# Questions tagged [divisors]

For questions related to divisors in the sense of algebraic geometry (Cartier divisors, Weil divisors and so on). For question on divisors in the number theoretic sense please use the tag divisors-multiples.

340
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### Branched covers of real algebraic varieties

Let $X$ be a smooth complex algebraic variety and $L$ be an $n$-torsion line bundle on $X$, i.e., a line bundle $L$ such that $L^n=\mathcal{O}_X(B)$, where $B$ is a divisor $B$ on $X$. Such a bundle ...

2
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212
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### Chern classes and rational equivalence

Let $X$ be a complex variety and let $l_1$ and $l_2$ be line bundles on $X$. Let $f_1$ and $f_2$ be sections of $l_1$ and $l_2$ respectively, and let $Z_1$ and $Z_2$ be their zero-sets.
I would like ...

1
vote

1
answer

144
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### Divisors on product abelian fourfolds

Given a principally polarized abelian surface $A$ with CM of signature $(1,1)$ by an imaginary quadratic number field $K$, I am interested in studying the Néron-Severi group $\text{NS}(A\times A)$. ...

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0
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### Positivity of self-intersection of dicisor associated to meromorphic function

In the book "Holomorphic Vector Bundles over Compact Complex Surfaces" by Vasile Brînzănescu, in the proof of theorem 2.13 there is the following claim
Let $X$ be a compact non-algebraic ...

0
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2
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251
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### Vakil exercise on sheaf associated to the divisor of rational section

This is exercise 15.4.G. of Vakil's notes.
Let $\mathscr{L}$ be an invertible sheaf on an irreducible normal scheme $X$ with $s$ a rational section of $\mathscr{L}$. We want that $\mathscr{O}_X(\text{...

2
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0
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172
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### On the definition of the relative canonical divisor

Fix a field $k$. Let $X,Y$ be normal integral $k$-schemes of finite type and $h: Y \to X$ a proper birational $k$-morphism. Moreover, assume that $X$ is Gorenstein, i.e. it admits a canonical divisor $...

3
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196
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### Is it always true that the complement of an ample divisor is affine?

Consider a proper and integral scheme $X\rightarrow\operatorname{Spec}(A)$ over a Noetherian ring $A$ and $D\in\operatorname{Div}(X)$ an effective ample Cartier divisor on $X$. Is it true that its ...

3
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0
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101
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### Error function of the second moment of the divisor function

It is easy to show that the second moment of the divisor function has asymptotics:
$$\sum_{n\leq x} d_0(n)^2 = xP(\log(x))+E_2(x)$$
Where $P$ is some polynomial and that:
$$E_2 = o(x)$$
Previously, ...

1
vote

0
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62
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### A criterion for divisors of degree $n$ on the projective line to belong to a linear system of codimension 1

My question is essentially about linear dependence/independence of polynomials, but I will formulate it in the language of algebraic geometry, hoping someone may suggest a result in algebraic geometry ...

10
votes

1
answer

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### Power of primes

$n$ is a natural number $>1$, $\varphi(n)$ denotes the Euler's totient function, $P_n$ is the $n^\text{th}$ prime number and $\sigma(n)$ is the sum of the divisors of $n$. Consider the expression:
$...

5
votes

2
answers

237
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### Characterize the space of all ramification divisors of degree $d$

Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface of genus $g>0$, and let $f\colon X \to \mathbb{P}^1$ be a branched covering of degree $d$. Define the ramification divisor $R_f$ on $X$ by $f$, where $\deg R_f =...

6
votes

2
answers

296
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### Toric varieties as hypersurfaces of degree (1, ..., 1) in a product of projective spaces

I wonder if some hypersurfaces of multi-degree $(1, ..., 1)$ in a product of projective spaces are toric, with polytope a union of polytopes of toric divisors of the ambient space. This question is ...

2
votes

1
answer

260
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### Exact sequence for relative cohomology + normal crossing divisors

Let $X$ be smooth algebraic variety over $\mathbb C$ and $D_1, D_2$ are snc divisors such that $D_1\cup D_2$ is also snc.
Is it true that there is an exact sequence
$$H^*(X, D_1\cup D_2)\to H^*(X, D_1)...

