# Questions tagged [absolute-galois-group]

The absolute-galois-group tag has no usage guidance.

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### Elliptic curves and images of decompositions group exceptional?

Given an elliptic curve $E$ and its mod $p$ Galois representation $\bar{\rho}_{E,p}$, I am wondering what are the possibilities for $\bar{\rho}_{E,p}(G_l)$, where $G_l:=$Gal($\overline{\mathbb{Q}_l}/\...

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### Absolute Galois cohomology of function fields (of high-dimensional) varieties

What is known about the absolute Galois cohomology of function fields of varieties of dimension 2 or larger? Specifically, I am interested in multiplicative coefficients $\mathbb G_m$.
I have seen ...

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### Galois action on automorphisms of a curve

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve defined over a local field $K/\mathbb{Q}_p$. Denote by $\text{Aut}(C)$ the geometric automorphism group of $C$, which consist of isomorphisms of $C\times_{\text{...

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### Involutions in the absolute Galois group (and the Axiom of Choice)

It is known that the only elementary abelian $2$-groups (finite and nonfinite) in $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ are in fact finite and cyclic – that is to say, they are of order $2$....

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### Algebraically closed fields with only finite orbits

The automorphism groups $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{F}_q}/\mathbb{F}_q)$ of algebraic closures of finite fields $\mathbb{F}_q$ and the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\...

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### If $H$ is a quotient of $G$, does there exist an $H$-extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ not contained in a $G$-extension?

Let $\phi\colon G\rightarrow H$ be a surjective homomorphism between finite groups. Assume that $\phi$ is not split, in other words there exists no homomorphism $\sigma\colon H\rightarrow G$ such that ...

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### Elementary abelian 2-subgroups of $\mathrm{Aut}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ (with and without choice)

Consider the absolute Galois group $G_{\mathbb{Q}} := \mathrm{Aut}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$.
As I understand it, the only torsion elements have order $2$ (by Artin-Schreier), and they are ...

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### Relation between $G_{\mathbb{Q}_p}$ for different primes

Let $G_{\mathbb{Q}_p}$ denote the absolute Galois group of the $p$-adic field $\mathbb{Q}_{p}$. Also, their structure as abstract groups is completely known.
It is well known that this group embeds ...

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### Connections between Borger's absolute geometry and Connes' and Consani's $\Gamma$-spaces

As the idea of an absolute geometry over the field with one element $\mathbb{F}_1$ becomes more clear, two approaches seem to have crystallized, being based on different assumptions and going into ...

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### Shafarevich's conjecture on Galois groups over fields ramified at finitely many places

Let $K$ be a number field i.e. a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$, $\overline{K}$ a fixed separable closure of $K$, and $G_K:=\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{K}/K)$ the absolute Galois group of $K$. Let $S$ be ...

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### Is the group $\mathrm{Gal}(\mathbb{C}/\overline{\mathbb{Q}})$ known?

The automorphism group of the complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$ and the Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ are amongst the most mysterious and worst understood objects in Galois ...

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### Absolute Galois group, number theory and the Axiom of Choice

Richard Taylor once explained his research (in number theory) in a very simple way: understanding the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$.
It is known that in ...

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### Dessins d'enfants and the absolute Galois group

If I am not mistaken, Alexander Grothendieck introduced dessins d'enfants as they are known today, in order to better understand the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q}...

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### Reference request: projectivity of the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}^{\mathrm{ab}}$

$\newcommand{\ab}{\mathrm{ab}}$Let $\mathbb{Q}^{\ab}$ denote the maximal abelian extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. I have heard the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}^{\ab}$ is projective (e.g. see this ...

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### Tits algebra of the quasi-split semisimple algebraic groups

My question arose from the proof of Proposition 31.7 of "The book of involutions."
It says "… is the Tits algebra of the quasisplit group $(G_{\nu_G})_{F_{\chi}}$, hence it is trivial.&...

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### Is the absolute Galois group $\text{Gal}(\bar K/K)$ isomorphic to $\text{Gal}(K(S)/K)$?

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ with ring of integers $\mathcal{O}$, maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$ and uniformizer $\pi$. Let $\bar K$ be the algebraic closure of $K$ and $\bar{\...

