# Questions tagged [characters]

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145
questions

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250 views

### Closed form for Jacobi sum $\sum_{a\in \mathbb{F}_{p^2}}\chi(a)\chi(1-a)$

Let $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$ be a field with $p^2$ elements and $\chi:\mathbb{F}_{p^2}^*\to\mathbb{C}^{*}$
be a multiplicative and non-trivial character on the multiplicative group $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}^*$ (...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

282 views

### “Simple” proof of irreducible characters of finite groups being non-zero

A search brought up this, with reference to a book by I. M. Isaacs. However, the proof in the book leverages on a lot of field theory knowledge. I am wondering, is there a simpler proof (or a proof ...

**1**

vote

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32 views

### self dual character of local fields and global fields

There are two concepts of self dual character, one is for global and another is for local.
Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic number field, and a Hecke character $\chi : \mathbb{A}_K^{\times}/K^{\...

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41 views

### Restriction of real irreducible 2-Brauer characters to subnormal subgroups

Question: Find a finite group $G$, a subnormal subgroup $S$ of $G$, a real-valued irreducible $2$-Brauer character $\chi$ of $G$ and a real-valued irreducible $2$-Brauer character $\mu$ of $S$ such ...

**1**

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60 views

### Relationship between non-zero values of characters and normality in finite groups

Note: Let $G$ be a finite group and $H \leq G$. Then it is clear that if $H \unlhd G$, then $\chi(h) \neq 0$ for irreducible constituents $\chi$ of the permutation character $(1_H)^G$ and $h\in H$. ...

**2**

votes

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72 views

### Characters of sets of representations closed under tensor product

Let $R$ denote the set of all irreducible representations of a group $G$ over a complex vector space. Let $U \subset R$ denote a subset of representations which is closed under tensor product (i.e., ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Representations are determined by characters : Groups and Lie algebras

I know that any finite-dimensional complex representation of a finite group $G$ is determined by its characters. This is immediate, in view of the complete reducibility of this category modules.
My ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Character values of principal series representations of $GL_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$

Let $P_{\alpha}$ be the principal series representation of $GL_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$, where $\alpha = ( \alpha_1, \alpha_2, \cdots, \alpha_n)$ and $\alpha_i : \mathbb{F}_q^* \rightarrow \mathbb{C}^*$.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### View Dirichlet character as a character of Galois group

In Jaclyn Lang's article "On the image of the Galois representation associated to non-CM Hida family" section 2, the Dirichlet character $\chi$ module $N$ is also viewed as a character $\chi\colon\...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

435 views

### Character theory and Quantum Chemistry

Who (presumably a chemist) realized first the efficiency of character theory in calculations of orbitals of atoms? In which year?

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106 views

### Definition of “tame $p$-part of $\chi$”

At the beginning of Haruzo Hida's article "Big Galois representations and $p$-adic L functions", he has defined $$\chi_1= \textrm{the } N_0 \textrm{-part of} \chi \times \textrm{the tame } p\textrm{-...

**2**

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216 views

### Limit of $\sum (-1)^ {\log \log n }$

Are there results, or can someone point me to reading, on computations of the following sort:
$\lim_n \sum_{2 \le x\le n} (-1)^ { \log \log x }$
It would seem that there is reason to believe this ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Is the character of the adjoint representation of $\operatorname{SU}(n)$ non-vanishing on regular points of a maximal torus?

Are the maximal and minimal values of the character of the adjoint representation of $\operatorname{SU}(n)$ restricted to a maximal torus known? Can such a character vanish at some regular point of a ...

**2**

votes

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50 views

### Super characters in the theory of Lie superalgebras

Weyl character formula for the finite dimensional complex semisimple Lie algebras plays a crucial role in the theory of highest weight modules, where for the highest weight module $V(\lambda)$ we ...

