Questions tagged [absolute-galois-group]

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Elliptic curves and images of decompositions group exceptional?

Given an elliptic curve $E$ and its mod $p$ Galois representation $\bar{\rho}_{E,p}$, I am wondering what are the possibilities for $\bar{\rho}_{E,p}(G_l)$, where $G_l:=$Gal($\overline{\mathbb{Q}_l}/\...
did's user avatar
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Absolute Galois cohomology of function fields (of high-dimensional) varieties

What is known about the absolute Galois cohomology of function fields of varieties of dimension 2 or larger? Specifically, I am interested in multiplicative coefficients $\mathbb G_m$. I have seen ...
Sean Sanford's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
196 views

Galois action on automorphisms of a curve

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve defined over a local field $K/\mathbb{Q}_p$. Denote by $\text{Aut}(C)$ the geometric automorphism group of $C$, which consist of isomorphisms of $C\times_{\text{...
kindasorta's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
594 views

Involutions in the absolute Galois group (and the Axiom of Choice)

It is known that the only elementary abelian $2$-groups (finite and nonfinite) in $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ are in fact finite and cyclic – that is to say, they are of order $2$....
THC's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
390 views

Algebraically closed fields with only finite orbits

The automorphism groups $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{F}_q}/\mathbb{F}_q)$ of algebraic closures of finite fields $\mathbb{F}_q$ and the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\...
THC's user avatar
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10 votes
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221 views

If $H$ is a quotient of $G$, does there exist an $H$-extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ not contained in a $G$-extension?

Let $\phi\colon G\rightarrow H$ be a surjective homomorphism between finite groups. Assume that $\phi$ is not split, in other words there exists no homomorphism $\sigma\colon H\rightarrow G$ such that ...
Jef's user avatar
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112 views

Elementary abelian 2-subgroups of $\mathrm{Aut}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ (with and without choice)

Consider the absolute Galois group $G_{\mathbb{Q}} := \mathrm{Aut}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$. As I understand it, the only torsion elements have order $2$ (by Artin-Schreier), and they are ...
THC's user avatar
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5 votes
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245 views

Relation between $G_{\mathbb{Q}_p}$ for different primes

Let $G_{\mathbb{Q}_p}$ denote the absolute Galois group of the $p$-adic field $\mathbb{Q}_{p}$. Also, their structure as abstract groups is completely known. It is well known that this group embeds ...
kindasorta's user avatar
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7 votes
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268 views

Connections between Borger's absolute geometry and Connes' and Consani's $\Gamma$-spaces

As the idea of an absolute geometry over the field with one element $\mathbb{F}_1$ becomes more clear, two approaches seem to have crystallized, being based on different assumptions and going into ...
Alexander Praehauser's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
235 views

Shafarevich's conjecture on Galois groups over fields ramified at finitely many places

Let $K$ be a number field i.e. a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$, $\overline{K}$ a fixed separable closure of $K$, and $G_K:=\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{K}/K)$ the absolute Galois group of $K$. Let $S$ be ...
Nicolas Banks's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
224 views

Is the group $\mathrm{Gal}(\mathbb{C}/\overline{\mathbb{Q}})$ known?

The automorphism group of the complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$ and the Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ are amongst the most mysterious and worst understood objects in Galois ...
THC's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Absolute Galois group, number theory and the Axiom of Choice

Richard Taylor once explained his research (in number theory) in a very simple way: understanding the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$. It is known that in ...
THC's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
219 views

Dessins d'enfants and the absolute Galois group

If I am not mistaken, Alexander Grothendieck introduced dessins d'enfants as they are known today, in order to better understand the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q}...
THC's user avatar
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Reference request: projectivity of the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}^{\mathrm{ab}}$

$\newcommand{\ab}{\mathrm{ab}}$Let $\mathbb{Q}^{\ab}$ denote the maximal abelian extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. I have heard the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}^{\ab}$ is projective (e.g. see this ...
projectivityq's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
136 views

Tits algebra of the quasi-split semisimple algebraic groups

My question arose from the proof of Proposition 31.7 of "The book of involutions." It says "… is the Tits algebra of the quasisplit group $(G_{\nu_G})_{F_{\chi}}$, hence it is trivial.&...
YJ Kim's user avatar
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Is the absolute Galois group $\text{Gal}(\bar K/K)$ isomorphic to $\text{Gal}(K(S)/K)$?

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ with ring of integers $\mathcal{O}$, maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$ and uniformizer $\pi$. Let $\bar K$ be the algebraic closure of $K$ and $\bar{\...
MAS's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
180 views

The Brauer group and the second Galois cohomology group

I know that for any finite Galois extension K of $\mathbb{Q}$ the group $H^2(Gal(K/\mathbb{Q}),K^*)$ is isomorphic to the Brauer group $Br(K/\mathbb{Q})$. The isomorphism goes as follows: to a 2-...
Jacques's user avatar
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13 votes
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Dessins d'enfant of Dynkin diagrams?

