# Questions tagged [geodesics]

The geodesics tag has no usage guidance.

168
questions

3
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### Geodesic laminations on the 4-punctured sphere

Let $S_{0,4}$ be the 4-punctured sphere equipped with a hyperbolic metric of finite volume (thus all punctures are cusps). Consider $\gamma$ to be a simple geodesic of $S_{0,4}$ (not necessarily ...

2
votes

0
answers

361
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### Parallel transport on a vector bundle : expansion of the correspondance between normal and tubular coordinates

Let $(M, g^{TM})$ be a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. Let $X \subset M$ be a submanifold of dimension $n$ with boundary $\partial X$. Then we have a splitting of the tangent bundle
$$TM \vert_{\...

2
votes

0
answers

77
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### Does Kobayashi isometry map preserve complex geodesics?

Let $\gamma_1, \gamma_2$ are real geodesics in a domain $D$ and these two real geodesics are lying in the same complex geodesics, the question is, are $f\left(\gamma_1\right)$ and $f\left(\gamma_2\...

2
votes

1
answer

71
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### Jacobi fields in singular metric on quotient space

Consider the square $\Omega = (0,\pi) \times (0,\pi/2) \ni (r,\theta)$ endowed with the Riemannian metric
\begin{equation}
f^2 \big(\mathrm{d} r^2 + \sin^2(r) \, \mathrm{d} \theta^2 \big),
\end{...

0
votes

1
answer

142
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### Going from piecewise to genuine geodesic without decreasing number of intersections?

Let $(M^2,g)$ be a complete, two-dimensional Riemannian manifold be given; also given is $\gamma: [0,\infty) \to M$, an injective geodesic in $M$.
Suppose there are two geodesic segments $\gamma_i : [...

2
votes

1
answer

95
views

### Why is the set of singular points of starlike boundary $\Gamma$ closed?

I'm reading Geometric Inequalities of Yu. D. Burago and V. A. Zalgaller. I don't understand why $E_1$ is closed in the proof of the following lemma.
Several definition.
Suppose $ \Omega $ is a ...

0
votes

0
answers

56
views

### Calculating the principal curvature of the geodesic sphere of radius $r$ in the space of dimension $n$ and of constant sectional curvature $c$

I'm reading "Riemannian Geometry" by Manfredo P. do Carmo and I'm trying to calculate the principal curvature of the geodesic sphere of radius $r$ in the space of dimension $n$ and of ...

0
votes

0
answers

49
views

### Large deviations for geodesic flows of Lie groups

Let $G$ be a Lie group with finite Haar measure $\mu$. Choose $g\in G$ uniformly according to $\mu$. Let $\Phi^s$ denote the geodesic flow. Has the following been studied
$$\lim_{t\to\infty}\mu\left(\...

12
votes

0
answers

416
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### Is there a mistake in Zagier's "Hyperbolic manifolds and special values of Dedekind zeta-functions"?

I am having troubles with Don Zagier's "Hyperbolic manifolds and special values of Dedekind zeta-functions", available at this link, and I think there might be a mistake. In particular the ...

0
votes

1
answer

169
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### Compute distance between geodesics and perturbed geodesics on a Riemannian manifold via Jacobi field $\vert J \vert$

I would like to pose a question regarding the distance between a geodesic $\gamma(t)$ and a perturbed geodesic $\gamma_{\epsilon}(t)$ on a Riemannian manifold. Specifically, is the distance controlled ...

4
votes

1
answer

209
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### Geodesics on orthogonal matrix

Let $ O(n) $ be the manifold of orthornormal matrix, i.e.
$$
O(n)=\{A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}:A^TA=I\}.
$$
Then $ O(n) $ is a submanifold of $ \mathbb{R}^{n\times n} $. On $ O(n) $, there is a ...

