# Questions tagged [foliations]

The foliations tag has no usage guidance.

204
questions

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### Books on foliations

I am looking for resources (books, notes, lecture video, etc. anything will do although printed material in English is preferable) on foliations which satisfy some or all of the following constraints. ...

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110 views

### Transverse invariant measures to vector fields

Given a smooth, non-vanishing vector field on a compact manifold, when does the 1-dimensional foliation given by its integral curves admit a transverse invariant measure?
I've seen examples of higher-...

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107 views

### Can you give me an example of a totally disconnected subgroup of a topological group that is not a topological group? [closed]

In the book The topology of fiber bundles, Steenrod characterize bundle over a base $X$ and totally disconnected structural group $G$ as follows.
Theorem: Let $X$ be arcwise connected, arcwise ...

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91 views

### Is there an orbit map without path lifting property?

I am looking for an example of a topological group $G$ acting by homeomorphisms on a metrizable space $X$ such that the orbit map $X\to X/G$ doesn't have the path lifting property, that is, there is a ...

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111 views

### Leaves of stable foliation of holomorphic Anosov diffeomorphism

I'm trying to understand the first half of the paper "Holomorphic Anosov systems" by E. Ghys (the journal reference is Inventiones mathematicae volume 119, pages 585–614(1995)). My question is about a ...

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51 views

### Elliptic foliations of the plane

A $1$ dimensional foliation of the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$is called elliptic if it admits a non vanishing smooth tangent vector field $X$ with the following properties:
The differential operator ...

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76 views

### Principal circle bundles that are smooth foliated

Let $\xi=(\pi,E,B)$ be an orientable circle bundle, i.e., a bundle with fiber $\mathbb{S}^1$ and structural group $G=\textit{Diff}^+(\mathbb{S}^1)$.
Claim 1: The bundle $\xi$ admits a structure of $...

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79 views

### Existence of codimension 1 topological foliations

One of the many famous theorems proven by William Thurston is that a closed connected smooth manifold $M$ admits a codimension 1 smooth foliation if and only if $\chi(M)=0$:
W.P. Thurston, Existence ...

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22 views

### A “singular” Tischler theorem

The Tischler theorem says that a compact manifold $M$ admitting a closed nowhere vanishing $1$-form $\alpha$ fibers over the circle. I was wondering if anything could be said about the case where $\...

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126 views

### Reeb stability counterexample: foliation in $S^{n-2}\times S^1\times S^1$ with non-diffeomorphic leaves

Reeb's global stability theorem requires the foliation to be of codimension 1. As a counterexample, in "Geometric theory of foliations", Camacho and Lins Neto present the following.
Consider the ...

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171 views

### Foliation of tangent bundle arising from exponential map

We first mention our motivation:
For $M=\mathbb{R}$ with usual Riemannian metric the exp map $exp:TM\to M$ is in the form$(x,v)\mapsto x+v$
The level sets of this map define a foliation whose leaves ...

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122 views

### Volume-preserving flows with cross section

Let $M$ be an orientable closed smooth manifold of dimension n. Let $\Omega$ be a volume form for $M$, i.e., a nowhere-zero smooth n-form. A smooth $\Phi_t$ flow defined on $M$ is volume-preserving ...

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52 views

### Approximating a volume along a submersion

Here is the setup. I have a submersion $f:X \to T$, where $X$ is manifold and $T$ is a torus (you can chose a circle for the beginning if it is simpler). The manifold $X$ has a volume form $\alpha$ ...

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37 views

### Unique poine in holonomies

Let $\Lambda$ be Axiom A for $C^{1+\gamma}$ $f$. I am reading this paper. I have a problem to undestand holonomies. The holonomy mapping
$$ h: W_{loc}^{s} (x) \cap\Lambda \rightarrow W_{loc}^{s} (y) \...

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595 views

### Are manifolds admitting a circle foliation covered by manifolds with a (non-trivial) circle action?

More precisely, is there a criterion that decides the above question?
I am particularly interested in the smooth setting: is a smooth manifold with a smooth regular foliation by circles covered by a ...

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176 views

### On Colding-Minicozzi limit lamination theorem

Colding and Minicozzi proved the following limit lamination theorem (see Theorem 8.26 in "A course in Minimal Surfaces" by Colding and Minicozzi for the complete statement)
THEOREM: Let $\Sigma_i \...

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116 views

### A non-geodesible foliation of $S^3$ or $S^2\times S^1$

Is there a $1$-dimensional foliation of $S^3$ which is not a geodesible foliation? Is there a $1$-dimensional foliation of $S^2\times S^1$ which is not a geodesible foliation?
If the answer is ...

