Questions tagged [permutation-groups]

For groups represented as permutations. Group transitivity, rank 3 groups, orbits and suborbits, stablizers, permutation characters, primitivity are all on-topic.

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Labeling points of grid $\mathbb N^k$ by subsets according to some permutation group, “global” upper bound for the sets that could appear

Let $G \le S_n$ be a finite permutation group with generators $g_1, \ldots, g_k$. We look at the action of $G$ on subsets with $A^g = \{ \alpha^g : \alpha \in A \}$ for $A \subseteq \Omega$ and $g \...
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142 views

Is there a 2 transitive finite group with transitive normal subgroup having a cyclic quotient other than $A_n$ and $S_n$?

Let $G \leq S_n$ be $2$-transitive other than $A_n$ and $S_n$. Is it possible that there exists $N\lhd G$ with $N\neq G$, $N$ transitive and $G/N$ cyclic? I am interested mostly in the answer when $...
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264 views

How many steps on $S_n$ are required to span $V\wedge V$, $V = K^n$?

Let $A$ be a set of generators of $G=S_n$; assume $e\in A$, $A=A^{-1}$. Let $V = K^n$, $K$ a field. Consider the natural action of $G$ on $V$ (namely, $g(e_i) = e_{g(i)}$) and on $W = V\wedge V$ (...
11
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1answer
228 views

How many steps are required for double transitivity?

Let $A$ be a set of generators of $S_n$, or of a doubly transitive subgroup of $S_n$. Assume $e\in A$, $A=A^{-1}$. What is the least $k$ such that $A^k$ is doubly transitive as a set? That is, what is ...
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145 views

Permutation groups generated by finitely many point stabilisers

Assume that $G\leq\operatorname{Sym}(X)$ is a permutation group generated by all its point stabilisers, i.e. $G=\langle G_x \mid x\in X\rangle$. There is no cardinality restriction on $X$. Furthermore,...
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116 views

Is there exists a lattice isomorphism?

Let $\text{P}$ be the set of partitions of {1,2,...,n} and $\text{Y}$ the set of Young subsets of permutation group S(n)(the coxeter group of type An). As is well-known, the set $\text{Y}$ is a ...
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293 views

Wreath product $S_k\wr S_n$ inside $S_{kn}$

I want to understand wreath products a little better. Currently, my intuition about them is as follows. Take $nk$ disks, pile them in order forming $n$ piles of $k$ disks (one pile contains disks {1,...
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1answer
110 views

Non-commutative projective lines

There have been many approaches to the notion of projective line: combinatorial approaches (e.g. as certain permutation groups, such as $\mathrm{PGL}_2(k)$ in its natural action on $\mathbb{P}^1(k)$, ...
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496 views

If $S_\mathbb N$ is partitioned into finitely many pieces, must one piece contain a “skew copy” of every countable group?

Suppose $G$ and $H$ are groups. $C \subseteq H$ is called a skew copy of $G$ in $H$ if $C = hK$ for some $h \in H$ and some subgroup $K$ of $H$ with $K \cong G$. Question 1: Suppose the infinite ...
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189 views

Irreducible factors of primitive permutation group representation

Consider a primitive permutation group $\Gamma\subseteq\mathrm{Sym}(N)$ on the $n$-element set $N=\{1,...,n\}$, that is, $\Gamma$ does not preserve any non-trivial partition of $N$. Consider the ...
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2k views

Are there infinitely many insipid numbers?

A number $n$ is called insipid if the groups having a core-free maximal subgroup of index $n$ are exactly $A_n$ and $S_n$. There is an OEIS enter for these numbers: A102842. There are exactly $486$ ...
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1answer
313 views

Is $(\mathbb{R},+)$ isomorphic to a subgroup of $S_\omega$?

Is $(\mathbb{R},+)$ isomorphic to a subgroup of $S_\omega$, the group of permutations of the set of non-negative integers $\omega$?
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253 views

Connections between linear representations and permutation representations

A finite group $\Gamma$ might be represented by a linear transformation $$\rho : \Gamma\to\mathrm{GL}(\Bbb R^d),$$ or by permutations $$\phi :\Gamma\to\mathrm{Sym}(n).$$ Of course, latter ones can ...
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137 views

Multiplication in $Z(\mathbb{C}S_n)$ [duplicate]

I am trying to multiply two generators of center $Z(\mathbb{C}[S_n])$ of ring algebra of symmetric group of $n$ elements. We know that these generators are given by sums of conjugacy classes in $S_n,$ ...
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173 views

Generators for permutation groups

Consider (e.g.) the full permutation group $G=S_6$. A valid set of generators and equations for $G$ is $r^6=m^2=(rm)^5=1$. I say this system has width $3$ (because there are $3$ equations), length $10$...
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69 views

Can the permutation group of a matrix be generated by the subset of row permutation and column permutation?

