Questions tagged [symmetric-groups]

The symmetric group $S_n$ is the group of permutations of the set of integers $\{1,\dots,n\}$. This has $n!$ elements and is generated by the $n-1$ involutions exchanging consecutive integers. The symmetric groups form the simplest family of Coxeter groups.

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7
votes
1answer
223 views

For which $n$ can $S_n$ act transitively on $n+k$ elements?

It is known that the symmetric group $S_n$ can act transitively on $n+1$ elements if and only if $n=5$. Are there similar classifications for $S_n$ acting transitively on $n+k$ elements, where $k$ is ...
10
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2answers
487 views

Arbitrarily large finite irreducible matrix groups in odd dimension?

I consider a finite irreducible matrix group $\Gamma\subseteq\mathrm{GL}(\Bbb R^d)$. I am interested in the maximal size of $\Gamma$ depending on $d$. But this question makes only sense if there is an ...
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0answers
178 views

Is there any research on the action of a subgroup on the whole finite group by conjugation?

I want to know whether there are any research on the orbits of the action of a subgroup by conjugation on the whole group, when the group is finite. (Especially whole symmetric group.) I'm especially ...
4
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1answer
561 views

Combinatorial problem in $\mathsf{S}_4$

I am working on a problem in Combinatorial Group Theory related to a construction in Algebraic Geometry, and I would like to have a conceptual proof of the fact described below. I am looking for ...
2
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0answers
103 views

Finding the decorated permutation of a non-reduced plabic graph

This is a question about Postnikov's theory of positroids and plabic graphs. The short version is If we have an non-reduced plabic graph $G$, how do we look at the alternating strands and read off ...
3
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0answers
137 views

Faithful representation into $\operatorname{GL}(9,3)$

Take $T=\big(\left< (123) \right> \times \left< (456) \right> \times \left< (789) \right>\big) \rtimes \left< (147)(258)(369) \right> \leq S_9$. Does there exist an injective ...
4
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1answer
397 views

I want to know the name of or any references for a matrix in the book “The representation theory of the symmetric groups” by Gordon James

$\DeclareMathOperator{\Ind}{\operatorname{Ind}}$I'm reading "The representation theory of the symmetric groups" written by Gordon James. I found the matrix $B$ in the chapter 6 ("The ...
8
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187 views

A question related to Young symmetrizers

Let $T$ be an arbitrary Young tableau (i.e., filling of the diagram of an integer partition $\lambda$ of $n$ by the numbers from $1$ to $n$, each appearing once). Let $R(T)$ be the subgroup of ...
6
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0answers
115 views

Classification of posets that are quotient posets of the Boolean lattice

Quotient posets of the Boolean lattice $B_n$ have interesting properties and are for example discussed in chapter 5 of Stanley's book on algebraic combinatorics. $B_n/G$ for a subgroup $G$ of the ...
3
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1answer
196 views

A basic question about Young symmetrizers

This is probably elementary for experts on the representation theory of the symmetric group, but I did not find the answers I need by a cursory look at the usual textbooks (they could be there, but I ...
5
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1answer
137 views

On a certain expansion in term of Schur functions

This question is related to this other one A Schur positivity conjecture related to row and column permutations by Richard Stanley (thanks to Sam Hopkins for letting me know about it). Consider a ...
8
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0answers
141 views

Generalized Young symmetrizers, why not?

For $n$ a positive integer, let $[n]=\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$. Consider two set partitions $\mathcal{A}=\{A_1,\ldots,A_p\}$ and $\mathcal{B}=\{B_1,\ldots,B_q\}$ of the set $[n]$. We will denote by $G(\...
3
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1answer
87 views

Permutation representation of a finite $p$-group

In the (xi) group of the classification of groups of order $p^4$ given by W.Burnside in his book," Theory of Groups Of Finite Order". The group ($\mathbb{Z_{p^{2}}}\rtimes \mathbb{Z_{p^{}}}) ...
4
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0answers
96 views

Words that give rise to an enumeration of elements of the symmetric group

Let $\mathbb{S}_m$ be the symmetric group on $m$ letters. Let $n=m-1$. Let $\mathbf{w}=a_1\cdots a_r$ be a word on the alphabet $\{1,\ldots,n\}$. We say that $\mathbf{w}$ gives rise to an enumeration ...
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83 views

Question about generalizing Cauchy identity

One of the Cauchy identities says that $$\prod_{i,j}(1+x_iy_j) = \sum_\lambda s_\lambda (x_1, \cdots,x_m) s_{\lambda'} (y_1, \cdots,y_n) $$ Where $\lambda$ is a Young diagram, $\lambda'$ is the ...
4
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1answer
164 views

Number of paths in the Bruhat order in the symmetric group

Let $\mathbb{S}_m$ the symmetric group on $m$ letters. Let $v\in\mathbb{S}_m$, and consider paths in the Bruhat order like this: $1\lessdot v_1\lessdot\cdots\lessdot v$, where $\lessdot$ means the ...
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82 views

