n,m)=0\}\subset M^{3\times 3}, $$ where $ S^2 $ denotes the two dimensional sphere, $ (\cdot,\cdot) $ ...
Luis Yanka Annalisc's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
248 views

How does hyperelliptic involution act on the standard generators of the fundamental group of surfaces of genus g with n punctures?

Let $S_{g,n}$ be the surface of genus $g$ with $n$ punctures. We know that $\pi_1(S_{g,n})$ admits a presentation: $$\left\langle~ \alpha_1,\beta_1,\dots, \alpha_{g},\beta_{g},\gamma_{1},\dots,\gamma_{...
Rajesh Dey's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
93 views

Does there exist a simply connected surface with CM whose cotangent bundle is ample?

Does there exist a smooth projective complex surface $X$ such that, (1) $\pi_1(X) = 0$ (2) $\Omega_X^1$ is ample (3) the Mumford-Tate group of $H^2(X)$ is a torus There exist examples with any two of ...
Ben C's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
244 views

Can "fake rational surfaces" be simply-connected?

I say that a smooth projective complex algebraic surface $X$ is a "fake rational surface" if its Hodge diamond looks like: and $X$ is of general type. It is well-known that fake projective ...
Ben C's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
95 views

Fundamental groups of Hirzebruch's line arrangement varities

Let $\Lambda$ be a line arrangement in $\mathbb{P}^2$ and $n > 0$ an integer. Then Hirzebruch defined a smooth projective surface $H(\Lambda, n)$ as the minimal desingularization of a covering $Y \...
Ben C's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
106 views

Is the connecting map $\pi_2(B) \to \pi_1(F)$ ever nonzero in smooth proper families?

Suppose that $X, B$ are smooth irreducible varieties over $\mathbb{C}$ and $f : X \to B$ is a smooth proper morphism. Then we can consider the homotopy exact sequence: $$ \pi_2(B) \to \pi_1(F) \to \...
Ben C's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
179 views

Extending étale covers from the regular locus to a resolution of singularities

Let $X$ be a normal proper variety with rational singularities (or terminal if that is necessary) and $X_{\text{reg}} \to X$ the regular locus. Let $\pi : \tilde{X} \to X$ be a resolution of ...
Ben C's user avatar
  • 3,363
9 votes
2 answers
560 views

For which spaces $S^n$ ($n\geq 2$) is a universal covering space?

I know that $S^n$ $(n\geq 2)$ is a universal covering space for itself and $\mathbb{RP}^n$. But my question is, for which spaces (up to homotopy equivalence) is $S^n$ ($n\geq 2$) a universal covering ...
M.Ramana's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
177 views

Does this sequence stop?

Let $\{ X_i\}$ ($i=1,2,\ldots $) be a family finite CW-complexes such that $X_{i+1}$ is homotopy domintaed by $X_i$, i.e. there exists contionuos maps $g_i:X_i \to X_{i+1}$ and $f_i :X_{i+1} \to X_i$ ...
M.Ramana's user avatar
  • 1,182
1 vote
0 answers
77 views

Behaviour of cycles modulo algebraic equivalence on an etale covering

I found a neat result in Beauville's paper "VARIÉTÉS DE PRYM ET JACOBIENNES INTERMÉDIAIRES" : if $U \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ is an open and $V \to U$ is a conic bundle whose fibres are all ...
TCiur's user avatar
  • 557
2 votes
1 answer
243 views

Motivation of Zariski–Van Kampen theorem

The Zariski–Van Kampen theorem gives the presentation of the fundamental group of the complement of the plane curve of degree $d$. But what's the motivation of this theorem? More generally, why are ...
Ktt's user avatar
  • 197
3 votes
0 answers
91 views

Descent obstruction of an open curve in an elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over a number field $k$, and for an extension $K/k$ we denote by $E_K$ the base change $E \times_k K$. By fixing an embedding $k \hookrightarrow \mathbb{C}$, the etale ...
oleout's user avatar
  • 875
1 vote
1 answer
245 views

Ways to prove that $n$-component Brunnian link is nontrivial

The attached image shows a way to construct an $n$-component Brunnian link for any $n\geq 3$. That is, this link is not trivial, but deleting any of its components makes the new link trivial. The ...
Haldot's user avatar
  • 215
9 votes
1 answer
226 views

Links and non-orientable surfaces

Let $\Sigma \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a compact embedded surface with boundary $\partial \Sigma$ and $i:\Sigma\setminus \partial\Sigma \to \mathbb{R}^3 \setminus \partial\Sigma$ the inclusion. Is the ...
mmen's user avatar
  • 443
2 votes
0 answers
86 views

Unramified section associated to a rational point

This is a question for those familiar with the section conjecture, so I'll do away with the definition of a ramification map in this case. Here is the definition of a ramification map from an etale ...
oleout's user avatar
  • 875
7 votes
0 answers
295 views

Künneth formula for $\pi_1$-proper morphisms

Context: Let $X$ and $Y$ be connected qcqs schemes over an algebraically closed field $k$. Denote by $\pi_1(X)$, $\pi_1(Y)$ their étale fundamental groups (base points omitted). Grothendieck proved ...
Benedikt's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
216 views

Why is the fundamental group of $\mathsf E_n$ cyclic of order $9 - n$?

