Questions tagged [absolute-galois-group]

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3
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0answers
262 views

How are problems about number fields reduced to problems about their absolute Galois groups?

The article on Wikipedia about Neukirch–Uchida theorem claims right from the beginning the statement in my question. I have seen similar claims elsewhere before. I am a little puzzled by this ...
2
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0answers
190 views

Absolute Galois group of Q and stratification of moduli space of curves

This is slightly related, but distinct from, a question I asked earlier. The moduli space of ribbon graphs with metric (with all vertices having degree at least 3) is isomorphic to the moduli space of ...
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0answers
92 views

Is semi-simplicity of Galois representations local?

Let $\rho:G_{\mathbb{Q}}\rightarrow \text{Gl}(V)$ be a finite dimensional $\ell$-adic Galois representation. Then for each prime, by pre-composing $\rho$ with the natural inclusion $G_{\mathbb{Q}_p}\...
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1answer
173 views

$G_{\mathbb Q}$ and primes of $\overline{\mathbb{Z}}$

I know that if $K/\mathbb Q$ is a finite Galois extension (i.e. a Galois number field), then for any prime $(p)\subseteq \mathbb Z$, the Galois group $G=\operatorname{Gal}(K/\mathbb Q)$ acts ...
8
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1answer
252 views

Commutator subgroup of the absolute Galois group - a closed subgroup

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. Is it possible that the commutator subgroup of the absolute Galois group of $K$ (considered as an abstract group) is a closed subgroup? This property ...
11
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208 views

Grothendieck-Teichmüller conjecture and tropicalization of moduli of curves

Abramovich, Caporaso and Payne (2014) have constructed functorial tropicalization maps from the Berkovich analytification of the moduli spaces of stable curves, $\overline{M}_{g,n}$, to the moduli ...
1
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2answers
267 views

Meaning of epimorphism from full Galois group to some group

My problem has two parts: let $\;G:=\operatorname{Gal}(\overline{\Bbb Q}/\Bbb Q)\;$ be the full Galois group of the rationals and $\;K\;$ be some finite group, then: (1) Does having an epimorphism (...
7
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0answers
212 views

Is this Related to Tannakian Formalism?

I am wondering how I might be able to express the following phenomenon, which is essentially equivalent to Artin's linear independence of characters, in Tannakian formalism. Any help would be much ...
2
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1answer
170 views

maximal pro-l-quotients of absolute Galois groups

Let $K$ be a field, preferably a function field of a variety $X$ over $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$. I am looking for an answer or existing literature on the following question: What is known about the ...
6
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1answer
463 views

Interesting (combinatorial) actions of the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$

I have read many times that it is crucial to understand the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q}) =: L$, in so far that some have stated (was it Richard Taylor ?) that ...
7
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1answer
394 views

Recovering the Zariski topology from the Zariski topology over an extension

Suppose $A$ is a $k$-algebra, with $k$ a field, and let $\ell$ be a field extension of $k$. Is there an easy way to see/recover $\mathrm{Spec}(A)$ in/from $\mathrm{Spec}(A \otimes_k \ell)$, using the ...
7
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1answer
413 views

absolute Galois group of the function field of a curve over $\mathbb{F}_p^{alg}$

In their 2008 paper "Torelli theorem for curves over finite fields" Bogomolov, Korotiaev and Tschinkel mention in the beginning of Section 9 that absolute Galois groups of curves over $\mathbb{F}_p^{...
7
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1answer
682 views

Teichmuller groupoids in Grothendieck's esquisse d'un programme

Grothendieck in his Esquisse d'un programme mentioned without any precise definition and construction that the absolute Galois group $Gal(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ acts on the whole "tower" ...
6
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1answer
422 views

Is co-restriction in Galois cohomology in fact the norm map via Kummer isomorphism?

Let $\mathrm{F}$ be a field that contains a root of unity of order $p$, where $p$ is a prime number. Fix an element $a$ such that $a \in \mathrm{F}$ and $\sqrt[p]{a} \notin \mathrm{F}$. Consider the ...
9
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1answer
648 views

Classify all the fields with abelian absolute Galois group

I'm wondering if anyone has classified all the fields $K$ such that $Gal(\bar{K}/K)$ is abelian? The only examples I'm aware of are: finite fields, the real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ and $k((T))$ where $k$...
13
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1answer
773 views

