# Questions tagged [absolute-galois-group]

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• 1,641
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### Involutions in the absolute Galois group (and the Axiom of Choice)

It is known that the only elementary abelian $2$-groups (finite and nonfinite) in $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ are in fact finite and cyclic – that is to say, they are of order $2$....
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• 4,353
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### Reference request: projectivity of the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}^{\mathrm{ab}}$

$\newcommand{\ab}{\mathrm{ab}}$Let $\mathbb{Q}^{\ab}$ denote the maximal abelian extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. I have heard the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}^{\ab}$ is projective (e.g. see this ...
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### Tits algebra of the quasi-split semisimple algebraic groups

My question arose from the proof of Proposition 31.7 of "The book of involutions." It says "… is the Tits algebra of the quasisplit group $(G_{\nu_G})_{F_{\chi}}$, hence it is trivial.&...
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• 4,246
1 vote
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### $G_{\mathbb Q}$ and primes of $\overline{\mathbb{Z}}$

I know that if $K/\mathbb Q$ is a finite Galois extension (i.e. a Galois number field), then for any prime $(p)\subseteq \mathbb Z$, the Galois group $G=\operatorname{Gal}(K/\mathbb Q)$ acts ...
468 views

### Commutator subgroup of the absolute Galois group - a closed subgroup

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. Is it possible that the commutator subgroup of the absolute Galois group of $K$ (considered as an abstract group) is a closed subgroup? This property ...
235 views

### Grothendieck-Teichmüller conjecture and tropicalization of moduli of curves

Abramovich, Caporaso and Payne (2014) have constructed functorial tropicalization maps from the Berkovich analytification of the moduli spaces of stable curves, $\overline{M}_{g,n}$, to the moduli ...
• 111
1 vote
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### Meaning of epimorphism from full Galois group to some group

My problem has two parts: let $\;G:=\operatorname{Gal}(\overline{\Bbb Q}/\Bbb Q)\;$ be the full Galois group of the rationals and $\;K\;$ be some finite group, then: (1) Does having an epimorphism (...
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### Is this Related to Tannakian Formalism?

I am wondering how I might be able to express the following phenomenon, which is essentially equivalent to Artin's linear independence of characters, in Tannakian formalism. Any help would be much ...
265 views

### maximal pro-l-quotients of absolute Galois groups

Let $K$ be a field, preferably a function field of a variety $X$ over $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$. I am looking for an answer or existing literature on the following question: What is known about the ...
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### Interesting (combinatorial) actions of the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$

I have read many times that it is crucial to understand the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q}) =: L$, in so far that some have stated (was it Richard Taylor ?) that ...
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### Recovering the Zariski topology from the Zariski topology over an extension

Suppose $A$ is a $k$-algebra, with $k$ a field, and let $\ell$ be a field extension of $k$. Is there an easy way to see/recover $\mathrm{Spec}(A)$ in/from $\mathrm{Spec}(A \otimes_k \ell)$, using the ...
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• 771
1 vote
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### Another fix field of a certain galois group action

Let $E=\mathbb{F}_p(\!(u)\!)$, the Laurent series field over $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $K/E$ be a finite normal separable extension. Consider the field $L=K(x \mid x^p-x-a=0 \text{ for some } a \in K)$. Let ...
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### Fix field of a certain galois group action

Let $E= \mathbb{F}_p(\!(u)\!)$, $E^s$ a separable closure of $E$ and write $G_E= \mathrm{Gal}(E^s/E)$ for the absolute Galois group of $E$. Take a lift of the $u$-adic valuation on $E$ to $E^s$ and ...
• 189
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### Langlands program vs Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture

Edward Frenkel said that "we can see Langlands program as a generalization of Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture in the case of elliptic curves" I hope I'm not distorting his phrase, can someone ...
• 1,603
1 vote
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• 1,603
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### Which fields have no extensions of degree divisble by a fixed prime?

Let $p$ be a prime. What are the most general examples of a field $K$ such that for any finite extension $L/K$ the degree $[L:K]$ is prime to $p$? Certainly, there are algebraically closed examples ...
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### Unramified extension of number fields

Any finite field extension (in particular Galois extension) of $\mathbb{Q}$ is ramified. Is there an intuitive geometric explanation of this fact? Suppose we have an number field $K$, is any Galois ...
• 1,603
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### Frobenius elements in infinite extensions

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar K$ an algebraic closure and $G$ the associated absolute Galois group. How can I define the Frobenius elements of $G$ or at least their conjugacy class? I know how ...
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### Fixed field of the Nebentypus of a newform for $\Gamma_1(N)$

Let $f=\sum_{n\geq 1}\in S_2(\Gamma_1(N),\varepsilon)$ be a normalized newform without CM and with Nebentypus $\varepsilon$. Let $L=\mathbb Q(a_n\colon n\in \mathbb N)$ be the number field generated ...
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### Galois group for 0-dimensional motives

It is my understanding that in dimension 0, the theory of motives should just be Galois theory for fields. I am hoping to find a reference or two to help me get some things straightened out. One can ...
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