Questions tagged [valuation-theory]

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Interpretation of model theory in algebraic geometry

I found a paper Some applications of a model theoretic fact to (semi-) algebraic geometry by Lou van den Dries. In this paper, the author uses model theoretical methods to prove the completeness of ...
George's user avatar
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2 votes
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For an element in the integral closure of an ideal $I$ - which power is in $I$?

Consider an ideal $I$ in a ring $R$. If $f \in R$ belongs to the integral closure of $I$, then there is $k_0 \geq 0$ such that $f^k \in I^{k-k_0}$ for all $k \geq k_0$. Are there any known upper ...
pinaki's user avatar
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15 votes
2 answers
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Higher-rank Archimedean valuations of $\mathbb{Q}$, does it exist?

I was reading the proof of Ostrowski's theorem, with an eye toward the Zariski-Riemann space (as well as adic space, Berkovich space, etc.) In the proof, the value group is always assumed to be in $\...
zxx's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
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Is it a valuation ring?

It is known that a one-dimensional Noetherian local ring is a discrete valuation ring if it is integrally closed. Then, even if it is not Noetherian, would a one-dimensional local ring become a ...
George's user avatar
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3 votes
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Semi-stable model over a totally ramified extension

Notation: Let $R$ be a DVR, $K=\text{Frac}(R)$ and $k=R/\mathfrak{m}$. Given an $R$-scheme $X$, write $X_K=X\times_{R} K$ for the generic fiber and $X_k=X\times_R k$ for the special fiber. Suppose $k$ ...
Kostas Kartas's user avatar
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0 answers
97 views

Does maximally incompleteness cause nonvanishing of the extension of maximal ideal of a valuation ring by rank 1 free module?

In B. Bhatt's lecture notes[1], Remark 4.2.5 says ... $\operatorname{Ext}_R^2(k,R)$ is non-zero if $K$ is not spherically complete. which amounts to the following pure algebraic question. Statement ...
XYC's user avatar
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Is there a good notion of higher-rank archimedean norm?

Let $K$ be a field. I think I know what a norm (archimedean or not) $|-| : K \to \mathbb R_{\geq 0}$ is. In the case where the norm is nonarchimedean, it's equivalent to the data of a valuation of ...
Tim Campion's user avatar
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How do I extend the $2$-adic absolute value to prove Monsky's Theorem?

In proving Monsky's Theorem, it is required that we define the $2$-adic absolute value on an arbitrary finitely generated extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ say $\mathbb{K}=\mathbb{Q}(\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_n)$...
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Space of valuations is spectral space and what does it mean to say that conditions are closed conditions

I am reading lecture 3 of Conrad notes (link : https://math.stanford.edu/~conrad/Perfseminar/ ), in which he proves space of valuations is a spectral space. Last theorem of lecture 3. We have a map $j:...
Math_1729's user avatar
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Valuations of coefficients of minimal polynomials for tuples

Suppose you are given two valued fields $(K,v) \subseteq (L,w)$ and a tuple $a \in L^n$. What kind of restrictions do we have on the valuation of the coefficients of polynomials $q \in K[x_1,\dots x_n]...
Simone Ramello's user avatar
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115 views

Existence of invariant valuations

Given a field $K$, one can enrich it via a valuation, an automorphism or both structures at the same time in a compatible way. In all of these three cases, the model theory is well-understood (under ...
Simone Ramello's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
123 views

References on function fields over imperfect fields in positive characteristic

There are many references (good books, papers, ...) available that treat global function fields (over finite fields) of one independent variable. To name a few, Stichtenoth's book "Algebraic ...
Andry's user avatar
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Literature on non-Archimedean analogues of basic complex analysis results

It looks like there is some literature out there on what might be called 'non-Archimedean complex analysis' e.g. Benedetto - An Ahlfors Islands Theorem for non-archimedean meromorphic functions and ...
Very Forgetful Functor's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
174 views

Pair of recurrence relations with $a(2n+1)=a(2f(n))$

Let $f(n)$ be A053645, distance to largest power of $2$ less than or equal to $n$; write $n$ in binary, change the first digit to zero, and convert back to decimal. Let $g(n)$ be A007814, the ...
Notamathematician's user avatar
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1 answer
291 views

Formula from the recurrence relation

Let $f(n)$ be A007814, the exponent of the highest power of $2$ dividing $n$, a.k.a. the binary carry sequence, the ruler sequence, or the $2$-adic valuation of $n$. Then we have an integer sequence ...
Notamathematician's user avatar
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1 answer
295 views

Generating function for partial sums of the sequence

Let $p$ and $q$ be integers. Let $f(n)$ be A007814, the exponent of the highest power of $2$ dividing $n$, a.k.a. the binary carry sequence, the ruler sequence, or the $2$-adic valuation of $n$. Then ...
Notamathematician's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
486 views

Recurrence for the sum

Let $m\geq 2$ be a fixed integer. Let $$f(n):=\begin{cases} mf\left(\frac{n}{m}\right),&\text{if $n\mod m = 0$;}\\ 1,&\text{otherwise} \end{cases}$$ then if we have $$a(n):=\begin{cases} 1,&...
Notamathematician's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
453 views

Subsequence of the cubes

Let $p$ and $q$ be integers. Let $f(n)$ be A007814, the exponent of the highest power of $2$ dividing $n$, a.k.a. the binary carry sequence, the ruler sequence, or the $2$-adic valuation of $n$. Then ...
Notamathematician's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
89 views

References on topological ringed spaces

This is a follow up to this question of mine. First of all, let me fix some terminologies, which may or may not be standard: Definition: A topological ringed space is a pair $X := (|X|, \mathcal{O}_X)...
Dat Minh Ha's user avatar
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3 votes
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$C^*$-algebras over an extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$?

