# Questions tagged [ramification]

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### Is the following local map unramified?

Let $(R,m)$ and $(S,n)$ be two local rings, $R \subseteq S$, $R$ regular, $S$ a finitely generated and flat $R$-algebra, and $mS=n$. In comments to this question it was claimed that in such situation ...
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### Weierstrass points in Artin-Schreier extensions of the rational function field in characteristic $p$

I encountered a problem when proving a result regarding the orders at non-Weierstrass points ($n$ is an order of the point $P$ if there is some holomorphic differential $\omega$ with order $n$ at $P$) ...
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### What is the indecomposable decomposition of holomorphic differentials of an Artin-Schreier curve C as a Z/p-representation?

I am attempting to decompose the holomorphic differentials of an Artin-Schreier-Witt curve as a $\mathbb{Z}/p^n$-representation. This is done in Theorem 1 of Madan-Valentini Automorphisms and ...
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### Wild ramification in composite fields

Let $F$, $F_i$ for $i = 1, 2$ and $E$ be function fields over a finite field with characteristic $p$ such that $F \subseteq F_i \subseteq E$ and $E = F_1 \cdot F_2$ is the composite ...
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### Action of the symmetric group $S_3$ on an elliptic curve $E$ defined over $\mathbb{Z}$

I came up with the following question on a facebook group: find the positive integer solutions of the equation $$\frac{x}{y+z}+\frac{y}{x+z}+\frac{z}{x+y}=4$$ Now clearly this is very difficult, ...
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### The variety induced by an extension of a field

If $K$ is a finitely generated field extension of $k$, then there exists an irreducible affine $k$-variety with function field $K$. The idea is that if $x_1, \dots, x_n$ are generators of $K$ under $k$...
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### Is there a Galois theory for deformations of curves?

I have some general questions about the deformations of Galois covers of curves. Suppose we are given a $G$-Galois cover $k[[z]]/k[[x]]$, where $k$ is algebraically closed of characteristic $p>0$. ...
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### Computing the kernel of some Artin-Map

let $K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-5})$ and $L = K(i)$. $\mathcal{O}_K$ is the ring of integers of K. I would like to show that the kernel of the Artin-Map $\phi_{L/K}: I_K \rightarrow Gal(L/K)$ is $P_K$, ...
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### Relative degree of a prime over a number field (notation from Algebraic Number Fields from Gerald J. Janusz) [closed]

I´m working with "Algebraic Number Fields" from Gerald J. Janusz (1. edition from 1973) and I have a question about his notation. In chapter IV proposition 4.5 he states if K is an algebraic number ...
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### Deligne's “Notes sur Euler-Poincaré: brouillon project”

Is the note "Notes sur Euler-Poincaré: brouillon project" by Deligne available somewhere online? If not, is there a way that I could get a copy of it?
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### A problem in Bushnell and Henniart's book, “The local Langlands conjecture for GL(2)”

On page 123 of Chapter 5 in Bushnell and Henniart's book The Local Langlands Conjecture for GL(2), they state an elementary property of tamely ramified extension of local fields, which is as follows, ...
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### Values of Grössencharacter attached to CM elliptic curve

I am trying a cross-post here, as my previous post on stackexchange was not as fruitful as I hoped. The link to the older post is: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3327269/values-of-...
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### Ramification divisor with base change

Let's work over $\mathbb{C}$. Consider the following commutative diagram \begin{array}{llllllllllll} E_1& \xrightarrow{f} &E_2\\ \downarrow{\pi} &&\downarrow{\pi}\\ P_1 & \...
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### Ramification concept in complex analysis and algebraic number theory

I have a question about the connection between the concept of ramification/branching out for Riemann surfaces and algebraic number theory: In the theory of Riemann surfaces we have following ...
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### Infinite Non Abelian Extensions Unramified Outside p

Let $K$ be a number field and $p$ be a fixed odd prime. Suppose $\mathfrak{p}\mid p$ is the only prime prime above $p$ in $K$, and that $p$ does not divide the class number of $K$ (I am okay with ...
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### Relation between ramification index and length of filtration of ramification groups

Given a complete valued field $K$ with a discrete value group $\mathbb{Z}$, consider a totally ramified finite Galois extension $L$ of $K$ with its Galois group $G$. Let $O_L$ be the valuation integer ...
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### Unramified extension of number fields

Any finite field extension (in particular Galois extension) of $\mathbb{Q}$ is ramified. Is there an intuitive geometric explanation of this fact? Suppose we have an number field $K$, is any Galois ...
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### Two different definitions of $\sigma$-L-spaces in Kottwitz I and II

In his papers "Isocrystals with additional structure" I and II, Kottwitz defines the notion of $\sigma$-$L$-spaces. In the first one the situation is the following $k$ an algebraically closed field ...
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### ramified quaternion algebras

I'm trying to better understand the connection between the concepts of ramification of a field extension, and ramification of a quaternion algebra. I'm also trying to build a better understanding of ...
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### Question about local description of the branch locus

Let $\pi:Y\to X$ be a dominant, finite morphism of nonsingular varieties over an algebraically closed field $\Bbbk$. Assume furthermore that for all $Q\in Y$, with $P=\pi(Q)$, we have \mathcal O_{Y,...
I am aware of two forms of the Hurwitz formula. The first is more common, and deals only with the degrees. So if $f:X \rightarrow Y$ is a non-constant map of degree $n$ between two projective non-...
### Unicritical rational functions on curves in characteristic $p$
Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic $p$, and let $X_{/k}$ be a smooth projective connected curve. Let $x_0$ be a point of $X(k)$. How precisely can one describe the ...