2
votes

0
answers

222
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### A Question about an article by Birman, Series

Birman and Series in their article GEODESICS WITH BOUNDED INTERSECTION NUMBER ON
SURFACES ARE SPARSELY DISTRIBUTED proved that the set of points on a hyperbolic surface (possibly with boundary) ...

3
votes

0
answers

190
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### Sweeping out the disk: what comes out?

In 2008, Larry Guth gave a new proof of a theorem of Gromov about the min-max widths of the unit $n$-ball. This states that the $p$-parameter width $\omega_p(k,n)$ (of sweepouts with $k$-dimensional ...

3
votes

0
answers

198
views

### Jacobi equation and conjugate points on solution curves of the Van der Pol vector field

Let $X$ be a geodesible non vanishing vector field on a manifold $M$. Namely there is a Riemannian structure $(M,g)$ such that all integral curves of $M$ are unparametrized geodesics of the ...

4
votes

1
answer

158
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### What integral formula is being used here?

I am trying to read the paper "Simple closed geodesics on convex surfaces" by E.Calabi and J. Cao and a certain passage is unclear for me. Before, let me contextualize and set up some ...

5
votes

0
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81
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### Intersections of geodesics in an "almost flat" plane

Let $g$ be a complete metric on $\mathbb{R}^2$, such that:
Outside of a compact connected set $K\subset \mathbb{R}^2$, the curvature of $g$ vanishes.
The integral of the Gaussian curvature in $K$ is ...

-1
votes

2
answers

255
views

### Are geodesics necessarily embedded?

I would like to ask a very basic/naive question. Given a Riemannian or pseudo-Riemannian manidold equipped with the Levi-Civita connection, is it known that all solutions of the geodesics equation are ...

5
votes

2
answers

461
views

### Can the exponential map be used to define geodesics (and hence, generalisations of geodesics)?

Let $(M,g)$ be a (connected, paracompact, $C^{\infty}$-smooth) Riemannian manifold with Riemannian metric $g$. The exponential map is defined for each point $p \in M$ to be the map $\exp_p : T_p M \to ...

9
votes

1
answer

336
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### Do geodesics avoid regions where the curvature diverges?

Let $(M^2,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, with manifold boundary $\partial M$. We assume that the metric degenerates at the boundary, in the sense that the (Gauss) curvature diverges like $K \to +\infty$...

1
vote

0
answers

74
views

### Translate of a geodesic that goes through a fixed point on $\mathbb{H}$

Consider the complex upper half plane $\mathbb{H}$ with the hyperbolic geometry. Fix a point $z \in \mathbb{H}$ and also a geodesic $c$. I want to find a hyperbolic translation $\gamma c$ passes that ...

6
votes

1
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116
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### On properties of Besse spheres

Let $(\mathbb{S}^2,g)$ be a Besse sphere, that is, a Riemannian sphere all of whose geodesics are closed. By a result of Gromoll and Grove, all the geodesics are simple (no self-intersections) and ...

1
vote

0
answers

59
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### Showing bound $\|\nabla_t \dot{\tilde{x}}_Y(h, 0)\| \le L \|Y\|_{2, \infty}$ for smooth homotopies of geodesics

This question pertains to Lemma 3.5 of this article. Let $M$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold and $\gamma$ some geodesic with respect to the Levi-Civita connection $\nabla$. For any $C^2$ vector field $...

0
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0
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214
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### Geodesics and gradient flow

Is there a construction in Riemannian geometry which relates the gradient flow of a function on a manifold with a certain metric with geodesics on another related manifold with its own metric?

1
vote

1
answer

145
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### A question on convexity and conjugate points

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact smooth simply connected Riemannian manifold with a smooth boundary. Assume also that $(M,g)$ does not have any conjugate pairs of points. Let $\Gamma \subset \partial M$ be a ...

2
votes

0
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64
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### Image of tori in locally symmetric spaces and homology

Suppose we have a reductive group $G$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, a compact subgroup of the adelic points $K_f\subset G(\mathbb{A}_{\mathbb{Q}})$, and the associated locally symmetric space
$$Y_K := G(\mathbb{...

