# Questions tagged [flatness]

The flatness tag has no usage guidance.

147
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### Local freeness of $\pi_*F(r)$ from flatness of $F$

In 'Fundamental Algebraic Geometry' by Fantechi there is a lemma in section 5.3.2, page 119:
LEMMA 5.5 Let $S$ be a noetherian scheme and let $F$ be a coherent sheaf on $\mathbb{P}^n_S$. Suppose there ...

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### Interpolating between curves in different characteristics

Let $p\neq q$ be two primes. For a given integer $g>0$ choose a smooth proper geometrically connected curve of genus $g$ over $\mathbb{F}_p$ and similarly for $q$. Is there a proper flat morphism $...

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283 views

### Does a flat compactification always exist?

Let $\pi:X\to S$ be a separated flat morphism of finite type of Noetherian schemes. Does $\pi$ necessarily factor as an open immersion followed by a proper flat morphism? The analogue of this question ...

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373 views

### Proper and flat over $\mathbb{P}^1_{\mathbb{Z}}$ implies locally free

Let $\pi:X\to \mathbb{P}^1_{\mathbb{Z}}$ be a proper flat morphism with $X$ an integral scheme. Is $\pi_*\mathcal{O}_X$ necessarily locally free?

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133 views

### The local flatness criterion

I am self studying the book "Commutative Ring Theory" by H. Matsumura. The main theorem of section 22 is the theorem 22.3, which characterizes flatness of a module $M$ over any ring $A$. The (part of ...

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106 views

### Faithful flatness of left adjoint to almostification of algebras

I have been reading Bhatt's notes on perfectoid spaces and I have stumbled upon a fact whose proof I am unable to understand. Specifically, in Remark 4.2.8 Bhatt describes the functor $A\mapsto A_{!!}$...

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81 views

### When $K[X_1,X_2,…,X_n] \to K[Y_1,Y_2,…,Y_m]$ is a flat morphism

Let $K$ be a field and $\varphi: K[X_1,X_2,...,X_n] \to K[Y_1,Y_2,...,Y_m]$ a polynomial ring morphism. Assume $n, m \ge 2$. By definition $\varphi$ endows $K[Y_1,Y_2,...,Y_m]$ with a $K[X_1,X_2,...,...

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198 views

### Non-unique completion of a flat family of smooth projective varieties

Let $\mathbb{k}$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0. Denote $S=\mathrm{Spec}\:\mathbb{k}[t]$, $U=\mathrm{Spec}\:\mathbb{k}[t, t^{-1}]$, $Z=\mathrm{Spec}\:\mathbb{k}[t]/(t)$.
What is ...

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### How general are Gröbner degenerations?

While working with flat degenerations of flag varieties and Schubert varieties I've noticed that among the numerous known constructions there doesn't seem to be a single one that doesn't turn out to ...

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363 views

### Lifting a complete intersection in $\mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{F}_p}$ to $\mathbb{Z}_p$

Suppose that you are given a (not necessarily smooth) projective variety $X \subseteq \mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{F}_p}$ of codimension $d$ that is a complete intersection. In other words, it can be defined ...

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### When flatness of $S$ over $R_i$ implies flatness of $S$ over the ring generated by $R_1,R_2$

The following question I have asked in MSE, but have not received an answer, so I ask it here; I really apologize if it is not suitable for MO.
Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero and let $R_1,...

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105 views

### Flatness of certain quotient rings

Let $p,q \in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$ be two polynomials such that $p_xp_yq_xq_y \neq 0$
(namely, each partial derivative is non-zero).
Assume that the following four conditions are satisfied:
(1) $\frac{\...

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184 views

### When do generizations (“generalizations”) lift uniquely?

If $f : X \to Y$ is proper, then specializations lift along $f$, and uniquely.
(This means, if $R$ is a discrete valuation ring with fraction field $K$ and I choose a factorization $\text{Spec}K \to ...

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285 views

### Flat connections, curvature and holonomy

Let $A$ be a flat connection on a principal $G$-bundle $G\hookrightarrow P\to M$.
Consider an homotopically trivial loop $\gamma \subset M$. For simplicity, suppose $\gamma = \partial D$ is the ...

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269 views

### Flat connections and global sections of vector bundles

Let $X$ be a (non-singular) complex surface and $(V,\nabla)$ be a vector bundle $V$ equipped with a flat connection $\nabla$ on $X$. Fix a point $x \in X$ and $v_0 \in V_x$ an element in the fiber ...

