# Questions tagged [localization]

The localization tag has no usage guidance.

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### Completion of localization of completion

Let $(A,m)$ be a noetherian local ring,
and let $p \subseteq A$ be a prime ideal.
From this data, we can construct two rings:
1. We may localize $A$ at $p$, and then complete,
obtaining the $pA_p$-...

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### Could we form the homotopy category of a dg-category by inverting homotopic invertible morphisms?

Let $k$ be a field and $\mathcal{C}$ be a dg-category over $k$. It is standard to define the homotopy category $H^0(\mathcal{C})$ as the category consisting the same objects as $\mathcal{C}$ but ...

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### Localizing prime ideals over Noetherian rings

Let $R$ be a prime Noetherian ring which is not necessarily commutative. Consider the two natural ways to "extend" $R$: $R[x]$ and $M_n(R)$, polynomials over $R$ and $n$ by $n$ matrices over $R$ ...

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### Do we have criteria of strict localization of a Grothendieck category?

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be an abelian category and $\mathcal{S}$ be a full subcategory of $\mathcal{C}$. We call $\mathcal{S}$ a Serre subcategory of $\mathcal{C}$ if $\mathcal{S}$ is closed under ...

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### Ore localization and model structures

The question is this:
Suppose C is a category, with a given multiplicatively closed set of morphisms S ⊆ C. The role of the denominator conditions on S is rather similar to the role of a Quillen ...

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### modules whose every submodule is a homomorphic image

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity. Let us say that an $R$-module $M$ satisfies property $\mathcal P$ if every submodule of $M$ is a homomorphic image of $M$.
Can we characterize all ...

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### When is this localization map injective, if at all?

Let $K$ be a number field and $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. Consider the localization map
$$
E(K)\otimes \mathbb{Q}_p/ \mathbb{Z}_p \rightarrow \bigoplus_{v|p} E(K_v)\otimes \...

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### What is the correct definition of localisation of a category?

Disclaimer: I wasn't sure if this was an appropriate question for MathOverflow, and so I've also asked this on StackExchange.
There appears to be a discrepancy in the literature regarding the ...

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### When a localization of a category is (non-)reflective?

Let $S$ be a class of maps of a category $\mathcal{C}$. The localization of $\mathcal{C}$ at $S$ is reflective when the localization functor $\mathcal{C} \to \mathcal{C}[S^{-1}]$ has a fully faithful ...

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### Localization of $\infty$-categories

In ordinary category theory, the localization $C[S^{-1}]$ at a class of morphisms $S$ (with possibly some assumptions on $S$) is a category $C[S^{-1}]$ together with a map $L:C \to C[S^{-1}]$ such ...

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### Do twisted group rings of free abelian groups admit universal fields of fractions?

Let $R$ be an associative ring with unit. Recall that an epic $R$-field is a ring epimorphism $\alpha\colon R\to D$ to a skew field/division ring $D$. An epic $R$-field $\alpha$ is called a field of ...

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### Open Gromov-Witten invariants via lozalization with $\mathbb{C}^{*}$ (not $S^1$) action

Amplitudes of open A-model on a Calabi-Yau 3-fold $X$ with branes are given by the open Gromov-Witten invariants of $X$. It is known how to compute them if there is a toric action on a manifold, which ...

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### What kind of module is this?

Recall that, if $R$ is a commutative ring, then a suitably finite $R$-module $M$ is projective if and only if the localization $M_\mathfrak{m}$ is a direct sum of finitely many copies of $R_\mathfrak{...

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### Factorization of Gabriel-Zisman localization construction?

My question concerns whether the Gabriel-Zisman localization construction $S^{-1}$ for categories admits a known factorization into a pair of commuting constructions $S^l$ and $S^r$.
The localization ...

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### Acyclic aspherical spaces with acyclic fundamental groups

A space $X$ (by which I mean a CW complex) is acyclic if its reduced singular homology $\tilde H_\ast(X;\Bbb Z)$ is trivial in all degrees.
A discrete group $\pi$ is said to be acyclic if its ...

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### Localization of the pushforward in equivariant cohomology

I am reading Nekrasov's paper and in page 2 he considers the $G \times T^2$ equivariant cohomology of the (compactified) moduli space $\tilde{M_k}$ of $U(N)$ instantons on $\mathbb{C}^2$. Here $G$ ...

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### When is genus the same as stable equivalence?

Suppose $M, N$ are two $R$-modules (I had in mind the group ring $R=\mathbb{Z}[G]$ for a finite group $G$). By localizing at a prime $p$ I mean $M_{(p)}\cong M\otimes_R R_{(p)}$. If $M$ and $N$ are ...

