Questions tagged [unitary-representations]

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Completing a representation to a unitary representation

Let $G$ be a discrete group acting on an infinite-dimensional complex vector space $V$ and preserving a positive-definite Hermitian form. Question. Is it always possible to complete $V$ to a unitary ...
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1answer
203 views

Find unitary transformation between two sets of matrices that represent group generators

I have a set of matrices $A_i$ that represent the generators of a finite group within a certain basis, and $B_i$ represent the same operators in a different basis. How can I find a unitary ...
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28 views

Generating $K$-types of a $(\mathfrak g,K)$-module for $K$ disconnected

Let $G$ be a real reductive Lie group, let $K$ be a maximal compact subgroup of $G$, and let $V$ be a $(\mathfrak g,K)$-module. For $\sigma\in\widehat{K}$ we denote the $\sigma$-isotypic component of $...
4
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2answers
165 views

Schur positivity of a polynomial

Suppose a polynomial of the form $$\prod_i^d \sum_j^p x_i^{f_j}$$ clearly symmetric, where $f_j\in \mathbb{N}$. There is a way to find the set of $f$ numbers such that this polynomial is Schur ...
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1answer
148 views

Understanding the regular representation of an LCA group as a 'direct integral'

The reference for what I'm asking is page $107$ from Folland's harmonic analysis. $G$ is a locally compact abelian group with dual $\hat{G}$. Let $H$ denote the Hilbert space $L^2(G)$. I'm trying to ...
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1answer
234 views

Induction and restriction of unitary representations

$\DeclareMathOperator\Rep{Rep}\DeclareMathOperator\Ind{Ind}\DeclareMathOperator\Res{Res}$Given a locally compact group $G$ and a closed subgroup $H\subset G$, let $\Rep(G)$ and $\Rep(H)$ denote their ...
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1answer
86 views

Eigenvalues of product of unitaries

Consider $d\times d$ unitary matrices $U, \, V, \, W$ such that $$ W=UV. $$ Suppose that the eigenvalues of $U$ and $V$ are $(e^{i\theta_1},\cdots,e^{i\theta_d})$ and $(e^{i\phi_1},\cdots,e^{i\phi_d})$...
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1answer
245 views

Haar measure coming from Pontryagin duality v/s Fourier inversion

Not research but advertising this question from mse in case someone wants to answer. I'm struggling with some bookkeeping associated with the Pontryagin duality theorem. I'm thinking about the first ...
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116 views

A p-adic analogue of a result due to Kirillov

Let $k$ be a non-Archimedean local field with char$(k)=0$. Let $N$ be the group of $k-$rational points of a unipotent algebraic group defined over $k$. It is known that $N$ is a locally compact and ...
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1answer
72 views

Induced representations: space of continuous functions on $G$ to a Hilbert space

This question was asked in math stack exchange but received no replies: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4000655/induced-representations-space-of-continuous-functions-on-g-to-a-hilbert-space ...
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1answer
101 views

Explicit example of an equivariant embedding of $U(n)/( U(k) \times U(n-k))$ into a finite dimensional $U(n)$-representation

We know that if $H$ is a closed subgroup of a compact Lie group $G$ one can find a finite dimensional $G$-representation $V$ and an element $v_0 \in V$ such that $\textrm{Stab}(v_0)= H$. This gives a $...
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Kazhdan's property (T) for $\tilde{C}_2$-lattices

It is known that higher rank lattices have property (T) and also that lattices on 2-dimensional Euclidean buildings have property (T) provided the thickness $q+1$ of the building is large enough (...
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147 views

Which tensor power of a given representation contains the trivial one?

If $R$ is an irreducible representation of a simple Lie-groups $G$ I assume there is always a lowest integer $n$ such that the tensor product representation $R \otimes R \otimes \ldots \otimes R$ (n ...
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1answer
101 views

Unitary representation is strictly continuous

Let $G$ be a compact group and $u: G \to B(H)$ be a strongly continuous unitary representation on the Hilbert space $H$. Then is $u: G \to B(H)$ strictly continuous? That is, give $B(H)$ the topology ...
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103 views

Explicit tensor product decomposition for the representations of PSL(2,q)

$\DeclareMathOperator\PSL{PSL}$Let the type of the character theory of a finite group $G$ be the list $[[d_1,n_1], \dotsc, [d_k,n_k]]$ with $1=d_1 < \dotsb < d_k$ and $n_i$ the number of ...
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3answers
356 views

When can an $\mathfrak{S}_n$-equivariant map be extended to an $\textrm{O}(n)$-equivariant map?

