# Questions tagged [schur-functions]

The schur-functions tag has no usage guidance.

88
questions

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### Is the appearance of Schur functions a coincidence?

The Schur functions are symmetric functions which appear in several different contexts:
The characters of the irreducible representations for the symmetric group (under the characteristic isometry).
...

3
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85
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### "Sufficiently fat" Schur polynomial times Schubert polynomial is Schubert-positive

It's still open to find a combinatorial proof that for integers $k>0$ and $m>0$, a permutation $u\in S_\infty$ with its final descent at position $m$, and a partition $\lambda$ that
$$\mathfrak{...

4
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0
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### Representation-theoretic interpretation of double Schur polynomials

The Schur polynomials
$$s_\lambda(x_1, \ldots, x_n) = \frac{|x_i^{\lambda_j+n-j}|_{1\le i,j\le n}}{|x_i^{n-j}|_{1\le i,j\le n}}$$
naturally appear as polynomial representatives for Schubert classes in ...

4
votes

1
answer

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### Is this simple symmetry of Littlewood-Richardson coefficients known?

Let $\lambda$ be a partition with at most $p$ parts, let $\mu$ be a partition with at most $q$ parts, and let $\nu$ be a partition with at most $p+q$ parts. Let $m\geq \nu_1$ be an integer. We denote ...

9
votes

1
answer

289
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### The convex hull of Schur polynomial evaluations

Let $r\leq n$ and $d$ be positive integers. A probability vector is a vector of non-negative entries that sum to 1. For each probability vector $\lambda$ of length $n$, let
$$s(\lambda)=(\dim[\pi] \...

4
votes

2
answers

295
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### About Cauchy identity for Schur polynomials

(This was originally posted here, https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4687466/cauchy-identity-for-schur-functions, and I am reposting it here as it seems to be more appropriate.)
PRELIMINARY.
The ...

0
votes

0
answers

109
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### Is it express in terms of Schur Q-function?

Consider next integral
\begin{eqnarray}
Z \ = \ h^{- N N_f} \ \int\limits_{SU(N)} \ dU \ \prod_{n=1}^{N} \
\det \left ( 1 + h U \right )^{ N_f} \
\left ( 1 + h U^{\dagger} \right )^{ N_f} \ = \sum_{...

0
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0
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98
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### I search representation in terms of Schur Q-function

Consider next sum
$$
Z_0^{N, N_f} = \sum_{r=0}^{N N_f} \sum_{\lambda \vdash r }s_{\lambda}(1^{N_f})
s_{\lambda} (1^{N_f})
= \det_{1\le i, j \le N} \ \binom{2 N_f}{N_f-i +j} = s_{N^{N_f}} \left(...

0
votes

1
answer

151
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### Dose density matrix with off-diagonal elements equal to zero has maximum von-Neumann entropy?

von-Neumann entropy
I know von-Neumann entropy on density matrix $S=-{\rm Tr}(\rho \ln\rho)$ is similar to Shannon entropy $S=-\sum_i p_i\ln p_i$ in classical mechanics. And I want to get Bose-...

5
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106
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### Sum of Schur functions associated to self-conjugate partitions

The $\tau$-function $H^\circ \big(t ;\vec{x} \big)$ associated with counting simple Hurwitz numbers is the formal power series
\begin{equation}
(\dagger) \quad H^\circ \big(t ;\vec{x} \big) \, =
\,
\...

0
votes

0
answers

41
views

### Recovery from $p$-norms: Question on proof

I am reading a paper on recovery from power sums. A main statement of the paper is that for a vector $(a_1,...,a_n) \in \mathbb{N}^n$ with pairwise distinct $a_i$ and the map
$$\phi:\begin{cases}
...

2
votes

1
answer

215
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### Identities involving Littlewood–Richardson coefficients?

I am not aware of that many identities that involve several Littlewood–Richardson coefficients.
One recent identity, is a generating function as sum of squares of LR-coefficients,
due to Harris and ...