I'm wondering to what extent it might be possible for the theory of $C^*$-algebras to be translated into the $p$-adic context i.e. to define 'p-adic $C^*$-algebras' over some extension of $\mathbb{Q}...
Very Forgetful Functor's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
479 views

Open immersion of affinoid adic spaces

If $R$ and $S$ are complete Huber rings with $\varphi: R \to S$ a continuous map, then is it true in general that if $\mathrm{Spa}(S, S^\circ) \to \mathrm{Spa}(R, R^\circ)$ is an open immersion of ...
Ashwin Iyengar's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
243 views

Question about valuation and blow up (a lemma in GIT book)

I'm reading Mumford's book Geometric Invariant Theory and confused about the proof of a lemma on Page 91&92: Lemma: Let $V_0$ be a smooth surface over an algebraically closed field $k$ with char$...
Kim's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Request for bibliographic information

Greetings to everyone on this forum (I am a new-comer). I would like to ask the experienced members for suggestions on (as) comprehensive and systematic (as possible) bibliographic sources regarding: ...
ΑΘΩ's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
667 views

Is every field the residue field of a discretely valued field of characteristic 0?

Let $k$ be a field of positive characteristic $p$. Is there necessarily a discrete valuation ring of characteristic $0$ with maximal ideal $(p)$ and residue field isomorphic to $k$?
Alex Mennen's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
661 views

In a CM field, must all conjugates of an algebraic integer lying outside the unit circle lie outside the same?

This question is inspired from the post linked below: Can an algebraic number on the unit circle have a conjugate with absolute value different from 1? What I am curious about is the following: let $\...
asrxiiviii's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
251 views

Existence of algebraic integer with absolute value equal to reciprocal of maximum of $1$ and absolute value of a given algebraic number

Consider a number field $K$, and let $v_1, \cdots v_n$ ($n \in \mathbb N$) be some finite (i.e. non-archimedean) places of $K$. Is the following true? For every $\alpha \in K^\times$ there exists $\...
asrxiiviii's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
235 views

What is the definable functor associated to an algebraic scheme (model theory of valued fields)

I have a very basic question regarding algebraic model theory. I am trying to read Espaces de Berkovich, polytopes, squelettes et théorie des modèles (MSN) by Antoine Ducros. The relevant section is ...
Jakob Werner's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Henselian valued fields for characteristic $0$: a characterization

Let $K=K(v)$ be a valued field of characteritic $0$ with non trivial valuation $v:K\rightarrow\mathbb{R}\cup\{\infty\}$. I'm looking for a proof of following characterization of Henselian property: $...
user267839's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Chain of closed irreducible sets on Zariski Riemann spaces

Let $A$ be a domain and $K=\mathrm{Frac}(A)$. The Zariski Riemann space $\mathrm{ZR}(K,A)$ is the set of all valuation rings of $K$ containing $A$. It comes with a natural center map \begin{align}...
nowhere dense's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
251 views

Is $\mathbb{F}_{p}(t)^{h}$ an elementary substructure of/existentially closed in $\mathbb{F}_{p}((t))$?

It is a well-known fact that the Henselization of the function field $\mathbb{F}_{p}(t)$ in regard to the $t$-adic valuation is $\mathbb{F}_{p}(t)^{alg} \cap \mathbb{F}_{p}((t))$, so of course $\...
Florian Felix's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
134 views

Rank 1 valuations that are not discrete on finite transcendental extensions of the rationals

Suppose $K=\mathbb{Q}(X_1,\dots,X_n)$ is a purely transcendental extension of the rationals on finitely many indeterminates. Can anyone give an example of a rank $1$ valuation on $K$ that fails to be ...
Harry Gindi's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
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Completeness of the field of fractions of a ring of formal power series

Let $k$ be a field and let $k[[X,Y]]$ be the ring of formal power series with coefficients in $k$. Let $k((X,Y))$ be its field of fractions. For $F\in k[[X,Y]]$, $F\neq 0$ define $v(F)$ as the least ...
Carlos's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
141 views

Valuation theory on semisimple algebras used in the paper of Cohen-Martinet: reference request

I'm currently reading the paper of Henri Cohen & Jacques Martinet "Etude heuristique des groupes de classes des corps de nombres" On the 2nd section, they recall some facts on valuations, ...
gualterio's user avatar
  • 1,043
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Extension of 2-adic valuation to the real numbers

I just want to know what properties of valuations extend to $\mathbb R$... Denote an extension of the 2-adic valuation from $\mathbb Q$ to $\mathbb R$ by $\nu$. Suppose $\nu(x)=\nu(y)=0$. Is it true ...
domotorp's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
706 views

Is the integral closure of a valuation ring in a finite separable extension of its fraction field étale?