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132 views

### Regular rings and finite flat modules

Let $A$ be a Noetherian domain. Assume $f:A\rightarrow B$ is an injective homomorphism making $B$ into a finite flat module over $A$. If $B$ is regular is $A$ regular as well? I played with some ...

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197 views

### Flatness, “Continuously varying fibers”, and bordism

It is commonly said that a flat map of schemes $f : X \rightarrow Y$ is like a map with "continuously varying fibers". We see a hint at this in the result that $\text{dim} X_y$ is constant when $f$ is ...

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258 views

### Push-forward of flat module under a finite, flat morphism

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a finite, faithfully flat morphism of noetherian, affine $\mathbb{C}$-schemes. One can assume $Y$ is non-singular. Let $A$ be a local artinian $\mathbb{C}$-algebra and $f_A:X_A \to ...

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213 views

### Isomorphism in fibers and flatness

Let $X$, $Y$ be (reduced) affine varieties and $f:X \to Y$ is a finite morphism which is an isomorphism over an open dense subset (for example a normalization map). Let $A$ be a local noetherian ring ...

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277 views

### Classification of flat Riemannian three manifold

By a theorem of L. Bieberbach we know that that every closed flat Riemannian manifold is a quotient of a torus via action of a finite group $\Gamma$. In this question we are interested in the ...

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161 views

### Flat base change in the complex analytic setting

On page 255 of Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry, it is shown that "cohomology commutes with flat base extension":
Proposition III.9.3: Let $f : X \to Y$ be a separated morphism of finite type of ...

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53 views

### Non-minimal Krull associated primes of a PF-ring

A commutative ring $R$ is said to be a PF-ring if every principal ideal of $R$ is a flat $R$-module. Also, a prime ideal $P$ of $R$ to be a Krull associated prime of $R$ if
for every element $x\in P$ ,...

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### Uniqueness of the scheme structure for a given Hilbert polynomial

If we have two lines in $P^3$ which are skewed, then we can take the union of those lines as a subscheme of $P^3$ in order to obtain a subscheme of $P^3$ with a Hilbert Polynomial given by $2m+2$.
...

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107 views

### Flat covariant derivative

Is it true that for any flat and torsion-free connection $\nabla : \mathfrak{X} (M) \times \mathfrak{X} (M) \rightarrow \mathfrak{X} (M) $ there exist a local systems of coordinates such that the ...

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151 views

### Flatness of modules over dual numbers

Let $X$ be a smooth, affine complex surface, and $M$ be a coherent $\mathcal{O}_X$-module. Denote by $D:=\mbox{Spec}(\mathbb{C}[t]/(t^2))$ and $X_D:=X \times_{\mathbb{C}} D$, the trivial deformation ...

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271 views

### Is the support of a flat module generically flat?

Let $X$ be an affine, complex variety, $A$ be a $\mathbb{C}$-algebra (not necessarily noetherian) and $F_A$ is a coherent sheaf over $X \times \mbox{Spec}(A)$, flat over $\mbox{Spec}(A)$. Denote by $Y ...

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325 views

### Restriction of Ext sheaves on closed subschemes

Let $f:X\rightarrow C$ be a morphism, where $C$ is a smooth curve. For $t\in C$ let $i_t:X_t = f^{-1}(t)\rightarrow X$ be the inclusion of the fiber of $f$ over $t$, and let $\mathcal{F}$ a coherent ...

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### Flat limit (of twisted cubic) contained in surfaces

Let $H$ denote the irreducible component of $\text{Hilb}^{3t+1}\mathbb{P}^3$ whose general member corresponds to a non-singular twisted cubic. Let $C$ be a subscheme lying in the boundary of $H$ and ...

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### Self-flat modules

(This is inspired by this question and asked out of pure curiosity.)
Let $R$ be a commutative ring. Let $M$ and $N$ be $R$-modules. Then, $N$ is called $M$-flat if whenever $M'\rightarrow M$ is a ...

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149 views

### Multiple of a flat family of subschemes is flat

Let $X$ be a fixed curve (e.g. a Noetherian, projective scheme of dimension 1, of finite type over an algebraically closed field $k$) and let $S$ be an arbitrary parameter scheme over $k$. Let $D \...

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233 views

### Iteration of a morphism and flatness

Let $A$ be a Noetherian local ring, $f:A \rightarrow A$ be a local ring morphism. Assume some power of $f$ is a flat morphism, must $f$ be flat as well?
Motivation: Kunz's theorem shows the result is ...

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207 views

### Singularities of a central fibre of a flat family of smooth surfaces

Suppose I have a one parameter flat family of complex surfaces (regular, of general type) whose general fibre is smooth. Is it possible for the central fibre to have singularities which are not ...

