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Questions tagged [valuation-theory]

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Bound for roots of a polynomial with coefficients in a non-Archimedean valued field

Is there any bound for the valuation of the roots of a given polynomial with coefficients in an algebraically closed non-Archimedean valued field? Any reference or insight would be appreciated.
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1answer
243 views

Is the integral closure of a valuation ring in a finite separable extension of its fraction field étale?

Let $K$ be a field endowed with a rank (height) one valuation with completion $\hat{K}$, which is not discrete. Let $R$ be the valuation ring of $K$. Let $L \subset \hat{K}$ be a separable finite ...
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Valuation Rings and Ultrafilters II

See my post here: Valuation Rings and Ultrafilters Let $K$ be a field, and let $\mathcal{S}$ be the set of pairs $(R, \mathfrak{p})$ of subrings $R$ of $K$ with designated prime ideals $\mathfrak{p}$ ...
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1answer
88 views

Definition of model functions and their density in $C^0(X^\text{an})$

I am (still) working through the paper Singular semipositive metrics in non-Archimedean geometry by Sebastien Boucksom, Charles Favre and Mattias Jonsson (J. Algebraic Geom. 25 (2016), 77-139, doi:10....
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1answer
50 views

Valuation of congruent elements in a local division ring

Let $K$ be a complete local division ring (note $v$ its valuation). For $x,y\in K$ ($y\ne0$), one puts $x^y=yxy^{-1}$. Let $r\in\mathbb N$. Consider $x,y\in K$ and $a,b\in K^*$ such that $v(x-y)\ge r$ ...
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1answer
58 views

On the maximal value of the valuation at infinity of elements in the ring of integers of a global function field

Let $F$ be a global function field with full constant field $\mathbb{F}_q$. We fix a place $\infty$ and let $A$ be the ring of elements of $F$ regular away from $\infty$. We denote by $v_\infty$ the ...
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1answer
117 views

Valuation ring satisfying either a.c.c. or d.c.c. on prime ideals

If a commutative ring with unity has finite Krull dimension, then it satisfies a.c.c. and d.c.c. on prime ideals. The converse is not true in general, as can be seen from here An infinite dimensional ...
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341 views

Ostrowski's Theorem for topological rings?

Ostrowski's theorem classifies all absolute values on a number field $K$. Questions: More generally, can one classify all Hausdorff topologies on $K$ making $K$ into a topological field? In ...
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1answer
120 views

Understanding a valuation property of function fields

I came across this point in a paper recently and I'm having difficulty seeing why it's true. Any explanations or hints would be appreciated. For any prime $\mathfrak{p}$ of $\mathbb{F}_q [t]$ such ...
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67 views

The localization of the integral closure of a valuation ring is a valuation ring

Let $L|K$ be a finite field extension, $v$ a non-archimedean valuation and $w$ an extension to $L.$ If $\mathcal{O}_L$ is the integral closure of the valuation ring $\mathcal{O}_v$ of $v$ in $L,$ show ...
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146 views

Valuation ring whose maximal ideal and every ideal of finite height are principal

Let $(R, \mathfrak m)$ be a valuation ring such that $\mathfrak m$ and every ideal of finite height is principal. Then is $R$ Noetherian , i.e. a discrete valuation ring ?
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115 views

'Smallest' subfield of the Surreals which is isomorphic to the Surreals as an ordered group

What is the smallest subfield $F\subset N_0$ such that $$(F,+,\times,\leq)\ncong(N_0,+,\times,\leq)$$ but $$(F,+,\leq)\cong(N_0,+,\leq)?$$ Since these are all going to be proper classes cardinality is ...
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Given a non-field local domain $R$, finding a dominating Valuation ring whose residue field is algebraic/finite extension of the residue field of $R$

Let $(R, \mathfrak m)$ be a non-field local domain with fraction field $Q(R)$ . Let $k_{R}:=R/m$. We know that there is a Valuation ring $(V,\mathfrak m_V)$ such that $R \subseteq V \subsetneq Q(R)$ ...
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Why is any non-archimedean field Huber?

Here a non-archimedean field means a field $k$ whose topology is induced from a non-archimedean norm $| \cdot |: k \to \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$. As a reminder, a ring $A$ is adic if there is an ideal $I \...
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Luroth's theorem for Discrete valuation rings?

Luroth's theorem states that if $k$ is a field and $L$ is a field extension of $k$ such that $k \subset L \subseteq k(X)$, then $L=k(f(X))$ for some $f(X) \in k(X) $ . My question is ; is there any ...
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Is the special case of Abhyankar's lemma is also considered as such?

