# Questions tagged [ramification]

The ramification tag has no usage guidance.

57
questions

**4**

votes

**0**answers

372 views

### Is there a Galois theory for deformations of curves?

I have some general questions about the deformations of Galois covers of curves. Suppose we are given a $G$-Galois cover $k[[z]]/k[[x]]$, where $k$ is algebraically closed of characteristic $p>0$. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

142 views

### Computing the kernel of some Artin-Map

let $K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-5})$ and $L = K(i)$. $\mathcal{O}_K$ is the ring of integers of K.
I would like to show that the kernel of the Artin-Map $\phi_{L/K}: I_K \rightarrow Gal(L/K)$ is $P_K$, ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

49 views

### Relative degree of a prime over a number field (notation from Algebraic Number Fields from Gerald J. Janusz) [closed]

I´m working with "Algebraic Number Fields" from Gerald J. Janusz (1. edition from 1973) and I have a question about his notation.
In chapter IV proposition 4.5 he states if K is an algebraic number ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### Deligne's “Notes sur Euler-Poincaré: brouillon project”

Is the note "Notes sur Euler-Poincaré: brouillon project" by Deligne available somewhere online? If not, is there a way that I could get a copy of it?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### A problem in Bushnell and Henniart's book, “The local Langlands conjecture for GL(2)”

On page 123 of Chapter 5 in Bushnell and Henniart's book The Local Langlands Conjecture for GL(2), they state
an elementary property of tamely ramified extension of local fields, which is as follows,
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Values of Grössencharacter attached to CM elliptic curve

I am trying a cross-post here, as my previous post on stackexchange was not as fruitful as I hoped. The link to the older post is: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3327269/values-of-...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Ramification divisor with base change

Let's work over $\mathbb{C}$. Consider the following commutative diagram
\begin{array}{llllllllllll}
E_1& \xrightarrow{f} &E_2\\
\downarrow{\pi} &&\downarrow{\pi}\\
P_1 & \...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### Ramification concept in complex analysis and algebraic number theory

I have a question about the connection between the concept of ramification/branching out for Riemann surfaces and algebraic number theory:
In the theory of Riemann surfaces we have following ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Infinite Non Abelian Extensions Unramified Outside p

Let $K$ be a number field and $p$ be a fixed odd prime. Suppose $\mathfrak{p}\mid p$ is the only prime prime above $p$ in $K$, and that $p$ does not divide the class number of $K$ (I am okay with ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

264 views

### Swan-conductor and base change

Let $C$ be a proper smooth curve over a perfect field $K$ of positive characteristic $p$, $u: U \hookrightarrow C$ strictly open and $\mathfrak{F}$ a lisse (lcc) $\mathbb{F}_l $-sheaf $(l \neq p)$ on $...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

95 views

### Unramified Extensions of Local Fields and $\mathcal{O}_L / Q^e \otimes_{k} k^{sep}$

Suppose I have an extension of number fields $L/K$, and a prime $P$ in $\mathcal{O}_K$ splits into $Q^e$ in $\mathcal{O}_L$. Put $k = \mathcal{O}_K / P$ and $k^{sep}$ for the separable closure of $k$. ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

341 views

### Can free rational curves lift to ramified covers of Fano varieties?

Does there exist $X$ a smooth Fano manifold, $f: Y \to X$ a nontrivial ramified finite cover, $C \subseteq X$ a smooth very free rational curve, such that $f$ is étale over a neighborhood of $C$?
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Formally unramified morphisms and open diagonals

Let $R\to S$ be a commutative unital $R$-algebra with dual arrow $X\to Y$. If I understand correctly, an open diagonal $\Delta_{X/Y}:X\to X\times _YX$ always implies $X\to Y$ is formally unramified, ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

816 views

### What are the primes that are ramified?

Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic field and $E$ be an elliptic curve with CM by $\mathcal{O}_K$. We know that the maximal unramified extension (Hilbert class field) $H/K$ is $K(j(E))$. Can we ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Image of the trace map of ring of integers

Let $L/\mathbb{Q}$ be a finite Galois extension, and let $\mathcal{O}_L$ be the ring of integers of $L$.
We have $tr_{L/\mathbb{Q}}(\mathcal{O}_L)=d\mathbb{Z}$ for some $d\geq 1.$
Fact. $d=1$ if ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

132 views

### Reference request about what ramification looks like etale locally

Specifically, I'm looking for the proof of the following statement:
If $X\rightarrow Y$ is a finite map of degree $n$ of curves over $\mathbb{C}$, and $P\in X$ maps to $Q\in Y$ with degree of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Is the number of ramified coverings of given degree of a curve with prescribed branch divisor finite?

