# Questions tagged [algebraic-combinatorics]

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263
questions

3
votes

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answer

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### Sum of squares of chromatic roots of a bipartite graph

Given a graph $G = (V, E)$, we can calculate its chromatic polynomial $P(G, k)$, and it has $n$ (complex) roots, also known as chromatic roots. It is a well-known fact that the sum of chromatic roots ...

1
vote

0
answers

127
views

### References/applications/context for certain polytopes

First, let's consider an almost trivial notion. With any subspace $V\subset \mathbb R^n$ we associate a convex polytope $P(V)\subset V^*$ as follows. Each of the $n$ coordinates in $\mathbb R^n$ is a ...

0
votes

0
answers

64
views

### Gessel-Viennot theorem

In the paper, page 76, why we need the condition that the subpath lying between lines y=-x and y=k+1 consists entirely of vertical steps?

7
votes

0
answers

85
views

### Pattern avoidance and P-recursiveness

A sequence $\{a_n\}_{n \geq 0}$ is said to be P-recursive if there exist polynomials $p_0(n), p_1(n), \dots , p_k(n)$ such that
$$
\sum_{i=0}^k p_i(n) a_{n+i}=0
$$
for all $n \in \mathbb N$.
Let $ P$ ...

4
votes

1
answer

235
views

### Determining when quotient of a polynomial ring is a Gorenstein ring

I would like to be able to look at the ring $R=\mathbb{Z}[x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n]/\mathcal{I},$ where $\mathcal{I}$ is generated by a finite number of monomials and say whether $R$ is a Gorenstein ring. ...

5
votes

0
answers

123
views

### How did Macdonald come up with $q,t$-Kostka polynomials?

The $q,t$ Kostka polynomials are defined to be the coefficients of the big Schur $s_\lambda[X(1-t)]$ in the expansion of the integral form Macdonald polynomials $J_\mu[X;q,t]$. The integral form ...

7
votes

0
answers

425
views

### Mistakes in Logan and Shepp's famous paper on Young Tableaux?

In their landmark paper from 1977 named "A Variational Problem for Random Young Tableaux" Logan and Shepp obtained a number of results concerning asymptotic properties of Young Diagrams ...

4
votes

0
answers

178
views

### Schur polynomials are polynomials but also sequences on a lattice?

Monomial symmetric polynomials in $n$ variables $x_1, \ldots x_n$ form a natural basis for the space $\mathcal{S}_n$ of symmetric polynomials in $n$ variables and are defined by additive ...

0
votes

0
answers

241
views

### Relation between $3$-term Plücker relations and more than $3$-term Plücker relations

$\DeclareMathOperator\Gr{Gr}$Let $\Gr(k,n)$ be the Grassmannian variety of $k$-planes in an $n$-dimensional vector space. The coordinate algebra $\mathbb{C}[\Gr(k,n)]$ is generated by Plücker ...

2
votes

1
answer

216
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### Identities involving Littlewood–Richardson coefficients?

I am not aware of that many identities that involve several Littlewood–Richardson coefficients.
One recent identity, is a generating function as sum of squares of LR-coefficients,
due to Harris and ...

14
votes

1
answer

515
views

### What is the centralizer of a Young subgroup of $S_n$?

In their celebrated paper "A new approach to the representation theory of the symmetric group. II", Okounkov and Vershik prove that $Z(n-1,1)$, the centralizer of $\mathbb{C}[S_{n-1}]$ in $\...

7
votes

0
answers

103
views

### Conceptual explanation for the gap in the spectrum of biregular trees

Ramanujan graphs are defined as $(q+1)$-regular graphs for which all nontrivial eigenvalues of the adjacency operator are contained in the interval
$$[-2\sqrt{q}, 2\sqrt{q}].$$
The reason for this ...

6
votes

1
answer

171
views

### Action of $\widehat{\mathfrak{sl}_2}$ on symmetric functions with $\mathbb{Z}_{(2)}$ coefficients

It is known that there is a representation of the affine Lie algebra $\widehat{\mathfrak{sl}_q}$ (over $\mathbb{Z}$) on the algebra of symmetric functions, where the action of the Chevalley generators ...

