# Questions tagged [weyl-group]

The Weyl group of a root system is a subgroup generated by reflections through the hyperplanes orthogonal to the roots.

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### Elements of length 0 in extended affine Weyl group for GL(n)

As part of my research, I would like to understand the possible pairs of $(v,\sigma)\in \mathbb Z^n\times S_n$ satisfying the following condition: For $1\le i < j \le n$, we have $\sigma(i) < \...

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### Stabilizer of a Levi subgroup in the Weyl group and its quotient

(I appologize in advance if this question is too naive for experts, since I know very little about the geometry/combinatorics of Weyl/Coxeter groups.)
For simplicity, let $G$ be a connected reductive ...

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### Weyl groups are Coxeter groups proof

I'm reading part of a proof that says that Weyl groups of apartments of buildings are Coxeter groups.
Let $\Delta$ be a building and let $\Sigma$ be a fixed apartment of $\Delta$. Let $C$ be a fixed ...

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### Minimal subrepresentation of the Weyl group

Background
I want to generalize Theorem 3.2.1 in
Dat, J., Orlik, S., & Rapoport, M. (2010). Period Domains over Finite and p-adic Fields (Cambridge Tracts in Mathematics). Cambridge: Cambridge ...

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### Cohomology of Deligne-Lusztig variety associated to Coxeter element

Determining the individual ($l$-adic) cohomology groups of Deligne-Lusztig varieties has only been done for the general linear group and for some other very specific cases (as far as I know).
However, ...

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### Representations of $\mathrm{sl}(3,\mathbb{C})$ and Catalan-like paths

Background on representations of $\mathrm{sl}(3,\mathbb{C})$
In Chapter 6 of Brian C. Hall's book "Lie Groups, Lie Algebras, and Representations", he constructs the irreducible ...

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### Describing characters of a reductive group in terms of characters of a maximal torus

Say I have a reductive complex algebraic group $G$ with maximal torus $T$ and associated Weyl group $W$. I would like to be able to say that the characters of $G$ are in bijection with the $W$-...

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### Weyl group action on the Lie algebra [duplicate]

Let $W$ be the Weyl group of a complex semisimple Lie algebra $\frak{g}$. Certainly $W$ acts on the root system $R$ of $\frak{g}$ but can it be made to act on $\frak{g}$ or on the universal enveloping ...

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### Relative position of flags for the general linear group

This question is related my question in An example of a Deligne–Lusztig variety for a general linear group, and the obtained answer.
Situation
I am working with the general linear group. Specifically, ...

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### Is this construction related to the geometric Langlands program perhaps?

Given a complex Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, a choice of Cartan subalgebra $\mathfrak{h}$ of $\mathfrak{g}$ and a dominant integral weight $\lambda$ of $\mathfrak{g}$, there is a natural construction ...

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### Sum of weights of an irreducible representation of $U(N)$

Let $R$ be a finite-dimensional irreducible representation of $U(N)$, with the set of weights $W_R$. Each element of $W_R$ is a vector of length $N$ with integer entries.
Firstly, I would like to know ...

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### Do Weyl groups generate the exceptional Lie groups as sequences of reflexions in the Weyl chambers?

Platonic groups of symmetry are Weyl groups for the exceptional Lie algebra E6->E8, as root systems. These can be viewed as mirrors in a kaleidoscope (Goodman).
I would like to know if one can ...

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### Real roots along root strings

Let $A$ be a Cartan matrix, i.e. a $n\times n$ matrix with integer entries such that $A_{ii}=2$ and $A_{ij}\leq0$ for $i\neq j$. Then the corresponding Kac-Moody Lie algebra has a Cartan subalgebra $\...

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### One element commutation classes of reduced decompositions of the longest element of the Weyl group

For the symmetric group on $n$ objects $S_n$ the question of how to write its longest element $w_0$ as a reduced decomposition is an important combinatorical problem. As example, in this question the ...

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### Question on the representative of the longest Weyl element of $\mathrm{SO}(2n+1)$

Let $w_{m}$ be the $m \times m$ matrix with ones on the non-principal diagonal and zeros elsewhere.
Let $V$ be the $2n+2$-dimensional quadratic space with the symmetric bilinear form $\left<,\right&...

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### A construction of Weyl-equivariant maps from the space of regular Cartan triples to the space of tuples of complex polynomials (up to scalar factors)

Let $G$ be a compact semisimple Lie group and let $T$ be a maximal torus in $G$. On the Lie algebra level, we have a real Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ and a (particular) real slice, say $\mathfrak{t}$, ...

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### elementary abelian subgroups with centralizers not connected

Let $G =$ PGL$_{8}(\textbf{C})$. Let $a, b, c, d$ be four representatives of conjugacy classes of involutions in $G$ where $$a = \begin{pmatrix}
-1 & 0\\
0 & I_{7}
\end{pmatrix}, b = \begin{...