8
votes

1
answer

325
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### Harmonic flow on the Young lattice

Let me begin with some preliminary concepts: A positive real-valued function $\varphi: P \rightarrow \Bbb{R}_{>0}$ on a locally finite, ranked poset $(P, \trianglelefteq)$ is harmonic if
$\varphi(\...

4
votes

1
answer

264
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### Nonnegativity locus of Schur polynomials

Let $a_1,\ldots,a_n \in \mathbb{C}$ be complex numbers that are the zeros of a real polynomial (meaning that the non-real ones come in complex conjugate pairs). Suppose that these numbers are such ...

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### Identity involving Schur polynomials, binomial coefficients and contents of partition

Let $C_{\lambda,\mu}$ be the coefficients defined as
$$ s_\lambda\left(\frac{x_1}{1-x_1},...,\frac{x_N}{1-x_N}\right)=\sum_{\mu\supset \lambda}C_{\lambda\mu}s_\mu(x_1,...,x_N),$$
where $s$ are the ...

9
votes

1
answer

403
views

### Determinant connection between Schur polynomials and power sum polynomials

Let $f_i=f_i(x_1,x_2,\ldots, x_n),i=0,1,2, \ldots $ be a family of symmetric polynomials. For the partition $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\lambda_2, \ldots, \lambda_n)$ consider the determinant
$$
D_\lambda(f)...

11
votes

1
answer

594
views

### Generating function for Schur polynomials

Consider the generating function
$$
G_n(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n, t_1,t_2,\ldots,t_n) =\sum_{\lambda}s_{\lambda}(x_1,x_2,\ldots, x_n) t_1^{\lambda_1}t_2^{\lambda_2} \cdots t_n^{\lambda_n},
$$
where the sum ...

2
votes

1
answer

129
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### How to re-expand the sum of Schur function?

Consider next sum
\begin{eqnarray}
\label{PF_spindef}
Z = \sum_{r=0}^{N N_f} h^{2r} \ Q(r) .
\end{eqnarray}
and
\begin{equation}
Q(r) \ = \ \sum_{\sigma \vdash r} s_{\sigma}(1^{N_f}) \
s_{\sigma}...

12
votes

2
answers

340
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### Lattice structure (wrt dominance order) on the set of Young diagrams appearing in the decompositions given by the Littlewood-Richardson rule

The irreducible decomposition of the tensor product of two irreducible representations of GL(n) is described by the Littlewood-Richardson rule. This same rule also governs the decomposition of the ...

7
votes

2
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243
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### About the sum of rectangular power sums

Let $n \geq 1$ be an integer and consider the symmetric function
$$D_n = \sum_{d|n} p_d^{n/d},$$
where $p_{d}$ are the power-sum symmetric functions.
It can be checked up to $n=35$ that the symmetric ...

1
vote

0
answers

68
views

### LGV scheme: Any situations where the weights shift differently for each path?

In Cylindric partitions, Proposition 1, Gessel and Krattenthaler prove a formula for lattice paths on a cylinder
In our particular problem, we again have paths $((P_{1},k_{1}),...,(P_{r},k_{r}))$ but ...

4
votes

0
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110
views

### Tensors of minimal rank in Schur modules $S_{\lambda}V \subset V^{\otimes |\lambda|}$

It is well known that for a vector space $V$ with $\dim(V)=n+1$ the $GL(V)-$module $V^{\otimes d}$ splits as a sum of irreducible representations (with suitable multiplicities) $S_{\lambda}V$, where $\...

4
votes

1
answer

228
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### proof of result from Ian Macdonald's paper "A New Class of Symmetric Functions"

I'm currently working my way through Ian MacDonald's somewhat seminal 1988 paper entitled "A New Class of Symmetric Functions" in Seminaire Lotharingien B20a, pp. 131–171 (EuDML). I'm fine ...

2
votes

0
answers

84
views

### Double Schur function expansion

In literature, I have seen the weighted Hurwitz number $N_{g,n}(d_1 , d_2 \ldots , d_n)$ which are symmetric number and they can be written as double Schur function expansion.
\begin{align} \label{eq:...

4
votes

2
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### LGV scheme for lattice paths that move in non-unit spatial positive steps

In the Lindström–Gessel–Viennot lemma (LGV) applied to the $Z^2$-lattice paths are taken to move in unit spatial-steps in unit time (see here).
What do we mean by "time"? In the language of ...

