# Questions tagged [schur-functions]

The schur-functions tag has no usage guidance.

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### Is there a Giambelli identity with dual representations?

For natural numbers $a,b$ with $b\leq n-1$, let $V_{ (a|b)}$ be the irreducible representation of $GL_n$ with highest weight vector $(a+1, 1^b, 0^{n-b-1})$ where the exponentiation denotes repetition. ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Integral of product of Schur functions

Schur functions are irreducible characters of the unitary group $\mathcal{U}(N)$. This implies the integration formulae
$$ \int_{\mathcal{U}(N)}s_\lambda(AUA^\dagger U^\dagger)dU=\frac{|s_\lambda(A)|^...

**6**

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128 views

### Macdonald's “Symmetric Functions and Hall Polynomials” Section 1.5 Example 9

I'm trying to follow Example 9 in Section 1.5 of the 2nd edition of Macdonald's book "Symmetric Functions and Hall Polynomials". I have trouble with understanding some points.
Before stating my ...

**3**

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92 views

### Shifted schur function and holonomic

Now let us denote by $\Lambda^{*}(n)$ the algebra of polynomials in $x_{1},\ldots,x_{n}$ that become symmetric in new variables
$$ x_{i}'=x_{i}-i+c, \ i \in 1,\ldots,n.$$
Here c is a arbitrary fixed ...

**13**

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144 views

### Generalization of Newton's identities to Schur functions

In some recent work, I've stumbled across the following identity for $\lambda \vdash n$:
$$
n s_\lambda = \sum_{k=1}^n p_k \sum_{\mu \nearrow_k \lambda} (-1)^{\mathrm{ht}(\lambda/\mu)} s_\mu.
$$
Here, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Frobenius coordinate expansion of character

Let $\lambda$ be the partition of integer $d$. The Frobenius coordinate of $\lambda$ is given
$$ (a_1 ,\ldots,a_{d(\lambda)}|b_1,\ldots,b_{d(\lambda)}),$$
where $d(\lambda)$ denote the diagonal of $\...

**3**

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87 views

### Evaluating derivatives of Schur polynomials

Given an arbitrary partition $\lambda$ and an integer $N$ (the number of variables), is there any further way to evaluate the following derivative of the Schur polynomial?
\begin{align}
A &= \...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### An upper bound for a vector with given norm 1 and norm 2

Suppose $X = (x_1, \ldots , x_n)$ is given and we know that $x_i$'s are nonnegative, $\sum_{i=1}^n x_i = n$ and $\sum_{i=1}^n x_i^2 = m $. Just by this information, is it possible to find a vector ...

**0**

votes

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94 views

### Methods to get Holonomic functions

Let $a_n$ be a holonomic sequence. By definition, that means there exists a linear differential equation of finite order which annihilates $F(x)$, where
$F(x):=\sum a_n x^n$.
Similarly let $b_n$, $...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### Decompostion of hook schur function in terms of cauchy product of holonomic functions

Let $s_{\lambda}$ denote the schur function and $\lambda$ is the partion of an integer. The schur function written in power sum symmetric basis apper as following. $\chi$ denote the character.
\begin{...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Is there a geometric interpretation of skew Schur functions?

Consider the cohomology ring of the Grassmannian of k-planes in complex n-space. It has a standard presentation as a quotient of the ring of symmetric functions. In this presentation, the Schur ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

366 views

### Why do we care about Schur Positivity

Some of the most important open problems in Algebraic Combinatorics concern the Schur positivity of classes of symmetric functions. Why is this an important property to have?

**3**

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174 views

### Dimension of roots of irreducible Schur polynomial on unit circle

Let $s_\lambda(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ be a Schur polynomial in $\mathbb{C}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ with $\lambda=(\lambda_1\geq\lambda_2\geq\ldots\geq\lambda_n=0)$ and $\gcd(\lambda_1+n-1,\lambda_2+n-2,\dots,\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Product of Schur functions

Given two sets of variables $X=\{x_1,\cdots,x_n\}$, $Y=\{y_1,\cdots,y_m\}$, and two partitions $\lambda$ and $\mu$. Is there a formula for the product of the Schur functions $s_{\lambda}(X) s_{\mu}(Y)$...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

126 views

### Cauchy identity, with sum restricted over partitions with first part $\leq n$

The Cauchy Identity
$$ \sum_{\nu}s_{\nu}(x)s_{\nu}(y) = \prod_{j,k=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{1-x_{j}y_{k}} $$
expresses the sum over all integer partitions of the product of pairs of Schur polynomials as ...

