Questions tagged [valuation-theory]

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Valuations of coefficients of minimal polynomials for tuples

Suppose you are given two valued fields $(K,v) \subseteq (L,w)$ and a tuple $a \in L^n$. What kind of restrictions do we have on the valuation of the coefficients of polynomials $q \in K[x_1,\dots x_n]...
5 votes
0 answers
103 views

Existence of invariant valuations

Given a field $K$, one can enrich it via a valuation, an automorphism or both structures at the same time in a compatible way. In all of these three cases, the model theory is well-understood (under ...
1 vote
1 answer
104 views

References on function fields over imperfect fields in positive characteristic

There are many references (good books, papers, ...) available that treat global function fields (over finite fields) of one independent variable. To name a few, Stichtenoth's book "Algebraic ...
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8 votes
2 answers
369 views

Literature on non-Archimedean analogues of basic complex analysis results

It looks like there is some literature out there on what might be called 'non-Archimedean complex analysis' e.g. Benedetto - An Ahlfors Islands Theorem for non-archimedean meromorphic functions and ...
2 votes
1 answer
159 views

Pair of recurrence relations with $a(2n+1)=a(2f(n))$

Let $f(n)$ be A053645, distance to largest power of $2$ less than or equal to $n$; write $n$ in binary, change the first digit to zero, and convert back to decimal. Let $g(n)$ be A007814, the ...
1 vote
1 answer
277 views

Formula from the recurrence relation

Let $f(n)$ be A007814, the exponent of the highest power of $2$ dividing $n$, a.k.a. the binary carry sequence, the ruler sequence, or the $2$-adic valuation of $n$. Then we have an integer sequence ...
0 votes
1 answer
201 views

Generating function for partial sums of the sequence

Let $p$ and $q$ be integers. Let $f(n)$ be A007814, the exponent of the highest power of $2$ dividing $n$, a.k.a. the binary carry sequence, the ruler sequence, or the $2$-adic valuation of $n$. Then ...
1 vote
2 answers
423 views

Recurrence for the sum

Let $m\geq 2$ be a fixed integer. Let $$f(n):=\begin{cases} mf\left(\frac{n}{m}\right),&\text{if $n\mod m = 0$;}\\ 1,&\text{otherwise} \end{cases}$$ then if we have $$a(n):=\begin{cases} 1,&...
3 votes
2 answers
425 views

Subsequence of the cubes

Let $p$ and $q$ be integers. Let $f(n)$ be A007814, the exponent of the highest power of $2$ dividing $n$, a.k.a. the binary carry sequence, the ruler sequence, or the $2$-adic valuation of $n$. Then ...
2 votes
0 answers
66 views

References on topological ringed spaces

This is a follow up to this question of mine. First of all, let me fix some terminologies, which may or may not be standard: Definition: A topological ringed space is a pair $X := (|X|, \mathcal{O}_X)...
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3 votes
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136 views

$C^*$-algebras over an extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$?

I'm wondering to what extent it might be possible for the theory of $C^*$-algebras to be translated into the $p$-adic context i.e. to define 'p-adic $C^*$-algebras' over some extension of $\mathbb{Q}...
12 votes
1 answer
403 views

Open immersion of affinoid adic spaces

If $R$ and $S$ are complete Huber rings with $\varphi: R \to S$ a continuous map, then is it true in general that if $\mathrm{Spa}(S, S^\circ) \to \mathrm{Spa}(R, R^\circ)$ is an open immersion of ...
4 votes
1 answer
209 views

Question about valuation and blow up (a lemma in GIT book)

I'm reading Mumford's book Geometric Invariant Theory and confused about the proof of a lemma on Page 91&92: Lemma: Let $V_0$ be a smooth surface over an algebraically closed field $k$ with char$...
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2 votes
0 answers
99 views

Request for bibliographic information

Greetings to everyone on this forum (I am a new-comer). I would like to ask the experienced members for suggestions on (as) comprehensive and systematic (as possible) bibliographic sources regarding: ...
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9 votes
1 answer
481 views

Is every field the residue field of a discretely valued field of characteristic 0?

Let $k$ be a field of positive characteristic $p$. Is there necessarily a discrete valuation ring of characteristic $0$ with maximal ideal $(p)$ and residue field isomorphic to $k$?
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3 votes
2 answers
570 views

In a CM field, must all conjugates of an algebraic integer lying outside the unit circle lie outside the same?