Let Y be a smooth projective curve over C and prescribe a branch divisor B on Y. I want to know if the number of coverings of Y of fixed degree and branched along B is finite. If so, why? Or, where is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Inverse Galois problem on the upper or lower numbering filtration

Let $K$ be a (complete) discrete valuated field and $E$ a Galois extension of group $G$. Then one has two filtrations on $G$, the upper and the lower numbering.
Assume that $K$ is equal to its ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### Ramified covering interpretation of an elliptic curve

Let $E:y^2=x(x-1)(x-\lambda)$ be the Legendre form of an elliptic curve $E$ defined over $\mathbb{C}$. The ramified covering $E\to \mathbb{P}_{1}$ defined so that $(x,y)\mapsto x$ has two branches and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### What is the effect of imaginary quadratic extension on a quaternion algebra's ramified primes

A smart man once explained to me how to solve the following problem, then I forgot.
Let $F\subset\mathbb{R}$
be a number field,
let $d\in F^+$,
and let $K=F(\sqrt{-d})$.
Denote the rings of integers ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Existence of infinite or bad places that ramify in $K(p^{-1}E(K))/K$ where $p$ is a prime of good reduction

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve, $K$ a number field so that $\operatorname{rank}_{K}(E)\geq 1,$ $p$ a prime of $\mathbb{Q}$ at which $E$ reduces well.
We know (see for instance Silverman, The Arithmetic ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Traces in finite extensions of integrally closed domains

$\def\fp{\mathfrak{p}}\def\fq{\mathfrak{q}}$I'm looking for a reference for the following commutative algebra fact.
Let $A$ be an integrally closed integral domain, with field of fractions $K$. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

320 views

### Relation between ramification index and length of filtration of ramification groups

Given a complete valued field $K$ with a discrete value group $\mathbb{Z}$, consider a totally ramified finite Galois extension $L$ of $K$ with its Galois group $G$. Let $O_L$ be the valuation integer ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Unramified extension of number fields

Any finite field extension (in particular Galois extension) of $\mathbb{Q}$ is ramified. Is there an intuitive geometric explanation of this fact?
Suppose we have an number field $K$, is any Galois ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

424 views

### Ramification of prime ideal in Kummer extension

Let $\mu \in \mathbb{Q}(\zeta_n)$ lie above the rational prime $p$, and let the prime ideal $\mathscr{P}\subset \mathbb{Z}[\zeta_n]$ have ramification index $a$ over $\mu$.
Why is it then true that $...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

182 views

### Measure of ramification of local fields using upper numbering

We let $F$ be a non-archimedean local field (say with finite residue field). Consider a Galois extensions $E$ of $F$, with $G = Gal(E/F)$, in a fixed separable closure $\bar{F}$ of $F$. Considering ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

689 views

### Unramified extensions of a given degree

Let $K \neq \mathbb{Q} $ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. For a given integer $n$, how to construct an unramified extension of $K$ of degree $n$ ?
EDIT: If not then under what conditions on $K$,...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### Is the moduli space of curves arising from wild ramification smooth?

Fix a natural number $g$, a prime $p$, and a $p$-group $P$.
Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g$ with a faithful action of $P$ and an isomorphism $C / P \cong \mathbb P^1$ such that $P$ ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

401 views

### Control ramification in Noether Normalization

Let $X$ be an irreducible affine variety (integral, reduced scheme of finite type over an algebraically closed field $\Bbbk$ of characteristic zero) of dimension $n$. The well-known Noether ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

546 views

### When does a dyadic prime ramify in a relative quadratic extension?

In a quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$of $\mathbb{Q}$ it is clear that 2 ramifies if and only if $d\equiv 2,3\mod 4$ (easy to see if you compute the discriminant). But if I take a relative ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Degeneracy divisor of the “trace” morphism

Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a finite morphism of smooth curves over an alg. closed field of characteristic zero. I recently asked how methods reminiscent of basic algebraic number theory can be used to ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

392 views

### Showing that $2c_1(f_*\mathscr O_X)=-f_*R_f$ on curves, maybe by local fields

I originally asked this question on Mathematic StackExchange, but it did not seem to be attracting any attention, so now I am trying mathoverflow. I hope it is not too simple or unappropriate a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Root discriminant lower bounds in algebraic geometry

Let $X$ be a simply-connected smooth projective variety over $\mathbb C$. Let $C$ be a curve on $X$.
If $Y$ is a ramified cover of $X$ of degree $n$, and $D$ is the branch divisor of $Y$, call $(D \...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