8
votes

0
answers

303
views

### Why are these Littlewood-Richardson coefficients congruent to 1 mod 8?

Let $n\in{\mathbb N}$ and write $n=q_1+q_2+\dots+q_t$, where $q_1>q_2>\dots>q_t$ are powers of $2$. Let $\lambda_n$ be the partition with Frobenius symbol $(q_1-1,q_2-1,\dots,q_t-1;q_t,q_{t-1}...

9
votes

0
answers

226
views

### Hives for other root systems? [duplicate]

Littlewood-Richardson coefficients $c^\lambda_{\mu\nu}$ have numerous combinatorial interpretations, including the hive model by Knutson and Tao, see here. For other root systems, there are also ...

8
votes

0
answers

213
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### Scalar products on symmetric functions behaving like the Macdonald scalar product

The Macdonald symmetric functions (or Macdonald polynomials)
$P_\lambda(x)$ are orthogonal with respect to the Macdonald scalar
product
$$ \langle p_\lambda,p_\mu\rangle =
\delta_{\lambda\mu}z_\...

0
votes

0
answers

83
views

### Addition theorem for Schur function in multivariable

Working with the following problem Expansion in Schur function of negative binomial exponent
I need to find the expansion of
$$ s_{\lambda}(x_1 + y , x_2 +y, \ldots, x_n +y)$$
in terms of schur ...

3
votes

0
answers

131
views

### Expansion in Schur function of negative binomial exponent

I want to know if there exist a known expansion or can be derived of the polynomial
$$ \prod_{i=1}^{m}\prod_{j= 1}^{n}(1-z(x_i + y_i))^{-w} \tag{*}$$
in terms of Schur function. That is asking for (*) ...

5
votes

1
answer

125
views

### PBW basis for the quantized enveloping Lie algebra of $\mathfrak{g}_2$

I would like to know if you have any reference where I can find the canonical PBW basis for $U_q(\mathfrak{g}_2),$ computed using the action of the braid group as defined by Luzstig.
Alternatively I ...

3
votes

0
answers

66
views

### Subrings of the ring of symmetric functions

While experimenting with symmetric functions, I noticed the following equality of subrings of the ring of symmetric functions:
$$\mathbb{Z}[(n-1)!\cdot p_n \ |\ n \ge 1] = \mathbb{Z}[n!\cdot h_n \ |\ ...

2
votes

3
answers

384
views

### Question for averaging the overall quantities by averaging a part

There is a question: If integers $a$ and $b$ satisfy the following properties: for any $a$ real numbers, we can do an operation to average $b$ of them to the same quantities, and we can do a finite ...

15
votes

2
answers

576
views

### Do power sums determine the variables?

In my analysis research, I came across the following problem. Given $n$ positive real numbers $x_1,\dots,x_n$, consider the $n$-many power sums
$$ p_3 = x_1^3 + x_2^3 + \dots + x_n^3 , $$
$$ p_5 = ...

5
votes

1
answer

765
views

### Expressing symmetric function in power-sum basis

I am trying to prove the following identity
\begin{equation}
\prod_{i=1}^{m}(1-x_{i}z)^{-u}\prod_{j=1}^{n}(1-y_{i}z)^{-v} \prod_{i=1}^{m}\prod_{j=1}^{n}(1-(x_i +y_j)z)^{-w}\\ = \sum_{\lambda, \mu}c_{\...

0
votes

0
answers

69
views

### Algebraic ode of exponential generating series

Let $G(z)$ be a rational function. So if we have a series
$$S(x):=\sum_{n}a_n x^n $$ where
$$ a_n = \prod_{i=1}^{n}G((i-1)h) $$
We can conclude that the series satisfies a Linear differential ...

4
votes

2
answers

242
views

### A special class of weighted Motzkin paths

Consider Motzkin paths with the following weight:
All up-steps and the horizontal steps on height $0$ have weight $1$, all down-steps have weight $t$ and the horizontal steps on even heights have ...