Consider the following statement: Assume $E$ and $F$ are unramified (over some fixed prime) finite separable extensions of a field $K$. Then $EF$ is also unramified. I always thought that it is ...
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Valued fields with quantifier elimination in the Macintyre language

For which fields $k$ of characteristic $p$ does the Witt construction of a discretely valued field $W(k)$ of characteristic $0$ with residue field $k$ eliminate quantifiers in the language of rings ...
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104 views

Rational power series and extensions

Let $F$ be a field, let $F(x)$ the field of rational functions, and let $F((x))$ the field of Laurent series (which contains $F(x)$). One may ask: which series $\sum_i a_i x^i$ lie in $F(x)$? The ...
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Uniquely ordered commutative rings

I am wondering whether there are reasonable necessary and/or sufficient conditions to dedice whether a commutative ring can be uniquely ordered (like for instance $\mathbb{Z}$) or not. In the field ...
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Terminology for valuation-like functions on a vector space

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field $k$. I was wondering if there is a standard terminology for a function $v: V \setminus \{0\} \to \mathbb{R}$ which is invariant under multiplication by nonzero ...
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688 views

simple questions on topological rings arising in the context of Perfectoid Spaces

(I apologize in advance for these simple questions, I am a beginner trying to go through Scholze's paper Perfectoid Spaces). Let $(R, R^+)$ be an affinoid $k$-algebra as defined in Scholze's paper ...
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266 views

Valuation topology vs modified valuation topology

Let $K$ be a field with valuation $v:K\to G\cup\{\infty\}$ where $G$ is an ordered abelian group. In section 7.62 of the book "Foundations of analysis over surreal number fields." Vol. 141. Elsevier, ...
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Completions of $K(x)$

Let $K$ be a field. Are there books or articles discussing completions of $K(x)$ with respect to the metric induced by the $p$-adic valuation $|\;\;|_p$ where $p\in k[x]$ is irreducible and different ...
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How to prove that $k(x)$ is not complete in the $x$-adic metric [closed]

It is not hard to find proofs showing that $\mathbb{Q}$ is not complete with respect to the metric induced by the valuation $|\;\;|_p$. For example, it is enough to recall that every complete metric ...
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1answer
302 views

Birational Group Law

Let $S$ be a scheme and $X$ a smooth separated faithfully flat over $S$. An $S$-birational group law on $X$ is an $S$-rational map $$m:X\times_S X\dashrightarrow X, (x,y)\mapsto xy$$ such that ...
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421 views

The notions of $H^0(\widehat{ D})$ and $h^0(\widehat{D})$ are not satisfactory

Let $K$ be a number field with ring of integers $O_K$. Moreover consider an Arakelov divisor $\widehat{D}\in\overline{\operatorname{Div }(\operatorname {Spec }O_K)}$, namely $$D=\sum_{\mathfrak p\;\...
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86 views

Group of units of a valuation

Let K be a field. Then a subring R of K is called a valuation ring if for all $x \in K^*,$ either $x \in R$ or $x^{-1} \in R$ (or both). It can be shown that for any valuation $v$ on $K,$ the ring $\...
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Completion and algebraic closure

Following this question: Given a valued field $K$, denote with $\bar{K}$ its algebraic closure and with $\hat{K}$ the completion. Then both $\hat{\bar{K}}$ and $\hat{\bar{\hat{K}}}$ are complete and ...
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Structure of valuations on $\mathbb{F}_q(X,Y)$?

I'm looking to construct all valuations on $\mathbb{Q}(X,Y)$ extending the p-adic valuation on $\mathbb{Q}$ and understand their structural properties. In doing this, to obtain 3 dimensional valuation ...
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247 views

Is every Polish ring topology on $\mathbb{C}$ defined by an absolute value?

There is a unique up to isomorphism algebraically closed field of characteristic 0 and cardinality of the continuum. Let's call it $K$. We usually call it $\mathbb{C}$, but by this we impose a ...
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Relation between ramification index and length of filtration of ramification groups

Given a complete valued field $K$ with a discrete value group $\mathbb{Z}$, consider a totally ramified finite Galois extension $L$ of $K$ with its Galois group $G$. Let $O_L$ be the valuation integer ...
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Extension of a valuation on a function field

Let $K$ be a field, and $K(x)$ the field of rational functions over $K$. Consider the degree valuation $v$ on $K(x)$, That is $v\left(\frac{f(x)}{g(x)}\right)=\deg(g)-\deg(f)$. So for every $f(x)\in ...
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571 views

Examples of NIP fields of characteristic $p$

Definition. According to Shelah, a field $K$ does not have the independence property (i.e. is NIP) if for every first order formula $\varphi(x, \bar y)$ in the language of fields $(+,\times,0,1)$, the ...
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1answer
749 views

Completion of a finite field extension is also finite?

