# Questions tagged [ac.commutative-algebra]

Commutative rings, modules, ideals, homological algebra, computational aspects, invariant theory, connections to algebraic geometry and combinatorics.

1,057
questions with no upvoted or accepted answers

**42**

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985 views

### Enriched Categories: Ideals/Submodules and algebraic geometry

While working through Atiyah/MacDonald for my final exams I realized the following:
The category(poset) of ideals $I(A)$ of a commutative ring A is a closed symmetric monoidal category if endowed ...

**26**

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571 views

### The field of fractions of the rational group algebra of a torsion free abelian group

Let $G$ be a torsion free abelian group (infinitely generated to get anything interesting). The group algebra $\mathbb{Q}[G]$ is an integral domain. Let $\mathbb{Q}(G)$ be its field of fractions.
...

**23**

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355 views

### On the definition of regular (non-noetherian, commutative) rings

All rings are commutative with unit. A ring $R$ is called regular if it satisfies
(Reg) Every finitely generated ideal of $R$ has finite projective dimension.
Clearly this gives the usual ...

**21**

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455 views

### CH and automorphisms of ultrapowers of $\mathbb{Z}$ and $\mathbb{R}$

Notation and motivation. Given an algebraic structure $\mathbb{M}$ of cardinality at most the continuum and with countably many operations, and a nonprincipal ultrafilter $\cal{U}$ on a countably ...

**18**

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314 views

### Deforming a basis of a polynomial ring

The ring $Symm$ of symmetric functions in infinitely many variables is well-known to be a polynomial ring in the elementary symmetric functions, and has a $\mathbb Z$-basis of Schur functions $\{S_\...

**18**

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1k views

### Two conjectures by Gabber on Brauer and Picard groups

In a paper I need to make reference to 2 conjectures by Gabber
(see Conjectures 2 and 3, page 1975)
http://www.mfo.de/programme/schedule/2004/32/OWR_2004_37.pdf
1) Let $R$ be a strictly henselian ...

**17**

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470 views

### Rigid Non-archimedean Real Closed Fields

Question. Is there a countable rigid non-Archimedean real closed field?
Background:
As usual, a structure is said to be rigid if the only automorphism of the structure is the identity map.
It is ...

**16**

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396 views

### Are dualizable modules finitely generated?

Let $A$ be a commutative noetherian ring, and assume that $A$ has a dualizing complex $R$. Let $D(-) := \operatorname{RHom}_A(-,R)$ be the associated dualizing functor, and let $M$ be an $A$-module.
...

**16**

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1k views

### monomorphisms and epimorphisms of local rings

I want to understand the structure of monomorphisms/epimorphisms in the category of local rings (with local homomorphisms), or dually in the category of local schemes. Let $LR$ denote this category.
...

**15**

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469 views

### What are retracts of polynomial rings?

Is there a known example of a ring endomorphism $f: \mathbb{Z}[x_1, \ldots, x_n] \to \mathbb{Z}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ such that $f \circ f = f$ but whose image is not isomorphic to a polynomial ring?
...

**15**

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594 views

### Bloch-Kato conjecture and Wiles' numerical criterion

I already asked this question some days ago on https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/158747/bloch-kato-conjecture-and-wiles-numerical-criterion but didn't receive any response.
In the ...

**14**

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460 views

### (When) is isomorphism on differentials enough to guarantee that a map is étale?

I'm sorry if this is too easy for MO.
Let $S$ be a locally noetherian scheme, flat over $\mathrm{Spec}\,\mathbb{Z}$, $X$ and $Y$ be flat $S$-schemes locally of finite presentation, and let $f:X\to Y$ ...

**14**

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717 views

### Countable Hom/Ext implies finitely generated

Today I learned this interesting fact from Jerry Kaminker: If $A$ is an abelian group such that $\mathrm{Hom}(A,\mathbb{Z})$ and $\mathrm{Ext}(A,\mathbb{Z})$ are both countably generated, then in fact ...

**14**

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811 views

### Frobenius upper shriek/flat of a dualizing complex

Let $X$ be a separated connected scheme of characteristic $p > 0$. I am going to assume that $F : X \to X$ (the absolute Frobenius) is a finite map. This condition is called being $F$-finite.
...

**13**

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315 views

### Hensel lemma and rational points in complete noetherian local ring

Let $A$ be a complete noetherian local ring and $\mathfrak{m}$ be its maximal ideal.
If we have several polynomials $f_i \in A[X_1, \dots, X_m]$ which have a common zero $x_n$ in $A/\mathfrak{m}^n$ ...

**13**

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357 views

### If a polynomial ring is a finite flat module over some subring, is that subring itself a polynomial ring?

A question motivated by If a polynomial ring is a free module over some subring, is that subring itself a polynomial ring? and If a polynomial ring is finite free over a subring, is the subring ...