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### The Brauer group and the second Galois cohomology group

I know that for any finite Galois extension K of $\mathbb{Q}$ the group $H^2(Gal(K/\mathbb{Q}),K^*)$ is isomorphic to the Brauer group $Br(K/\mathbb{Q})$. The isomorphism goes as follows: to a 2-...

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### Dessins d'enfant of Dynkin diagrams?

Dessins d'enfant have a nice particular case of Shabat trees, where we take a tree, bicolor it, and get a polynomial map.
A very famous set of trees are the Dynkin diagrams. I wonder what are the ...

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### How are problems about number fields reduced to problems about their absolute Galois groups?

The article on Wikipedia about Neukirch–Uchida theorem claims right from the beginning the statement in my question. I have seen similar claims elsewhere before.
I am a little puzzled by this ...

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### Absolute Galois group of Q and stratification of moduli space of curves

This is slightly related, but distinct from, a question I asked earlier.
The moduli space of ribbon graphs with metric (with all vertices having degree at least 3) is isomorphic to the moduli space of ...

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### Is semi-simplicity of Galois representations local?

Let $\rho:G_{\mathbb{Q}}\rightarrow \text{Gl}(V)$ be a finite dimensional $\ell$-adic Galois representation. Then for each prime, by pre-composing $\rho$ with the natural inclusion $G_{\mathbb{Q}_p}\...

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### $G_{\mathbb Q}$ and primes of $\overline{\mathbb{Z}}$

I know that if $K/\mathbb Q$ is a finite Galois extension (i.e. a Galois number field), then for any prime $(p)\subseteq \mathbb Z$, the Galois group $G=\operatorname{Gal}(K/\mathbb Q)$ acts ...

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### Commutator subgroup of the absolute Galois group - a closed subgroup

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. Is it possible that the commutator subgroup of the absolute Galois group of $K$ (considered as an abstract group) is a closed subgroup? This property ...

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### Grothendieck-Teichmüller conjecture and tropicalization of moduli of curves

Abramovich, Caporaso and Payne (2014) have constructed functorial tropicalization maps from the Berkovich analytification of the moduli spaces of stable curves, $\overline{M}_{g,n}$, to the moduli ...

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### Meaning of epimorphism from full Galois group to some group

My problem has two parts: let $\;G:=\operatorname{Gal}(\overline{\Bbb Q}/\Bbb Q)\;$ be the full Galois group of the rationals and $\;K\;$ be some finite group, then:
(1) Does having an epimorphism (...

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### Is this Related to Tannakian Formalism?

I am wondering how I might be able to express the following phenomenon, which is essentially equivalent to Artin's linear independence of characters, in Tannakian formalism. Any help would be much ...

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### maximal pro-l-quotients of absolute Galois groups

Let $K$ be a field, preferably a function field of a variety $X$ over $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$. I am looking for an answer or existing literature on the following question:
What is known about the ...

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### Interesting (combinatorial) actions of the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$

I have read many times that it is crucial to understand the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q}) =: L$, in so far that some have stated (was it Richard Taylor ?) that ...

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### Recovering the Zariski topology from the Zariski topology over an extension

Suppose $A$ is a $k$-algebra, with $k$ a field, and let $\ell$ be a field extension of $k$. Is there an easy way to see/recover $\mathrm{Spec}(A)$ in/from $\mathrm{Spec}(A \otimes_k \ell)$, using the ...

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### absolute Galois group of the function field of a curve over $\mathbb{F}_p^{alg}$

In their 2008 paper "Torelli theorem for curves over finite fields" Bogomolov, Korotiaev and Tschinkel mention in the beginning of Section 9 that absolute Galois groups of curves over $\mathbb{F}_p^{...

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### Teichmuller groupoids in Grothendieck's esquisse d'un programme

Grothendieck in his Esquisse d'un programme mentioned without any precise definition and construction that the absolute Galois group $Gal(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ acts on the whole "tower" ...

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### Is co-restriction in Galois cohomology in fact the norm map via Kummer isomorphism?

Let $\mathrm{F}$ be a field that contains a root of unity of order $p$, where $p$ is a prime number. Fix an element $a$ such that $a \in \mathrm{F}$ and $\sqrt[p]{a} \notin \mathrm{F}$. Consider the ...

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### Classify all the fields with abelian absolute Galois group

I'm wondering if anyone has classified all the fields $K$ such that $Gal(\bar{K}/K)$ is abelian?
The only examples I'm aware of are: finite fields, the real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ and $k((T))$ where $k$...