Several years ago, I mentioned offhandedly to a colleague that I had noticed that, if you extend the $\mathsf E_n$ series downwards in the natural way, by removing nodes from the long arm of $\mathsf ...
LSpice's user avatar
  • 11.6k
0 votes
1 answer
192 views

Is $\pi_2 (X_i)$ a free $\mathbb{Z}\pi_1 (X_i)$-module for $i=1,2$?

Let ‎$‎‎X_1$ ‎‎be ‎the suspension of ‎$‎‎‎\mathbb{R}P^2‎$ and $X_2=\bigvee_{1\leq i\leq n} (\vee_{r_i} \mathbb{S}^i)$. Is $\pi_2 (X_i)$ a projective (or a free) $\mathbb{Z}\pi_1 (X_i)$-module for $i=1,...
M.Ramana's user avatar
  • 1,182
2 votes
1 answer
175 views

The fundamental group of quotient space of 3-folds

Let $S$ be a K3 surface with an involution $\iota_S$, $E$ an elliptic curve with an involution $\iota_E$. Assume the fixed locus of $S$ under $\iota_S$ contains $N>0$ disjoint curves. Note the ...
Joseph's user avatar
  • 199
7 votes
2 answers
324 views

Boundary of a $4$-manifold and the fundamental group

I am trying to learn $4$-manifolds with boundaries and I don't know much about this topic so these questions may be silly. Given a $4$-manifold $M$ with a boundary say $N$, Assume $\pi_1(N)$ is known,...
piper1967's user avatar
  • 1,059
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

Motivation of the fundamental theorem of covering spaces

The fundamental theorem of covering spaces states that for a nice topological space $X$, there is an equivalence of categories between covering spaces over $X$ and left $\pi_1(X)$-sets. "...
user481980's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
265 views

Can someone explain this proof on aspherical manifolds?

I am trying to understand this proof that the fundamental group of an aspherical manifold is torsion free. The proof is lemma 4.1 from Aspherical manifolds at the Manifold Atlas Project. The proof is: ...
user3308874's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
1k views

Topos-theoretic Galois theory

This page is an overview of some of the types of "Galois theories" there are. One of the most basic type is the fundamental theorem of covering spaces, which says, roughly, that for each ...
user1022117's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
85 views

Fundamental groups and cellular walks

Suppose $M$ is a smooth manifold (compact if desired) with a cell structure or other nice stratification. Call a path $\gamma : [0,1] \to M$ transverse to the stratification if there is a finite ...
Jake Levinson's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
234 views

Relationship between the holonomy pseudogroup and holonomy homomorphism (foliation)

This question is surely a duplication of https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4343635/relationship-between-the-holonomy-pseudogroup-and-holonomy-homomorphism-foliati , however, I got no replies. ...
Invariance's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
399 views

Do surface groups embed into PSL_2 over a real quadratic integer ring?

$\DeclareMathOperator\PSL{PSL}$ Let $ \mathbb{Z} $ be the ring of integers and $ \mathbb{R} $ the field of real numbers. Let $ \Sigma_g $ be a surface of genus $ g \geq 2 $. Let $ \pi_1(\Sigma_g) $ be ...
Ian Gershon Teixeira's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Does the isomorphic of the fundamental groups imply the existence of a mapping inducing an isomorphism?

A pair of continuous mappings $f \colon X \to Y$ and $g \colon Y \to X$ is called $\pi_1$-equivalence if they induce mutually inverse isomorphisms of fundamental groups. Spaces are called $\pi_1$-...
Arshak Aivazian's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
474 views

Can the loops in the definition of the fundamental group be considered injective?

Let $\mathrm{С}$ be some class of topological spaces that includes at least all subspaces of $\mathbb{R}^n $. Further we are in the category $\mathrm{С}_{*}$ (the category of point spaces; all ...
Arshak Aivazian's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
122 views

Fundamental group of hyperbolic 2-orbifold

Suppose $\Gamma$ is a cocompact lattice of $PSL_2(\mathbb{R})$. Then $\mathbb{H}^2/\Gamma$ has a natural structure of orbifold. My questions are: What is $\pi_1(\mathbb{H}^2/\Gamma)$? What is $\pi_1^{...
Jacques's user avatar
  • 563
7 votes
2 answers
485 views

Fundamental group of the space of smooth embeddings of $S^1$ into $\mathbb R^3$

Has the fundamental group of the space of smooth embeddings of $S^1$ into $\mathbb R^3$ been completely computed? Say the basepoint is an unknot. Maybe something is known for other components? If yes,...
Ivan Sergeev's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
218 views

Classifying nested 3-manifolds with fundamental group property

Let $M_1\subseteq M_2\subseteq\mathbb R^3$ be closed connected subsets with smooth boundary. Suppose that every closed loop in $M_1$ is freely homotopic inside $M_2$ to a closed loop inside $M_2\...
John Pardon's user avatar
  • 18.4k
3 votes
0 answers
57 views

What's the Milnor's link group for the trivial knot in a lens space?