Dessins d'enfant have a nice particular case of Shabat trees, where we take a tree, bicolor it, and get a polynomial map. A very famous set of trees are the Dynkin diagrams. I wonder what are the ...
Andy's user avatar
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0 answers
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How are problems about number fields reduced to problems about their absolute Galois groups?

The article on Wikipedia about Neukirch–Uchida theorem claims right from the beginning the statement in my question. I have seen similar claims elsewhere before. I am a little puzzled by this ...
Yujia Yin's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
264 views

Absolute Galois group of Q and stratification of moduli space of curves

This is slightly related, but distinct from, a question I asked earlier. The moduli space of ribbon graphs with metric (with all vertices having degree at least 3) is isomorphic to the moduli space of ...
Waleed Qaisar's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
199 views

Is semi-simplicity of Galois representations local?

Let $\rho:G_{\mathbb{Q}}\rightarrow \text{Gl}(V)$ be a finite dimensional $\ell$-adic Galois representation. Then for each prime, by pre-composing $\rho$ with the natural inclusion $G_{\mathbb{Q}_p}\...
curious math guy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
391 views

$G_{\mathbb Q}$ and primes of $\overline{\mathbb{Z}}$

I know that if $K/\mathbb Q$ is a finite Galois extension (i.e. a Galois number field), then for any prime $(p)\subseteq \mathbb Z$, the Galois group $G=\operatorname{Gal}(K/\mathbb Q)$ acts ...
Gaurav Goel's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
468 views

Commutator subgroup of the absolute Galois group - a closed subgroup

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. Is it possible that the commutator subgroup of the absolute Galois group of $K$ (considered as an abstract group) is a closed subgroup? This property ...
user avatar
11 votes
0 answers
235 views

Grothendieck-Teichmüller conjecture and tropicalization of moduli of curves

Abramovich, Caporaso and Payne (2014) have constructed functorial tropicalization maps from the Berkovich analytification of the moduli spaces of stable curves, $\overline{M}_{g,n}$, to the moduli ...
user138464's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
281 views

Meaning of epimorphism from full Galois group to some group

My problem has two parts: let $\;G:=\operatorname{Gal}(\overline{\Bbb Q}/\Bbb Q)\;$ be the full Galois group of the rationals and $\;K\;$ be some finite group, then: (1) Does having an epimorphism (...
Ninet's user avatar
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7 votes
0 answers
249 views

Is this Related to Tannakian Formalism?

I am wondering how I might be able to express the following phenomenon, which is essentially equivalent to Artin's linear independence of characters, in Tannakian formalism. Any help would be much ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
265 views

maximal pro-l-quotients of absolute Galois groups

Let $K$ be a field, preferably a function field of a variety $X$ over $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$. I am looking for an answer or existing literature on the following question: What is known about the ...
darko's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
587 views

Interesting (combinatorial) actions of the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$

I have read many times that it is crucial to understand the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q}) =: L$, in so far that some have stated (was it Richard Taylor ?) that ...
THC's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
433 views

Recovering the Zariski topology from the Zariski topology over an extension

Suppose $A$ is a $k$-algebra, with $k$ a field, and let $\ell$ be a field extension of $k$. Is there an easy way to see/recover $\mathrm{Spec}(A)$ in/from $\mathrm{Spec}(A \otimes_k \ell)$, using the ...
THC's user avatar
  • 4,353
8 votes
1 answer
562 views

absolute Galois group of the function field of a curve over $\mathbb{F}_p^{alg}$

In their 2008 paper "Torelli theorem for curves over finite fields" Bogomolov, Korotiaev and Tschinkel mention in the beginning of Section 9 that absolute Galois groups of curves over $\mathbb{F}_p^{...
Dima Sustretov's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
819 views

Teichmuller groupoids in Grothendieck's esquisse d'un programme

Grothendieck in his Esquisse d'un programme mentioned without any precise definition and construction that the absolute Galois group $Gal(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ acts on the whole "tower" ...
asv's user avatar
  • 21.1k
7 votes
1 answer
750 views

Is co-restriction in Galois cohomology in fact the norm map via Kummer isomorphism?