2
votes

0
answers

132
views

### Geometric or combinatorial interpretations of the (weak) Bruhat order?

$\DeclareMathOperator\Inv{Inv}$The weak Bruhat order on the symmetric group has a straightforward combinatorial interpretation: Consider a set of labelled balls $1,2,\dotsc,n$. Then for two ...

10
votes

1
answer

266
views

### $2$-adic valuation of Schur $P$-functions in the power-sum basis

For a partition $\lambda$, let $P_\lambda$ be the Schur $P$-functions (case $t=-1$ of Hall-Littlewood symmetric functions) and let $p_\lambda=p_{\lambda_1}p_{\lambda_1}\cdots p_{\lambda_k}$ be the ...

17
votes

2
answers

766
views

### The finite groups with a zero entry in each column of its character table (except the first one)

$\DeclareMathOperator\PSL{PSL}\DeclareMathOperator\Aut{Aut}$Consider the class of finite groups $G$ having a zero entry in each column of its character table (except the first one), i.e. for all $g \...

0
votes

1
answer

243
views

### What is a toric lattice? [closed]

What is a toric lattice? and how can I construct one in Macaulay2 and compute its basis? is there any alternative method to make one? Since I went through the whole ...

7
votes

0
answers

130
views

### Littelmann Path model and RSK e and f operators

The Littelmann path model defines $e_i$ and $f_i$ operators which correspond in type A to the $e_i$ and $f_i$ operators on semistandard Young tableaux (i.e. since they both are different ways of ...

8
votes

1
answer

249
views

### Branching rule for Specht modules over Kazhdan-Lusztig basis

Suppose $\lambda\vdash n$ is a partition and $S^\lambda$ is the associated irreducible representation of $S_n$. As we know from the branching rule, we have an isomorphism of $S_{n-1}$ modules
$$S^\...

5
votes

1
answer

417
views

### Can Matsumoto's theorem for the symmetric group be proved using a monovariant?

This is a question that can be asked for any Coxeter group, but for the sake of simplicity I will restrict myself to symmetric groups. Recall the main definitions:
Let $n$ be a nonnegative integer. ...

0
votes

0
answers

127
views

### How to classify rings by combinatorial structures?

There are many ways to encode information about algebraic structures such as groups, rings, etc... in combinatorial form. For example the Cayley graph of a group with a subset of generators, or the ...

7
votes

2
answers

441
views

### Chip-firing clocks

Let $G$ be some outdegree-regular directed graph with $n$ vertices and let $H$ be the Laplacian of $G$, so that the rows of $H$ correspond to chip-firing moves. I’m interested in linear functions $f$ ...

1
vote

0
answers

74
views

### Making the entries of a matrix positive

I am considering two slightly more relaxed version of the question asked here: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/119034/making-the-entries-of-a-matrix-positive
The two questions are:
Question 1:...

15
votes

1
answer

679
views

### a Vandermonde-type of determinants summed over permutations

Let $S_n$ be the symmetric group. Consider
$$D:=\sum_{\sigma\in S_n} \text{sgn}(\sigma)\cdot \det\begin{pmatrix}1 & a_{\sigma(1)}-0 & (a_{\sigma(1)}-0)^2 & \cdots & (a_{\sigma(1)}-0)^{...

9
votes

0
answers

469
views

### Two majs for standard Young tableaux?

Let $\lambda$ be a partition of $n$, and consider its set of standard Young tableaux (SYTs): bijective fillings of the Young diagram of $\lambda$, written in English notation, with the numbers $1$ ...

4
votes

1
answer

228
views

### proof of result from Ian Macdonald's paper "A New Class of Symmetric Functions"

I'm currently working my way through Ian MacDonald's somewhat seminal 1988 paper entitled "A New Class of Symmetric Functions" in Seminaire Lotharingien B20a, pp. 131–171 (EuDML). I'm fine ...