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### structure of flat modules over a DVR

I. Kaplansky has proved that if a torsion free module (over a complete DVR) is countably generated and does not contains infinitely divisible elements then it is free.
Is there any analog of this ...

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130 views

### Representability of Flattening stratification functor

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a projective morphism between noetherian scheme. Is there any know condition under which there exists a functorial stratification of $Y$ i.e., there exists a filtration by locally ...

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149 views

### On regularity of flat families over a DVR

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero and $R$ a discrete valuation ring over $k$. Let $\pi:X \to \mathrm{Spec}(R)$ be a flat, projective morphism such that the generic fiber ...

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### Lifting flat modules over ring quotients

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, $I$ its ideal, and $\bar{R}=R/I$. For which flat $\bar{R}$-modules $\bar{F}$ is there a flat $R$-module $F$ such that $F \otimes_R R/I \simeq \bar{F}$?
By Lazard's ...

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### Idea behind Grothendieck's proof that formally smooth implies flat?

From this answer I learned that Grothendieck proved the following result.
Theorem. Every formally smooth morphism between locally noetherian schemes is flat.
The book Smoothness, Regularity, and ...

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221 views

### Can the specialization map be flat

Let $X$ be a projective variety over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Let $\eta$ be a generic point of $X$ and $x$ be a closed point. By http://stacks.math.columbia.edu/tag/054F ...

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### Deformation of projective bundles

Let $\pi:\mathcal{X} \to \mathbb{P}^1$ be a flat, projective family of noetherian schemes with generic fiber a smooth, projective variety. Let $p:\mathcal{Y} \to \mathcal{X}$ be another flat, ...

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### Flatness of $Hom_R(M,M)$

The question is simple and clear: Let $M$ be an $R$-module, where $R$ is a commutative ring with an identity. When the $R$-module $Hom_R(M,M)$ is flat?

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156 views

### About the definition of flat twisted sheaves

Flat twisted sheaves are mentioned in Căldăraru's thesis (Lemma 2.1.2 for example), but I'm confused about how they should be defined. I have in mind some possibilities, given an $\alpha$-twisted ...

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### Coherent subsheaf of co-admissible modules of Schneider and Teitelbaum

Let $M$ be a co-admissible module over a Frechet Stein Algebra $A=\varprojlim A_{q_n}$ as in this paper. Let $N$ be a closed submodule of $M$. I have some difficulty in understanding lemma $3.6$ of ...

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### Is the “addition” of flat morphisms flat?

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat, projective morphism between projective varieties. Let $F, G$ be coherent sheaves on $X$, flat over $Y$. Let $\phi_1, \phi_2$ be two morphisms from $F$ to $G$ such that:
1) ...

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139 views

### Fiberwise injective resolution of coherent sheaf

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field (of characteristic zero) and $X, Y$ be projective $k$-varieties. Let $F$ be a coherent sheaf on $X \times_k Y$, flat over $Y$. Does there exists a coherent $\...

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### Flatness from constancy of dimension of fibers

Let $M$ be a finitely presented module over the ring $R$. Suppose that for all primes $P\subset R$ the $k(P)$ vector space $M\otimes _Rk(P)$ has a dimension $d(P)$ independent of $P$.
Can I conclude ...

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### Descent of flatness from algebras to monoids II

This is a follow-up question to this one. There, Benjamin Steinberg showed that a morphism of commutative monoids $u$ need not be flat if the induced morphism of $R$-algebras $R[u]$ is flat for some ...

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### Descent of flatness from algebras to monoids

Consider a morphism of commutative monoids $u\colon M\rightarrow N$. We say that $u$ is flat, if the tensor product functor $\bullet\otimes_MN$ from the category of $M$-modules to the category of $N$-...

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### How can I show flatness for projective morphisms?

Are there any homological checks I can use to check if a projective morphism is flat? For example, I would expect the following projective morphism to be flat
$$
\textbf{Proj}\left( \frac{\mathbb{C}[s]...

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### On simultaneous resolution of singularities in certain flat families

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety (over the complex numbers) of dimension at least $2$, $B$ a finite set of closed points. Consider the closed subscheme $E:=B \times X + \Delta \subset X \times X$...

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### Is the $B$-tensor power of flat $A$-modules, $A$-flat?

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and $A, B$ be two finitely generated $k$-algebras. Suppose $B$ is flat over $A$. Let $M$ be a finitely generated $B$-module which is flat over $A$. Is it true ...