# Questions tagged [surfaces]

A surface is a two-dimensional topological manifold. The term can also be used to describe a smooth surface, depending on the context.

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### Fractional Dehn Twist coefficient of monodromy of rational open book

Given an open book $(S,h)$, the fractional Dehn twist coefficient $c(h)$ in some sense measures the difference between $h$ and its Thurston representative $g$. More specifically, one can consider the ...
215 views

### Intersection pairing on non-compact surface

Let $S$ be a smooth oriented connected $2$-manifold. We have an algebraic intersection pairing $\omega\colon H_1(S) \times H_1(S) \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}$. If $S$ is compact, then this is ...
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1 vote
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### Making sense of constant scalar curvature metric horns

Suppose we have a compact oriented surface $S$ and we remove a point $p$ on it. We could consider a neighboorhood $U$ of the puncture $p$, so that the points in this neighboorhood are described by ...
52 views

### Let K be a compact set in a surface, U component of S-K, K'=S-U. K has finitely many components. Does every component of K' contains a component of K? [closed]

Let $S$ be a compact connected surface. Let $K$ be a compact subset of $S$ and suppose that $K$ has a finite number of connected components. Let $U$ be a connected component of $S \setminus K$ and ...
120 views

### Let $G$ be a graph of genus $g$. Is the number of (non necessarily disjoint) 5-clique subgraphs at most $f(g)$ for some function $f$?

For a graph of genus $g$, it holds that it cannot have too many disjoint 5-cliques, as each clique requires a new handle. It feels that given a graph of genus $g$, it cannot have an unbounded number ...
141 views

### Can every surface be realized as a mean convex hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^3$?

I'm wondering if every closed surface can be realized as a mean convex hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^3$, i.e. the mean curvature vanishes or points inward. Categorizing by genus: for $S^2$ ($g = 0$) ...
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1 vote
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### Existence of a curve of finite length on the image of an embedding which is Sobolev

Suppose that we have an embedding $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}^3$ which belongs in the Sobolev space $W^{1,p}_{loc}(\mathbb{R^2},\mathbb{R}^3)$ for some $p>2$. Is it true then that for any two ...
• 81
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### Under what condition can a smooth map be factored through the Gauss normal map

Inspired by this question entitled When does the shape operator commute with a derivative? we ask the following question: Assume that $S,H$ are two surfaces whose corresponding Gauss maps are denoted ...
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### Maximal degree of a map between orientable surfaces

Suppose that $M$ and $N$ are closed connected oriented surfaces. It is well-known that if $f \colon M \to N$ has degree $d > 0$, then $\chi(M) \le d \cdot \chi(N)$. What is an elementary proof of ...
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378 views

### Twisted interval-bundles over a surface

I am trying to understand interval bundles over orientable surfaces. I know of course the basic examples: trivial interval bundles are just products. From what I understand, there is only one non-...
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### Building a geodesic conjugate parameterization on catenoid

I believe that a catenoid supports a parametrization $\sigma : U \subset \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ that forms a conjugate system (i.e., $\sigma_{uv} \in\mathrm{span}(\sigma_u, \sigma_v)$) ...
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### Maximal contractible-ish Hausdorff surfaces

For the duration of this question, let a "surface" be any connected Hausdorff topological space that is locally homeomorphic to R2. Note that we make no assumption about a countable base to ...
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1 vote
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### Identifying a curve on a closed surface of genus 4

The notation is the one used in the attached picture. Take a closed, orientable surface $\Sigma_4$ of genus $4$, obtained as the identification space of a polygon with $16$ sides in the usual way. The ...
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### Euler class of vertical tangent bundle of the surface bundle over circle

Suppose $\Sigma$ is an oriented genus $g>1$ surface and $h:\Sigma\to \Sigma$ is a diffeomorphism preserving a point $p$. Let $M$ be the surface bundle over $S^1$ obtained by gluing $\Sigma\times I$ ...
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### Maximum for sum of distances on a constant curvature surface

(This is a modification of a previous question where my hopes were too general.) Let $X$ be a closed constant curvature surface and consider the function $f_n : X \times \cdots \times X \to \mathbb{R}$...
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### Leaves of bounded genus

Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a codimension one foliation in a closed $3$-manifold $M$. Does there exist an upper bound for the genus of the compact orientable leaves? That is, does there exist $G >0$ such ...
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### Cubic lattice representation of a solid torus knot using the surface as a boundary

For physics simulation reasons, I would like to respresent a solid torus knot as a collection of integer points sat on a cubic lattice. If I were to do this using a sphere, I would do this by saying ...
84 views

### Intersections of geodesics in an "almost flat" plane

Let $g$ be a complete metric on $\mathbb{R}^2$, such that: Outside of a compact connected set $K\subset \mathbb{R}^2$, the curvature of $g$ vanishes. The integral of the Gaussian curvature in $K$ is ...
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### Upper bound for the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian on surfaces with boundary

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact smooth surface with boundary. Define $$\Lambda(\Sigma) := \sup \{ \lambda_1(\Sigma,g) \operatorname{Area}(\Sigma,g) : g \text{ is a smooth Riemannian metric on \Sigma} \}$$ ...
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Let $\Sigma \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a compact embedded surface with boundary $\partial \Sigma$ and $i:\Sigma\setminus \partial\Sigma \to \mathbb{R}^3 \setminus \partial\Sigma$ the inclusion. Is the ...
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### Closed-form examples of CMC surfaces

Besides the trivial cases of cylinders and spheres, are there any other known examples of non-zero constant mean curvature surfaces which can be represented explicitly in a closed form? I am ...
100 views

### Vanishing of Goldman bracket requires simple-closed representative?

Let $\Sigma$ be a connected oriented surface, and $[-,-]\colon \Bbb Z\big[\widehat\pi(\Sigma)\big]\times Z\big[\widehat\pi(\Sigma)\big]\to Z\big[\widehat\pi(\Sigma)\big]$ be the Goldman Bracket. Note ...
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1 vote
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### Uniqueness of graph embeddings on surfaces for highly connected graphs

A theorem of Whitney says that if $i_1$ and $i_2$ are two embeddings of a 3-connected planar graph into $S^2$, then there exists a homeomorphism $h : S^2 \to S^2$ such that $h \circ i_1 = i_2$. Is ...
• 1,065
1 vote
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### Diffeomorphism induced by small perturbation

Consider the surface $S_{\epsilon}$ defined as: \begin{align} %S&=\{\vec x \in \mathbf{R}^3: x=0\}, \\ S_{\epsilon}&=\{\vec x \in \mathbf{R}^3:\epsilon (x^2 + y^2 + z^2 - 1) + x=0\}. \end{...
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### Topology change induced by small perturbation

Consider the surface $S_{\epsilon}$ defined as: \begin{align} %S&=\{\vec x \in \mathbf{R}^3: x=0\}, \\ S_{\epsilon}&=\{\vec x \in \mathbf{R}^3:f_{\epsilon}(\vec x)\equiv\epsilon ((x^2 + y^2 - ...
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### A closed curve can be homotopic to remove all intersections with a filling $\Gamma$ if it has zero geometric intersection numbers with $\Gamma$

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact oriented connected bordered surface other than the pair of pants. Let $\Gamma:=\{\gamma_i\}$ be a finite collection of simple closed curves on $\Sigma$ such that each ...
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119 views

### Every surface of sufficiently large genus separates

Let $M^3$ be a smooth closed orientable manifold. Does there exist a non negative integer $g_0$ such that every closed orientable embedded surface $\Sigma \subset M$ of genus $g \geq g_0$ represents ...
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