Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [ramification]

The tag has no usage guidance.

1
vote
1answer
159 views

Swan-conductor and base change

Let $C$ be a proper smooth curve over a perfect field $K$ of positive characteristic $p$, $u: U \hookrightarrow C$ strictly open and $\mathfrak{F}$ a lisse (lcc) $\mathbb{F}_l $-sheaf $(l \neq p)$ on $...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Unramified Extensions of Local Fields and $\mathcal{O}_L / Q^e \otimes_{k} k^{sep}$

Suppose I have an extension of number fields $L/K$, and a prime $P$ in $\mathcal{O}_K$ splits into $Q^e$ in $\mathcal{O}_L$. Put $k = \mathcal{O}_K / P$ and $k^{sep}$ for the separable closure of $k$. ...
6
votes
1answer
257 views

Can free rational curves lift to ramified covers of Fano varieties?

Does there exist $X$ a smooth Fano manifold, $f: Y \to X$ a nontrivial ramified finite cover, $C \subseteq X$ a smooth very free rational curve, such that $f$ is étale over a neighborhood of $C$? ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Formally unramified morphisms and open diagonals

Let $R\to S$ be a commutative unital $R$-algebra with dual arrow $X\to Y$. If I understand correctly, an open diagonal $\Delta_{X/Y}:X\to X\times _YX$ always implies $X\to Y$ is formally unramified, ...
10
votes
1answer
619 views

What are the primes that are ramified?

Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic field and $E$ be an elliptic curve with CM by $\mathcal{O}_K$. We know that the maximal unramified extension (Hilbert class field) $H/K$ is $K(j(E))$. Can we ...
3
votes
1answer
232 views

Image of the trace map of ring of integers

Let $L/\mathbb{Q}$ be a finite Galois extension, and let $\mathcal{O}_L$ be the ring of integers of $L$. We have $tr_{L/\mathbb{Q}}(\mathcal{O}_L)=d\mathbb{Z}$ for some $d\geq 1.$ Fact. $d=1$ if ...
1
vote
0answers
132 views

Reference request about what ramification looks like etale locally

Specifically, I'm looking for the proof of the following statement: If $X\rightarrow Y$ is a finite map of degree $n$ of curves over $\mathbb{C}$, and $P\in X$ maps to $Q\in Y$ with degree of ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

Is the number of ramified coverings of given degree of a curve with prescribed branch divisor finite?

Let Y be a smooth projective curve over C and prescribe a branch divisor B on Y. I want to know if the number of coverings of Y of fixed degree and branched along B is finite. If so, why? Or, where is ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Inverse Galois problem on the upper or lower numbering filtration

Let $K$ be a (complete) discrete valuated field and $E$ a Galois extension of group $G$. Then one has two filtrations on $G$, the upper and the lower numbering. Assume that $K$ is equal to its ...
0
votes
0answers
144 views

Ramified covering interpretation of an elliptic curve

Let $E:y^2=x(x-1)(x-\lambda)$ be the Legendre form of an elliptic curve $E$ defined over $\mathbb{C}$. The ramified covering $E\to \mathbb{P}_{1}$ defined so that $(x,y)\mapsto x$ has two branches and ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

What is the effect of imaginary quadratic extension on a quaternion algebra's ramified primes

A smart man once explained to me how to solve the following problem, then I forgot. Let $F\subset\mathbb{R}$ be a number field, let $d\in F^+$, and let $K=F(\sqrt{-d})$. Denote the rings of integers ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

Existence of infinite or bad places that ramify in $K(p^{-1}E(K))/K$ where $p$ is a prime of good reduction

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve, $K$ a number field so that $\operatorname{rank}_{K}(E)\geq 1,$ $p$ a prime of $\mathbb{Q}$ at which $E$ reduces well. We know (see for instance Silverman, The Arithmetic ...
5
votes
0answers
126 views

Traces in finite extensions of integrally closed domains

$\def\fp{\mathfrak{p}}\def\fq{\mathfrak{q}}$I'm looking for a reference for the following commutative algebra fact. Let $A$ be an integrally closed integral domain, with field of fractions $K$. ...
3
votes
0answers
230 views

Relation between ramification index and length of filtration of ramification groups

Given a complete valued field $K$ with a discrete value group $\mathbb{Z}$, consider a totally ramified finite Galois extension $L$ of $K$ with its Galois group $G$. Let $O_L$ be the valuation integer ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Unramified extension of number fields

Any finite field extension (in particular Galois extension) of $\mathbb{Q}$ is ramified. Is there an intuitive geometric explanation of this fact? Suppose we have an number field $K$, is any Galois ...
2
votes
1answer
354 views