The symmetric group $\mathfrak{S}_n$ can be regarded as a subgroup of the orthogonal group $\textrm{O}(n)$ via the permutation matrices. Let $V$ be a finite dimensional $\textrm{O}(n)$-module and $\...
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1answer
177 views

Properties of the spectrum of the Koopman representation

Let $G$ be a discrete countable infinite group acting on a compact metric space $X$ via homeomorphisms preserving a probability measure $\mu$. A function $\lambda\colon G\to \mathbb C$ is an ...
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42 views

Realization of limit of discrete series using Dirac operators

I wonder if there is a geometric realization of limit of discrete series in the flavor of Atiyah-Schmid or Parthasarathy realizing discrete series using Dirac operators on G/K. I know you can see ...
3
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182 views

Kazhdan Property T of semisimple Lie groups

I am reading the paper [Margulis, G. A.; Nevo, A.; Stein, E. M., Analogs of Wiener's ergodic theorems for semisimple Lie groups. II. Duke Math. J. 103 (2000), no. 2, 233–259] (MSN). I want to ...
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55 views

Examples of groups admitting a proper $1$-cocyle for a bounded representation

A representation $\pi: G \to B(H)$ of a group $G$ on a Hilbert space $H$ is called bounded iff $\sup_{g \in G} \| \pi(g) \|_{B(H)} = C < \infty$. A $1$-cocycle with respect to the representation $\...
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104 views

Systems of imprimitivity for irreducible subgroup of GU(n,q)

My question is similar to this one but about finite field case. So, the set up is the following: Let $G$ be $GU_n(q)$ acting on unitary space $(V, {\bf f})$, where $V=\mathbb{F}_{q^2}^n$ and ${\bf f}...
5
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3answers
295 views

Parametrization of real-valued SU(N)

I want to construct a $SU(N)$ matrix $V$, with the following property: All the elements of the first row are given, i.e. $V_{1,j}=a_i$ (with $\sum_i a_i^2=1$) All matrix elements are real, i.e. $V_{i,...
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90 views

Baker–Campbell–Hausdorff formula for exponential of general Hermitian operators

Let $A$ and $B$ be two anti-Hermitian operators on a finite-dimensional Hilbert space. BCH formula gives an explicit expression for $e^A e^B$ as $e^C=e^A e^B$, for $C$ in the Lie algebra generated by $...
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57 views

Commutation fo a self-adjoint operator with a unitary operator

Let $A$ be a selfadjoint bounded operator on a Hilbert space. Let $M$ be another bounded selfadjoint operator. Let me assume the commutation property $$ [A, e^{iM}]=0. \tag 1$$ Does (1) imply that $$...
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2answers
408 views

Average of the maximum matrix element over the Haar measure

Let $U$ be a $d\times d$ unitary matrix, and $U_{i,j}$ be its matrix elements. I am interested in the following quantity $$\int dU \max_j |U_{1,j}|^2 \ , $$ where $dU$ is the uniform Haar measure over ...
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1answer
221 views

Unitary condition

I came across the following while doing some related proof; It seems easy to prove. $\quad$ We are in ${\mathbb{M}}_n(\mathbb{C})$, $n>1$: $1$) Given a unitary $n\times n$ matrix $U$, there is ...
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1answer
197 views

Uniform Roe algebra of virtually abelian group is type I C*-algebra?

Let $G$ be an arbitrary (discrete) group. It acts by left translation on $\ell^\infty(G)$. The uniform Roe algebra of $G$ is defined as the crossed product $\ell^\infty (G) \rtimes_{\mathrm{red}}G$. ...
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1answer
273 views

K-type in discrete series representation

The following result seems well known. Let $G$ be a reductive Lie group with a maximal compact subgroup $K$. If $\mu$ is an irreducible unitary representation of $K$, then there exist only finitely ...
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1answer
110 views

Finding all unitary representations of the connected Poincaré group

I am studying representation theory of Lie groups and its combination to theoretical physics, and I am concerned about the following. Is there an exhaustive way to find all unitary representations of ...
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75 views

Irreducible unitary representations of discrete abelian groups

It seems to me that the statement below should be true but I would like to double-check. Statement: Let $H$ be a (separable) complex Hilbert space and consider its associated unitary group $U(H)$ ...
3
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92 views

Question about regular representation of compact group

I first define the setting for my question. Let $G$ be a compact group with probability Haar measure $\mu_G$. Denote by $\lambda$ the left regular representation on $L^2(G)$ defined for $f \in L^2(G)$ ...
3
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151 views

Is the character of the adjoint representation of $\operatorname{SU}(n)$ non-vanishing on regular points of a maximal torus?

Are the maximal and minimal values of the character of the adjoint representation of $\operatorname{SU}(n)$ restricted to a maximal torus known? Can such a character vanish at some regular point of a ...
6
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2answers
281 views

Representation over matrices $A_i^3=I$, $A_0A_1^\dagger+A_1A_2^\dagger+A_2A_0^\dagger=0$, $A_0^\dagger A_1+A_1^\dagger A_2+A_2^\dagger A_0=0$

I would like to know what all the possible finite-dimensional representations of the following relations are. $$A_0^3 = A_1^3 = A_2^3 = I \tag{1}$$ $$A_0 A_1^\dagger + A_1 A_2^\dagger + A_2 A_0^\...
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54 views

Weyl theorem for non specified primitive root of unity

Let $\omega=e^{2i \pi/p}$. Weyl theorems give all representations of matrix algebra span by $A,B$ such that either $AB=\omega BA, A^p=B^p=I$, or $(k,l)\mapsto A^kB^l$ is a irreducible ...
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80 views