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### On maximal ideals of $k [X_i : i \in I ] $ where $k$ is a field , $I$ is an infinite set with $|k| > |I|$

Let $k$ be a field and $I$ be an infinite set such that $|k| > |I|$ . Let $R := k [X_i : i \in I ] $ and $m$ be a maximal ideal of $R$ ; then is it true that $m \cap k[X_i] \ne 0 , \forall i \in I$ ...

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### Basic elements and localizations

Let $(R, \mathfrak{m})$ be a local domain and $x$ is a basic element of $\mathfrak{m}$, that is $x \in \mathfrak{m} \setminus \mathfrak{m}^2$. Let $P$ be a prime ideal containing $x$. Is it true that $...

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### Functions on rings and polynomials with coefficients in a certain kind of localisation

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity and let $S$ be a multiplicatively closed subset of $R$ such that $S$ contains no zero divisor . So the canonical map $f : R \to S^{-1}R$ is invective , hence w....

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### If $\{f\in R[x]\:|\:f\text{ monic}\}$ is a right denominator set, is $\{f^i\:|\:i\geq 0\}$ a right denominator set also?

Let $R$ be a right (and left) Noetherian ring and $T=R[x]$ its polynomial ring. It was shown by Stafford that the set $S=\{f\in T\:|\:f\text{ monic}\}$ is a right denominator set. So my question is, ...

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### Are localization functors always essentially surjective?

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category and $\mathcal{W} \subseteq \text{Arr}(\mathcal{C})$ a set (or class) of arrows.
There are (at least) two notions of localization of $\mathcal{C}$ with respect to $\...

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### Analytic spread of localization of an ideal

Let $J$ be an ideal in a Noetherian local ring $(R,m)$. It is well known that for any prime ideal $p\in Spec(R)$, $l(J_p)\leq l(J)$, where $l(J)$ is the analytic spread of $J$.
Q) Are there ...

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### Checking a monad is idempotent

I have a monad $T: \mathcal{C} \to \mathcal{C}$ on a (Grothendieck) abelian category which preserves filtered colimits and direct sums (but is not exact). There is a finite collection $G$ of compact, ...

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### How to identify localization of categories?

Let $C, D$ be categories with finite limits, $F:C\to D$ be a essentially surjective functor that commutes with finite limits, and let $S$ be the set of morphisms of $C$ that become isomorphisms in $D$ ...

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### $R$ is $\mathbb{Z}$ graded ring and $0\neq f \in R_1,$ show that $R_f \cong S[X,X^{-1}]$ [closed]

Suppose $R$ is $\mathbb{Z}$ graded ring and $0\neq f \in R_1.$ Then I want to show that $R_f \cong S[X,X^{-1}],$ where $S=(R_f)_0$ and $X$ transcendental over $S.$
I wanted to use the isomorphism $...

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### Right localization of $R[x,x^{-1}]$ at monic $f\in R[x]$

Let $R$ be a right Noetherian ring and $S=\{f\in R[x]\;|\;f\text{ monic}\}$. It is a result of Stafford that $S$ is a right denominator set in $R[x]$, so in particular we can localize $R[x]$ at any $f\...

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### Localising a right Noetherian ring at a set of regular elements

Let $R$ be a right Noetherian ring, and $S$ a multiplicative set consisting of regular elements where $1\in S$ and $0\not\in S$. Does the right ring of fractions $RS^{-1}$ exist?
This is what I know ...

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### Localization of the pullback diagram

In the paper, Topologically Defined Classes of Commutative Rings, localization of the pullback diagram (with $v,$ surjective)
$$
\begin{array}
DD & \stackrel{v\ '}{\longrightarrow} & A \\
\...

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### Irreducibility over the field of fractions of a quotient of a polynomial ring

Fix $\ell \geq 3$, $r \geq 2$ and $1 \leq k \leq \ell - 1$ and $z_0, \ldots, z_\ell \in \mathbb{C}$ with $z_i \neq 0$ for all $i$ and $z_i \neq z_j$ for all $i \neq j$. Now consider the (irreducible, ...

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### Localization of a symmetric monoidal category is monoidal when the morphisms being inverted are closed under tensor product

In the answer to question Localization of symmetric monoidal category, it was mentioned that '' Assuming that the tensor product of two morphisms in $S$ is again in $S$, the localised category should ...

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### Localization, Slice Tower, and Motivic Spectra

Suppose $k$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. There is an $\infty$-category of motivic spectra over $k$, denoted $\mathcal{S}pt(k)$. As in algebraic topology, there are ...