A question regarding an analog of Young symmetrizer: the product row and column preserving subgroups without sign representation

Consider a rectangular Young diagram $\lambda$ with $n = pq$ boxes, with $p$ rows and $q$ columns. If $C$ is the column preserving subgroup of $\lambda$ and $R$ is the row preserving subgroup, then we ...
3
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0answers
107 views

Consequences of Littlewood-Richardson rule

I am trying to read Deligne's paper 'Categories Tensorielles', and in the first chapter Deligne states some results obtained from the Littlewood-Richardson rule that I do not understand. He states: '...
3
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273 views

Character table of the symmetric group $S_n$ according to James

In James, "The representation theory of the symmetric groups" an algorithm is described to produce the character table of a symmetric group. The proof involves the equation (pp. 22,23) $$\...
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49 views

Suggested papers or reading for PDE (high dimension) reduction to ODE by symmetries

Could anyone please suggest related papers or article about the topic related to my one question below? Reduce PDE to ODE by dilation symmetry I also cite a paper in the link above. We know that ...
4
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1answer
131 views

Reduce PDE to ODE by dilation symmetry

I am reading Rodrigues, Henrion, and Cantwell - Symmetries and analytical solutions of the Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equation for a class of optimal control problems, p.753. Consider the following PDE: ...
8
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1answer
203 views

Induction step in Bóna and Ehrenborg's proof that the generating function of the alternating runs has -1 as a root of a certain multiplicity

This is a crosspost of a question I asked on Mathematics SE four months ago. Periodically bumping it and placing a bounty on it to attract more attention were to no avail. There are some comments ...
9
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2answers
292 views

Decomposing a polynomial ring into Specht Modules

Let $S_{\pi}$ where $\pi$ is an integer partition of $n$, denote the Specht module corresponding to $\pi$. I am trying to decompose the set of all homogeneous polynomials in $x_1,x_2,...,x_n$ ...
3
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1answer
131 views

action of symmetric group on the second exterior power

Let $e_i \wedge e_j \ (i < j)$ be a basis for the $\mathbb Z$-module $\wedge^2 \Gamma$, where $\Gamma = \mathbb Z^n$. Clearly $S_n$ acts on the module $\wedge^2 \Gamma$ via $$\pi(e_i \wedge e_j) ...
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0answers
50 views

Schur multiplier of 2-Sylow subgroups of symmetric group

Is the Schur multiplier of 2-Sylow subgroups of symmetric groups on $n\geq 4$ symbols known? I couldn’t find much except that multiplier of $S_n$ is contained in the multiplier of 2-Sylow subgroup.
5
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2answers
302 views

Transposition Cayley graphs are planar

Consider the Cayley graph $G$ with vertex set the elements of the symmetric group $S_n$ and generating set the set of minimal transposition generators of the group $S_n$, that is the set $S=\{(12),(13)...
2
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1answer
214 views

Recurrence relation for number of reduced words of longest element in $S_n$

Is there any recurrence relation known for the number of reduced words of the longest element in $S_n$ (not commutation classes)? Edit: Sorry for unaccepting the answer, but I realized that I really ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Carter Payne homomorphisms and reduced expressions

Let $G$ be an algebraic group and $W$ denote the underlying affine Weyl group. I will label representations of the principal block of $G$ by their alcoves, which in turn I label by the corresponding ...
2
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0answers
40 views

Expansion of polytabloids in the standard basis

would like to know the most efficient way to write a polytabloid in terms of standard ones. I know the Garnir elements, but using them to do calculations is hard. I also read about "quadratic ...
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1answer
79 views

On bounding a certain discrepancy between probability distributions on the symmetric group

Disclaimer. This is a follow up to a question I asked and answered on SE https://math.stackexchange.com/q/3579311/168758. The question was about upper-bounds. Here I'm interested in lower bounds, and ...
3
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0answers
180 views

Sum of products of irreducible characters of the symmetric group over a subgroup

When trying to build a dual formulation for lattice gauge theories using Weingarten integration I am getting sums of the kind $$I^{m, n}_{\mu, \nu} (\sigma, \tau) = \sum_{\pi \in S_n} \chi_\mu (\pi \...
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0answers
171 views

Combinatorial bijection on monotone sequences

Let $(n),\mu$ be the partition of $n$ define $H_g^{m}((n);\mu)$ count's the number of tuples $(\tau_1,\ldots,\tau_r)$ of transposition in symmetric group $S_n$ with the following conditions $$ (1,2,\...
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0answers
53 views

Singular chain complex of balanced products

Let $\pi\subseteq\Sigma_r$ and $V$ be a right $\pi$-space. We may assume that $V$ is free, if necessary. Consider the morphism of singular chain complexes (over a fixed commutative ring) $$f:C_*(V) \...
7
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2answers
287 views

What makes skew characters of the symmetric group special?

