# Questions tagged [localization]

The localization tag has no usage guidance.

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### Construction of a regulariser for the boundary integral operator $\lambda\mathrm{Id} - K'$

$\newcommand\Id{\mathrm{Id}}$Assumptions and Notations :
$\Omega$ is a bounded Lipschitz domain in $\mathbb R^2$, $\Gamma$ denotes its boundary and $n$ is the normal vector to the boundary $\Gamma$,
...

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### Hammock localization and free adjoints

The Hammock localization $L^H \mathcal{C}$ of a relative category $(\mathcal{C},\mathcal
{W})$ is a simplicial category defined by Dwyer and Kan as a way to compute the $\infty$-categorical ...

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### On "minimal presentation" of local rings essentially of finite type over a field

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$. Let $(R,\mathfrak m)$ be a local ring essentially of finite type over $k$ (https://stacks.math.columbia.edu/tag/07DR). Then, $R$ is the homomorphic image of ...

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### Size issues in localization $\mathcal{C}[\mathcal{W}^{-1}]$ category

When one starts with a locally small category $\mathcal{C}$ and wants to localize it at an appropriate choosen collection of morphisms $\mathcal{W}$, then in general one faces some size issues in the ...

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### Dimension of a positively graded ring after a suitable localization

Quesion- Let $R=\bigoplus_{i\ge 0} R_i$ be a (non-trivial) positively graded commutative Noetherian ring with $1(\not=0)$ of (Krull) dimension $d\ge 0$. Let $S\subset R_0$ be a multiplicative set such ...

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### About Atiyah-Segal Localization Theorem

In $K$-Theory, actually also in equivariant cohomology theory, there exists a useful theorem as known Borel-Hsiang-Atiyah-Segal Localization theorem. For $K$-Theory
Theorem: Let $G$ be a compact Lie ...

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### Cohn's localization for rings with enough idempotents

I am in the following situation: I have a non-unitary (associative) ring $R$ with enough idempotents or, if you prefer, a small pre-additive category. Actually, I even know that $R$ is right coherent (...

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### Overloading of the word "local" in category theory

The word "local" in category theory does not seem to have a precise definition in itself but it often appears as part of other terminology. To my understanding, it is then used in the ...

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### Let $g$ be regular in $A$, when do we have $(gx_i-f_i)_{A[\underline{x}]}=A[\underline{x}]\cap (gx_i-f_i)_{A_g[\underline{x}]}$

Also asked in stackexchange.
Let $A$ be a commutative unital ring. Let $g$ be a regular element of $A$. Let $A_g$ be the localization of $A$ at the set $\{g^n:n\geq 0\}$, then we have an injection $A\...

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### When is it possible to localize a scheme along a closed subscheme?

If we have $Z\subset X$ a closed irreducible subscheme of an integral scheme $X$ (which you can take to have various further niceness properties if you want), one can take its generic point $\eta_Z$ ...

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### Some relative GW calculations

I have a question about the $\psi$ class in the following paper of Graber and Vakil:
https://arxiv.org/abs/math/0309227
For $k,d\geq 2$, and a partition $d=d_1+\cdots+d_k$ of $d$ into positive ...

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### How to compute the quotient and localization of the monoid algebra $kG$ for a field $k$

I am given that $k$ is a field and $G$ is the monoid consisting of all monomials
$X^iY^j$, where $j$ is between $0$ and $3i$.
I am trying to compute the quotient of the monoid algebra $kG$ by the ...

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### The localization map for the Mordell-Weil group of elliptic curves over finite Galois extensions

Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extensions of number fields and $E/K$ be an elliptic curve. Denote by $\mathcal{F}$ the localization map
\begin{equation}
\mathcal{F}: H^1(G,E(L)) \rightarrow \bigoplus_{v ...

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### Different ways to construct the isogeny category of abelian varieties

Let $k$ be a field and let $\mathbf{AV}_{/k}$ be the category of abelian varieties over $k$. I'm interested in different definitions of the isogeny category of $\mathbf{AV}_{/k}$.
Of course, the ...

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### How to compute the $G$-theory groups of $k[x,y]/(xy)$ for any field $k$

I am trying to compute the $G$-theory groups of the ring $k[x,y]/(xy)$ for any field $k$. What I have tried so far are two approaches.
Approach 1: Use the $G$-theory localization sequence for $k[x,y]/(...

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### Intuition behind bound of second moment of Greens function by fractional moment

Consider the Hilbert space $ \mathcal{H} = l^2(\mathbb{Z}^d)$ for some dimension $d$ with basis given by the basisvectors $\{ \vert {x} \rangle \}_{x \in \mathbb{Z}^d} $.
Let $A$ be an either self-...