4
votes

0
answers

58
views

### Good resources that talk about geodesically convex sets for riemannian manifolds?

Are there any good resources that talk about geodesically convex sets, and in particular convex hulls, for riemannian manifolds? I’ve been wanting to learn more about them, their geometry and ...

2
votes

1
answer

134
views

### What does the boundary of convex hulls look like in matrix Lie groups?

Let $G$ be a compact matrix Lie group under the Killing form metric $\langle \xi, \eta \rangle_g = -\frac{1}{2}\text{tr}((g^{-1}\xi)^T(g^{-1}\eta))$ for $g \in G$ and $\xi,\eta \in T_gG$. Let $C \...

3
votes

0
answers

92
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### Application of Santalo’s formula

Suppose that $(M,g)$ is a compact smooth Riemannian manifold with a smooth boundary and suppose that $f$ is a smooth function on $M$ with the property that
$$ \int_I f(\gamma(t))\,dt=0,$$
for any ...

2
votes

0
answers

123
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### Smoothness of distance function induced by Finsler metric

Consider $\mathbb R^N$ endowed with a smooth Finsler metric $\phi:\mathbb R^N\times S^N\to (0,+\infty]$. The smoothness assumption are both on $\phi(x,\cdot)$ (being at least $C^{2,1}$) and $\phi(\...

23
votes

2
answers

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### Can we make distances in a finite subset of a manifold whatever we want?

Given a connected smooth manifold $M$ of dimension $m>1$, points $p_1,\dots,p_n\in M$ and positive values $\{d_{i,j};1\leq i<j\leq n\}$ satisfying the strict triangle inequalities $d_{i,j}<d_{...

2
votes

0
answers

95
views

### Distance and initial velocity of the shortest path along a smooth curve in a manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannain manifold and let $p\in M$. Let $\gamma:[0,1] \to M$ be a smooth curve and let $p \notin \gamma([0,1])$. Assume further that for each $t \in [0,1]$ there is a unique (unit ...

4
votes

0
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97
views

### Geodesic foliations of open manifolds foliated by hyperbolic spaces

It is known that hyperbolic spaces admit geodesic foliations (that is, a smooth unit vector field all of whose integral curves are geodesics, see https://arxiv.org/abs/1411.6700).
Suppose a complete ...

3
votes

1
answer

250
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### Infinite number of closed geodesics on distorted sphere

I would appreciate a reference to support this statement that
appears under the Geodesic entry of the
CRC Encyclopedia of Mathematics:
"no matter how badly a sphere is distorted,
there exists an ...

2
votes

0
answers

123
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### Comparison of sum of vectors and exponential map on a Riemannian manifold

Suppose $M$ is a simply-connected complete Riemannian manifold with bounded sectional curvature $\delta \leq K \leq \Delta < 0$. Let $p_0\in M$. Define the sequence of points $p_1, \ldots, p_n$ by
$...

1
vote

0
answers

70
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### Completeness of infinitely intersecting causal geodesics in strongly causal spacetimes

Let $(M,g)$ be a connected, smooth, strongly causal Lorentzian manifold, and consider an inextendible causal geodesic $\sigma : [0,b) \to M$ (a priori, $b$ may be $\infty$) with the following property:...

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vote

0
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117
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### Injecitivity radius of Sasaki metric

Suppose we have a compact riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ and we endow $TM$ with the Sasaki metric $\tilde g$. Now I am interested in understanding the injectivity radius of $(TM,\tilde g)$ but I am ...

3
votes

2
answers

322
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### Direct calculation of the Fisher distance via Riemannian geodesics

I'm looking for a reference for a direct calculation of the Fisher distance (to avoid overloading the term "metric") $d_F(x,y) := 2 \cos^{-1} \sum_i \sqrt{x_i y_i}$ as the geodesic distance ...