1
vote

1
answer

222
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### A short exact sequence regarding Kähler differentials and an invertible ideal on an algebraic curve

$\def\sO{\mathcal{O}}
\def\sK{\mathcal{K}}
\def\sC{\mathscr{C}}$I am trying to understand what the maps are on a certain s.e.s. of sheaves of modules on an algebraic curve. It is \eqref{ses} on Conrad'...

3
votes

1
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233
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### A question on "Ample subvarieties of algebraic varieties"

Corollary 3.3 in Chapter IV of "Ample subvarieties of algebraic varieties" by R. Hartshorne asserts the following:
Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety and $Y\subset X$ a smooth subvariety ...

2
votes

1
answer

260
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### Varieties with disjoint prime divisors

I've been following the works of Totaro, Pereira, and Bogomolov/Pirutka/Silberstein about algebraic varieties over complex numbers with families of disjoint divisors. The last one generalizes results ...

1
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0
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224
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### How to define Cartier divisor and Weil divisor on algebraic stack?

How to define Cartier divisor and Weil divisor on algebraic stack? Do they correspond to line bundles on stack like the case of schemes? In case of a Deligne-Mumford stack, can we have a simpler ...

3
votes

1
answer

191
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### How to determine the type of a divisor on a product of elliptic curves?

I already asked this on Math.SE, but didn't receive an answer yet.
Say $E_1, \dotsc, E_n$ are elliptic curves (everything over $\mathbb C$), and $D \subset E_1 \times \dotsc \times E_n$ is an ...

3
votes

0
answers

129
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### Inverse image Weil divisor on a toric variety as a Cartier divisor

Let $X$ be a normal toric variety over an algebraically closed field and let $D$ be a torus invariant (prime) divisor. Assume $\pi\colon \tilde{X}\rightarrow X$ is a toric resolution of singularities ...

0
votes

1
answer

135
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### Are maps into a smooth curve equivalent to relative effective Cartier divisors?

Let $X$ be a smooth curve and $S$ an affine scheme, both over an algebraically closed field $k$.
Given a morphism $f : S \to X$, is it true that the graph morphism $\Gamma_f : S \to X \times S$ is a ...

2
votes

2
answers

194
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### Mori cones and projective morphisms

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of smooth projective varieties, and $NE(X),NE(Y)$ the Mori cones of curves of $X$ and $Y$. Assume that $NE(X)$ is finitely generated. Then is $NE(Y)$ finitely ...

3
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1
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280
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### Differential of a specific morphism to a Grassmannian

This is a problem that's been bugging me for some time, and therefore I've decided to ask it here. Let $X$ be a smooth projective (irreducible) variety over an algebraically closed field of ...

-1
votes

1
answer

190
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### Definition of canonical pair

Let $(X,D)$ be a pair and $f:Y\rightarrow X$ a log resolution. Write
$$
K_Y + \widetilde{D} = f^{*}(K_X) + \sum_{i}a_iE_i
$$
where $\widetilde{D}$ is the strict transform of $D$. I found the following ...

2
votes

1
answer

152
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### Reference for torsion-freeness of the group of correspondences on a smooth projective variety

In Beauville's "Variétés de Prym et jacobiennes intermédiaires", Proposition 3.5, it is claimed that $\textrm{Corr}(T)$ is torsion-free for a smooth projective variety $T$. Here $$\textrm{...

1
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0
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176
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### Divisor cohomology through spectral sequences

I don't know if it belongs here but anyway, I need to compute arithmetic genus of divisors pulled back from a Fano base space to a bundle (which may or mayn't be trivial) defined through the ...

0
votes

1
answer

319
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### Relation between canonical bundles under étale maps

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two integral separated Noetherian Gorenstein schemes over a base field $k$ of arbitrary characteristic whose local rings are unique factorization domains and $f: X\to Y$ an étale ...

0
votes

0
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121
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### Intersection product of $\mathbb{Q}$-Cartier divisors with irreducible complete curves is well-defined

I am learning the notion of intersection product of a $\mathbb{Q}$-Cartier divisor with an irreducible complete curve on a normal variety. The definition I learned is that if $D$ is a $\mathbb{Q}$-...