This question is inspired from the post linked below: Can an algebraic number on the unit circle have a conjugate with absolute value different from 1? What I am curious about is the following: let $\...
3 votes
1 answer
187 views

Existence of algebraic integer with absolute value equal to reciprocal of maximum of $1$ and absolute value of a given algebraic number

Consider a number field $K$, and let $v_1, \cdots v_n$ ($n \in \mathbb N$) be some finite (i.e. non-archimedean) places of $K$. Is the following true? For every $\alpha \in K^\times$ there exists $\...
4 votes
1 answer
204 views

What is the definable functor associated to an algebraic scheme (model theory of valued fields)

I have a very basic question regarding algebraic model theory. I am trying to read Espaces de Berkovich, polytopes, squelettes et théorie des modèles (MSN) by Antoine Ducros. The relevant section is ...
4 votes
1 answer
270 views

Henselian valued fields for characteristic $0$: a characterization

Let $K=K(v)$ be a valued field of characteritic $0$ with non trivial valuation $v:K\rightarrow\mathbb{R}\cup\{\infty\}$. I'm looking for a proof of following characterization of Henselian property: $...
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1 vote
1 answer
166 views

Chain of closed irreducible sets on Zariski Riemann spaces

Let $A$ be a domain and $K=\mathrm{Frac}(A)$. The Zariski Riemann space $\mathrm{ZR}(K,A)$ is the set of all valuation rings of $K$ containing $A$. It comes with a natural center map \begin{align}...
7 votes
1 answer
228 views

Is $\mathbb{F}_{p}(t)^{h}$ an elementary substructure of/existentially closed in $\mathbb{F}_{p}((t))$?

It is a well-known fact that the Henselization of the function field $\mathbb{F}_{p}(t)$ in regard to the $t$-adic valuation is $\mathbb{F}_{p}(t)^{alg} \cap \mathbb{F}_{p}((t))$, so of course $\...
3 votes
1 answer
117 views

Rank 1 valuations that are not discrete on finite transcendental extensions of the rationals

Suppose $K=\mathbb{Q}(X_1,\dots,X_n)$ is a purely transcendental extension of the rationals on finitely many indeterminates. Can anyone give an example of a rank $1$ valuation on $K$ that fails to be ...
4 votes
0 answers
227 views

Completeness of the field of fractions of a ring of formal power series

Let $k$ be a field and let $k[[X,Y]]$ be the ring of formal power series with coefficients in $k$. Let $k((X,Y))$ be its field of fractions. For $F\in k[[X,Y]]$, $F\neq 0$ define $v(F)$ as the least ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Valuation theory on semisimple algebras used in the paper of Cohen-Martinet: reference request

I'm currently reading the paper of Henri Cohen & Jacques Martinet "Etude heuristique des groupes de classes des corps de nombres" On the 2nd section, they recall some facts on valuations, ...
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12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Extension of 2-adic valuation to the real numbers

I just want to know what properties of valuations extend to $\mathbb R$... Denote an extension of the 2-adic valuation from $\mathbb Q$ to $\mathbb R$ by $\nu$. Suppose $\nu(x)=\nu(y)=0$. Is it true ...
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4 votes
1 answer
617 views

Is the integral closure of a valuation ring in a finite separable extension of its fraction field étale?

Let $K$ be a field endowed with a rank (height) one valuation with completion $\hat{K}$, which is not discrete. Let $R$ be the valuation ring of $K$. Let $L \subset \hat{K}$ be a separable finite ...
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2 votes
0 answers
102 views

Valuation Rings and Ultrafilters II

See my post here: Valuation Rings and Ultrafilters Let $K$ be a field, and let $\mathcal{S}$ be the set of pairs $(R, \mathfrak{p})$ of subrings $R$ of $K$ with designated prime ideals $\mathfrak{p}$ ...
2 votes
1 answer
132 views

Definition of model functions and their density in $C^0(X^\text{an})$

I am (still) working through the paper Singular semipositive metrics in non-Archimedean geometry by Sebastien Boucksom, Charles Favre and Mattias Jonsson (J. Algebraic Geom. 25 (2016), 77-139, doi:10....
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1 vote
1 answer
58 views

Valuation of congruent elements in a local division ring

Let $K$ be a complete local division ring (note $v$ its valuation). For $x,y\in K$ ($y\ne0$), one puts $x^y=yxy^{-1}$. Let $r\in\mathbb N$. Consider $x,y\in K$ and $a,b\in K^*$ such that $v(x-y)\ge r$ ...
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1 vote
1 answer
112 views

On the maximal value of the valuation at infinity of elements in the ring of integers of a global function field

Let $F$ be a global function field with full constant field $\mathbb{F}_q$. We fix a place $\infty$ and let $A$ be the ring of elements of $F$ regular away from $\infty$. We denote by $v_\infty$ the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
212 views

Valuation ring satisfying either a.c.c. or d.c.c. on prime ideals

If a commutative ring with unity has finite Krull dimension, then it satisfies a.c.c. and d.c.c. on prime ideals. The converse is not true in general, as can be seen from here An infinite dimensional ...
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16 votes
2 answers
445 views

Ostrowski's Theorem for topological rings?