9
votes

0
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463
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### Volume of a geodesic ball in $\operatorname{SL}(n) / {\operatorname{SO}(n)}$?

$\DeclareMathOperator\SL{SL}\DeclareMathOperator\SO{SO}$Crossposted on MSE: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4261809/volume-of-a-geodesic-ball-in-sln-son
Question: What is the volume of a ...

1
vote

0
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77
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### Dirichlet-to-Neumann map for second order ODE

Problem statement
In a problem of interacting particles, I encountered a type of geodesic equation in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with an additional rotation and dilation term
$$
\ddot\gamma(t) + e^{t Q} \Lambda ...

2
votes

1
answer

227
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### If any two triangles of equal area can be mapped via affine maps, what can we say about the geometry?

This is a cross-post.
Let $(M,g)$ be a two-dimensional compact surface, endowed with a Riemannian metric.
Fix $s>0$, and suppose that for any two geodesic triangles $A,B$ having area $s$, there ...

4
votes

1
answer

157
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### What is the minimal length of a “Diagonal” in a Torus?

Given a Riemannian torus $(T,d)$ with fundamental group $\pi_1(T)=\langle a,b \mid ab=ba \rangle$. Denote for any $\gamma \in \pi_1(T)$ the infimum length of all representatives of $\gamma$ by $L(\...

1
vote

0
answers

132
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### Conditions under which a metric on a Riemannian manifold is induced by a Riemannian metric

Let $(M, g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Lately, I've grown interested in what you may call a "modified geodesic" problem. Given some smooth, non-negative scalar field $V$ on $M$ (aptly called ...

1
vote

0
answers

101
views

### Normal geodesic coordinates on submanifold comparison of coordinates

I would like to a find a formula which relates the normal geodesic coordinates associated to a submanifold to the geodesic coordinates on the manifold.
More precisely, let $X$ be a closed submanifold ...

3
votes

0
answers

77
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### Semiconcavity estimate for the squared distance on a compact Riemannian manifold

I am currently reading this paper on the Riemannian structure of the Wasserstein space over a compact Riemannian manifold (my question doesn't concern the Wasserstein metric), specifically Section 4.1,...

3
votes

1
answer

294
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### Vanishing Gaussian curvature

I encounter the following claim in my general relativity research:
Given a regular surface $x(u,v)$ such that in a neighborhood $V$ os some point $p$ in $S$, the coordinate curves $x(u,v=v_{0})$ and $...

5
votes

1
answer

202
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### Sufficient condition for geodesic convexity/connectedness

Let $(\Sigma,g)$ be a connected smooth Riemannian manifold without boundary. By a minimizing geodesic I mean a geodesic whose length equals the distance between its endpoints. Let us consider the ...

4
votes

0
answers

189
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### Can the existence of geodesics be deduced from properties of the Laplacian?

As I understand it, the semiclassical trace formula in particular relates lengths of geodesics to eigenvalues of the Laplacian.
Is it possible to prove that every compact Riemannian manifold has a ...

1
vote

3
answers

428
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### Usage/Application of Raychaudhuri equation in Riemann geometry or pure maths

While going through this paper by Witten and seeing a discussion about different aspects of Raychaudhari Equation and Einstein Field Equation. I want to ask if Raychaudhari Equation find any ...

2
votes

1
answer

186
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### Hyperbolic length of curve that does not enter a collar

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact surface of genus at least $1$ with one boundary component, equipped with a hyperbolic metric so that the boundary is geodesic. There is a version of the collar lemma that ...

1
vote

0
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123
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### Uniform divergence of geodesics in RAAGs

$\DeclareMathOperator\div{div}$Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and let $\gamma$ be a geodesic in $X$. Roughly speaking, the divergence of $\gamma$ at a point $x\in \gamma$ is a function $\div:\mathbb{R}...