3
votes

0
answers

193
views

### Does every finite lattice embed into a finite Eulerian lattice?

A finite Boolean lattice is a lattice isomorphic to the subset lattice of a finite set. Every Boolean lattice is Eulerian, namely, a graded lattice $L$ such that $\mu(a,b) = (-1)^{|b|-|a|}$ for all $a,...

5
votes

0
answers

92
views

### Form on symmetric functions and their q,t- analogues

[Notations are as in Macdonald's Symmetric Functions and Hall Polynomials]
The space of symmetric functions $\Lambda_{\mathbb{Q}}$ has a bilinear form defined by $ (p_\lambda, p_\mu)= z_\lambda \...

2
votes

0
answers

84
views

### Double Schur function expansion

In literature, I have seen the weighted Hurwitz number $N_{g,n}(d_1 , d_2 \ldots , d_n)$ which are symmetric number and they can be written as double Schur function expansion.
\begin{align} \label{eq:...

9
votes

2
answers

491
views

### Characterization of the family of simple groups PSL(2,q) by tensor multiplicity

Let $G$ be a finite group and $(\chi_i)$ its irreducible characters. Then $\forall i,j,k, \exists!n_{i,j}^k \in \mathbb{N}_{\ge 0}$ such that $$\chi_i \chi_j = \sum_k n_{i,j}^k \chi_k.$$
Let the ...

3
votes

1
answer

218
views

### Generalised operad structures

We can naively consider an operad as a collection $\{P(n)\}_{n\geq 0}$ of vector spaces $P(n)$ consisting of "functions" with $n$ inputs and one output, equipped with a number of ...

6
votes

0
answers

184
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### Word/Loop in $L(\Lambda)$

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a symmetrizable Kac-Moody algebra, with Chevalley generators $e_i,f_i$ ($i=1,...,n$).
Let $L(\Lambda)$ denote the irreducible module with highest weight $\Lambda$. Let $v$ denote ...

3
votes

3
answers

401
views

### Given a positive integer $n$, some straight lines and lattice points such... Prove that the number of the lines is at least $n(n+3)$

I was trying to get an answer on MathSE long ago and now I got it.
Given a positive integer $n$ and some straight lines in the plane
such that none of the lines passes through $(0,0)$, and such that ...

6
votes

1
answer

273
views

### Is this Laurent phenomenon explained by invariance/periodicity?

In Chapter 4 (page 23, subsection "Somos sequence update") of his Tracking the Automatic
Ant, David Gale
discusses three families of recursively defined sequences of numbers, all
due to Dana ...

3
votes

0
answers

109
views

### Polynomiality of the inverse of equally weighted Varchenko matrices attached to hyperplane arrangements

Let $d\in \mathbb{Z}_{\ge 1}$, let $\sigma = (H_i)_{i\in \mathcal{I}}$ be a finite hyperplane arrangement in $\mathbb{R}^d$, where $H_i\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ is a hyperplane for $i\in \mathcal{I}$ (the ...

9
votes

1
answer

229
views

### Is there a good algebraic model of random n-hypergraphs?

Suppose $F$ is a finite field and $-1$ is a square in $F$. Let $E$ be the binary relation on $F$ where $(a,b) \in E$ iff $a - b$ is a square. Then $(F,E)$ is called a Paley graph. Paley graphs are ...

3
votes

0
answers

112
views

### Can equality of chromatic symmetric functions of two trees be checked in polynomial time?

Stanley defined chromatic symmetric functions (CSF) in 1995 (Advances in Math) where he conjectured that trees can be distinguished by their CSF. However, tree isomorphism is decidable in P (...

14
votes

2
answers

826
views

### Do you know an elegant proof for this expression for a Schur function?

I know that the identity
$$
s_\mu = \sum_{\mu-\lambda \text{ is a horizontal strip}} \;\sum_{\alpha\vdash|\lambda|} \frac{\chi^\lambda_\alpha}{z_\alpha} \prod_i(p_i-1)^{a_i}
$$
holds.
Here $\alpha=1^{...