For a link $L$ in a 3-manifold $Y$, Milnor's paper "Link Groups" https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/BF01393902.pdf defined the link group as some quotient of $\pi_1(Y-L)$. If $L$ ...
Faniel's user avatar
  • 653
8 votes
1 answer
780 views

Representation theory of higher homotopy groups

I've seen some works on the representation of fundamental groups, which are (at least for me) quite important topic in mathematics. For example, Riemann-Hilbert correspondence relates representation ...
Seewoo Lee's user avatar
  • 1,911
4 votes
1 answer
161 views

What is the minimal length of a “Diagonal” in a Torus?

Given a Riemannian torus $(T,d)$ with fundamental group $\pi_1(T)=\langle a,b \mid ab=ba \rangle$. Denote for any $\gamma \in \pi_1(T)$ the infimum length of all representatives of $\gamma$ by $L(\...
Sebastian's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
60 views

Fundamental group of the complement of some quadric cones

cross-posting from MathSE Problem Consider the domain $$\Omega=\mathbb{C}^4\setminus\{z_0(z_1^2+z_2^2+z_3^2)=0\}$$ and the map $$F:\Omega\to\mathbb{CP}^1\qquad F(z_0,z_1,z_2,z_3)=[z_0^2:z_1^2+z_2^2+...
Samuele's user avatar
  • 1,195
4 votes
1 answer
371 views

Surface bundles associated to a short exact sequence of groups

Suppose $S$ is a closed, connected, oriented surface of genus at least two and $G$ is any group. Suppose further that $\Gamma$ is any group that fits into the following short exact sequence: $$ 1 \to \...
luthien's user avatar
  • 379
0 votes
1 answer
105 views

Fundamental group to groupoid : bijection between homotopy classes?

I'm looking at the fundamental group $\pi_{1}(M)$ of the $n^{th}$ unordered configuration space $M$ of $\mathbb{R}^{d}$. In particular, it's well-known that $\pi_{1}(M)\cong S_{n}$ (symmetric group) ...
Meths's user avatar
  • 309
0 votes
0 answers
286 views

Is $\operatorname{Aut}(\mathcal{M})$ a fundamental group in Grothendieck's sense?

This question is a follow-up to Are there infinitely many L-rigs? and to Is an automorphic form of $\operatorname{GL}_{n}(\mathbb{A}_{\mathbb{Q}})$ determined by its L-function?. I copy paste a deepl ...
Sylvain JULIEN's user avatar
45 votes
3 answers
5k views

"Cute" applications of the étale fundamental group

When I was an undergrad student, the first application that was given to me of the construction of the fundamental group was the non-retraction lemma : there is no continuous map from the disk to the ...
Libli's user avatar
  • 7,240
3 votes
1 answer
291 views

Fundamental group of twisted loop space

I'm interested in computing the fundamental group of the twisted loop space $$\Omega_f(M)=\{ \gamma \in C^{\infty}(\Bbb R,M) \mid \gamma(s+1)=f\gamma(s)\}$$ where $f \in \text{Aut}(M,x_0)$, for ...
Luigi M's user avatar
  • 503
2 votes
0 answers
172 views

Isocrystals on simply connected varieties

Esnault and Shiho - Convergent isocrystals on simply connected varieties proves that there are no non-trivial convergent isocrystals on simply connected varieties. There is another similar result in ...
user127776's user avatar
  • 5,851
1 vote
0 answers
203 views

What is the étale fundamental group of projective spaces over finite fields?

Is there any convenient way to understand the étale fundamental group of projective spaces over finite fields, in particular, the étale fundamental group of $\mathbf{P}^2_{\mathbf{F}_q}$?
hennlu's user avatar
  • 323
2 votes
1 answer
260 views

Lifting of a proper map in the cover is a proper map

Let $M$ be an orientable surface without boundary$($I am not assuming $M$ is compact, it can be non-compact$)$. Let $\Phi: M\to M$ be a proper homotopy-equivalnce$($A proper homotopy-equivalence can ...
Someone's user avatar
  • 265
3 votes
1 answer
203 views

Does the Hawaiian Earring Group embed into the permutation group of $\mathbb N$?

Recall that the Hawaiian earring group, $\mathbb G$, is the fundamental group of the Hawaiian Earing using the point at the origin. It can be understood more combinatorially as a subgroup of the ...
Corey Bacal Switzer's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
855 views

3-manifold with fundamental group $\mathbb Z$

Let $M$ be a compact $3$-manifold with nonempty boundary. If $\pi_1(M)=\mathbb Z$, can we prove that $M$ is homeomorphic to $S^1 \times D^2$?
Totoro's user avatar
  • 2,525

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