903 views

### How to explicitly see the ramification over infinity

Take the equation $y^{d}=\Pi_{1}^{n}(x-t_{i})^{m_{i}}$ over $\mathbb{C}$. This affine equation gives a cyclic cover of $\mathbb{P}^{1}$. Now it is usually said without explanation that if the sum $\...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Basic arithmetic behind ramification in quadratic number fields

Ramification of prime numbers in number fields is a topic relevant to what I'm studying (arithmetic hyperbolic 3-manifolds), and many results from algebraic number theory are used there, however most ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### ramification of discrete valuation field

Let $K$ be a discrete valuation field with valuation $v:K\rightarrow \mathbb Z\cup \{\infty\}$ which is normalized by $v(\pi)=1$ for a prime element $\pi$. Let $v:\overline K\rightarrow \mathbb Q\cup\{...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Two different definitions of $\sigma$-L-spaces in Kottwitz I and II

In his papers "Isocrystals with additional structure" I and II, Kottwitz defines the notion of $\sigma$-$L$-spaces. In the first one the situation is the following
$k$ an algebraically closed field ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### ramified quaternion algebras

I'm trying to better understand the connection between the concepts of ramification of a field extension, and ramification of a quaternion algebra. I'm also trying to build a better understanding of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

669 views

### Question about local description of the branch locus

Let $\pi:Y\to X$ be a dominant, finite morphism of nonsingular varieties over an algebraically closed field $\Bbbk$. Assume furthermore that for all $Q\in Y$, with $P=\pi(Q)$, we have
$$\mathcal O_{Y,...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

761 views

### Elementary proof of the Hurwitz formula

I am aware of two forms of the Hurwitz formula. The first is more common, and deals only with the degrees. So if $f:X \rightarrow Y$ is a non-constant map of degree $n$ between two projective non-...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

177 views

### Unicritical rational functions on curves in characteristic $p$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic $p$, and let $X_{/k}$ be a smooth projective connected curve. Let $x_0$ be a point of $X(k)$.
How precisely can one describe the ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

476 views

### analog for the discriminant of number fields in the function field case?

Is there a nice algebraic way of determining the ramification of a morphism between curves? Ie, some analog of the discriminant of number fields?
Specifically, I'm trying to prove that if $X$ is a ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

911 views

### trying to understand the support of the sheaf of relative differentials

So I'm trying to understand a proof of Belyi's theorem from http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/29785/1/b45h1koe.pdf
specifically lemma 3.4.
The setup is as follows: Let $X/\mathbb{C}$ be a curve, and let $t ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Fibre cardinality of an unramified morphism

Let $\varphi: X \to Y$ be a finite, dominant, unramified morphism of varieties over an algebraically closed field. If necessary, we can assume $X$ and $Y$ to be nonsingular. I am trying to prove that
...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Finite, Étale Morphism Of Varieties

I have a, probably very simple, question: My intuition tells me that the following statement should be true, but I couldn't find it anywhere and I wanted to make sure I am not missing something.
Let $...

**19**

votes

**5**answers

5k views

### Higher dimensional version of the Hurwitz formula?

In Hartshorne IV.2, notions related to ramification and branching are introduced, but only for curves. The main result is the Hurwitz formula.
Now if you have a finite surjective morphism between ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Ramification divisor associated to a cover of a regular scheme

Let $S$ be the spectrum of $\mathbf{Z}$ or the spectrum of an algebraically closed field. (Actually, one can take $S$ to be any noetherian integral regular scheme.)
Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

858 views

### Ramification in p-division fields associated to elliptic curves with good ordinary reduction

Dear MO,
Let $p$ be a prime and let $E/\mathbb{Q}_p$ be an elliptic curve. Suppose that $E/\mathbb{Q}_p$ has good ordinary reduction at $p$. In his 1972 paper ``Propriétés galoisiennes des points d'...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

478 views

### Can we construct rational functions with prescribed ramification on an algebraic curve over \Qbar

Let $C$ be a smooth projective connected curve of genus $g$ over $\bar{\mathbf{Q}}$. Fix a finite non-empty (Edit) set of closed points $S$ in $C$ and let $U$ be the complement of $S$ in $C$.
Q1. (...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

616 views

### Does combining Abhyankar's Lemma and embedded resolution give horizontal normal crossings

Let $\pi:Y\longrightarrow \mathbf{P}^1_{\mathbf{Z}}$ be a finite surjective flat morphism of schemes, where $Y$ is a normal integral flat projective 2-dimensional $\mathbf{Z}$-scheme, with branch ...