Consider a 3*3 matrix $\left( \begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {{m_{11}}}&{{m_{12}}}&{{m_{13}}}\\ {{m_{21}}}&{{m_{22}}}&{{m_{23}}}\\ {{m_{31}}}&{{m_{32}}}&{{m_{33}}} \end{array} \right)...
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1answer
124 views

Diameter for permutations of bounded support

Let $S\subset \textrm{Sym}(n)$ be a set of permutations each of which is of bounded support, that is, each $\sigma\in S$ moves $O(1)$ elements of $\{1,2,\dotsc,n\}$. Let $\Gamma$ be the graph whose ...
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1answer
80 views

Example of primitive permutation group with a regular suborbit and a non-faithful suborbit

I would like some examples of groups $G$ satisfying all of the following criteria: $G<Sym(n)$, the symmetric group on $n$ letters, and $G$ is primitive. $G$ has a regular suborbit, i.e. if $M$ is ...
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774 views

Does the symmetric group $S_{10}$ factor as a knit product of symmetric subgroups $S_6$ and $S_7$?

By knit product (alias: Zappa-Szép product), I mean a product $AB$ of subgroups for which $A\cap B=1$. In particular, note that neither subgroup is required to be normal, thus making this a ...
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125 views

Permutation groups with diameter $O(n \log n)$

I suspect that many permutation puzzles can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ moves, which has led me to the following question/conjecture: Suppose that 1. $P_i$ for $i<k=O(1)$ are permutations on an $n$ ...
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232 views

Permutation groups having a regular cyclic subgroup and a conjectured algebra of characters

Let $G$ be a transitive permutation group of degree $d$ having a cyclic regular subgroup $K = \langle k \rangle \cong C_d$. Let $\pi(g) = |\mathrm{Fix}(g)|$ be the permutation character of $G$ and let ...
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1answer
312 views

Number of permutations that are products of disjoint cycles of distinct length

What is the number of permutations $\pi\in S_n$ that are products of disjoint cycles of distinct length? What is the number of permutations that are products of disjoint cycles such that no more than $...
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86 views

What is an upper limit of relative size of conjugacy class of the transitive finite group?

What is $$ \limsup_{n\to\infty} \sup_{\deg(G)=n} \left( \frac{\max_{x\in G} \left|\operatorname{conj}(x)\right|}{\operatorname{ord}(G)}\right),$$ $G$ transitive permutation group? And what are the ...
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1answer
131 views

Enlarging a subdegree-finite “almost transitive” permutation group to a transitive one? (follow-up)

Consider a permutation group $G$ acting on an infinite set $X$. Assume $G$ has finitely many orbits, and every point stabiliser $G_x$ has finite orbits. Can we always find a permutation $\tau\in\...
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1answer
100 views

Enlarging a subdegree-finite “almost transitive” permutation group to a transitive one?

Consider a permutation group $G$ acting on an infinite set $X$. Assume $G$ has finitely many orbits, and every point stabiliser $G_x$ has finite orbits. Now consider a permutation $\tau\in\...
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309 views

Escaping from a centralizer

Let $G = Sym(n)$, $n$ even. Let $H<G$ be the stabilizer of the partition $\{\{1,2\},\{3,4\},\dotsc,\{n-1,n\}\}$, or, what is the same, the centralizer of $(1\;2) \dotsc (n-1\; n)$. By Stirling's ...
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1answer
248 views

A permutation with reflection property

Consider permutations $\pi$ of the set $\{1,\dots,n\}$ having the symmetry property $\pi \pi^* \pi = \pi^*$, where $\pi^*$ is the "reflection" $k \mapsto n+1-k$. Are there references or other ...
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185 views

Is $\beta\mathbb N$ a unique compactification with the smallest possible permutation group?

For a compactification $c\mathbb N$ of $\mathbb N$ let $\mathcal H(c\mathbb N,\mathbb N)$ be the group of homeomorphisms $h:c\mathbb N\to c\mathbb N$ such that $h(x)=x$ for all $x\in c\mathbb N\...
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1answer
449 views

Linear permutations commuting with $x\rightarrow x^{-1}$

Let $F = \operatorname{GF}(2^n)$ be a finite field. Define a permutation $\phi:F \rightarrow F$ by the formula $$ \phi(x) = x^{-1}, \ x\neq 0; \ \phi(0) =0. $$ We say that a permutations $\psi$ of $F$ ...
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1answer
172 views

sum of character product over derangements

It is widely known that $$ \frac{1}{n!}\sum_{\pi\in S_n}\chi_\lambda(\pi)\chi_\mu(\pi)=\delta_{\lambda,\mu},$$ where $S_n$ is the permutation group and $\chi$ are its irreducible characters. In ...
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2answers
198 views

Length of composition series in a primitive group

Let $G$ be a primitive group acting on a set $\Omega$ with $n$ elements. By Cameron/Liebeck (essentially a consequence of the Classification + O'Nan-Scott), there are two possibilities: (a) $G$ has a ...
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1answer
62 views

Sequence Generation with Combinations and Permutations

I am trying to generate a set of genetic sequences with conditions. The problem uses a base 4 numerical notation: nucleotides = ['A','C','G','T'] From this, I'd ...
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73 views

First appearance of “structure tree”?