What “should” be the absolute galois group of a field with one element

As far as I know there is many "suggestions" of what should be a "field with one element" $\mathbf{F}_{1}$. My question is the following: How we should think or what should be the "absolute Galois ...
3
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1answer
209 views

induced isomorphism in continuous cohomology

Suppose that we have a morphism between profinite groups $f: G_{1}\rightarrow G_{2}$ such that $f^{\ast}:H_{cont}^{\ast}(G_{2},A)\rightarrow H_{cont}^{\ast}(G_{1},A) $ is an isomorphism for any finite ...
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3answers
988 views

Consequences of Shafarevich conjecture

The Shafarevich conjecture states that the Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}({\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q}^{ab}})$ is a free profinite group, where $\mathbf{Q}^{ab}$ is the maximal abelian extension of $\...
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1answer
154 views

Another fix field of a certain galois group action

Let $E=\mathbb{F}_p(\!(u)\!)$, the Laurent series field over $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $K/E$ be a finite normal separable extension. Consider the field $L=K(x \mid x^p-x-a=0 \text{ for some } a \in K)$. Let ...
3
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1answer
192 views

Fix field of a certain galois group action

Let $E= \mathbb{F}_p(\!(u)\!)$, $E^s$ a separable closure of $E$ and write $G_E= \mathrm{Gal}(E^s/E)$ for the absolute Galois group of $E$. Take a lift of the $u$-adic valuation on $E$ to $E^s$ and ...
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2answers
1k views

Langlands program vs Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture

Edward Frenkel said that "we can see Langlands program as a generalization of Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture in the case of elliptic curves" I hope I'm not distorting his phrase, can someone ...
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2answers
936 views

Is the absolute Galois group the same as the automorphism group? [closed]

Is the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}|\mathbf{Q})$ the same as the group $\mathrm{Aut}_{\mathbf{Q}}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}})$ the automorphism group in the category of $\...
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3answers
2k views

Profinite groups as absolute Galois groups

It is a well-known result that all profinite groups arise as the Galois group of some field extension. What profinite groups are the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{K}|K)$ of some ...
7
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1answer
339 views

Weight filtration on certain Galois representations

Let $G$ be the absolute Galois group of a number field $K$. Let $\ell$ be a prime number. There are representations $\mathbb{Z}_\ell(n)$ of $G$ on the group of $\ell$-adic integers given by the ...
11
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1answer
701 views

Dessins d'enfants and absolute Galois group

I would like to know what is the recent progress about the group homomorphism $$ \mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})\rightarrow \mathrm{Out}(\hat{F_{2}})$$ $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{...
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0answers
102 views

Which fields have no extensions of degree divisble by a fixed prime?

Let $p$ be a prime. What are the most general examples of a field $K$ such that for any finite extension $L/K$ the degree $[L:K]$ is prime to $p$? Certainly, there are algebraically closed examples ...
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1answer
2k views

Unramified extension of number fields

Any finite field extension (in particular Galois extension) of $\mathbb{Q}$ is ramified. Is there an intuitive geometric explanation of this fact? Suppose we have an number field $K$, is any Galois ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Frobenius elements in infinite extensions

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar K$ an algebraic closure and $G$ the associated absolute Galois group. How can I define the Frobenius elements of $G$ or at least their conjugacy class? I know how ...
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1answer
190 views

Fixed field of the Nebentypus of a newform for $\Gamma_1(N)$

Let $f=\sum_{n\geq 1}\in S_2(\Gamma_1(N),\varepsilon)$ be a normalized newform without CM and with Nebentypus $\varepsilon$. Let $L=\mathbb Q(a_n\colon n\in \mathbb N)$ be the number field generated ...
15
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2answers
661 views

Galois group for 0-dimensional motives

It is my understanding that in dimension 0, the theory of motives should just be Galois theory for fields. I am hoping to find a reference or two to help me get some things straightened out. One can ...
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0answers
966 views

English version of “Quasi-Hopf Algebras”

I was wondering where I can find a pdf of Drinfeld's paper "Quasi-Hopf Algebras," which formulated the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group. The Russian version is in Algebra i Analiz, 1:6 (1989), 114–148, ...
2
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2answers
532 views

The relationship between SL(2,Z) and Gal(Qbar,Q)

(caveat: I'm not a number-theorist or Langlands-programme-er, and I don't expect to understand all the answers to this question, but I figured they might be useful to someone besides me). I've been ...
4
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1answer
139 views

Galois action on ultrapowers

Let $K$ be a char $0$ field with algebraic closure $\bar K$ and absolute Galois group $G$. Let $\mathcal U$ be an ultrafilter on $\mathbb N$ and $F=\bar K^\mathbb N/\mathcal U$ be the ultrapower of $\...
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0answers
295 views

Extending systems of l-adic representations to other l

I'm asking this not because I have an idea how one might approach it, but because it seems natural and inherently interesting. Let $K$ be a number field, $G_K$ its absolute Galois group, and $\ell\...
9
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2answers
917 views

Is it known if the absolute Galois group is “divisible”?