**3**

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**0**answers

125 views

### Shifted Schur functions

Let's fix the ground field $\mathbb{C}$.
In the paper "Shifted Schur Functions" http://arxiv.org/abs/q-alg/9605042 Andrei Okounkov and Grigori Olshanski introduce a special basis for the center $Z(\...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Sum of the ratios of Schur functions

There are simple expressions for the sums of linear and quadratic combinations of Schur functions over all partitions (including the empty one)
$$
\sum_\lambda s_\lambda(x)=\prod_{i}\frac{1}{1-x_i}\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

199 views

### Proofs that the Plücker relations generate the ideal of the Grassmannian

Some context: The $(k,n)$-Grassmannian is the set of $k$-dimensional subspaces of an $n$-dimensional vector space $V$. It can be realized as a projective variety via the Plücker embedding, and the set ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

293 views

### An identity related to partitions into $n$ parts and Schur polynomials

While working with Schur polynomials I found what seems like a nice identity, and I wonder if it has a simple proof.
Notation: Suppose $d,n\in\mathbb{N}$, and $\lambda =(\lambda_1,\dots,\lambda_n)$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Bounding Schur polynomials of a particular shape

Consider Schur polynomials $s_\lambda$ with $\lambda = (2m, m, m, \ldots, m, 0)$ and $\ell(\lambda) = n$ (that is, $\lambda$ has $n$ rows). Here $m \gg n$, which, for the sake of concreteness, let's ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

600 views

### Plugging $1-x$ into Schur polynomials

I have a symmetric Laurent polynomial $f$ in $k$ variables expressed as a linear combination of Schur polynomials. I'd like to know what happens when I make the substitution $p(x_1,\ldots,x_k)\mapsto ...

**6**

votes

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180 views

### a variational problem related to weighted logarithmic capacity

Consider the following multiple contour integral:
$$ \Phi_\lambda := \oint \ldots \oint \prod_{1 \le j < k \le n} (z_j^{-1} - z_k^{-1}) \prod_{j=1}^n \prod_{k=1}^n (1 - z_j x_k)^{-1} \prod_{j=1}^n ...

**2**

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184 views

### what is the link between plethysm in regular representation of the symmetric group and plethysm in Schur functions.

I am trying to understand first how one can define the plethysm say $s_\lambda \circ s_\mu$ as a module in the regular representation of the symmetric group.
1)How is it connected to the plethysms ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Reference Request: Irreducibles of the regular representation of the permutation group is absolutely irreducible

I am writing a paper(physics) where I am using the fact that the irreducible's of the regular representations of the permutation group are absolutely irreducible in the following sense.
If $V$ is an ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

300 views

### Schur polynomial, change of variable

Let $k=(k_1,k_2,k_3,k_4)\in \mathbb{N}^4$ and let $s_k(x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4)$ be the Schur polynomial on $GL_4$.
Question 1: If I replace $x_3$ with $x_1$ and $x_4$ with $x_2$, can $s_k(x_1,x_2,x_1,x_2)$ ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

754 views

### Bounding Schur symmetric polynomials on the unit circle

Recall the Schur polynomial in $n$ variables, indexed by the partition $\lambda$, with $\ell(\lambda) \leq n$, is given by
\begin{equation}
s_\lambda(x_1,\ldots, x_n) = a_{\lambda + \delta}(x_1, \...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

258 views

### Dickson/determinant type polynomial (updated)

For $2\leq \ell \leq k$, consider the polynomial \begin{equation} P_{k,\ell} = \prod_{1\leq a_1+\ldots+a_k\leq \ell} (a_1x_1+\ldots + a_kx_k)\in \mathbb{F}_2[x_1,\ldots, x_k] \end{equation}
...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Most computationally efficient Littlewood-Richardson rule

There are many, many different versions of the Littlewood-Richardson rule: the original characterization via Yamanouchi words, Remmel's version, a description via the Poirier-Reutenauer bialgebra, the ...

**17**

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309 views

### Deforming a basis of a polynomial ring

The ring $Symm$ of symmetric functions in infinitely many variables is well-known to be a polynomial ring in the elementary symmetric functions, and has a $\mathbb Z$-basis of Schur functions $\{S_\...

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315 views

### Staircase Schur functions squared

Let $\Delta_n$ be the staircase-shaped partition $(n-1,n-2,\dots,1)$. Are there any non-obvious combinatorial objects that index $s_{\Delta_n}^2$? Here, $s_\lambda$ is the Schur function indexed by ...

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vote

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196 views

### Explicit basis/weight vectors for irreducibles inside the plethysm $Sym^m(\bigwedge^p \mathbf(V))$

This is a follow up to this question about finding the multiplicities of irreducible representations restricted to Young diagrams of 2-columns or less, inside the plethysm $Sym^m(\bigwedge^p \mathbf(V)...

**10**

votes

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897 views

### A class of matrix determinants between Wronskians and Vandermondes

Update: see below
Let $M$ be an $n\times n$ matrix that's constructed as follows. Construct the right-most column of $M$ as $[\alpha_1(x_1),\cdots,\alpha_n(x_n)]^T$ for some class of fixed functions $...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

315 views

### A Simple Bijective Proof Of Stanley's Hook-Content Formula for Hook Shapes

this is my first post on math overflow so I hope it goes well. I believe I have a fairly simple bijective proof for Stanley's Hook-Content Formula in the case of hook shapes. I wanted to see if ...