Ostrowski's theorem classifies all absolute values on a number field $K$. Questions: More generally, can one classify all Hausdorff topologies on $K$ making $K$ into a topological field? In ...
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0 votes
1 answer
137 views

Understanding a valuation property of function fields

I came across this point in a paper recently and I'm having difficulty seeing why it's true. Any explanations or hints would be appreciated. For any prime $\mathfrak{p}$ of $\mathbb{F}_q [t]$ such ...
1 vote
1 answer
385 views

Valuation ring whose maximal ideal and every ideal of finite height are principal

Let $(R, \mathfrak m)$ be a valuation ring such that $\mathfrak m$ and every ideal of finite height is principal. Then is $R$ Noetherian , i.e. a discrete valuation ring ?
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
154 views

'Smallest' subfield of the Surreals which is isomorphic to the Surreals as an ordered group

What is the smallest subfield $F\subset N_0$ such that $$(F,+,\times,\leq)\ncong(N_0,+,\times,\leq)$$ but $$(F,+,\leq)\cong(N_0,+,\leq)?$$ Since these are all going to be proper classes cardinality is ...
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4 votes
1 answer
217 views

Given a non-field local domain $R$, finding a dominating Valuation ring whose residue field is algebraic/finite extension of the residue field of $R$

Let $(R, \mathfrak m)$ be a non-field local domain with fraction field $Q(R)$ . Let $k_{R}:=R/m$. We know that there is a Valuation ring $(V,\mathfrak m_V)$ such that $R \subseteq V \subsetneq Q(R)$ ...
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0 votes
0 answers
143 views

Why is any non-archimedean field Huber?

Here a non-archimedean field means a field $k$ whose topology is induced from a non-archimedean norm $| \cdot |: k \to \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$. As a reminder, a ring $A$ is adic if there is an ideal $I \...
3 votes
0 answers
86 views

Luroth's theorem for Discrete valuation rings?

Luroth's theorem states that if $k$ is a field and $L$ is a field extension of $k$ such that $k \subset L \subseteq k(X)$, then $L=k(f(X))$ for some $f(X) \in k(X) $ . My question is ; is there any ...
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3 votes
0 answers
244 views

Is the special case of Abhyankar's lemma is also considered as such?

Consider the following statement: Assume $E$ and $F$ are unramified (over some fixed prime) finite separable extensions of a field $K$. Then $EF$ is also unramified. I always thought that it is ...
4 votes
0 answers
98 views

Valued fields with quantifier elimination in the Macintyre language

For which fields $k$ of characteristic $p$ does the Witt construction of a discretely valued field $W(k)$ of characteristic $0$ with residue field $k$ eliminate quantifiers in the language of rings ...
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3 votes
0 answers
151 views

Rational power series and extensions

Let $F$ be a field, let $F(x)$ the field of rational functions, and let $F((x))$ the field of Laurent series (which contains $F(x)$). One may ask: which series $\sum_i a_i x^i$ lie in $F(x)$? The ...
7 votes
1 answer
269 views

Uniquely ordered commutative rings

I am wondering whether there are reasonable necessary and/or sufficient conditions to dedice whether a commutative ring can be uniquely ordered (like for instance $\mathbb{Z}$) or not. In the field ...
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2 votes
0 answers
65 views

Terminology for valuation-like functions on a vector space

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field $k$. I was wondering if there is a standard terminology for a function $v: V \setminus \{0\} \to \mathbb{R}$ which is invariant under multiplication by nonzero ...
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5 votes
1 answer
884 views

simple questions on topological rings arising in the context of Perfectoid Spaces

(I apologize in advance for these simple questions, I am a beginner trying to go through Scholze's paper Perfectoid Spaces). Let $(R, R^+)$ be an affinoid $k$-algebra as defined in Scholze's paper ...
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2 votes
0 answers
460 views

Valuation topology vs modified valuation topology

Let $K$ be a field with valuation $v:K\to G\cup\{\infty\}$ where $G$ is an ordered abelian group. In section 7.62 of the book "Foundations of analysis over surreal number fields." Vol. 141. Elsevier, ...
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5 votes
0 answers
184 views

Completions of $K(x)$

Let $K$ be a field. Are there books or articles discussing completions of $K(x)$ with respect to the metric induced by the $p$-adic valuation $|\;\;|_p$ where $p\in k[x]$ is irreducible and different ...
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1 vote
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How to prove that $k(x)$ is not complete in the $x$-adic metric [closed]

It is not hard to find proofs showing that $\mathbb{Q}$ is not complete with respect to the metric induced by the valuation $|\;\;|_p$. For example, it is enough to recall that every complete metric ...
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3 votes
1 answer
381 views

Birational Group Law

Let $S$ be a scheme and $X$ a smooth separated faithfully flat over $S$. An $S$-birational group law on $X$ is an $S$-rational map $$m:X\times_S X\dashrightarrow X, (x,y)\mapsto xy$$ such that a) the ...
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5 votes
2 answers
506 views

The notions of $H^0(\widehat{ D})$ and $h^0(\widehat{D})$ are not satisfactory

Let $K$ be a number field with ring of integers $O_K$. Moreover consider an Arakelov divisor $\widehat{D}\in\overline{\operatorname{Div }(\operatorname {Spec }O_K)}$, namely $$D=\sum_{\mathfrak p\;\...
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2 votes
0 answers
97 views

Group of units of a valuation

Let K be a field. Then a subring R of K is called a valuation ring if for all $x \in K^*,$ either $x \in R$ or $x^{-1} \in R$ (or both). It can be shown that for any valuation $v$ on $K,$ the ring $\...
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