The definitions of a divisible group that I have seen all seem to assume abelian is an a priori property of the group. My question is as to whether or not it is known that--given a non-torsion element ...
4
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0answers
645 views

Haar measure on Galois groups

Galois groups are nice compact Hausdorff groups, and therefore possess a bounded Haar measure, unique if we insist that the total volume be $1$. What is the Haar measure on the absolute Galois group ...
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1answer
777 views

Absolute Galois group of the field of Puiseux series over $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$

Let $K$ be the field of Puiseux series with coefficients in $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$ (the algebraic closure of the field with $p$ elements). What is the absolute Galois group of $K$? Thank you to ...
2
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2answers
812 views

Place stabilizers for the absolute Galois Group

Fix an algebraic closure, $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ for the rationals and consider the set, $B_p$, of all places of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ over a fixed (possibly infinite) prime, $p$, of $\mathbb{Q}$. ...
3
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2answers
863 views

Is the absolute Galois group of the field of Laurent series in positive characteristic finitely generated?

If $K$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, then $K((t))$, the field of Laurent series with coefficients in $K$, has infinitely many Galois extensions of degree $p$. Indeed, ...
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2answers
1k views

non-continuous inverse Galois problem

Let $G=Gal(\bar{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ be the absolute Galois group over $\mathbf{Q}$. Q1: Is it possible to find a (necessarily non-closed) normal subgroup $K\leq G$ such that $G/K$ is free of ...
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3answers
3k views

Subgroups of GL(2,q)

I have been wondering about something for a while now, and the simplest incarnation of it is the following question: Find a finite group that is not a subgroup of any $GL_2(q)$. Here, $GL_2(q)$ is ...
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1answer
1k views

What does Gal(Q_p/Q) mean? [closed]

What does $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_{p}/\mathbb{Q})$ mean? ($p$ is a prime number.) If it is defined as $\mathrm{Aut}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_{p}/\mathbb{Q})$, then does it have any property ...
38
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3answers
3k views

On what kind of objects do the Galois groups act?

I am neither number theorist nor algebraic geometer. I am wondering whether Galois groups of number fields (say the absolute Galois group $Gal(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$) act on objects which ...
14
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1answer
1k views

Is the etale fundamental group of Spec(Z)\{p_1,…,p_n} finitely presented?

(of course not, it's usually uncountable; I really mean is it the profinite completion of a finitely presented group). By definition, $\pi_1^{\operatorname{et}}(\operatorname{Spec}(\mathbb Z)\...
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0answers
1k views

What do dessins tell us about the absolute Galois group?

I have sometimes seen it asserted that one manifestiation of how complicated the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ is is that one can not "pin down" any single ...
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0answers
760 views

field automorphism action on $Ext^1(\mathbb{C}^*,\mathbb{Z})$ or $Ext^1(\bar{\mathbb Q}^\star,\mathbb{Z})$

I am interested in the action of field automorphism group $Aut(\mathbb{C}/\mathbb{Q})$ on $Ext^1(\mathbb{C}^{\star},\mathbb{Z})$ or $Ext^1(\mathbb{\bar Q}^*,\mathbb{Z})$, and, more generally, on $Ext^...
22
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1answer
2k views

Are class numbers encoded in the absolute Galois group of ${\mathbb Q}$?

The absolute Galois group $G_{\mathbb Q}=\text{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb Q}/\mathbb Q)$, as a profinite group, encodes a lot of things: the whole lattice of number fields (closed subgroups of finite index), ...
11
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1answer
2k views

Maximal extension almost everywhere unramified and totally split at one place

Fix a finite set of primes $S$ and an additional prime $p$. Let $K$ be the maximal extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ that is unramified outside $S$ and $\infty$ and totally split at $p$. Is the extension $K$ ...
14
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1answer
1k views

What can we say about center of rational absolute Galois group?

Well the question is in the title. I asked myself this question while thinking about something in Grothendieck-Teichmüller theory. I guess class field theory gives some insight into this, or I am ...
7
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2answers
2k views

Conjugacy classes in the absolute galois group

We consider $G_{\mathbb Q} = Gal(\mathbb {\bar Q}/\mathbb Q)$. The Frobenius elements corresponding to each prime are well-studied. But these are really not elements; these are only defined as some ...