**13**

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226 views

### Concept associated to the Eudoxus reals

I am aware of three different constructions of the field of real numbers :
The Cauchy sequence construction : in this case, we see the field $\mathbb{Q}$ as a metric space and $\mathbb{R}$ is the ...

**13**

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412 views

### comparison of completion and Henselization in class field theory

Given a ring $R$ with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$, we can form the localization $R_\mathfrak{m}$, the completion $\hat{R}_\mathfrak{m}$ or the Henselization $\hat{R}^h_\mathfrak{m}$ of $R$ with ...

**13**

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448 views

### Refinement of concept of support of a module

My rings are commutative and noetherian.
The support of a module is usually defined to be the set of prime ideals of the ring such that localization at that prime does not make the module zero. This ...

**12**

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392 views

### Emanuel Lasker, Max Noether, and Emmy Noether

In 1900, Emanuel Lasker (world chess champion from 1894 to 1921) received his Ph.D. under Max Noether. In 1905, Lasker published a theorem that Emmy Noether generalized in 1921, now well known as the ...

**12**

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233 views

### Connections in terms of tangent ($\infty$-)categories?

Given a commutative ring $k$ and a commutative $k$-algebra $A$, we know that the Kähler differential $\Omega_{A/k}^1$ could be described through machineries of tangent categories (see, for example, ...

**12**

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497 views

### A commutative monoid associated with a finite abelian group

Let $M$ be a finite abelian group, and denote by $e_m$, for $m \in M$, the canonical basis of $\mathbb{Z}^M$. For $m, n \in M$ define elements $v_{m,n} \in \mathbb{Z}^M/\langle e_0\rangle$ as
$$
v_{m,...

**11**

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311 views

### “Small” zero divisors in $\mathbb C[\mathbb Z/p\mathbb Z]$

If $p$ is a prime, and $a,b$ are non-zero elements of the group algebra $\mathbb C[\mathbb Z/p\mathbb Z]$ satisfying $a\ast b=0$, then $$|{\rm supp}\ a|+|{\rm supp}\ b|\ge p+2.$$ This is easy to prove ...

**11**

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545 views

### A slick proof (?) of Zariski-Nagata purity in characteristic $p$

I am trying to understand the MathSciNet review written by Mark Kisin of the paper "Almost etale extensions" of Faltings. There Kisin illustrates Faltings' approach to the almost purity theorem with ...

**11**

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235 views

### How useful is knowing every torsionfree $\mathcal O(D)$ module is flat?

One of the corollaries of Weiertrass' factorization theorem plus the theorem of Mittag Leffler is that $\mathcal O(\Bbb C)$, more generally $\mathcal O(D)$ for some region $D$ is such that every ...

**11**

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601 views

### What is the state of art in Groebner bases

How big polynomial systems can we deal with? How do you know when you don't even have to try?
Motivation:
Recently I tried to solve a problem posed in another MO question and ultimately I got stuck ...

**11**

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282 views

### Subrings of invariants in divided power algebras

I am wondering to what extent the functors "ring of invariants under a group action $G$"
and "divided power envelope with respect to a $G$-stable ideal" commute.
To be precise, let $R$ be a ...

**11**

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1k views

### Reverse mathematics strength of identically zero polynomials are the zero polynomial

According to wikipedia, the statement "every polynomial over a countable field that is not the zero polynomial has only finitely many roots" is equivalent to RCA0 over RCA0* (which is called ERCA-0 in ...

**11**

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446 views

### Are the supports of $Ext^i(M,N)$ eventually periodic?

Let $R$ be a Noetherian, commutative ring and $M,N$ be finitely generated $R$-modules.
Question: Do the sets of minimal primes of $\text{Ext}^i_R(M,N)$ (for a fixed pair of $M,N$) become periodic ...

**10**

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719 views

### What is the etale fundamental group of Spec Z((x))?

I know the etale fundamental group of $\mathbb{Z}$ is trivial. For algebraically closed fields $K$, the etale fundamental group of $K((x))$ is $\hat{\mathbb{Z}}$, since all covers in this case are ...

**10**

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246 views

### Is the generation of rings by their units a question in K-theory?

Susan's question When can number rings be spanned (as $\mathbb{Z}$-modules) by units? smells like an algebraic K-theory question in disguise. I'll reformulate the question first:
Given an integral ...

**10**

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2k views

### Finding ideals of $\mathbb{Z}[x]$ generated by $n$ elements and no fewer

As the title says, I'm trying to find ideals of $\mathbb{Z}[x]$ generated by $n$ elements and no fewer. I suspect $(2^k, 2^{k-1} x, 2^{k-2} x^2, ..., x^k)$ is generated by no fewer than $n=k+1$ ...

**9**

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205 views

### Triangle $X'\to X\to X''\to\Sigma X'$ splits if $X\simeq X'\oplus X''$?

Given a commutative ring $R$ and a distinguished triangle $X'\to X\to X''\xrightarrow e\Sigma X'$ in the derived category $D(R)$, where $X',X,X''$ are perfect complexes. If we have an equivalence $X\...