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### Are hammock localizations locally truncated?

Let us take a relative category $(\mathcal{C},\mathcal{W})$, and consider its hammock localization $L_H \mathcal{C}$. It seems to me that for every two objects $X,Y \in \mathcal{C}$ the mapping ...

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### Localization of the injective hull of a commutative non-Noetherian ring

Let $R$ be a commutative non-Noetherian ring and $m$ a maximal ideal. My question is whether the localization $E(R)_m$ of the injective hull $E(R)$ of $R$ is an injective $R_m$-module. This is true in ...

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### Existence of a finite resolution

I have tried to formulate a question in which I was very curious, any hints suggestions are also welcomed. Thanks in advance.
Let $M$ be an $R$ module ($R$ commutative ring with unity). It is given ...

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### Localisation of categories, but instead of "isomorphisms" I want "morphisms with right inverse". Construction via calculus of fractions possible?

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category and $S$ a collection of morphisms in $\mathcal{C}$. The localisation $\mathcal{C}[S^{-1}]$ is defined via a functor $F: \mathcal{C} \longrightarrow \mathcal{C}[S^{-1}]$ ...

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### Geometric meaning of localization at $(1+I)$?

Let $I\vartriangleleft A$ be an ideal of a commutative ring. Consider the submonoid $1+I\subset A$. What is the geometric interpretation of localization at this submonoid? How does it relate to the ...

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### Is hammock localization a localization in the sense of Lurie?

In a series of papers ([1], [2] and [3]), Dwyer and Kan introduced the hammock localization [2] as an effective technique to compute the simplicial localization of a model category [1]. This is meant ...

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### Does Anderson localisation occur if the potential are equal in pairs?

Consider the Anderson model given by the Hamiltonian $H \in B(l^2( \mathbb{Z}^d)) $ defined by $H = - \Delta + V$ where the potential $V$ acts on a unit vector $ \vert x \rangle \in l^2( \mathbb{Z}^d)...

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### Localizations of spaces with respect to homology and right properness

Let $E$ be a spectrum (with corresponding homology theory denoted $E_\ast$).
In "Localization of spaces with respect to homology", Bousfield constructed a model category structure on the ...

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### Ample divisors on $T$-varieties

Question: how does one use a torus action to help decide whether a divisor or line bundle is ample?
In more detail: I have a (normal, but usually rather singular) $T$-variety $X$, where $T$ is an ...

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### This sum over partitions has unexpectedly nice denominators

Fix an integer $n\geq0$, a power series $\gamma \in \mathbb Q[[X]]$ with valuation 1, and a symmetric function $f$ (with coefficients in $\mathbb Q$). Now, consider the series
$$
S_n = \sum_{\Lambda\...

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### Can the category of S-local objects be reflective but not a localization by S?

This is cross-posted from MSE (and substantially re-written) after receiving no answers.
Suppose $\mathcal C$ is a category and $S \subseteq \operatorname{Mor}(\mathcal C)$ is some collection of ...

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### When adic completion preserves projectives?

Lets take a ring $R$ and an ideal $\mathfrak p \subset R$, and call them an L-pair (just for brevity) if $\mathfrak p$-adic completion of any projective module is again projective (as R-module); and L-...

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### A conjecture about sums over partitions arising from Hilbert scheme of points

$\DeclareMathOperator{\leg}{\operatorname{leg}}\DeclareMathOperator{\arm}{\operatorname{arm}}$The following situation arose from the study of some localization computations on Hilbert schemes of ...

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### Slices for certain $C_p$-spectrum

By the work of Hill-Yarnall, for the group $G=C_p,$ all the slices for any spectrum, in particular, for $S^V \wedge H\underline{\mathbb{Z}}$, are classified. Here $V$ is a representation of $C_p.$
...

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### What is the extended centroid of a free algebra?

For a prime ring $R$, you can define its "Martindale ring of quotients" $Q(R)$. See for example:
Martindale, Wallace S. III, Prime rings satisfying a generalized polynomial identity, J. ...

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### Abelian localisation for K theory?

Let $X$ be a scheme acted upon by $\mathbf{G}_m$ and $K(X)=K_0(\text{Perf}X)$ the Thomason-Trobaugh K theory. Is there a localisation theorem in this context? By this I mean something like
$$\text{id}...