Let $\mathrm{F}$ be a field that contains a root of unity of order $p$, where $p$ is a prime number. Fix an element $a$ such that $a \in \mathrm{F}$ and $\sqrt[p]{a} \notin \mathrm{F}$. Consider the ...
Guy's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
1k views

Classify all the fields with abelian absolute Galois group

I'm wondering if anyone has classified all the fields $K$ such that $Gal(\bar{K}/K)$ is abelian? The only examples I'm aware of are: finite fields, the real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ and $k((T))$ where $k$...
S. Li's user avatar
  • 619
16 votes
1 answer
1k views

What "should" be the absolute galois group of a field with one element

As far as I know there is many "suggestions" of what should be a "field with one element" $\mathbf{F}_{1}$. My question is the following: How we should think or what should be the "absolute Galois ...
Muhammed Ali's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
223 views

induced isomorphism in continuous cohomology

Suppose that we have a morphism between profinite groups $f: G_{1}\rightarrow G_{2}$ such that $f^{\ast}:H_{cont}^{\ast}(G_{2},A)\rightarrow H_{cont}^{\ast}(G_{1},A) $ is an isomorphism for any finite ...
Muhammed Ali's user avatar
31 votes
3 answers
1k views

Consequences of Shafarevich conjecture

The Shafarevich conjecture states that the Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}({\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q}^{ab}})$ is a free profinite group, where $\mathbf{Q}^{ab}$ is the maximal abelian extension of $\...
Muhammed Ali's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
162 views

Another fix field of a certain galois group action

Let $E=\mathbb{F}_p(\!(u)\!)$, the Laurent series field over $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $K/E$ be a finite normal separable extension. Consider the field $L=K(x \mid x^p-x-a=0 \text{ for some } a \in K)$. Let ...
Louis's user avatar
  • 189
3 votes
1 answer
304 views

Fix field of a certain galois group action

Let $E= \mathbb{F}_p(\!(u)\!)$, $E^s$ a separable closure of $E$ and write $G_E= \mathrm{Gal}(E^s/E)$ for the absolute Galois group of $E$. Take a lift of the $u$-adic valuation on $E$ to $E^s$ and ...
Louis's user avatar
  • 189
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Langlands program vs Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture

Edward Frenkel said that "we can see Langlands program as a generalization of Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture in the case of elliptic curves" I hope I'm not distorting his phrase, can someone ...
Ofra's user avatar
  • 1,603
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Is the absolute Galois group the same as the automorphism group? [closed]

Is the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}|\mathbf{Q})$ the same as the group $\mathrm{Aut}_{\mathbf{Q}}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}})$ the automorphism group in the category of $\...
Ofra's user avatar
  • 1,603
19 votes
3 answers
2k views

Profinite groups as absolute Galois groups

It is a well-known result that all profinite groups arise as the Galois group of some field extension. What profinite groups are the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{K}|K)$ of some ...
Myshkin's user avatar
  • 17.4k
9 votes
1 answer
399 views

Weight filtration on certain Galois representations

Let $G$ be the absolute Galois group of a number field $K$. Let $\ell$ be a prime number. There are representations $\mathbb{Z}_\ell(n)$ of $G$ on the group of $\ell$-adic integers given by the ...
Geoffroy Horel's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
821 views

Dessins d'enfants and absolute Galois group

I would like to know what is the recent progress about the group homomorphism $$ \mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})\rightarrow \mathrm{Out}(\hat{F_{2}})$$ $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{...
Ofra's user avatar
  • 1,603
2 votes
0 answers
107 views

Which fields have no extensions of degree divisble by a fixed prime?

Let $p$ be a prime. What are the most general examples of a field $K$ such that for any finite extension $L/K$ the degree $[L:K]$ is prime to $p$? Certainly, there are algebraically closed examples ...
Mikhail Bondarko's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
4k views

Unramified extension of number fields

Any finite field extension (in particular Galois extension) of $\mathbb{Q}$ is ramified. Is there an intuitive geometric explanation of this fact? Suppose we have an number field $K$, is any Galois ...
Ofra's user avatar
  • 1,603
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Frobenius elements in infinite extensions

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar K$ an algebraic closure and $G$ the associated absolute Galois group. How can I define the Frobenius elements of $G$ or at least their conjugacy class? I know how ...
user81319's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
220 views

Fixed field of the Nebentypus of a newform for $\Gamma_1(N)$

Let $f=\sum_{n\geq 1}\in S_2(\Gamma_1(N),\varepsilon)$ be a normalized newform without CM and with Nebentypus $\varepsilon$. Let $L=\mathbb Q(a_n\colon n\in \mathbb N)$ be the number field generated ...
Ferra's user avatar
  • 509
15 votes
2 answers
832 views

Galois group for 0-dimensional motives

It is my understanding that in dimension 0, the theory of motives should just be Galois theory for fields. I am hoping to find a reference or two to help me get some things straightened out. One can ...
Julian Rosen's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
1k views

English version of "Quasi-Hopf Algebras"

I was wondering where I can find a pdf of Drinfeld's paper "Quasi-Hopf Algebras," which formulated the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group. The Russian version is in Algebra i Analiz, 1:6 (1989), 114–148, ...
Ravi Jagadeesan's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
573 views

The relationship between SL(2,Z) and Gal(Qbar,Q)

(caveat: I'm not a number-theorist or Langlands-programme-er, and I don't expect to understand all the answers to this question, but I figured they might be useful to someone besides me). I've been ...
graveolensa's user avatar