**9**

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207 views

### Is $[JK:(x)][JK:(y,z)]\subseteq JK$ in $k[x,y,z]$?

Let $k$ be a field and $S=k[x,y,z]$. Let $m=(x,y,z)$ and $J,K\subseteq m$ be proper homogeneous ideals in $S$. Is this true that we always have:
$$[JK:(x)][JK:(y,z)]\subseteq JK \ ?$$
Some ...

**9**

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146 views

### Irreducibility of the Sylvester resultant

If $r$ and $s$ are positive integers, $R$ a commutative ring and $a_0,\dots,a_r$, $b_0,\dots,b_s$ independent variables, we can consider the polynomials $f=\sum_{i=0}^ra_iX^i$ and $g=\sum_{j=0}^sb_iX^...

**9**

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206 views

### Has anyone seen this construction of dg algebras?

Let $A$ be an associative algebra, $M$ a right $A$-module. Suppose we are given an $A$-module homomorphism $M \to A$. Then we can make $M$ itself into an associative algebra via the multiplication
$$ ...

**9**

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311 views

### Abelian categories have become the language of homological algebra. Why haven't Zariski categories become the language of commutative algebra?

I'm not seeing much mention of Zariski categories in the literature. There is no article on Zariski categories in nLab, which would seem to be an obvious place to have such an article. What has ...

**9**

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146 views

### When is the rank 2 free metabelian group of exponent $n$ center free?

Let $M_n$ be the rank 2 free metabelian group of exponent $n$. For which $n$ is $M_n$ center-free?
The abelianization $M_n^{ab}\cong C_n\times C_n$, so the commutator subgroup $M_n'$ is a cyclic $(\...

**9**

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670 views

### Scholze's infinite to finite type ring theory reductions?

In following essay "The Perfectoid Concept: Test Case for an Absent Theory" by Michael Harris, there is the following sentence I found to be quite striking.
The most virtuosic pages in Scholze's ...

**9**

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428 views

### Mumford's intuition for flatness

In Mumford's book Algebraic Geometry II, he writes on page 179..."In order to get at what I consider the intuitive content of "flat" we need first a deeper fact..."
After the deeper fact is proven he ...

**9**

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340 views

### Higher Adeles of a scheme and related topics

Let $X$ be a noetherian scheme. I will describe a construction of a simplicial ring which I think is called the Bellinson higher Adeles complex (or something similar).
Consider the augmented ...

**9**

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252 views

### Is a wild automorphism of $k[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$, $n \geq 3$, necessarily of infinite order?

Let $k[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be a polynomial ring over a field $k$ of characteristic zero.
When $n=2$, it is known that every automorphism of $k[x_1,x_2]$ is tame, namely, a finite product of elementary ...

**9**

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255 views

### Weierstrass division theorem for henselian rings

Let $A$ be an henselian local noetherian ring. There is an old result of Lafon ("Anneaux henséliens et théorème de préparation" (1967)), which says that if $A$ is analytically normal and of ...

**9**

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699 views

### What is a good introduction to cluster algebras from surfaces?

What is a good reference for cluster algebras from surfaces, with a view to their connection to Teichmuller theory?
In my view, that means it should start off with unpunctured surfaces (and in fact,...

**9**

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497 views

### Singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (an algebraic point of view)

I will start the story by the end:
Is there some characterization of (some of) the singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (canonical, terminal, log-...) in terms of commutative algebra ?...

**9**

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498 views

### Getting a bound via polynomial equations

When studying the existence problem of power residue deference sets, I came across the following system of polynomial equations over $\mathbb{C}$,
\begin{cases}
&\sum\limits_{j=0}^{m-1}x_jx_{2k-j}=...

**9**

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464 views

### Conceptual proofs for the computation of the structure sheaf

The following lemma in commutative algebra is important for the foundations of algebraic geometry:
If $A$ is a commutative ring, $U \subseteq A$ is a finite subset generating the unit ideal, then ...

**9**

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295 views

### When is $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\:\mathrm{depth}\:R/\mathfrak{a}^n= \mathrm{depth}\:R/\mathfrak{a}$?

Suppose $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ is a noetherian local ring. I am interested in ideals $\mathfrak{a}$ of $R$ for which $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\:\mathrm{depth}\:R/\mathfrak{a}^n= \mathrm{depth}\:R/\...

**9**

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262 views

### Uncountable Lüroth problem

Question. Let $F(X)$ be the field obtained by adding an uncountable collection of indeterminates (mutually transcendental elements) to a prime field $F$. Is there an example of a subfield $E$ of $F(X)$...

**9**

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329 views

### Computing Ext for toric divisors

Ok, I have an affine (normal) toric variety $X = \text{Spec} k[\sigma]$. Suppose that $F, G$ are two torus invariant Weil divisors on $X$. Is there any relatively straightforward way to compute
$$
\...