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361 views

### Probability of Words Summing to $1$ in $S_n$ or $PGL_2(n)$

Let $G$ be the symmetric group $S_n$ or the projective general linear group $PGL_2(n)$.
Let $X$ be a cyclically reduced word in the abstract variables
$x_1, x_2, \ldots,x_k$, i.e. $X$ is a product ...

**3**

votes

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63 views

### Expressing $\sum_{g\in [G/H]}ge_Hg^{-1}\in Z(\mathbb{C}[G])$ in terms of primitive central idempotents?

Suppose $G$ is a finite group, and $H$ a subgroup. For an irreducible character $\chi$ of $G$, there is a central idempotent in the group algebra $\mathbb{C}[G]$:
$$
e_\chi=\frac{\chi(1)}{|G|}\sum_{g\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Growth rate of $|{\rm cd}(S_n)|$

The question
What is the order of magnitude for the function $n\mapsto |{\rm cd}(S_n)|$?
The motivation
In my research on character degrees of finite groups, I have in recent years been focusing on ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

301 views

### Explicit Version of the Burgess Theorem

Does it exist a totally explicit version of the Burgess theorem? Precisely, let $m$ be a positive integer, and let $\chi$ be a primitive character mod $m$. A special case (sufficient for my purposes) ...

**6**

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148 views

### Orthogonality relations for characters of VOAs?

If $G$ is a finite group, the characters of its irreps satisfy
$$
\langle \chi_1,\chi_2\rangle := \frac{1}{|G|}\sum_{g\in G} \chi_1(g)\; \overline{\chi_2(g)} = \delta_{\chi_1,\chi_2}.
$$
Alexei ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Is a finite group given by its character table if its Sylow subgroups are so?

As pointed out by Mikko Korhonen in this answer, Özdem Çelik proved (in 1976 here) that a finite group whose Sylow subgroups are cyclic (called a Z-group) is determined by its character table.
...

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69 views

### Two versions of the Murnaghan-Nakayama rule

I have always see the following Murnaghan-Nakayama rule for a partition $\lambda$ and a permutation $\sigma \in \mathfrak{S}_n$ of cycle structure $(\sigma_1, ..., \sigma_n)$:
$$
\chi_{\lambda}(\sigma)...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Finite groups with the same character table *including* class types, and square-free order

There are non-isomorphic finite groups with the same (complex) character table, as $D_4$ and $Q_8$.
$$\scriptsize\begin{array}{c|c}
\text{class}&1&2A&2B&2C&4 \newline
\text{...

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votes

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71 views

### A character sum $\sum_{0<n\leq Y}\chi_4(n)\chi_0^{(k)}(n)$ estimate

I'm reading the paper 'Jutila, Matti. "On the Mean Value of $L (1/2, χ)$ FW Real Characters." Analysis 1.2 (1981): 149-161.'
Let $\chi_4(n)$ be the real primitive nonprincipal character of modulo 4, ...

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vote

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27 views

### Formal character and unit

Denote by $\mathfrak{g}$ a complex semisimple Lie algebra and let $\mathfrak{h}$ be a Cartan subalgebra of $\mathfrak{g}$. Let $U(\mathfrak{g})$ be the universal enveloping algebra of $\mathfrak{g}$.
...

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97 views

### Does the Gauss sum attached to $\chi$ ever belong to $\mathbb{Q}(\chi)$?

Let $p$ be a prime number and $\chi$ be a primitive Dirichlet character of conductor $p$. We let $$g(\chi)=\sum_{a=1}^{p}{\chi(a)e^{2i\pi a/p}}$$ be the Gauss sum attached to $\chi$. Is this known ...

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votes

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101 views

### Does the pushforward of the Haar measure of a semisimple compact Lie group along a character determine the character?

Let $G$ be a connected compact semisimple Lie group.
Let $V$ be a faithful representation of $G$,
with character $\chi \colon G \to \mathbb{C}$.
Let $\mu_G$ be the normalized left Haar measure. (So $\...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Show that if $\Theta$ is an infinitesimal weight of a real $T$-module $W$ ($T$ is a torus) then $-\Theta$ is also a weight

Show that if $\Theta$ is an infinitesimal weight of a real $T$-module $W$ ($T$ is a torus) then $-\Theta$ is also a weight.
It is an exercise of Bröcker's book on Representations of Compact Lie ...