For integer partitions $\mu\subset\lambda$ we can define the skew character $\chi^{\lambda/\mu}$ (for example?) via the Littlewood-Richardson rule. Many combinatorial gadgets and algorithms extend in ...
7
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0answers
172 views

Non-zero group determinant for symmetric group

Let $G$ be a finite group. Given complex numbers $x=\{x_g: g\in G\}$, one can define a $|G|\times |G|$ matrix $X$, with entries $X_{g,h} = x_{gh^{-1}}$. Let's consider $G$ being the symmetric group $...
2
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0answers
68 views

CAS for finite-dimensional complex representations of $S_n$

Does there exist a computer algebra system that can work with finite-dimensional complex representations of the symmetric groups on finitely many letters? It should have the following functionality: (...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Minimum local permutation data needed to globally merge locally sorted sequences?

We have $k$ blocks of integer sequences $B_1,\dots,B_k$ where $B_i$ is a sequence $$a_{i,1},\dots,a_{i,n_i}$$ with $a_{i,j}\leq a_{i,j+1}$. Denote the permutation matrix $M_{\ell,\ell'}$ that merges $...
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0answers
107 views

Combinatorics of merging sequences from multinomial coefficients

If you have $m$ sequences $a_{11},\dots,a_{1n_1}$ through $a_{m1},\dots,a_{mn_m}$ each sorted in ascending order (assume there are no duplicates) then there is an unique way to merge them. How many ...
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0answers
178 views

Which irreducible representations of the symmetric group are eigenspaces of class sums?

In the setting of complex representations of finite groups, a class sum $1_C=\sum_{g\in C} g$ acts on an irreducible representation $V$ as $\lambda(C,V)\operatorname{Id}$, where $\lambda(C,V)=|C|\...
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0answers
221 views

Narayana numbers as character values?

The Catalan numbers show up as character values of the symmetric group: Let $\lambda = (n,n)$, a partition with two parts. Then $\chi^\lambda(1^{2n}) = \frac{1}{n+1}\binom{2n}{n}$, the $n$:th Catalan ...
2
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0answers
71 views

Representations of the symmetric group from subgroups

Consider the finite symmetric group on $n$ letters $S_n$ and $\chi$ a representation on a finite dimensional complex vector space $V$. Further assume that you know the dimension of the invariant sub-...
3
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0answers
107 views

Constructing a centrally primitive idempotent in the group algebra of the symmetric group

Consider the group algebra of the symmetric group $ \mathbb{C} S_k$. Given some Young tableau $T$ of shape $\lambda$, let $a_{\lambda,T}$ and $b_{\lambda,T}$ be the row symmetrizer and column ...
12
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2answers
905 views

How rare are unholey permutations?

For $S\subset [n]:=\{1,2,\dotsc,n\}$, define $\delta(S)$ to be the number of $m\in S$ such that $m+1\notin S$. Given a permutation $\pi$ of $[n]$, we define the holeyness $D(\pi)$ of $\pi$ as being $...
10
votes
2answers
558 views

A criterion for finite abelian group to embed into a symmetric group

Let $G$ be a finite abelian group. Write $G\approx \mathbb{Z}/p_1^{i_1}\mathbb{Z}\times\dots \mathbb{Z}/p_m^{i_m}\mathbb{Z}$, with $m\ge 0$, $p_1,\dots,p_m$ primes (not necessarily distinct) and $i_k\...
3
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0answers
129 views

Is there some sort of formula for $t(S_n)$?

Let $G$ be a finite group. Define $t(G)$ as the minimal number, such that $\forall X \subset G$ if $|X| > t(G)$ and $\langle X \rangle = G$, then $XXX = G$. Is there some sort of formula for $t(S_n)...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Do highly symmetric cones have “small” supporting hyperplanes?

Let $C$ be a full-dimensional cone in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$, defined as the positive span of $c = {n \choose 3} \gg d$ vectors. $C$ is highly symmetric in the following sense: each such vector is labelled ...
9
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0answers
97 views

Smith normal form of conjugacy class actions

This question was inspired by Smith Normal Form of a Cayley Graph of the Symmetric Group. Let $\mathbb{Q}S_n$ denote the group algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ of the symmetric group $S_n$. Identify a ...
15
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1answer
525 views

Characteristic classes of symmetric group $S_4$

For the symmetric group $S_3$, it is classically known that \begin{equation} H^*(S_3;\mathbb{Z})\cong \mathbb{Z}[x,y]/(2x,6y,x^2-3y), \end{equation} where $|x|=2$ and $|y|=4$. Moreover, $x$ can be ...
6
votes
1answer
242 views

Is there some sort of formula for $\tau(S_n)$?

Let $G$ be a finite group. Define $\tau(G)$ as the minimal number, such that $\forall X \subset G$ if $|X| > \tau(G)$, then $XXX = \langle X \rangle$. Is there some sort of formula for $\tau(S_n)$, ...
10
votes
0answers
369 views

Probability of Words Summing to $1$ in $S_n$ or $PGL_2(n)$

Let $G$ be the symmetric group $S_n$ or the projective general linear group $PGL_2(n)$. Let $X$ be a cyclically reduced word in the abstract variables $x_1, x_2, \ldots,x_k$, i.e. $X$ is a product ...

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