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5
votes
1answer
263 views

Which of these 4 definitions of Galois coverings of integral schemes are equivalent?

Here are four possible definitions for an etale, finite, surjective map $X\rightarrow Y$ between integral schemes to be considered Galois: There exists a finite group $G$, and an action $\varphi: G\...
10
votes
1answer
320 views

Examples of étale covers of arithmetic surfaces

Define an arithmetic scheme $X$ to be a separated, integral scheme, flat and finite type over $\mathbb{Z}$. I am interested in obtaining examples of finite étale covers of arithmetic schemes. I am ...
5
votes
1answer
202 views

$\mathbb{A}^1$-invariance of categories of Finite Etale Covers

Let $k$ be algebraically closed with characteristic $0$. For a scheme $X$, let $FEt(X)$ be the category of finite etale covers of $X$. What can be said about $FEt(X \times \mathbb{A}^1)$ and the ...
8
votes
1answer
402 views

Under what conditions is the induced map of etale fundamental groups surjective?

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. I am interested in sufficient conditions on $f$ which would ensure that the induced map $\pi_1^{et}(X) \to \pi_1^{et}(Y)$ of etale fundamental groups is ...
8
votes
0answers
109 views

Overview and/or reference of theory of pro-universal covers?

This question will contain very little in the way of concrete information, because I don't have much to go on. I've heard whispers of something called a "pro-universal cover," which is the inverse ...
11
votes
2answers
505 views

Relationship between étale and topological $K(\pi,1)$s

I was trying to find a proof, or a counterexample to the claim that if $X/\mathbb{C}$ is connected smooth projective, then $X$ is a $K(\pi^{\mathrm{\acute{e}t}},1)$ if and only if $X^\mathrm{an}$ is a ...
4
votes
1answer
294 views

Covering of schemes and flatness

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a finite surjective morphism of quasi-projective schemes over $\mathbb{C}$, $X$ is reduced and $Y$ is integral. Suppose that there exists an integer $n$ such that for every closed ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Stalks of higher direct image under open embedding

Let $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb P^1$ without two points (say $t=0$ and $t=\infty$) and $j: U\to \mathbb P^1$ be an open immersion. Ground field $k$ is algeraically closed. Let $G$ be the group ...
0
votes
1answer
494 views

Artin approximation of a diagram

Let consider $f:(X,x)\to (Z,z)$ and $g:(Y,y)\to (Z,z)$ morphisms of pointed $k$-schemes of finite type ($k$ is a field). Suppose that there exists a map on the level of formal neighborhoods $\phi:X_{x}...
6
votes
0answers
127 views

Etale local isomorphism to the tangent cone

Let $X$ be a scheme and $p\in X$ a closed point. We say that $(X,p)$ is etale locally isomorphic to $(Y,q)$ if there exists an etale neighborhood of $p$ in $X$, and etale neighborhood of $q$ in $Y$, ...
1
vote
3answers
314 views

question about the induced homomorphism of etale fundamental groups

Background/Setup For any connected scheme $S$, let $\text{FEt}_S$ denote the category of finite etale $S$-schemes. Let $f : X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of connected schemes, then for any finite ...
1
vote
1answer
249 views

Descend of etale morphism

I am not sure whether the title is appropriate for this question or not. I am sorry if there is anyone who is confused with the title and the contents. What I want to ask is the following: let $k$ be ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Which algebras can be presented as filtered colimits of f.g. regular ones with smooth connecting morphisms?

Let $R$ be a regular (commutative associative unitial) algebra over a prime field $F$ (i.e. $F=F_p$ or $F=\mathbb{Q}$); assume that it is noetherian excellent (and even of Krull dimension $1$). What ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

A question regarding etale descent

We will always work with finite-type, smooth schemes over a field $k$. Let $\pi: Y \to X$ be an etale map of $k$-schemes. Let $Z$ be another $k$-scheme admitting a morphism $f: Y \to Z$. Suppose ...
9
votes
1answer
437 views

Example: Principal G bundle that is not Zariski locally trivial, G not finite and G simply connected