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votes

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105 views

### How is this pairing $\langle\,,\rangle$ defined of cocharacter and character of an algebraic group?

Let $G$ be a semisimple linear algebraic group. Let $X^*$ be the group of characters and $X_*$ be the group of cocharacters. Then I know that there exists a pairing $\langle\,,\rangle : X^*(G) \times ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Why is Nagao's theorem the “Module theoretic version of Brauer's second main theorem”?

Let $G$ be a finite group, $p\in\mathbb{P}$ a prime, $\mathbb{F}$ an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p$, and $D\leq G$ a $p$-subgroup.
Brauer second main theorem states
If $\chi\in ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Permutation groups having a regular cyclic subgroup and a conjectured algebra of characters

Let $G$ be a transitive permutation group of degree $d$ having a cyclic regular subgroup $K = \langle k \rangle \cong C_d$. Let $\pi(g) = |\mathrm{Fix}(g)|$ be the permutation character of $G$ and let
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### A series of conjectures on $\sum_{x=0}^{(p-1)/2}(\frac{x^5+cx^3+dx}p)$ (III)

As in Question 319254, for an odd prime $p$ and integers $c,d$ we define
$$S_p(c,d):=\sum_{x=0}^{(p-1)/2}\left(\frac{x^5+cx^3+dx}p\right),$$
where $(\frac{\cdot}p)$ is the Legendre symbol.
In my ...

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105 views

### A series of conjectures on $\sum_{x=0}^{(p-1)/2}(\frac{x^5+cx^3+dx}p)$ (II)

As in Question 319254, for an odd prime $p$ and integers $c,d$ we let
$$S_p(c,d):=\sum_{x=0}^{(p-1)/2}\left(\frac{x^5+cx^3+dx}p\right).$$ If $p\equiv1\pmod4$, then we obviously have
\begin{align}&\...

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146 views

### A series of conjectures on $\sum_{x=0}^{(p-1)/2}(\frac{x^5+cx^3+dx}p)$ (I)

Let $p$ be an odd prime. Here I introduce the sum
$$S_p(c,d):=\sum_{x=0}^{(p-1)/2}\left(\frac{x^5+cx^3+dx}p\right)$$
with $c,d\in\mathbb Z$, where $(\frac{\cdot}p)$ is the Legendre symbol.
I have a ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Divisors of the regular character of a finite group

Recall that the regular character $\rho=\hspace{-.2cm}\sum\limits_{\chi\in\operatorname{Irr}(G)}\hspace{-.2cm}\chi(1)\chi$ of a finite group $G$ takes values
$$
\rho(g)=
\left\{\begin{array}{cl}
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

295 views

### Conditions for a solvable group to have a non-trivial center

I am working on a problem in character theory where I try to bound the derived length of a solvable group using information about its characters. In my specific case, it will be extremely helpful for ...

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98 views

### A generalization of the character group

Let $G$ be a group.
We define $$\tilde{G}=\{\phi:G \to \mathbb{T}\mid \phi(gh){\phi(g)}^{-1}{\phi(h)}^{-1}\in Tor(\mathbb{T})\}$$
where $Tor(\mathbb{T})$ is the group of torsion elements of the unit ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Reference request: an elementary result on characters of finite abelian groups

The referee of a paper I submitted to a journal asked me to include a reference of the following elementary result on characters of finite abelian groups:
Let $A$ be a finite abelian group of order $...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

500 views

### Closed formulas for the character of the symmetric group

I know the Murnaghan–Nakayama rule, but I am wondering if there is any closed formulas for the character of the symmetric group. I know the following:
$$\chi_{n}(\sigma) = 1$$
$$\chi_{11...1}(\sigma) ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### Are there partially algebraic Hecke characters?

