# Questions tagged [covering-spaces]

The covering-spaces tag has no usage guidance.

121
questions

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### For which spaces $S^n$ ($n\geq 2$) is a universal covering space?

I know that $S^n$ $(n\geq 2)$ is a universal covering space for itself and $\mathbb{RP}^n$. But my question is, for which spaces (up to homotopy equivalence) is $S^n$ ($n\geq 2$) a universal covering ...

1
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0
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### Relation of branched covers and groups

I am self-studying covering spaces of topological spaces. The following question comes to my mind.
In the case of topological covering spaces, we have a nice relation between the fundamental group of ...

2
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0
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61
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### Confusion about Turaev's description of G-bundles on the cylinder and pairs of pants

In Homotopy Field Theory in dimension 2 and group algebras, section 4.6, page 24, Turaev considers an annulus $C = S^1 \times [0,1]$ (thought of as a cobordism from $C_0 = S^1 \times \{ 0\}$ to $C_1 = ...

5
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2
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### References on principal $\mathbf{C}$-bundles, where $\mathbf{C}$ is a category?

Is there any treatment on principal "categorical" bundles - principal $\mathbf{C}$-bundles, where $\mathbf{C}$ is some (topological) category?
I know that one can define "categorical ...

7
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1
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290
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### When do covering spaces correspond to characteristic subgroups?

Given a covering space $p \colon X \to Y$, we get an injection $p^* \colon \pi_1(X) \to \pi_1(Y)$, and we know that the image $p^*(\pi_1(X))$ is normal in $\pi_1(Y)$ if an only if $p$ is regular, that ...

7
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2
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### Covering of a knot complement

Let $B=S^3\setminus K$ for some (tame) knot $K$. Suppose we have a covering $E\to B$ with a finite fiber.
Question: is $E$ homeomorphic to a knot/link complement?
On this question I found only the ...

3
votes

0
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77
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### (When) can you embed a closed map with finite discrete fibers into a (branched) cover?

Assume all spaces are topological manifolds. A branched cover is a continuous open map with discrete fibers. A finite branched cover is one with finite fibers.
Questions. Given closed map $X\to S$ ...

2
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1
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61
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### Sets with a good lift under a covering

Suppose I have a covering map $\pi : E \to X$ between (nice) topological spaces, and $x \in X$. If $U \ni x$ is a very small open set, then $\pi^{-1}(U)$ is a discrete union of subsets $V_d \subset X$ ...

6
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1
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### Why, if the geometric realisation of a simplicial map $p$ is a (topological) covering map, must $p$ be a (simplicial) covering map?

I essentially am asking for an explanation of the comment under this post by Tom Goodwillie.
In the "Kerodon", Lurie defines a simplicial covering map as follows:
A map $p:E\to X$ of ...

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0
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77
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### Relation between projective representation and the representation of the universal cover of a Lie Group

I am reading this paper, in what says exactly:
"Weare dealing with a ray representation os the conformal group AND THEREFORE with a representation of the universal covering group of the conformal ...

3
votes

1
answer

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### Can a compact good orbifold be realized as a global quotient of a compact manifold?

Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a compact good orbifold, where we understand a good orbifold to be an orbifold obtained as a global quotient $M/G$, where $M$ is a manifold and $G$ is a discrete group. Are there ...

0
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### Arbitrarily high degree planar covers?

All the graphs I want to discuss are finite, simple, and connected. A graph $G_1$ covers another graph $G_2$ if there is a surjective map $\pi : V(G_1) \to V(G_2)$ that sends edges to edges and such ...

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### Length metrics on covering spaces

This is a question (Exercise 3.30(2)) in the book `Metric spaces of non-positive curvature' written by Bridson and Haefliger.
In the book, there is the following proposition (Proposition 3.28)
Let $p:\...

1
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1
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146
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### Does fiber bundles admits good properties of covering spaces?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be non compact complex manifolds and $f:X\to Y$ be a holomorphic fiber bundle with fibers $F$ such that $f^*:\pi_1(X)\to\pi_1(Y)$ is injective and let for any $f_1,f_2\in F$ there ...

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### G-sheaves on spaces with a free G-action

Let $X$ be a topological space
equipped with an action of a group $G$. In the Tohoku paper, Grothendieck defined
"$G$-sheaves" on $X$ as sheaves equipped with $G$-action on the etale space,
...

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2
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231
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### Finite sheeted covering of the complement of a finite set in $\mathbb{C}$

For figure "eight" there is a list of finite sheeted covering discussed in Hatcher's book "Algebraic topology". I was thinking about the following question:
Let $S$ be a finite ...

0
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1
answer

464
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### What is definition of branched covering?