**4**

votes

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184 views

### Optimization problem involving Multivariate Normal

I use $\phi(t)$ to describe the standard normal distribution density and $\Phi(t)$ as the normal distribution CDF and would like to prove that for all
$n\geq3$, the function:
$$h(\mu_{1},\ldots,\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Generalization of Frobenius formula involving Macdonald polynomials

Given a vector $\vec k=(k_1,k_2,\cdots)$ with $k_i$ are non-negative integers, the Newton polynomial $p_{\vec k}(x)$ is defined as
\begin{equation}
p_{\vec k}(x)=\prod_{j=1}^n p_j^{k_j}(x)~,
\end{...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

900 views

### Every antisymmetric (alternating) polynomial is divisible by Vandermonde product

I am looking for a proof of the statement:
Every antisymmetric (alternating) polynomial is divisible by Vandermonde product, yielding a symmetric polynomial in the result.
The statement is really ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

490 views

### principal specialization of projective Schur functions

Is there a nice/known formula for the (some) principal specialization of a projective (P or Q) Schur polynomial? That is, I am talking about a projective analogue of Stanley's hook content formula $$...

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1k views

### Generalization of Cauchy's identity

Let $ s_{\lambda} $ be the schur function associated to the partition $ \lambda $.
Cauchy's identity (as in Macdonald) states that
$$
\sum_{\lambda} s_{\lambda}(X)s_{\lambda}(Y) = \prod_{i,j}(1-...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Schur polynomials in the Chern classes as direct images

Let $E\to X$ be a rank $r$ holomorphic vector bundle on a $n$-dimensional compact complex manifold. Then, it is well known that one can recover the Segre classes of $E$ as follows.
Let $\pi\colon P(E)\...

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**1**answer

518 views

### Schur functors generalization to “Jack”, “Hall-Littlewood”, “Macdonald” functors ?

Schur functors are functors from the category of vector spaces to itself.
If we take an operator $M: V->V$ and apply a Schur functor to it and then calculate trace $Tr(M^{\Lambda})$ we will get ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

889 views

### Irreducibility of Schur polynomials

A natural question covering both this and this question would be
Let $n>2$. Describe Young diagrams $\lambda$ with at most $n$ nonempty rows (or equivalently non-increasing sequences $\lambda=(\...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Sum of products of p-th powers of roots of 1 and monomial symmetric functions

Hello mathematicians,
i'm looking for explicit computations of expressions like
$$
\sum_{\substack{0\leq i,j,k<n\\i\neq j\neq k \neq i}}\zeta_n^{ip^{k_1}+jp^{k_2}+kp^{k_3}}
$$
and its ...

**26**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Majorization and Schur Polynomials

Let me first define the majorization order (or dominance order) on partitions as $\lambda \succeq \mu$ iff $$\sum _{i=1}^{k}\lambda_i \geq \sum_{i=1}^{k}\mu_i$$ for all $1\le k\le l-1$ and $$\lambda_1+...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

598 views

### Cut-and-join equation and Schur function identity

This is somewhat related to my last MO post:
sum of the character of the symmetric group
Let $p_n$ be the $n$-th Newton symmetric function, and $s_{\nu}$ be the Schur function indexed by the ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Sym(V ⊕ ∧² V) isomorphic to direct sum of all Schur functors of V

Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional $K$-vector space. Then, the symmetric power $\mathrm{Sym}\left(V\oplus \wedge^2 V\right)$ is isomorphic to the direct sum of all Schur functors applied to $V$ (each one ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

596 views

### Are the Schur functions the minimal basis of the ring of symmetric functions with the following properties?

Let $\Lambda$ denote the ring of symmetric functions in variables $x_1,x_2,\dots$ and with coefficients in $\mathbf{Q}$. Then $\Lambda$ is freely generated as an $\mathbf{Q}$-algebra by $p_1,p_2,\dots$...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

233 views

### Analogy between canonical basis of U(n_-) and Schur functors, each under restriction

.1. For any category $\mathcal C$, possibly enriched over schemes, define $Rep({\mathcal C})$ to be the functor category ${\mathcal C} \to {\bf Vec}$ with direct sum inherited from $\bf Vec$. (If $\...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

780 views

### What is the most general “two in one row for A & in one column for B” theorem?

Let $A$ and $B$ be two Young tableaux, i. e. Young diagrams filled with the numbers $1$, $2$, ..., $n$ for some $n$ (not necessarily the same $n$). (They need not be semistandard.)
(a) (Etingof's ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

974 views

### Specializations of Schur functions at consecutive integers

Given a partition λ = (λ1, λ2, ..., λn) denote with sλ the associated Schur function.
There exists a nice product formula for the principal specializations:
sλ...