14
votes

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views

### Do you know an elegant proof for this expression for a Schur function?

I know that the identity
$$
s_\mu = \sum_{\mu-\lambda \text{ is a horizontal strip}} \;\sum_{\alpha\vdash|\lambda|} \frac{\chi^\lambda_\alpha}{z_\alpha} \prod_i(p_i-1)^{a_i}
$$
holds.
Here $\alpha=1^{...

6
votes

0
answers

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### Derivations for symmetric functions

A symmetric function is a formal power series in infinitely many variables $x_1,x_2,\dots$ invariant under the permutation of variables (as opposed to a polynomial). Let $\Lambda$ denote the algebra ...

0
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### Theorem 5.3 ([Okounkov-01]) in Borodin and Gorin's lecture note

In this lecture note: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1212.3351.pdf, Theorem 5.3(P28):
Suppose that the $\lambda \in \mathbb{Y}$ is distributed according to the Schur measure $\mathbb{S}_{\rho_1; \rho_2}$. ...

1
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0
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233
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### What is an orthogonal form?

I am reading the article: Algebro - Geometric applications of Schur S- and Q-polynomials
On page 179, they said about an orthogonal form $\psi$ on $W$. There is no definition of an orthogonal form on ...

1
vote

1
answer

257
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### Schur polynomials with zeros in an infinite geometric progression

Let $a_1,...,a_n\in \overline{\mathbb{Q}}^\times$ be algebraic numbers, such that $\frac{a_i}{a_j}$ is not a root of unity for $i\neq j$. Furthermore, let $m\in\mathbb{N}$, $m>1$.
Question: Is ...

2
votes

1
answer

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### Finding Littlewood-Richardson coefficients without using identities

The Littlewood-Richardson coefficients $C^{R}_{QP}$ for some partitions $R, Q, P$ can usually be dealt with using identities like for example $$C^{R}_{QP} = 0 \quad \text{ if } \quad|R| \neq |Q| + |P|...

1
vote

0
answers

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### Calculation of complete homogeneous symmetric functions [closed]

Say you have a complete homogeneous symmetric function $$h_4 = \sum_{1\leq i \leq j \leq k \leq l}q^{-i}q^{-j}q^{-k}q^{-l},$$ where $i = 1, 2, 3, \ldots$. There are 7 cases to consider, given by
$$...

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votes

0
answers

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### Have these polynomials been studied? (Perhaps as generalizations of Schur polynomials in vector variables?)

For $n\geq 3$, let $\mathbf{a}_1,\ldots,\mathbf{a}_n \in \mathbb{Z}^2$ be a collection of points in the plane with integer coordinates $\mathbf{a}_i = (a_{1i},a_{2i})$ where each $a_{1i} > 0$. For ...

2
votes

0
answers

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### Restricted Cauchy identity

Is there some reference for sums like:
$$\sum_{\nu \subset \mathrm{[1,n] x[1, m]}}s_{\nu}(x)s_{\nu}(y)t^{|\nu|}$$
$$\sum_{\nu \subset \mathrm{[1,n] x[1, m]}}s_{\nu}(x)s_{\nu}(y)\cdot|\nu|$$
(summation ...

4
votes

1
answer

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### Decomposing tensor powers of the fundamental representation of exceptional Lie algebras

For the $A$-series, tensor powers of the fundamental representation of $\frak{sl}_n$ decompose into irreducibles according to a certain Young diagram/ partition formula. This inspires, for example, ...

2
votes

0
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### Annihilator of the of the generating function not holonomic

The following is a generating function in $x,h$ with infinite parameters
$q_1,q_2\ldots,$ and $w_1, w_2,\ldots$.
$$\Psi(x, h)= \sum_{d=0}^{\infty} s_{(d)} (q_1, q_2, \ldots) \exp \bigg( \sum_{r=1}^{\...

1
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0
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### Extension of definition of Holonomic closure

My question is about finding the annihilator of a series. Let me begin with what is known and then ask my question. Let $s_d(\frac{q_1}{h},\ldots )$ denote schur function for partition $\lambda =[d]$ ...