Let $(L,w)/(K,v)$ be a finite extension of valuation fields, and let $L_w$, $K_v$ be the respective completions of $(L,w)$, $(K,v)$. Is the field extension $L_w/K_v$ finite? For nonarchimedean ...
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163 views

Separable extensions of henselian fields

Let $(k,v)$ be a henselian field, with $\mathcal{O}$ and $\bar{k}$ being respectively its valuation ring and its residue field. If $K/k$ a finite separable field extension (on which $v$ thus extends ...
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220 views

Model over DVR for smooth projective curves

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective, geometrically irreducible curve of genus at least $2$ over a complete discrete valued field $F$ of characteristic zero (not necessarily algebraically closed). Let $R$ ...
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2answers
340 views

Subgroup of Projective general linear group on complete discrete valuation ring

Let $R$ be a complete dvr and $k$ its residue field of positive characteristic. Let $H$ be a finite subgroup of $PGL_2(k)$ such that the order of $H$ is prime with $char(k)$. Is there some ...
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1answer
377 views

Completion of discrete valuation ring

Let $R$ be an excellent, Henselian, discrete valuation ring with algebraically closed residue field and $\hat{R}$ be the completion of $R$. If I understand correctly, the residue field of $\hat{R}$ is ...
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378 views

Extension of a complete discrete valuation ring

My question came when I was reading the famous Tate's paper on $p$-divisible groups. At the beginning of chapter $(2.4)$ he cites this fact as obvious. If you take a complete discrete valuation ring $...
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1answer
229 views

On conductors, levels and traces on quaternion algebras

I am currently working on level issues in the division central simple algebra case, say $D$ over a local non-archimedean field $F$ (e.g. $\mathbf{Q}_p$). Let say that $\mathcal{O}_D$ and $\mathcal{O}...
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Is it decidable whether a finite type scheme is proper?

Let $k$ be a field and let $X$ be a finite type scheme over $k$, explicitly given by finitely many affine patches which are $\mathrm{Spec}$ of finitely generated $k$-algebras, glued along other affine ...
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611 views

How did height in algeb. number theory/elliptic curves started?

Maybe this is obvious but it isn't to me yet. What is the history of heights used in say points of the project plane over a number field or of elliptic curve over a number field? I would guess people ...
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Extension of the product formula for valuations to a simultaneous completion

It is well known that $\mathbb{C}$ and $\mathbb{C}_p$ are "algebraically" isomorphic (that is, ignoring the topology), but an isomorphism depends on the axiom of choice and there is no canonical way ...
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762 views

Finite extension of local fields

Can a (higher) local field have uncountably many finite (seperable) extensions?
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Goldbach-type problem: the valuation of irreducible elements of a subgroup of $\mathbb{Q}_{> 0}$

Let $\phi : \mathbb{Q}_{>0} \to \mathbb{Z}$ be the group morphism defined by $\phi(p) = p$ for $p$ a prime number. It follows that $\phi(\prod_i p_i^{n_i}) = \sum_i n_i p_i$, with $p_i$ a prime ...
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seek another proof of a result in Fourier analysis

It was proved on page 26 of this note the following result: Let $\xi$ be an algebraic number that is not a root of unity, then there exists an $n_0\geq 0$ with the property that $$\beta=\sum_{j=-n^2}^...
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1answer
565 views

Maximal unramified extension and inertia group for separable closure

I have a problem in understanding the inertia group of an infinite extension. I am studying it in this context. Let $K$ be a field, $v$ a discrete valuation on $K$, and $\mathcal{O}_v$ the discrete ...
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Jacobian Conjecture, Cubic-Keller maps

I have recently read an interesting article about the Jacobian Conjecture, in particular the reduction to the case $f(x) = x + A(x)^3$. I was wondering about codimension one divisors on $Y = A^n$. ...
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Saturation of a subalgebra over the Tate-algebra inside the power series ring

Let $A$ be a discrete valuation ring and $\pi$ a uniformizer. Over $A$ we consider the Tate-algebra $$A\langle t \rangle =\{ f=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nt^n \mid a_n\in A, \lim_{n\to \infty} \lvert a_n\...
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Valuations given by flags on a variety and valuations of maximal rational rank

I am interested in valuations on a function field $K=k(X)$ of some say smooth, projective $k$-variety $X$ of dimension $n$, where $k$ is some (algebraically closed) field (that implies trdeg$(K/k) = n$...