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### When does an automorphism extend to a localisation (noncommutative rings)

Let $R$ be a (not necessarily commutative) ring. Let $\tau$ be an automorphism of $R$. Consider the localisation of $R$ at a set of multiplicative elements which satisfy the ore condition, say $X$. ...

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### Colocal Objects in Enriched Bousfield Colocalizations

Let $C$ be a $V$-model category, and $\mathcal{K}$ a set of objects of $C$.
Let me denote (derived) simplicial homotopy function complexes by $\text{Dmap}$
and derived $V$-function complexes by $\text{...

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### Verdier Quotient a quotient?

This question seems trivial, so hopefully it will be resolved quickly.
As pointed out in this question on quotient categories and localization, the two constructions are sometimes related, but in ...

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### Is a filtered colimit of rational spaces again rational?

Let me first explain the statement of the question and then give some indication why the answer might be 'yes'.
By a space I mean, say, a simplicial set and by rational I mean rational in the sense of ...

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### Example of reflective subcategory of (Groups) whose reflector doesn't preserve finite products

A subcategory $D$ of a category $C$ is called reflective, if the embedding $D \hookrightarrow C$ has a left adjoint $L:C \to D$. The left adjoint $L$ is called the reflector. If the category $C$ is ...

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### Localization in equivariant cohomology theory for groups other than ($p$-)tori

Recall the following localization theorem, as stated in Hsiang's Cohomology Theory of Compact Transformation Groups:
Theorem. Let $G=(S^1)^k$ be a torus, $X$ a paracompact $G$-space with finite ...

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### Topological localization of (infinite) inverse limits

The classical localization of topological spaces at a given set of primes $\mathcal{P}$ is a functor $\mathcal{T}\xrightarrow{(-)_{(\mathcal{P)}}}\mathcal{T}$ from a suitable category of topological ...

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### Using and understanding the Atiyah-Bott localization theorem/integration formula

I posted this on r/math, but was told I might have better success here given the level of the question.
Basically, I need to learn how to use the localization theorem to compute integrals on ...

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### Is an abelian category a Serre subcategory of its ind-category?

Let $\mathcal C$ be an abelian category and consider its ind-category
$Ind(\mathcal C)$:
(1) Is $Ind(\mathcal C)$ always abelian? (If not, what conditions are needed?)
(2) Is $\mathcal C\subseteq ...

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### What kinds of limits does localization of commutative rings reflect?

Localization of commutative rings is a left exact left adjoint, so it behaves nicely with plenty of things. Local-to-global principles are also abundant in commutative algebra, and I thought some of ...

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### Local cohomology commuting with fiber

Let $A$ be a nice commutative ring (say, $A=k[t_1,\ldots , t_n]$, ring of polynomials over an algebraically closed field $k$).
Let $M$ be an $A[x]$-module, which is finitely generated as an $A$-...

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### Reflective Localizations vs. categories of local objects

Given a category $\mathcal{C}$ and a set (let's not bother with size issues here) $\mathcal{W} \subseteq \text{Mor}(\mathcal{C})$ we may form the category $\mathcal{C}[\mathcal{W}^{-1}]$ obtained by ...

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### Monoidal structure on simplicial sheaves

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a site and let $sPh(\mathcal{C})_{proj}$ be the category of simplicial presheaves equipped with the projective model structure. This category is a closed monoidal model category (...

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### Example of a saturated class of morphisms which is not _obviously_ saturated?

By "saturated class of morphisms" in a category $\mathcal{C}$, I mean a subcategory $\mathcal{W} \subset \mathcal{C}$ such that the image of $\mathcal{W}$ in $\mathcal{C}[\mathcal{W}^{-1}]$ consists ...

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### Localizations of model categories and $\infty$-categories

I am interested in the relation between Bousfield localizations of model categories and localizations of $(\infty,1)$-categories.
According to Hirschhorn's book we can form the left Bousfield ...

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### What is an infinite prime in algebraic topology?

The links between algebraic topology (stable homotopy theory in particular) and number theory are nowadays abundant and fruitful. In one direction, there is chromatic homotopy theory, exploiting the ...

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### Near-ring localizations

Are there any known results on localization for near-rings (i.e., "rings" with non-abelian addition and only one-sided distributive law)? The books on near-rings I checked don't mention this topic at ...

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### Localization of symmetric monoidal category

Let $\mathcal M$ be a symmetric monoidal category, $S\subset \mathcal M$ a collection of objects and morphisms. I would like to construct the localization $\mathcal M \mathop{\longrightarrow}^T \...