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### Interesting "epimorphisms" of $E_\infty$-ring spectra

$\newcommand{\Mod}{\mathbf{Mod}} \newcommand{\map}{\mathrm{map}_{E_\infty-A}}$ Suppose $i:A\to B$ is a map of $E_\infty$-ring spectra. It induces a functor of $\infty$-categories $\Mod_B\to\Mod_A$ by ...

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### Equivalence between integrals over a reduced space

Context: I have been trying to understand this paper from Y. Cho and K. Kim. More precisely, a specific argument in Lemma 2.2 where they say the ABBV localization formula on an integral over a ...

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### Cohn localization examples

I'm working on my master's thesis, part of which involves an exposition on Cohn localization. (nlab discussion)
In Free ideal rings and localization in general rings, Sec 7.4, Cohn gives a ...

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### Geometric meaning of colocalization of modules?

Let $A$ be a commutative ring and $S\subset A$ a subset. A localization of $A$ at $S$ is defined as a ring morphsim $A\to A[S^{-1}]$ which is initial with respect to inverting $S$. Similarly, a ...

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### Commutative ring $R$ with no nontrivial idempotents, with a localization $R_r$ with infinitely many idempotents

I am looking for a commutative ring $R$ with $1$ such that $R$ has no idempotents and there exists $r\in R$ such that the localization ring $R_r$ has infinitely many idempotents.

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### Grothendieck Riemann Roch is abelian localisation on loop spaces

Abelian localisation says approximately that for a proper equivaraint map $f:X\to Y$ between schemes with a $\mathbf{G}_m$ action, the pushforward on cohomology $f_*\omega$ can be computed by the ...

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### Morphisms of hammocks in the simplicial localization

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category together with a wide subcategory $\mathcal{W} \subset \mathcal{C}$.
In Calculating Simplicial Localizations by Dwyer and Kan, a morphism of hammocks is defined ...

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### When is an $\infty$-categorical localization left exact?

Let $L: \mathcal C^\to_\leftarrow L\mathcal C : i$ be an adjunction with $i$ fully faithful. In ordinary category theory, $L$ is left exact iff the class of $L$-local morphisms is stable under base ...

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### What would cohomological localization be good for?

An open problem in algebraic topology is whether arbitrary cohomological localizations of simplicial sets (or, equivalently, topological spaces) can be proven to exist in ZFC. It's provable in ZFC ...

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### Localization on varieties with toric singularities

Is there a written version of Atiyah-Bott localization formula for varieties/manifolds with toric singularities? More precisely, suppose $F$ is a fixed locus of a torus action $\mathbb{T}={\mathbb{C}^*...

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### Elementary example of right localization of functor

I am learning about a general framework for derived functors from Hotta et al., D-modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory, Appendix B.
$\newcommand{\CC}{\mathcal C} \newcommand{\DD}{\...

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### When do zigzags of weak equivalences detect isomorphisms in the localization?

The usual way to prove that two model categories are equivalent is to construct a zigzag of Quillen equivalences between them, but is it always possible? We can ask a more general question.
...

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### Localization and containment in commutative ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity and $x, y $ be fixed elements of $R$ such that for each maximal ideal $m$ of $R$ we have $\langle \frac{x}{1_m}\rangle\subseteq\langle \frac{y}{1_m}\rangle$ ...

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### A variation of the hammock localization

Let $W \subseteq \mathcal{C}$ be a wide subcategory of a category $\mathcal{C}$. The saturation $\overline{W}$ of $W$ is the class of maps of $\mathcal{C}$ which become isomorphisms in $\mathcal{C}[W^{...

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### Does $\sum_ia\cap b_i=a\cap(\sum_ib_i)$ and $a(\bigcap_i b_i)=\bigcap_iab_i$ for infinite sums and intersections in arithmetic rings (Prufer domains)?

Note: Please let me know if this question is too basic for MathOverflow. It is about a subject commonly taught in graduate school (commutative algebra), and is based in large part on a (very ...

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### When does rationalization commute with homotopy fixed points?

Let $X$ be a $G$-space. There are a number of places in the literature where one can find the claim that under certain conditions rationalization and taking homotopy fixed points with respect to a ...

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### A question related to bousfield localization and nilpotent completion

I am reading Bousfield's paper entitled "The localization of spectra with respect to homology" (MSN). In that paper, Corollary 6.13 states that, if a ring spectrum $E$ has countable homotopy and ...

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### Analog of cellular approximation theorem for $CW_0$-complexes ($CW_\mathcal P$-complexes)

$CW_0$-complexes are analogs of $CW$-complexes, in which the "building blocks" are the rational disks $D^{n+1}_0$ whose boundaries are given by $\partial D^{n+1}_0= S^n_0$, where $S^n_0$ is a ...