# Questions tagged [modular-curves]

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21
questions

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### Supersingular points on the modular curve $X_0(p)$ over $\mathbb{F}_p$ and their Frobenius action

I am trying to understand certain points on the modular curve $X_0(p)$ over $\mathbb{F}_p$ (where $p$ is a rational prime) via their moduli description.
A point $P \in X_0(p)$ can be viewed as $P:=(E, ...

4
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163
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### How to count to cusps of the modular curve $X_1(N)$, i.e., for the congruence subgroup $\Gamma_1(N)$

I already saw the calculations in the book of Diamond and Shurman pag 103 to count the number of cusps of $\Gamma_0(N)$ $(N>1)$ but I really can not understand how to do the calculations for $\...

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### Generalisation of Sharifi's conjecture for Siegel varieties

I recently learned Sharifi's conjecture in this article by F.Takako and K.Kato.
According to my understanding, this conjecture states that (the conjugation invariant) of the projective limit $\...

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### Geometric meaning of cusps/component labels in Katz-Mazur book

In Katz-Mazur book "Arithmetic moduli of elliptic curves" there is a short section (see image below) regarding the cusp-labels and component-labels.
The set of cusps labels intuitively ...

10
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873
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### Universal elliptic curve and the Tate curve

I've seen the following sentence come up a few times in papers:
Let $E$ be the universal elliptic curve over the modular curve $Y_1(N)$. Then the localization of $E$ at any choice of cusp is ...

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219
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### Semistable model of product of modular curves

Does the product $Y_1(Np) \times Y_1(Np)$ admit a semistable model over $\mathbf{Z}_p[\zeta_p]$ with a natural moduli-space interpretation?
Less telegraphically: let $p$ be a prime, and $N \ge 4$ ...

7
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396
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### Questions on the $j$-invariant

The j-invariant as a modular function is typically defined
$$j(\tau) = \frac{E_4(\tau)^3}{\Delta(\tau)}$$
since $E_4$ is a modular form of weight 4 and $\Delta$ has weight 12, it follows that $j$ is a ...

3
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### Explicit natural correspondence between cusps of $X(N)$ and isomorphism classes of level $N$ structures on Tate($q^N$)

In Katz' paper Antwerp III, section 1.4 (Ka-14) one reads (we assume $n \geq 3$ integer):
''The scheme $\overline{M}_n - M_n$" over $\mathbb{Z}[1/n]$ is finite and étale, and over $\mathbb{Z}[1/n,...

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### Geometry of the section $X_0(N) \to X_0(pN)$ given by the canonical subgroup

Goren and Kassaei's paper "The Canonical Subgroup: a Subgroup-Free Approach" takes the position that the canonical subgroup of order $p$ for elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Z}_p$ with $\Gamma$-level ...

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### Standard application of Oort-Tate classification theorem

$\DeclareMathOperator{\Spec}{Spec}
\DeclareMathOperator{\tors}{tors}$In Mazur's paper “Modular curves and the Eisenstein ideals”, on the bottom of page 159, it says that if $T$ is a open subscheme of $...

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### Weighted projective lines and elliptic curves

The modular curves of low level can sometimes be describes as weighted projective lines. For example, over $\mathbb{Z}[1/2]$ the compactified stack of elliptic curves with full level 2 structure is ...

3
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### Automorphisms of the modular curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$

Let $p\geq 3$ be a prime number. The modular curve $X(p)$ can be considered as a connected smooth projective curve over complex numbers. There is a subgroup $\mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{F}_p)$ inside its ...

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237
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### When is $X_0(N)$ representable?

Fix a base ring $R$. Is the rigidification of the modular "curve" $X_0(N)$ in the sense of Abramovich-Olsson-Vistoli representable iff $N\geq 5$ and $N$ is $0, 2, 3, 6, 8, 11 (\mathrm{mod}\: 12)$? ...

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### Isomorphism between 2nd symmetric product and Jacobian

Let $X=X_0(N)$ be hyperelliptic with $g(X)\geq 2$ with $\infty$ as a cusp and $\iota$ as the hyperelliptic involution. Then the map
$$X^{(2)} \longrightarrow Jac(X)$$ $$D \longrightarrow [D-\infty -\...

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### What is the modular curve for level 1, 2?

An elliptic curve over a scheme $S$ is the data of a proper smooth morphism
of schemes $\pi: E\rightarrow S$ whose geometric fibres are connected curves of genus $1$ and a section $e: S \rightarrow E$....

6
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### When is the conductor of an elliptic modular curve equal to its level?

Suppose the usual modular curve $E=X_0(N)$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ has genus 1 (e.g. $N=15$). Define the conductor of $E/\mathbb{Q}$ as the ideal/integer:
$$M=\prod_{p}p^{f(E/\mathbb{Q}_p)},$$
where
$$f(...

2
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171
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### Local-global compatibility and modular curves

I have been told by some people that local-global Langlands compatibility for $GL_2$ (the vanilla version, not the one being developed in this decade by Emerton and others) implies Shimura conjecture ...

7
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### Integral models of perfectoid modular curves

Scholze constructed perfectoid modular curve and its canonical and anticanonical part in his paper On torsion in the cohomology of locally symmetric varieties (Annals of Mathematics 182 (2015) pp 945–...

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### Igusa curve at infinite level

In the paper "Le halo spectral" (http://perso.ens-lyon.fr/vincent.pilloni/halofinal.pdf) and in the following paper "The adic cuspidal, Hilbert eigenvarieties" (http://perso.ens-lyon.fr/vincent....

7
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3
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### Endomorphism ring of $J_0(p)$ and Hecke operators

Let $J_0(p)$ be Jacobian of the modular curve $X_0(p)$ over $\mathbb Q$ where $p$ is a prime, consider the subring $\mathbb T$ inside $\newcommand{\End}{\operatorname{End}}\End_{\mathbb Q}(J_0(p))$ ...

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### Generalized Jacobians and modular units

Let $X$ be a proper algebraic smooth curve over a characteristic zero field $k$ and let $J$ be the Jacobian variety of $X$. Let $K$ be the function field of $X$. Assume that we are given $n$ distinct ...