Let $K$ be a field endowed with a rank (height) one valuation with completion $\hat{K}$, which is not discrete. Let $R$ be the valuation ring of $K$. Let $L \subset \hat{K}$ be a separable finite ...
userm's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
110 views

Valuation Rings and Ultrafilters II

See my post here: Valuation Rings and Ultrafilters Let $K$ be a field, and let $\mathcal{S}$ be the set of pairs $(R, \mathfrak{p})$ of subrings $R$ of $K$ with designated prime ideals $\mathfrak{p}$ ...
Ronald J. Zallman's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
138 views

Definition of model functions and their density in $C^0(X^\text{an})$

I am (still) working through the paper Singular semipositive metrics in non-Archimedean geometry by Sebastien Boucksom, Charles Favre and Mattias Jonsson (J. Algebraic Geom. 25 (2016), 77-139, doi:10....
Riquelme's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Valuation of congruent elements in a local division ring

Let $K$ be a complete local division ring (note $v$ its valuation). For $x,y\in K$ ($y\ne0$), one puts $x^y=yxy^{-1}$. Let $r\in\mathbb N$. Consider $x,y\in K$ and $a,b\in K^*$ such that $v(x-y)\ge r$ ...
joaopa's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
134 views

On the maximal value of the valuation at infinity of elements in the ring of integers of a global function field

Let $F$ be a global function field with full constant field $\mathbb{F}_q$. We fix a place $\infty$ and let $A$ be the ring of elements of $F$ regular away from $\infty$. We denote by $v_\infty$ the ...
Andry's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Valuation ring satisfying either a.c.c. or d.c.c. on prime ideals

If a commutative ring with unity has finite Krull dimension, then it satisfies a.c.c. and d.c.c. on prime ideals. The converse is not true in general, as can be seen from here An infinite dimensional ...
user521337's user avatar
  • 1,189
19 votes
2 answers
528 views

Ostrowski's Theorem for topological rings?

Ostrowski's theorem classifies all absolute values on a number field $K$. Questions: More generally, can one classify all Hausdorff topologies on $K$ making $K$ into a topological field? In ...
Tim Campion's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Understanding a valuation property of function fields

I came across this point in a paper recently and I'm having difficulty seeing why it's true. Any explanations or hints would be appreciated. For any prime $\mathfrak{p}$ of $\mathbb{F}_q [t]$ such ...
user221330's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
431 views

Valuation ring whose maximal ideal and every ideal of finite height are principal

Let $(R, \mathfrak m)$ be a valuation ring such that $\mathfrak m$ and every ideal of finite height is principal. Then is $R$ Noetherian , i.e. a discrete valuation ring ?
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
169 views

'Smallest' subfield of the Surreals which is isomorphic to the Surreals as an ordered group

What is the smallest subfield $F\subset N_0$ such that $$(F,+,\times,\leq)\ncong(N_0,+,\times,\leq)$$ but $$(F,+,\leq)\cong(N_0,+,\leq)?$$ Since these are all going to be proper classes cardinality is ...
Alec Rhea's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
295 views

Given a non-field local domain $R$, finding a dominating Valuation ring whose residue field is algebraic/finite extension of the residue field of $R$

Let $(R, \mathfrak m)$ be a non-field local domain with fraction field $Q(R)$ . Let $k_{R}:=R/m$. We know that there is a Valuation ring $(V,\mathfrak m_V)$ such that $R \subseteq V \subsetneq Q(R)$ ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
172 views

Why is any non-archimedean field Huber?

Here a non-archimedean field means a field $k$ whose topology is induced from a non-archimedean norm $| \cdot |: k \to \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$. As a reminder, a ring $A$ is adic if there is an ideal $I \...
Aaron Johnson's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
93 views

Luroth's theorem for Discrete valuation rings?

Luroth's theorem states that if $k$ is a field and $L$ is a field extension of $k$ such that $k \subset L \subseteq k(X)$, then $L=k(f(X))$ for some $f(X) \in k(X) $ . My question is ; is there any ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
253 views

Is the special case of Abhyankar's lemma is also considered as such?

Consider the following statement: Assume $E$ and $F$ are unramified (over some fixed prime) finite separable extensions of a field $K$. Then $EF$ is also unramified. I always thought that it is ...
Lior Bary-Soroker's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
102 views

Valued fields with quantifier elimination in the Macintyre language

For which fields $k$ of characteristic $p$ does the Witt construction of a discretely valued field $W(k)$ of characteristic $0$ with residue field $k$ eliminate quantifiers in the language of rings ...
Alex Mennen's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
164 views

Rational power series and extensions

Let $F$ be a field, let $F(x)$ the field of rational functions, and let $F((x))$ the field of Laurent series (which contains $F(x)$). One may ask: which series $\sum_i a_i x^i$ lie in $F(x)$? The ...
Stefan Witzel's user avatar