What is definition of branched covering in the page 10 of following paper ?
In Hatcher, Allen; Lochak, Pierre; Schneps, Leila, On the Teichmüller tower of mapping class groups, J. Reine Angew. Math. ...

2
votes

1
answer

194
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### Explicit universal covering map for higher genus algebraic curves

Suppose I have a projective plane curve $C = V(F)$ defined over $\mathbb{C}$, where $F$ is some homogeneous polynomial in three variables. For the sake of simplicity, let's assume that $C$ is ...

2
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1
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172
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### The monodromy in the proof of Little Picard via Klein's $J$

First of all, my question is in the context of formalising proofs in the proof assistant Isabelle/HOL, so my questions are a bit guided by what material we have in the complex analysis library there.
...

5
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1
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217
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### Nondegeneracy of kernel of map on homology induced by covering of surfaces

Let $f:X \rightarrow Y$ be a finite covering map between compact oriented surfaces and let $K$ be the kernel of the induced map $f_\ast: H_1(X) \rightarrow H_1(Y)$. Here homology has rational ...

11
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1
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436
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### Is there a closed manifold whose universal cover is $\mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{x_1, \dots, x_k\}$ for some $k > 1$?

There are many closed manifolds with universal cover homotopy equivalent to $\mathbb{R}^n$, they are precisely the closed aspherical manifolds. There are also many closed smooth manifolds with ...

2
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0
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147
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### Semisimple covers of varieties

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety.
The finite étale covers of $X$ are measured by the étale fundamental group $\pi_1^{\rm et}(X)$.
On the other hand, the Cox ring ${\rm Cox}(X)$ of $X$ (finitely ...

5
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0
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293
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### To what extent are geometric methods being used to attack the inverse Galois problem?

My limited knowledge so far is that some groups have been constructed geometrically using the theory of covering spaces, then applying Hilbert irreducibility.
Is there a deeper way in which inverse ...

0
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0
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84
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### Automorphism group of a Lie group $G$ vs that of a double covering group $\tilde{G}$: same or not? [duplicate]

Previously there are some counterexamples given in Automorphism group of a Lie group $G$ vs that of a covering group $\tilde G$: same or not? such that the automorphism group of a Lie group 𝐺 is not ...

2
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145
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### Automorphism group of a Lie group $G$ vs that of a covering group $\tilde G$: same or not?

Is it true or false that the Inner (Inn), Outer (Out) and Total (Aut) Automorphism of a Lie group $G$ is the same as the covering group of the Lie group, say $\tilde G$ (regardless of how many types ...

16
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2
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683
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### What happens to a closed manifold to ensure it is homeomorphic to a torus $T^{n}$?

If $M$ is a smooth connected closed $n$-dimensional manifold, its universal covering space is homeomorphic to Euclidean space $R^{n}$, and its fundamental group is $Z^{n}$, then is it homeomorphic ...

5
votes

1
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354
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### Minimum number of generators for quotients of congruence subgroups of SL(2, Z)

For a given positive integer $N$ let $L(N)$ denote the principal congruence subgroup of $\operatorname{SL}(2, \mathbb{Z})$ of level $N$. It is known that $L(N)$ is a finitely generated free group. Let ...

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1
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335
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### Local diffeomorphisms, covering maps and smooth path lifting

Let $f: M\to N$ be a surjective local diffeomorphism of noncompact smooth manifolds.
Suppose that every smooth path is liftable, that is, for any smooth path $\gamma: [0,1]\to N$ and any point $p\in f^...

5
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1
answer

576
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### Construction of the universal covering space of the etale homotopy type $Et(X)$

Let $X$ be a nice scheme (additional assumptions could be added), and let $Et(X)$ be its (Artin-Mazur) etale homotopy type. I am looking for a/the scheme $Y$ over $X$ whose etale homotopy type $Et(Y)$...

3
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### Universal cover of finetely connected surface with boundary

Let $M$ be a finetely connected orientable surface with compact boundary. This means $M$ is homeomorphic to a compact orientable surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g \geq 0$ minus $r \geq 1$ points and minus $...

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### Fundamental group of the complement of some quadric cones

cross-posting from MathSE
Problem
Consider the domain
$$\Omega=\mathbb{C}^4\setminus\{z_0(z_1^2+z_2^2+z_3^2)=0\}$$
and the map
$$F:\Omega\to\mathbb{CP}^1\qquad F(z_0,z_1,z_2,z_3)=[z_0^2:z_1^2+z_2^2+...

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votes

1
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355
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### Construction of the universal covering space via compact-open topology

This is a re-post of a question I asked a month ago on MSE, but unfortunately didn't receive any answers. I'm hoping someone could help me with it. Here it goes:
Recently I've been self-studying the ...