Let $G$ be a transitive permutation group acting on a set $\Omega$. A structure tree $T$ for $(G,\Omega)$ is defined as follows: if $G$ is primitive, then it consists of a root node connected by edges ...
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1answer
238 views

Time Complexity of the Word Problem for Finite Permutation Groups

Given a finite permutation group, i.e. a subgroup of the symmetric group on $n$ symbols in terms of generators, what is the complexity of the word problem? That is, computing if two words in the ...
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1answer
73 views

Complexity to decide for permutation group if every element fixed at most $k$ points

I want to consider the following problem, which generalises the decision problem to decide if a given finite permutation group is a Frobenius group: Given a finite permutation group in terms of its ...
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2answers
136 views

Complexity of decision problem to decide if permutation group is $k$-transitive

Given a finite permutation group $G$ (a subgroup of the symmetric group on a finite set) in terms of its generators, what is known about the decision problem of deciding if $G$ is $k$-transitive for a ...
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748 views

What did Frobenius prove about $M_{12}$?

I am interested in this paper which I can't read because it's in German: Frobenius, G., Über die Charaktere der mehrfach transitiven Gruppen., Berl. Ber. 1904, 558-571 (1904). ZBL35.0154.02. A free ...
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52 views

What are the transitive extensions of finite representations of cyclic groups?

This question is a generalisation of this one. Let $H$ be a finite, transitive permutation group of degree $n$. If the point stabiliser subgroup $H_n$ of degree $n-1$ is some faithful permutation ...
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1answer
496 views

The number of involutions in a permutation group

If $G$ is a group let $I(G)$ be the number of involutions (elements of order 2) in $G$. My question is then easily stated: does there exists a constant $C > 1$ such that for every $n \ge 1$ and ...
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138 views

A question about permutation matrices

This question is trying to abstract out in a self-contained way the point that is probably being made in page 6 of this paper, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1604.03544.pdf and why Theorem 4.1 there works. ...
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816 views

How do I know if an irreducible representation is a permutation representation?

I have a vague question, a less vague question and a lot of vaguer questions about permutation representations of a finite group $G$. Vague question. Recall that if $G$ acts on a finite set $X$, we ...
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193 views

Counting elements having a given cycle structure in maximal subgroups of a generalized symmetric group

Let $G$ be the wreath product $C_7\wr S_{18}$, where $C_7$ is the cyclic group of order 7 and $S_{18}$ is the symmetric group on 18 symbols. Consider $G$ to be embedded in the group $S_{126}=S_{7\cdot ...
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156 views

Connection between Gauss's lemma and Zolotarev's lemma

So I was reflecting on the relationship between Gauss's Lemma and Zolotarev's Lemma in proofs of quadratic reciprocity: GL: $(a/p) = -1^n$, where $n$ is the number of least positive residues of $ax$ ...
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101 views

graphs with semiregular automorphisms

I need some "well-known" non-regular finite graphs (at least two vertices have different valency) whose automorphism groups contain a non-trivial subgroup that acts on the vertices semi-regularly (i....
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1answer
203 views

Automorphism group of a graph

Suppose $\Gamma$ is a simple graph and $G=\mathrm{Aut}(\Gamma)$ is the automorphism group of $\Gamma$. If $G$ stabilizes a subgraph $\Gamma_1$,, and $G_0$ is the point-wise stabiliser of the set $V(\...
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2answers
369 views

Automorphism group of a special commuting graph

Suppose $S_6$ is the symmetric group on six letters and let $X$ denote the conjugacy class containing $(12)(34)$. Define a graph $\Gamma$ with vertex set $X$ and edges precisely the 2-element subsets ...
12
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1answer
513 views

Outer automorphism action on representations of $S_6$

Let $S_6$ be the symmetric group on 6 letters and let $\alpha \colon S_6 \to S_6$ be an outer automorphism (note that $S_6$ is the only permutation group that has an outer automorphism and that $\...
13
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1answer
452 views

Tensor power of the natural representation of Sn

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts over $V=\mathbb{R}^n$ by permuting the canonical basis. So it acts over $V^{\otimes p}$ with a diagonal action (acts the same over each element of the tensor product). ...
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96 views

What is the meaning of a linked group action?

Some definitions and Notations Group Action see this link. $G$-invariant partition $B_i$ means $\forall \sigma \in G, B_i^{\sigma} = B_i$. Minimal block system see page no - 30 Let $V$ be a $k$-...
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1answer
189 views

number of orbits of a proper subgroup

Let $G$ be a permutation group that acts on (say) $X=\{1,2,..,n\}$, and $H$ be a proper subgroup of $G$. Can one say anything precise about when the number of orbits of $H$ on $X$ will be equal to ...