Ramification of prime ideal in Kummer extension

Let $\mu \in \mathbb{Q}(\zeta_n)$ lie above the rational prime $p$, and let the prime ideal $\mathscr{P}\subset \mathbb{Z}[\zeta_n]$ have ramification index $a$ over $\mu$. Why is it then true that $...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Measure of ramification of local fields using upper numbering

We let $F$ be a non-archimedean local field (say with finite residue field). Consider a Galois extensions $E$ of $F$, with $G = Gal(E/F)$, in a fixed separable closure $\bar{F}$ of $F$. Considering ...
2
votes
0answers
621 views

Unramified extensions of a given degree

Let $K \neq \mathbb{Q} $ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. For a given integer $n$, how to construct an unramified extension of $K$ of degree $n$ ? EDIT: If not then under what conditions on $K$,...
5
votes
0answers
175 views

Is the moduli space of curves arising from wild ramification smooth?

Fix a natural number $g$, a prime $p$, and a $p$-group $P$. Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g$ with a faithful action of $P$ and an isomorphism $C / P \cong \mathbb P^1$ such that $P$ ...
10
votes
1answer
367 views

Control ramification in Noether Normalization

Let $X$ be an irreducible affine variety (integral, reduced scheme of finite type over an algebraically closed field $\Bbbk$ of characteristic zero) of dimension $n$. The well-known Noether ...
6
votes
2answers
516 views

When does a dyadic prime ramify in a relative quadratic extension?

In a quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$of $\mathbb{Q}$ it is clear that 2 ramifies if and only if $d\equiv 2,3\mod 4$ (easy to see if you compute the discriminant). But if I take a relative ...
1
vote
0answers
160 views

Degeneracy divisor of the “trace” morphism

Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a finite morphism of smooth curves over an alg. closed field of characteristic zero. I recently asked how methods reminiscent of basic algebraic number theory can be used to ...
9
votes
1answer
380 views

Showing that $2c_1(f_*\mathscr O_X)=-f_*R_f$ on curves, maybe by local fields

I originally asked this question on Mathematic StackExchange, but it did not seem to be attracting any attention, so now I am trying mathoverflow. I hope it is not too simple or unappropriate a ...
2
votes
1answer
292 views

Root discriminant lower bounds in algebraic geometry

Let $X$ be a simply-connected smooth projective variety over $\mathbb C$. Let $C$ be a curve on $X$. If $Y$ is a ramified cover of $X$ of degree $n$, and $D$ is the branch divisor of $Y$, call $(D \...
5
votes
2answers
729 views

How to explicitly see the ramification over infinity

Take the equation $y^{d}=\Pi_{1}^{n}(x-t_{i})^{m_{i}}$ over $\mathbb{C}$. This affine equation gives a cyclic cover of $\mathbb{P}^{1}$. Now it is usually said without explanation that if the sum $\...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Basic arithmetic behind ramification in quadratic number fields

Ramification of prime numbers in number fields is a topic relevant to what I'm studying (arithmetic hyperbolic 3-manifolds), and many results from algebraic number theory are used there, however most ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

ramification of discrete valuation field

Let $K$ be a discrete valuation field with valuation $v:K\rightarrow \mathbb Z\cup \{\infty\}$ which is normalized by $v(\pi)=1$ for a prime element $\pi$. Let $v:\overline K\rightarrow \mathbb Q\cup\{...
2
votes
0answers
166 views

Two different definitions of $\sigma$-L-spaces in Kottwitz I and II

In his papers "Isocrystals with additional structure" I and II, Kottwitz defines the notion of $\sigma$-$L$-spaces. In the first one the situation is the following $k$ an algebraically closed field ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

ramified quaternion algebras

I'm trying to better understand the connection between the concepts of ramification of a field extension, and ramification of a quaternion algebra. I'm also trying to build a better understanding of ...
8
votes
1answer
660 views

Question about local description of the branch locus

Let $\pi:Y\to X$ be a dominant, finite morphism of nonsingular varieties over an algebraically closed field $\Bbbk$. Assume furthermore that for all $Q\in Y$, with $P=\pi(Q)$, we have $$\mathcal O_{Y,...
8
votes
0answers
660 views

Elementary proof of the Hurwitz formula

I am aware of two forms of the Hurwitz formula. The first is more common, and deals only with the degrees. So if $f:X \rightarrow Y$ is a non-constant map of degree $n$ between two projective non-...
7
votes
0answers
165 views

Unicritical rational functions on curves in characteristic $p$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic $p$, and let $X_{/k}$ be a smooth projective connected curve. Let $x_0$ be a point of $X(k)$. How precisely can one describe the ...
6
votes
0answers
432 views

analog for the discriminant of number fields in the function field case?