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### What "should" be the absolute galois group of a field with one element

As far as I know there is many "suggestions" of what should be a "field with one element" $\mathbf{F}_{1}$.
My question is the following:
How we should think or what should be the "absolute Galois ...

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### induced isomorphism in continuous cohomology

Suppose that we have a morphism between profinite groups $f: G_{1}\rightarrow G_{2}$ such that $f^{\ast}:H_{cont}^{\ast}(G_{2},A)\rightarrow H_{cont}^{\ast}(G_{1},A) $ is an isomorphism for any finite ...

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### Consequences of Shafarevich conjecture

The Shafarevich conjecture states that the Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}({\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q}^{ab}})$ is a free profinite group, where $\mathbf{Q}^{ab}$ is the maximal abelian extension of $\...

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### Another fix field of a certain galois group action

Let $E=\mathbb{F}_p(\!(u)\!)$, the Laurent series field over $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $K/E$ be a finite normal separable extension. Consider the field $L=K(x \mid x^p-x-a=0 \text{ for some } a \in K)$. Let ...

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### Fix field of a certain galois group action

Let $E= \mathbb{F}_p(\!(u)\!)$, $E^s$ a separable closure of $E$ and write $G_E= \mathrm{Gal}(E^s/E)$ for the absolute Galois group of $E$. Take a lift of the $u$-adic valuation on $E$ to $E^s$ and ...

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### Langlands program vs Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture

Edward Frenkel said that "we can see Langlands program as a generalization of Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture in the case of elliptic curves"
I hope I'm not distorting his phrase, can someone ...

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### Is the absolute Galois group the same as the automorphism group? [closed]

Is the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}|\mathbf{Q})$ the same as the group $\mathrm{Aut}_{\mathbf{Q}}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}})$ the automorphism group in the category of $\...

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### Profinite groups as absolute Galois groups

It is a well-known result that all profinite groups arise as the Galois group of some field extension.
What profinite groups are the absolute Galois group
$\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{K}|K)$ of some ...

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### Weight filtration on certain Galois representations

Let $G$ be the absolute Galois group of a number field $K$. Let $\ell$ be a prime number. There are representations $\mathbb{Z}_\ell(n)$ of $G$ on the group of $\ell$-adic integers given by the ...

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### Dessins d'enfants and absolute Galois group

I would like to know what is the recent progress about the group homomorphism
$$ \mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})\rightarrow \mathrm{Out}(\hat{F_{2}})$$
$\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{...

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### Which fields have no extensions of degree divisble by a fixed prime?

Let $p$ be a prime. What are the most general examples of a field $K$ such that for any finite extension $L/K$ the degree $[L:K]$ is prime to $p$?
Certainly, there are algebraically closed examples ...

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### Unramified extension of number fields

Any finite field extension (in particular Galois extension) of $\mathbb{Q}$ is ramified. Is there an intuitive geometric explanation of this fact?
Suppose we have an number field $K$, is any Galois ...

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### Frobenius elements in infinite extensions

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar K$ an algebraic closure and $G$ the associated absolute Galois group. How can I define the Frobenius elements of $G$ or at least their conjugacy class?
I know how ...

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### Fixed field of the Nebentypus of a newform for $\Gamma_1(N)$

Let $f=\sum_{n\geq 1}\in S_2(\Gamma_1(N),\varepsilon)$ be a normalized newform without CM and with Nebentypus $\varepsilon$. Let $L=\mathbb Q(a_n\colon n\in \mathbb N)$ be the number field generated ...

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### Galois group for 0-dimensional motives

It is my understanding that in dimension 0, the theory of motives should just be Galois theory for fields. I am hoping to find a reference or two to help me get some things straightened out.
One can ...

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### English version of "Quasi-Hopf Algebras"

I was wondering where I can find a pdf of Drinfeld's paper "Quasi-Hopf Algebras," which formulated the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group. The Russian version is in Algebra i Analiz, 1:6 (1989), 114–148, ...

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### The relationship between SL(2,Z) and Gal(Qbar,Q)

(caveat: I'm not a number-theorist or Langlands-programme-er, and I don't expect to understand all the answers to this question, but I figured they might be useful to someone besides me).
I've been ...