$\newcommand{\C}{\mathbb{C}} \newcommand{\U}{\mathbb{U}} \newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb{Z}} \newcommand{\R}{\mathbb{R}} \newcommand{\Q}{\mathbb{Q}}$
Let $F$ be a number field.
Let $\chi\colon \mathbb{A}_F^\...

**6**

votes

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202 views

### Independence of characters with respect to polynomials

I came across the following property :
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie algebra over a ring $k$ without zero divisors,
$\mathcal{U}=\mathcal{U}(\mathfrak{g})$ be its enveloping algebra. As such, $\...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

332 views

### $G\cong C_4\times A_5$ or $C_2\times C_2\times A_5$?

Let $G$ be a finite group of order $240$.
If $G\cong C_4\times A_5$ or $C_2\times C_2\times A_5$, then the all degrees of irreducible $\mathbb{C}$-characters of $G$ are
$
[1,1,1,1,~3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3, ~...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Is $G$ non-solvable?

Let $G$ be a finite group of order $2^7\cdot3^3\cdot5^2\cdot7$. Let $\mathrm{Irr}(G)$ be the set of all the irreducible $\mathbb{C}$-characters. Suppose that
(1) there is a character $\chi\in\mathrm{...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### A class function defined using Frobenius-Schur indicators

Let ${\rm Irr}(G)$ be the set of complex irreducible characters of a finite group $G$. The Frobenius-Schur indicator of $\chi\in{\rm Irr}(G)$ is defined to be $\epsilon(\chi):=\frac{1}{|G|}\sum_{g\in ...

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vote

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94 views

### Character degrees of a finite group?

Let $G$ be a finite group, $R(G)$ be the solvable radical of $G$, and $G/R(G)$ be an almost simple group with socle $S\cong PSL_2(3^p)$, where $p$ is an odd prime. Also let $[G/R(G):S]=p$ and $\theta$ ...

**3**

votes

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116 views

### Does $G$ have a normal abelian Sylow $2$-subgroup?

Let $G$ be a finite group. Let $|G|=2^\alpha n$ where $(2,n)=1$ and $\alpha$ is a positive integer. Suppose that $\def\cd{\operatorname{cd}} n=\max \cd(G)$, and $n^2>\frac{1}{2}|G|$, where $\cd(G)$...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Modular transformation of affine characters of non-simply connected groups$.$

Consider an (untwisted) affine algebra corresponding to a compact and simply-connected Lie group $G$. Under a modular transformation, its characters transform as (cf. 9612078)
$$
\chi_\mu\to\sum_{\nu\...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

516 views

### On the structure of a finite group of order $144$

Let $G$ be a finite group of order $144$. Suppose there is an irreducible $\mathbb{C}$-character $\theta$ such that $\theta(1)=9$.
QUESTION: Prove $G\cong A_4\times A_4$.
By using Magma, we know ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### Is a $G$-invariant character $\theta$ of $H$ extendible to $G$?

Let $G/H\cong PSL(2,11)$, and $\theta$ be an irreducible $\mathbb{C}$-character of $H$. Suppose $\theta$ is invariant in $G$ and $\theta(1)=9$.
Question: Is $\theta$ extendible to $G$?

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69 views

### The degrees of ordinary characters of $PSp(2n,q)$ and $P\Omega O(2n+1,q)$

The finite simple groups $PSp(2n,q)$ and $P\Omega O(2n+1,q)$ have a same order, where $n\geqslant3$ and $q$ is odd.
What are the degrees of the ordinary characters of these two groups?
Thanks!!!

**7**

votes

**1**answer

268 views

### Is there a converse to the Brauer–Nesbitt theorem?

$\DeclareMathOperator\Tr{Tr}$Say that we have an algebra $R$ over $\mathbb{C}$. If, for two finitely generated (edit: and semisimple) $R$-modules $M, N$ we know that $\Tr_M(r)=\Tr_N(r)$ for all $r\in ...