# Questions tagged [extremal-combinatorics]

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### cone structure of complement of hyperplanes

I want to know if in $\mathbb{R}^{m+3}$ we consider the following hyperplanes: \begin{cases} (1-g)y-\sum_{i\in I}x_i=0, & \text{if $I\subset\{1,\cdots,m+2\}$},|I|=g\\ gy-\sum_{i\in I}x_i+\...
1 vote
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### $n^2$-Grid $3n$-Coloring Game: Can we color a n-square grid with 3n colors s. t. we can't select n colors to get an histogram with $\Theta(n^2)$ area?

The coloring game is a game played between Alice and Bob. There exists a grid of size $n \times n$, where $n$ is a strictly positive integer. Each cell of the grid can be colored with a color that ...
35 views

### Extremal problems in additive combinatorics (over finite fields)

As you may know, there has been very recently a big breakthrough concerning upper bounds for the capset problem over $\mathbb{F}_3^n$ (and further generalizations to $\mathbb{F}_q^n$). I was wondering ...
552 views

### What is the smallest size of a shape in which all fixed $n$-polyominos can fit?

Let $n$ be an integer and consider all fixed $n$-polyominos, i.e., without rotation or reflection. I am interested in finding a shape in which all polyominos can embed. (It is OK if multiple ...
1 vote
67 views

### Chromatic number or independence number of the generalized Kneser Graph

For positive integers $n,k$ and $s$, where $0\le s<k$ and $k \le n$, we define the generalized Kneser graph $K(n,k,s)$ as follows: The vertices of $K(n,k,s)$ are the $k$-subsets of $[2n]$, i.e., we ...
304 views

### Sum of $q$-binomial coefficients

Denote by $\binom{n}{k}_q = \prod_{i=0}^{k-1} \frac{ q^{n-i} - 1 }{ q^{k-i} - 1 }$, $k = 0, 1, \ldots, n$, the $q$-binomial (Gaussian) coefficients. These numbers are symmetric, in the sense ...
232 views

### Counting intersections of hyperplanes

This is a dublicate from stackexchange: Consider two families of hyperplanes $F_1$ and $F_2$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$ both containing $n$ hyperplanes. We have that for all $f \in F_1$ and $g \in F_2$ that $f$...
1 vote
100 views

### Probability puzzle on partitions

Consider a set $U$ of size $n$ and let $\mathcal{S}$ be the set of all $(n/2)$-subsets of $U$ (assume $n$ is divisible by 4). Let $P$ be a partition of $\mathcal{S}$ into $k$ blocks $B_1,\dots,B_k$. ...
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### Can resolution of the Kadison-Singer Problem provide progress on the Komlos Conjecture?

This is not a concrete question, just some thoughts. The Komlos Conjecture is as follows- There exists an absolute constant $C>0$, such that the following holds: For all $d$ and any set of vectors ...
1 vote
84 views

### Number of intersections that must occur in any partition of a given size

Let $\mathcal{S}$ be the set of all $n$-element subsets of $[2n]:=\{1,\dots,2n\}$. Consider a partition $\mathcal{P}$ of $\mathcal{S}$ into $m$ blocks $P_1,\dots,P_m$, where all except at most one of ...
82 views

### Minimum number of partitions of a set such that the same pair must occur in a block in at least half of them

For positive integers $k$ and $n$, let ${S} = \{1,\dots,k\ n\}$. Consider $\ell \ge 3$ partitions $P_1,\dots,P_\ell$ of ${S}$, where each $P_i$ splits ${S}$ into $n$ blocks all of size $k$. Question: ...
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### The drawn diagonals divide the $N\times N$ board into $K$ regions. For each $N$, determine the smallest and the largest possible values of $K$

Let $N$ be a positive integer. In each of the $N^2$ unit squares of an $N\times N$ board, one of the two diagonals is drawn. The drawn diagonals divide the $N\times N$ board into $K$ regions. For each ...
1 vote
20 views

### Do small subsets of $S_n$ subgroups cover almost all permutation configurations of $S_n$?

Given integer $m\in[1,n]$ fix a set $\mathcal T$ of permutations in $S_n$. Then there are subgroups $G_1,\dots,G_m$ of $S_n$ so that $\mathcal T$ is covered by cosets of $G_1,\dots,G_m$. For ...
1 vote
91 views

### Are almost all permutation configurations from $S_n$ covered by small subsets subgroups of $S_n$?

Given integer $m\in[1,n]$ fix a set $\mathcal T$ of permutations in $S_n$. Then there are subgroups $G_1,\dots,G_m$ of $S_n$ so that $\mathcal T$ is covered by cosets of $G_1,\dots,G_m$. Do we have ...
1k views

### Dividing a cake between $n-1$, $n$, or $n+1$ guests

A housewife is waiting for guests and has prepared a cake. She doesn't know how many guests will come, but it will be $n-1$, $n$, or $n+1$. What is the minimal number $f(n)$ of pieces the cake ...
1k views

### Cardinality of certain subsets in vector spaces over finite fields

Assume that you have an $n$-dimensional vector space over a finite field (therefore the number of elements in the vector space is finite) and $F$ is a subset of this vector space which contains $m$ ...
1 vote
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### Polytopes that can be efficiently described and efficiently covered by cubes or simplices?

Is there a bounded convex polytope $\mathcal P\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ with $m$ vertices, whose vertex vectors span $\mathbb R^n$ (so $m$ is $\Omega(n)$) and just $O(poly(\log n))$ half-plane ...
72 views

Consider a family $\mathfrak{F}$ of $k$ element subsets of $\{1,2,..,n\}$, where $n\geq 2k$, such that any two members of $\mathfrak{F}$ have nonempty intersection. The Erdos-Ko-Rado theorem asserts ...
The following is a holdover from my math contest days that I never got around to solve. We will use the notation $\left[ k\right]$ for the set $\left\{ 1,2,\ldots,k\right\}$ whenever $k$ is a ...