2
votes

0
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### Schur function on unit circles

Define $T^d$ as following
$$ T^d = \left\{(t_1,\cdots,t_d)\in\mathbb{C}^{d}\mid |t_i|= 1 \mbox{ for all } i\right\}
$$
For any partition $\lambda\vdash n$,The Schur function is defined
$$
\...

13
votes

1
answer

380
views

### Is there a Giambelli identity with dual representations?

For natural numbers $a,b$ with $b\leq n-1$, let $V_{ (a|b)}$ be the irreducible representation of $GL_n$ with highest weight vector $(a+1, 1^b, 0^{n-b-1})$ where the exponentiation denotes repetition.
...

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votes

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answer

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### Integral of product of Schur functions

Schur functions are irreducible characters of the unitary group $\mathcal{U}(N)$. This implies the integration formulae
$$ \int_{\mathcal{U}(N)}s_\lambda(AUA^\dagger U^\dagger)dU=\frac{|s_\lambda(A)|^...

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votes

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### Macdonald's "Symmetric Functions and Hall Polynomials" Section 1.5 Example 9

I'm trying to follow Example 9 in Section 1.5 of the 2nd edition of Macdonald's book "Symmetric Functions and Hall Polynomials". I have trouble with understanding some points.
Before stating my ...

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votes

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answers

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### Shifted schur function and holonomic

Now let us denote by $\Lambda^{*}(n)$ the algebra of polynomials in $x_{1},\ldots,x_{n}$ that become symmetric in new variables
$$ x_{i}'=x_{i}-i+c, \ i \in 1,\ldots,n.$$
Here c is a arbitrary fixed ...

15
votes

0
answers

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### Generalization of Newton's identities to Schur functions

In some recent work, I've stumbled across the following identity for $\lambda \vdash n$:
$$
n s_\lambda = \sum_{k=1}^n p_k \sum_{\mu \nearrow_k \lambda} (-1)^{\mathrm{ht}(\lambda/\mu)} s_\mu.
$$
Here, ...

5
votes

2
answers

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views

### Frobenius coordinate expansion of character

Let $\lambda$ be the partition of integer $d$. The Frobenius coordinate of $\lambda$ is given
$$ (a_1 ,\ldots,a_{d(\lambda)}|b_1,\ldots,b_{d(\lambda)}),$$
where $d(\lambda)$ denote the diagonal of $\...

3
votes

0
answers

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views

### Evaluating derivatives of Schur polynomials

Given an arbitrary partition $\lambda$ and an integer $N$ (the number of variables), is there any further way to evaluate the following derivative of the Schur polynomial?
\begin{align}
A &= \...

2
votes

1
answer

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### An upper bound for a vector with given norm 1 and norm 2

Suppose $X = (x_1, \ldots , x_n)$ is given and we know that $x_i$'s are nonnegative, $\sum_{i=1}^n x_i = n$ and $\sum_{i=1}^n x_i^2 = m $. Just by this information, is it possible to find a vector ...

0
votes

0
answers

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### Methods to get Holonomic functions

Let $a_n$ be a holonomic sequence. By definition, that means there exists a linear differential equation of finite order which annihilates $F(x)$, where
$F(x):=\sum a_n x^n$.
Similarly let $b_n$, $...

4
votes

1
answer

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### Decompostion of hook schur function in terms of cauchy product of holonomic functions

Let $s_{\lambda}$ denote the schur function and $\lambda$ is the partion of an integer. The schur function written in power sum symmetric basis apper as following. $\chi$ denote the character.
\begin{...

11
votes

1
answer

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### Is there a geometric interpretation of skew Schur functions?

Consider the cohomology ring of the Grassmannian of k-planes in complex n-space. It has a standard presentation as a quotient of the ring of symmetric functions. In this presentation, the Schur ...

13
votes

1
answer

796
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### Why do we care about Schur Positivity

Some of the most important open problems in Algebraic Combinatorics concern the Schur positivity of classes of symmetric functions. Why is this an important property to have?