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48 views

### Two multi-curves in a surface with the same transverse measure

Let $(\cal F,\mu)$ be the stable measured foliation of a pseudo-Anosov on an oriented surface $S$. Can there be two non-isotopic multi-loops (collections of disjoint simple loops) $L_1,L_2\subset S$, ...

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119 views

### Integrability of certain distribution associated to a connection form on the total space of a principal bundle (Principal Frobenius condition)

Let $P\to M$ be a $G$-principal bundle where $P,M$ are smooth manifolds and $G$ is a Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, whose center is denoted by $C(\mathfrak{g})$.
Let $\omega$ be the ...

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50 views

### Equivalence of two approaches to transverse measures for a foliation

Suppose that $(V,F)$ is a foliated manifold. There are three equivalent approaches to the notion of transverse measure as described in this book (see pages 65-69). I would like to understand the last ...

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60 views

### A kind of heat equation on a foliated 3D manifold whose leaves are invariant under the flow of a vector field

Assume that $\mathcal{F}$ is a foliation of a $3$ dimensional compact Riemannian manifold $M$ which is invariant under flow of a transversal non vanishing vector field $X$. Let $\Delta_{\...

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90 views

### An extra condition on Frobenius theorem for $1$-forms

Consinder a smooth manifold $M$ and $\omega$ a smooth $1$-form on $M$. Assume that there is an open set $U\subset M$ such that $\omega$ never vanishes on $U$. One can define a smooth distribution $\...

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597 views

### Hilbert 16th problem and dynamical Lefschetz trace formula

I would like to apply the known version of the conjectural formula (11) page !0 of the paper Number theory and dynamical Lefschetz trace formula.
Disclaimer: I do not have a complete ...

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**1**answer

249 views

### Leafwise de Rham cohomology (A true definition of differential forms along leaves)

For a foliated space $(M, \mathcal{F})$, one associate a leafwise de Rham cohomology. This cohomology and trace-class operators on this cohomology and trace interpretations for closed orbits of ...

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279 views

### A non-vanishing vector field on $S^3$ whose flow does not preserve any transversal foliation

Is there a non-vanishing vector field $X$ on $S^3$ which does not admit a transversal $2$-dimensional foliation? if the answer is negative, is there a non-vanishing vector field $X$ on $S^3$ which ...

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167 views

### On the definition of the Reeb foliation

To define the Reeb foliation on the sphere, one needs to fix two even functions of the from $f:(-1,1)\to\mathbb{R}$.
In the book I. Tamura, Topology of Foliations: An Introduction, the following is ...

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60 views

### Foliations with algebraic foliation chart

An algebraic foliation chart for a foliated manifold is a foliation chart for which the transition maps are polynomial maps.
What is an example of an analytic foliation of the Euclidean space $\...

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66 views

### Holomorphic Foliations of 3-manifolds with boundary

Let $M$ be a 3-manifold $M$ with boundary $\partial M$, and endow $\partial M$ with the structure of a Riemann surface. Does there exist a foliation of $M$ by Riemann surfaces such that $\partial M$ ...

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235 views

### A vector bundle associated to a codimension $1$ submanifold of a symplectic manifold

We consider the standard symplectic structure $\omega=\sum dx_i\wedge dy_i$ on $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$. To every codimension $1$ submanifold $M\subset \mathbb{R}^{2n}$ we associate a vector bundle ...

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98 views

### A Singular Foliation of $\mathbb{C}P^2$ which does not admit a global transverse submanifold

Is there a singular holomorphic foliation $F$ of $\mathbb{C}P^2$ which does not admit a global transverse holomorphic curve? More precisely there is no an immersed holomorphic submanifold ...

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### Foliation with trivial leaf holonomy

In 1960, R. Hermann showed the following:
Theorem Let $M$ be a manifold with a foliation $F$ and a bundle-like metric, if all leaves are compact and the holonomy group of each leaf is trivial, then $...

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79 views

### Circle foliations not induced by circle actions on an compact orientable manifold

It is known that if we have an orientable fiber bundle $E\to B$, with fiber a circle $\mathbb{S}^1$, then it is a principal $SO(2)$-bundle. In other words, the fibers are spanned by the orbits of a ...

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135 views

### A singular holomorphic foliation of $\mathbb{C}^2$ with a bounded leaf

Is there a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{C}^2$ which possesses a bounded regular leaf? By bounded, I mean a bounded subset of $\mathbb{C}^2$.

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111 views

### A complex limit cycle not intersecting the real plane(2)

Inspired by this question and the counter example provided in its answer we ask:
Is there a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^2$ such that after complexification of the equation, the ...