Unitary matrices $p$-root of identity such that the Fourier transform matrices are $p$-root of identity

Take a prime number $p$ and $\omega=e^{2i\pi/p}$. Assume we have p complex matrices (in finite dimension $n$) $A_0, \dotsc, A_{p-1}$ such that $\forall i, A_i^p=I$. Define the $p$ fourrier transform ...
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2answers
268 views

Definition of unitary representation of $\mathbf G(\mathbb A_k)$

Let $k$ be a global field, and let $G = \mathbf G(\mathbb A_k)$ for a connected, reductive group $\mathbf G$ over $k$. In these notes by Jayce Getz and Heekyoung Hahn, a unitary representation of $G$ ...
3
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1answer
268 views

tensor product of massless Poincare representations

Consider two massless representations of the connected Poincare group $ISO_0(1,3)$ with helicities $s$ and $t$. What is the decomposition of their tensor product into irreducibles? Massless ...
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0answers
71 views

Restriction that contains a trivial representation

Let $G$ be a noncompact simple Lie group, and $G'$ a noncompact reductive subgroup of $G$ such that $(G,G')$ is a symmetric pair. If $\pi$ is an infinitely dimensional unitary representation of $G$, ...
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1answer
601 views

Finite-dimensional faithful unitary representations of SL(2,Z)

Does $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ have a finite-dimensional faithful unitary representation? No such representation exists for $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$, but I don't see a reason why one shouldn't exist for $SL(2,\...
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1answer
849 views

Clebsch–Gordan decomposition for $\mathrm{SU}(2)$, in indices

Let $\pi_m$, $m \geq 0$, be the unitary irreps of $\mathrm{SU}(2)$. The Clebsch–Gordan decomposition then gives that $$ \pi_m \otimes \pi_n = \bigoplus_{k=0}^{\min(m,n)}\pi_{m+n-2k}.$$ But suppose I ...
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137 views

Some basic question on the parabolic induction

I would like to ask some basic question about parabolic induction. Let $F$ be a local field and $G=GL_n(F)$ and $P=MN$ its parabolic subgroup whose Levis subgroup $M=GL_{n_1}(F) \times GL_{n_2}(F)$ ...
3
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1answer
444 views

Is the linear span of irrep matrices a complete matrix basis?

Let $G$ be a finite or compact group and $\rho: G \to \mathrm{U}(d)$ a $d$-dimensional unitary representation of $G$. If $\rho$ is irreducible then the following seems to be true: $$ \mathrm{span}_\...
3
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1answer
67 views

Convergence of some object depending on functions with compact support

Let $G$ be a locally compact group with unimodular Haar measure $\mu$. We consider the Hilbert space $\mathscr{H}:= L_{\mu}^2(G)$ together with the unitary representation $\pi : G \to U(\mathscr{H})$ ...
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0answers
177 views

Unitary dual of the complex motion group $\mathbb C^2 \rtimes SU(2)$?

The real motion group of $\mathbb R^2$, $M(2)$ is the semi-direct product of $\mathbb R^2$ with the special orthogonal group $K = SO(2)$. A well known fact is that the unitary dual $\hat{G}$, of $G$ ...
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38 views

Do maximally almost periodic groups embed homeomorphically into their Bohr compactifications? [duplicate]

If $G$ is a Hausdorff topological group and $bG$ is its Bohr compactification, Wikipedia says that $G$ is called maximally almost periodic (MAP) if and only if the natural map $i : G \to bG$ is ...
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51 views

Number of orthogonal operators in representations of the Unitary Group

Let $G={\rm SU}(d)$ be the unitary group and $\rho(g)$ an irreducible representation of $g\in G$ in a $D$ dimensional Hilbert space $V$. Let $e_i\in V$ be the diagonal matrix whose only non-zero ...
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53 views

Fourier transform in the complex motion group

I am looking for a reference that deals with the dual of the complex motion group i.e., the semi-direct product of $\mathbb C^n$ with the special unitary group $K=SU(n)$. In particular, I am looking ...
2
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1answer
216 views

Discrete decomposability of unitary representation

[INTRODUCTION] Let $G$ be a non-compact simple Lie group, and $G'$ a reductive subgroup of $G$. Suppose that $\pi$ is a non-trivial (hence, infinite dimensional) irreducible unitary representation of ...
5
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1answer
356 views

Systems of imprimitivity for unitary representations - reference request

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of the group $U_d(\mathbb{C})$ of unitary transformations of $\mathbb{C}^d$. Suppose that $G$ acts irreducibly but is imprimitive, meaning that there is a nontrivial ...
2
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1answer
185 views

Unitary dual of the motion group $M(n)$, for $n> 2$

The motion group of $\mathbb R^2$, noted by $G=M(2)$ is the semi-direct product of $\mathbb R^2$ with the special orthogonal group $K = SO(2)$. A well known fact is that the unitary dual $\hat{G}$, of ...