4
votes

1
answer

368
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### Cellular homology of the universal cover

Let $X$ be a connected pointed CW complex. Let $\tilde{X}$ be its universal covering space and $G=\pi_{1}(X)$.
Lets denote $(C^{Cell}_{\ast}(\tilde{X}),d)$ the cellular chain complex associated to $\...

2
votes

1
answer

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### Automorphisms of $G/Z(G)$ with $G$ simply connected

Let $G$ be a simply connected (if necessary, compact Lie) group with finite center $Z$ and $p:G/\to G/Z$ be the canonical projection. Is there any way to know if every element in $\operatorname{Out}(G/...

2
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1
answer

421
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### Principal G-bundles over the circle

To edify my understanding of fiber bundles with structure groups, I was currently trying to reconcile two classifications (in a particular case). For simplicity, I'm taking the base to be $S^1$ and ...

2
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1
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187
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### Lifting of a proper map in the cover is a proper map

Let $M$ be an orientable surface without boundary$($I am not assuming $M$ is compact, it can be non-compact$)$. Let $\Phi: M\to M$ be a proper homotopy-equivalnce$($A proper homotopy-equivalence can ...

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### Covering image of a connected CW-complex need not be a CW-complex

This question is already asked here MSE, and there is an answer based on some conjecture (probably still open). I am posting the same question for a counterexample (if any, not based on such unsolved ...

3
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0
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### Is the category of covering spaces always a topos?

It is well knows that for a nice (locally path connected, semi-locally simply connected) topological spaces, the category of covering spaces over $X$ is equivalent to the functor category $\left[\Pi_1\...

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2
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### Explicit description of the group of deck transformations acting on the universal cover of a Riemann Surface

I am finding the explicit description of genus $2$ surface as the upper half plane modulo group of Deck Transformation. I did't find it anywhere. Also, I found a similar question here. But, there is ...

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1
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172
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### can we take skeletons of covering maps to give new covering maps?

Let $X$ be an $n$-dimensional cell complex.
We attach an $(n+1)$-cell $e^{n+1}$ to $X$ and obtain a new cell complex $X'$.
Take the universal cover (or a general covering space) $\tilde X'$ of $X'$.
...

2
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0
answers

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### Rotation set vs existence of rotation number

Let $f\colon \mathbb{S}^{1}\to\mathbb{S}^{1}$ be a continuous function of degree 1 and $F\colon \mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ a lift of $f.$ One can define, for each $x\in \mathbb{R}$, the rotation number ...

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### If the universal cover of a manifold is spin, must it admit a finite cover which is spin?

If $M$ is non-orientable, then it has a finite cover which is orientable (in particular, the orientable double cover).
If $M$ is non-spin, then it does not necessarily have a finite cover which is ...

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2
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498
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### The variety induced by an extension of a field

If $K$ is a finitely generated field extension of $k$, then there exists an irreducible affine $k$-variety with function field $K$. The idea is that if $x_1, \dots, x_n$ are generators of $K$ under $k$...

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### When is the quotient of a manifold by a discrete group of diffeomorphisms a diffeological covering space?

I was reading An Introduction to Diffeology by Patrick Iglesias-Zemmour and he defines a diffeological covering space as a diffeological fiber bundle with discrete fiber.
My question: Consider a ...

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### Mixed Hodge structures on (infinite) covers of complex varieties?

Let $X$ be a complex variety, and let $\tilde{X}\to X$ be a covering map. Does the singular cohomology $H_\ast(\tilde{X};\mathbb{Z})$ carry a natural mixed Hodge structure?
If the cover is finite, ...

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4
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### The homology of the universal covering space, why so difficult to compute

Let suppose that we are given a connected CW-complex $X$, such that we know
All its homology groups.
All its homotopy groups, in particular we know $\pi_{1}(X)$.
As far as I know there is no ...

4
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0
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### Contractibility and orientation double cover

Question. Let $M$ be a triangulated non-orientable 3-manifold with non-orientable boundary. (It is possible to assume that the boundary is the Klein bottle.) Let $\ell$ be a non-orientable loop on the ...

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### Local isometry implies covering map: nonempty boundary case [closed]

The following theorem is well known in the literature:
Let $M$ and $N$ be riemannian manifolds and let $f : M \to N$ be a local isometry. If $M$ is complete and $N$ is connected, then $f$ is a ...

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5
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### Does anyone know a basepoint-free construction of universal covers?

Let $X$ be a real manifold (for simplicity). The standard construction of the universal cover $\varphi: \widetilde{X} \longrightarrow X$ involves fixing a basepoint $p \in X$ and considering homotopy ...

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### Is there a reasonable notion of universal cover for schemes over arbitrary fields?

Let $X$ be smooth projective variety, such as an elliptic curve. We know that $X$ does not have a universal cover in the category of schemes.
However, if $k = \mathbf{C}$, then $\tilde{X}$ exists as ...