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48 views

### Transverse measures in pseudo-Anosov diffeomorphisms

I've recently begun doing research involving pseudo-Anosov diffeomorphisms, which are diffeomorphisms on surfaces $f : M \to M$ admitting two singular measured foliations $(\mathcal F^s, \nu^s)$ and $(...

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107 views

### Non-trivial foliation (excluding the Reeb foliation) [closed]

Let $M$ be a closed oriented manifold, an oriented foliation $F$ is said non-trivial, if $F$ is not fibration of $M$, i.e. there does not exist a closed manifold $B$, such that $M\overset{F}{\to} B$.
...

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85 views

### Is transverse measure on a foliation without closed leaves unique?

Let $(F,\nu)$ be a Thurston's foliation on a surface $S$ with a non-zero transverse measure $\nu.$ Assume that $F$ has no closed leaves nor compact separatrices. Did anyone study such foliations?
...

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### Generalized definition of integrable condition on rough complex subbundle

Assume object are smooth at first. If we consider real subbundle, we can define integrability in terms of parameterization or coordinate.
A rank $r$ real subbundle $\mathcal V\le TM$ is called ...

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257 views

### Existence transverse sections in $\mathbb{CP}^1$-bundles over compact Riemann surfaces

We have that every holomorphic $\mathbb{CP}^1$-bundle on a compact Riemann surface admits a holomorphic section, due Tsen and as found in Compact Compact Surfaces of Barth, Peters and Van de Ven, for ...

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### Terminology for a foliation that is only tangentially smooth

I'd like to get some information and references, starting with a name, for the following quite common situation, for a smooth (i.e. $C^\infty$) $n$-manifold $M$. A partition $\mathcal{L}$ of $M$ is ...

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### Complex differentials and measured singular foliations

I'm trying to understand the technical basis of singular foliations for pseudo-Anosov diffeomorphisms, and I've hit a bit of a strange calculation I'm having a hard time verifying/unpacking. In Fathi, ...

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### Subspace of smooth Foliations inside smooth Distributions - Is it a Frechet submanifold or atleast a Retraction?

Assume M is a closed manifold. Does the set of smooth foliations on M form a Frechet submanifold inside the Frechet manifold consisting of smooth distributions?
If not, can the set of smooth ...

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37 views

### foliations of a manifold [duplicate]

Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional open manifold. We assume that there are two compact sets $K_1$ and $K_2$ of $M$ such that $M\backslash K_1$ is diffeomorphic to $N_1 \times (0,1)$ and $M\backslash K_2$ ...

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### Foliated vector bundle and basic connection

Let $(M,F)$ be a Riemannian foliation, i.e. there is a metric of $TM$ such that $g$ is bundle-like (locally $g_Q=g_{ij}(y)\,dy^i\otimes dy^j$ for a foliated chart $(x,y)$ and $Q=TM/F\cong F^\perp$).
...

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### $C^1$-foliation are absolutely continuous

Brin & Stuck defined in Introduction to dynamical system two notions:
That of a absolutely continuous foliation : given any foliated chart $U$ on some Riemannian manifold $M$ (with foliation $W$),...

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### On certain 2 dimensional foliation of $Gl(2,\mathbb{R})$ deleted by scalar matrices

We consider the following 4 dimensional open manifold $$M=Gl(2,\mathbb{R})\setminus \{\lambda I_2 \mid \lambda \in \mathbb{R}\}$$ where $I_2$ is the identity $2\times 2$ matrix.
We consider the $2$ ...

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### Interpretation of the Schouten bracket as an integrability condition

The Schouten bracket is an extension of the Lie bracket to multivector fields. Given a multivector field $\Lambda$ the vanishing of the Schouten bracket $[\Lambda,\Lambda]=0$ is referred to as a sort ...

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208 views

### Foliation with a compact leaf

Let $M$ be a closed oriented manifold, and $F$ be a fixed foliation of $M$. We assume the dimension and codimension of $F$ are both greater than $1$.
Q Under what condition, we can say that $F$ ...

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191 views

### Lipschitz property of holonomies fails when stable leaves $W^s(x)$ inside the leaves $W^{ss}(x)$

Let $M$ be compact manifold. suppose $f:M\rightarrow M$ is $C^{2}$.
There is a continuous splitting of the tangent bundle $TM=E^{ss}+E^{s}+E^{u}$ invariant under the derivative $Df$ of the ...

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### Foliation of cylinders by constant mean curvature spheres

Let the cylinder $S^{n-1}\times \mathbb R$ be equipped with the standard metric $g$. Suppose that there exists a sequence of metrics $g_{\epsilon}$ on $S^{n-1}\times \mathbb R$ such that $g_{\epsilon}$...