Let $G$ be an affine algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$. It is well known that when working with principal $G$ bundles it is too restrictive to require bundles to be locally trivial in the Zariski ...
4
votes
2answers
626 views

homotopy exact sequence for the étale fundamental group

I have been trying to understand the homotopy exact sequence for the étale fundamental group which says $$ 1 \rightarrow \pi_1 (\bar{X},\bar{x_0})\rightarrow \pi_1 (X,x_0)\rightarrow Gal(k)\...
8
votes
2answers
428 views

Henselian couples and finite etale morphisms

Let $S$ be a scheme and $S_0 \subset S$ a closed subscheme. Then $(S, S_0)$ is said to be a Henselian couple if for every finite $X \rightarrow S$, setting $X_0 := X\times_S S_0$, the natural map from ...
2
votes
0answers
190 views

branch locus of the discriminant map $\overline{\mathcal{H}}_{g',r} \to \overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

Let $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ be the moduli space of pointed, stable, genus $g$ curves. Let $\overline{\mathcal{H}}_{g',r}$ be the hurwitz space of cyclic covers of degree $r$ of genus $g$ curves ...
4
votes
1answer
197 views

Étale covers and birationality of varieties

All varieties are assumed to be projective over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $f_1: Y \to X$ and $f_2: Y' \to X$ be étale morphisms with same finite Galois groups (to be honest, I don't know what does Galois ...
3
votes
1answer
223 views

Structure of fundamental groups arising from smooth projective morphisms

Let $f:X\to B$ be a smooth projective morphism of complex algebraic varieties. If $f$ is of relative dimension zero, i.e., $f$ is a finite etale cover, then the image of the topological fundamental ...
8
votes
1answer
434 views

étale covers and torsion line bundles

Let $n \geq 2$ be an integer, $X$ a smooth variety over a field $k$ containing $\mu_n$ and $G$ a cyclic group of order $n$ acting on it. Assume that the action is free. Then the morphism $\pi: X \to Y=...
2
votes
1answer
474 views

The étale fundamental group in the non-normal case

It is known, that the étale fundamental group of a normal connected scheme equals the galois group of the maximal unramified extension of its function field. This is not true for integral schemes in ...
3
votes
2answers
344 views

About “de-Rham” and “l-adic” local systems - comparison

Hello, Suppose that $k$ is an algebraically closed field of char. 0. Let $X$ be a smooth connected variety over $k$. Then I have the category $A$ of Regular Singular smooth $D$-modules on $X$ (i.e. ...
3
votes
2answers
308 views

purity for finite flat group schemes

Let $X$ be a "nice" scheme and $Z \hookrightarrow X$ closed of codimension $\geq 2$. Let $Y$ over $X \setminus Z$ be a torsor for a finite flat group scheme $G/X$. Does $Y$ spread out to a $G$-torsor ...
4
votes
0answers
228 views

Do regular noetherian schemes of dimension one only have finitely many etale covers of bounded degree

Let $X$ be a regular noetherian scheme of dimension one. Let $d$ be an integer. Question. Are there only finitely many finite etale morphisms $Y\to X$ of degree $d$? I want to exclude finite etale ...
21
votes
3answers
999 views

Explicit computations of the étale homotopy type?

Hi, I'm currently trying to learn about etale homotopy for schemes as introduced by Artin-Mazur. I know that by the Artin-Mazur comparision theorem, it is possible to compute the etale homotopy type ...
26
votes
1answer
3k views

An etale version of the van Kampen theorem

Let $V$ be a smooth connected algebraic variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $W_1, W_2$ be closed subvarieties of $V$ of positive codimension whose intersection $W_1 \cap W_2$ has ...
2
votes
1answer
380 views

Does a curve over a number field have a finite etale cover of given degree

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) curve over a number field $K$ of genus $g\geq 2$. Let $d\geq 2$ be an integer. Does there exist a curve $Y$ over $K$ with a finite etale $K$-...
5
votes
1answer
399 views

Picard groups of abelian étale covers

Let $X$ be a scheme (you can assume that $X$ is proper and smooth over an algebraically closed field) and $T$ is a finite subgroup of $\text{Pic } X$ (of order prime to the characteristic). Does there ...