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### Particular reduced expression of the longest element of Weyl group

Let $I$ be the Dynkin diagram vertex set and $K$ be a proper nonempty subset of it. Let $w_0^K$ be the longest word of the Dynkin subdiagram $K$, which might be a disjoint union of connected Dynkin ...

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### Invariants of cohomology of Springer sheaf

Let $G=Gl_n(\mathbb{C})$ and $\mathcal{N}$ be the nilpotent cone associated to it i.e nilpotent matrices inside $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{gl}_n(\mathbb{C})$.
We have the variety $\tilde{\mathcal{N}}$ ...

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### Parabolic subgroup of Weyl group

Let $W$ be the Weyl group of a semisimple algebraic group $G$. $I$ be the simple roots. $J\subset I$ generate a parabolic subgroup of $W$ denote by $W_J$. $w^J$
is the shortest representative of $w$ ...

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### $N_{G}(E)/C_{G}(E)$ is the Weyl group of $G$?

In the algebraic group $G = \operatorname{PGL}_4(\mathbb{C})$, let $E$ denote the subgroup of elements of order dividing 2 in the diagonal maximal torus; it is generated by the images of the three ...

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### Weyl group and Galois action on cubic surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth cubic surface over a field $k$. Denote by $\bar{k}$ the separable closure of $k$ and $\bar{X}:=X\times_{k}\bar{k}$. Then it is well know that there exists a homomorphism
$$
\phi:\...

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### Geometric meaning of inducing a representation from a parabolic subgroup of a Weyl group

What is the geometric meaning of inducing a representation from a parabolic subgroup of a Weyl group? Could Springer theory of Weyl group representations be used to obtain such a geometric meaning?

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### The Weyl group of Kac-Moody algebra and Coxeter group

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Kac-Moody algebra, $W$ be its Weyl group, generate by fundmental reflections {$r_1,...,r_n$}. For $i,j$, we have relation $(r_ir_j)^{m_{ij}}=1$, $1\le i,j\le n$. Let $W^{'}$ be ...

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### Positive roots and the longest element of the Weyl group

Take $\frak{g}$ a complex semisimple Lie algebra and its Weyl group $W$. Is it true that the number of positive roots of $\frak{g}$ is equal to the length of the longest element of $W$?

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### How to determine sublattices S of a root lattice R

Let $R$ be a root lattice of a irreducible root system $\Phi$.
Suppose $W$ is a Weyl group of $\Phi$ and $S$ is a sublattice of $R$ which is $W$-stable and satisfies $|R/S|<\infty$.
For example, ...

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### Reference request: Weyl group action on the power set of positive roots

There is a symmetric group action on the power set of positive roots in type A. The action is defined as follows.
Denote by $\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_n$ be the set of simple roots in a root system. In ...

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### Action of Coxeter element on mod $2$ root lattice is semisimple

Let $\Lambda$ be a simply laced root lattice and $w$ a Coxeter element of the Weyl group of $\Lambda$.
Question: Is it true that the action of $w$ on the $\mathbb{F}_2$-vector space $\Lambda/2\Lambda$ ...

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### Condition for a sum of images of fundamental dominant weights to lie on a wall

Let $\Delta$ be a system of simple roots in a root system with Weyl group $W$. For $\alpha\in\Delta$, let $\varpi_\alpha$ be the corresponding fundamental dominant weight. Let $w\neq r$ be elements of ...

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### Conjugation of root subgroups by the Weyl group

Fix a field $k$ of characteristic zero, and let $G$ be a connected reductive algebraic $k$-group of isotropic rank $\ge 1$. Fix a maximal $k$-split torus $S$, and let $\Phi_k$ be the relative root ...

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### Two-sided cells, special nilpotent orbits and special representations

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex semisimple Lie algebra. This question concerns three classical objects of representation theory: the two-sided Kazhdan-Lusztig cells of the Weyl group $W$ of $\mathfrak{...

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### Are there mathematical/physical applications of these Weyl equivariant maps?

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $T$ a choice of maximal torus. Denote the corresponding Lie algebras by $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mathfrak{t}$. Elements of $\mathfrak{t} \otimes \mathbb{R}^3$ are called ...

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### Name for an involution associated to a Coxeter element

Let $(W,S)$ be a finite Coxeter system, and $c \in W$ a Coxeter element.
There is an involution $g\in W$ for which the involutive map $w \mapsto gw^{-1}g$ fixes $c$. Is there a standard name for this ...

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### Description of Soergel modules

So this is asking a basic and/or stupid question (my apology and appreciation) about Soergel modules that comes out of exercises by me who knows little about the subject.
Let $W$ be a finite Weyl ...

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### Action of Weyl group on regions of Shi arrangement

This is an elaboration of a question which was aked on MO several years ago, which was unanswered but deleted by the question-asker. I hope it is okay to elaborate on a deleted question like this; for ...