Is there a nice algebraic way of determining the ramification of a morphism between curves? Ie, some analog of the discriminant of number fields? Specifically, I'm trying to prove that if $X$ is a ...
4
votes
2answers
814 views

trying to understand the support of the sheaf of relative differentials

So I'm trying to understand a proof of Belyi's theorem from http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/29785/1/b45h1koe.pdf specifically lemma 3.4. The setup is as follows: Let $X/\mathbb{C}$ be a curve, and let $t ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Fibre cardinality of an unramified morphism

Let $\varphi: X \to Y$ be a finite, dominant, unramified morphism of varieties over an algebraically closed field. If necessary, we can assume $X$ and $Y$ to be nonsingular. I am trying to prove that ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Finite, Étale Morphism Of Varieties

I have a, probably very simple, question: My intuition tells me that the following statement should be true, but I couldn't find it anywhere and I wanted to make sure I am not missing something. Let $...
17
votes
5answers
4k views

Higher dimensional version of the Hurwitz formula?

In Hartshorne IV.2, notions related to ramification and branching are introduced, but only for curves. The main result is the Hurwitz formula. Now if you have a finite surjective morphism between ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Ramification divisor associated to a cover of a regular scheme

Let $S$ be the spectrum of $\mathbf{Z}$ or the spectrum of an algebraically closed field. (Actually, one can take $S$ to be any noetherian integral regular scheme.) Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a ...
11
votes
1answer
793 views

Ramification in p-division fields associated to elliptic curves with good ordinary reduction

Dear MO, Let $p$ be a prime and let $E/\mathbb{Q}_p$ be an elliptic curve. Suppose that $E/\mathbb{Q}_p$ has good ordinary reduction at $p$. In his 1972 paper ``Propriétés galoisiennes des points d'...
2
votes
1answer
436 views

Can we construct rational functions with prescribed ramification on an algebraic curve over \Qbar

Let $C$ be a smooth projective connected curve of genus $g$ over $\bar{\mathbf{Q}}$. Fix a finite non-empty (Edit) set of closed points $S$ in $C$ and let $U$ be the complement of $S$ in $C$. Q1. (...
8
votes
1answer
592 views

Does combining Abhyankar's Lemma and embedded resolution give horizontal normal crossings

Let $\pi:Y\longrightarrow \mathbf{P}^1_{\mathbf{Z}}$ be a finite surjective flat morphism of schemes, where $Y$ is a normal integral flat projective 2-dimensional $\mathbf{Z}$-scheme, with branch ...
6
votes
3answers
779 views

Branch locus of the Galois closure of a Belyi morphism

A morphism of curves is said to be Galois if the corresponding extension of function fields is Galois. Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a finite morphism of smooth projective connected curves over $\...
6
votes
3answers
574 views

What is the different in the cyclotomic tower over a finite ramified extension of Qp?

If $K_n$ is the field $\mathbb{Q}_p(\mu_{p^n})$, then it's easy to see that the relative different $\mathcal{D}(K_n / K_{n-1})$ is $(p)$ for all $n \ge 2$. What happens if I take an arbitrary, ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Maximal (non-abelian) extensions of number fields unramified everywhere

Hello! Let $K$ be a number field. All abelian unramified extensions are contained in the Hilbert class field which is a finite extension 'maximal' with respect to this property. For general ...
6
votes
1answer
386 views

Choosing tau for elliptic curves over the rational numbers with prescribed ramification data

Let $r>2$ and let $b_1,b_2,\ldots,b_r$ be in $\mathbf{P}^1(\mathbf{Q})$. Let $B$ be the divisor $$B:= \sum [b_i].$$ We consider this data to be fixed. For $d>1$, we define $\textrm{Ell}(b_1,b_2,\...
4
votes
0answers
295 views

What to call the following variant of tame ramification

Suppose that $R \subseteq S$ is a generically separable extension of 1-dimensional normal domains (you can assume that $R$ is local if you'd like) of equal-characteristic $p > 0$ (for simplicity, ...
5
votes
1answer
888 views

What does the Riemann-Hurwitz formula tell us on the Picard variety

Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a finite separable morphism of smooth projective integral curves over an algebraically closed field. Then we have a linear equivalence of Weil divisors on $X$: $$ K_X=f^\...
5
votes
2answers
438 views

Tame ramification of (mild) curve singularities.

Suppose that $C$ and $D$ are curves of finite type over an algebraically closed field $k$ (we make some of these hypotheses for simplicity). We view these as pointed curves with singularities $c \in ...