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### On $\Psi$-generating paths in the Bruhat order of a Weyl group

Let $W$ be a Weyl group with roots $R$ and positive roots $R^+$. Let $v\in W$ of length $r$. We call $\mathbb{m}=(\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_r)\in(R^+)^r$ a Bruhat path from $1$ to $v$ if $1\lessdot s_{\...

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### Number of reduced decompositions of the longest element of the Weyl group

Let $R$ be a reduced root system, $W$ the associated Weyl group, and $w_0 \in W$ the longest element of $W$. In general $w_0$ admits more than one reduced decomposition into a product of reflections, ...

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### Uniqueness in Mare combinatorics and bounds on Gromov-Witten invariants

Let $R$ be the root system of a Weyl group $W$. Let $\tilde{R}^+$ be the set of $B$-cosmall roots, i.e. the set of positive roots $\alpha$ such that $\ell(s_\alpha)=2\operatorname{ht}\alpha-1$. Based ...

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### Fixed space of maximal torus and Weyl group

Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group and $T\subset G$ a maximal torus. Let $V$ be a representation of $G$ and $U=\{v\in V: tv=v\textrm{ for all }t\in T\}$. For any $g\in N(T)$ we have for all $t\...

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### Is there a smooth $W_{G_2}$-equivariant map from the flag manifold of $U(4)$ to that of $G_2$?

The Weyl group $W$ of $G_2$, is a group of order $12$ which is generated by the subgroup of permutations of $e_1$, $e_2$ and $e_3$ and by by the element $\tau$ which maps $(e_1,e_2,e_3)$ to $(-e_1,-...

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### Kazhdan-Lusztig basis elements appearing in product with distinguished involution

My apologies if the below is too malformed to make sense.
Let $(W,S)$ be the affine Weyl group of a reductive group $G$, and let $\{C_w\}$ be the Kazhdan-Lusztig $C$-basis (an answer in terms of the $...

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### Carter Payne homomorphisms and reduced expressions

Let $G$ be an algebraic group and $W$ denote the underlying affine Weyl group. I will label representations of the principal block of $G$ by their alcoves, which in turn I label by the corresponding ...

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### Weyl group stabilizer of semisimple element in adjoint group

Let $G$ be semisimple group over $\mathbb{C}$ of adjoint type. Let $T$ be a maximal torus, $s\in T$ semisimple element. Let $W$ be a Weyl group and $W(s)$ be a stabilizer of $s$ in $W$. I am ...

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### Equivalence of categories between the loop algebra of $sl_{n+1}$ and the affine Weyl group of $GL_\ell(C)$

In this paper here, Theorem 4.9 page 18, Charri and Pressley are claiming that there exists an equivalence of Categories between certain categories of the Lie algebra $\tilde{ \mathfrak g}=\mathfrak{...

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### Unicity of the BGG complex

A friend and I are writing a paper that uses the BGG resolution of $L(\lambda)$ (where $\mathfrak g$ is a semisimple complex Lie algebra, $\lambda \in P^+$ is a dominant integral weight, and $L(\...

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### Do these Zariski-dense subgroups of complex Chevalley group have non-empty intersection with this Bruhat cell?

Let $G$ be a complex Chevalley group (not necessarily adjoint type) with $\operatorname{\mathbb{C}-rank}\geq2$ and let $H$ be a normal subgroup of $G(\mathbb Z)$ with a finite index (so $H$ is Zariski ...

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### When does the Kazhdan-Lusztig polynomial $P_{x,w}(q)$ not vanish at $q=1$?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra and $\mathfrak{h}$ be a Cartan subalgebra. For any $\lambda\in \mathfrak{h}^{*}$ let $M(\lambda)$ and $L(\lambda)$ be the Verma module and the simple ...

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### Is one of the hyperplane partitions of a irreducible root system always generate the whole Weyl group?

Let $\Delta$ be a irreducible root system and $\Delta^+$ be its positive roots.
We say a subset $\Delta^{\prime}\subset \Delta^+$ can generate the Weyl group if reflections of roots in $\Delta^{\...

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### Can we have a nontrivial division of a irreducible root system as the union of two closed sub-root systems?

The question is related to this MO question. Let $(\Phi, E)$ be a irreducible crystallographic root system where $\Phi$ is the set of all roots and $E$ is the $\mathbb{R}$-span of $\Phi$. As in the ...

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### The simple reflections of the Weyl group in $\operatorname{SO}_{2n}(\mathbb C)$

Let $W$ be the Weyl group corresponding to the maximal torus $diag(t_1, . . . , t_{n}, t^{−1}_n, . . . , t^{−1}_1)$ in a Borel group of $\operatorname{SO}_{2n}(\mathbb C)$.
What are the matrices ...