1
vote

1
answer

210
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### Explicit description of the space of global sections of a torus invariant Weil divisor over a real toric variety

Let $D$ be a Weil divisor on a normal toric variety $X$ with fan $\Sigma$ that is invariant under the action by the torus $T$. Then Proposition 4.3.2 of the textbook Toric Varieties by Cox, Little and ...

1
vote

1
answer

113
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### Homogeneous components of Cox RIngs

Let $X$ be an irreducible smooth projective variety over a field $k$ (algebraically closed and of characteristic zero if needed). Let $U \subseteq X$ an affine open such that $O_X(U)$ is factorial and ...

1
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0
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206
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### Semi-continuity of the Picard number

Let $f:X\rightarrow S$ be a family of smooth projective varieties. For $s\in S$ set $X_s := f^{-1}(s)$, and let $\rho(X_{s})$ be the Picard number of the fiber over $s\in S$. Fix a point $s_0\in S$.
...

1
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1
answer

154
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### Can $P(z)$ have a divisor in a given congruence class?

In the answer to this previous question , Noam D. Elkies proved that for any integer $x$, $x^3-x^2-2x+1$ can only have a divisors equal to $-1$, $0$, or $1$ modulo $7$. I would like to know what is ...

0
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0
answers

128
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### Is a closed subsecheme contained in a Cartier divisor?

Let $X$ be a variety over a field $k$. For a closed subscheme $Z\hookrightarrow X$ and a closed point $x\in X$ such that $\text{codim}_XZ \geq 1$ and $x\notin |Z|$, is there an effective Cartier ...

2
votes

1
answer

227
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### Intersection of translate of divisors on abelian variety

Setup. Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, and let $A/K$ be a simple abelian variety of dimension $n$. Let $\{ x_1,x_2,\dots,x_{m^{2n}}\}$ denote the $m$-torsion points of ...

2
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0
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### Irreducible components over a singular divisor

Setup. Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field of characteistic zero, let $X/K$ be a smooth projective surface and let $Z \subset X$ be an integral curve which is nonsingular except for a finite set ...

3
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0
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358
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### Cartier divisor that is not a difference of two effective Cartier divisors

Note: There are already several related questions, without any definite answer.
I want to find an example of a Noetherian integral scheme $X$ which contains a Cartier divisor that is not linearly ...

1
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0
answers

78
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### How to calculate the divisor given by closure of subscheme

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^N$ be a nonsingular projective variety over algebraically closed field which is embedded by very ample line bundle $\mathcal{L}$. Let $Y = \mathbb{P}(\mathcal{L}^{\oplus 3})$...

1
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0
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151
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### Derivation for genus-degree formula from algebraic functions field theory

This is a copy of my question from math.stackexchange: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4517289/derivation-for-genus-degree-formula-from-algebraic-functions-field-theory. I didn't get any ...

1
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0
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174
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### How to define a principal divisor on general complex spaces?

[I am not a native English speaker, so my sentences may sound strange. ]
I'm studying about complex analytic spaces. For meromorphic functions, I don't know how to define their principal divisors ...

0
votes

1
answer

148
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### What is the cone of $\mathcal{F}\to i_*i^*\mathcal{F}$ for a divisor $i: D\hookrightarrow X$?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety of dimension $n$ and $i: D\hookrightarrow X$ be a smooth, anti-canonical divisor in $X$. In other words,$[D]+[\omega_X]=[0]$ where $\omega_X$ is the canonical ...

2
votes

0
answers

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### Linear system of a relative effective divisor on an arithmetic surface contains vertical divisors

I am puzzled by the behavior of some divisors in my attempt to understand the relative Picard functor $\mathrm{Pic}_{X/S}$ of an arithmetic surface $\pi:X\to S$. This is defined by relative divisors $...

2
votes

1
answer

383
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### Is the reduced scheme associated to a Cartier divisor always Cartier?

Let $X$ be a normal integral variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $D \subset X$ be a Cartier divisor in $X$. Is the associated reduced scheme $D_{\mathrm{red}}$ also necessarily a Cartier divisor in $X$?

7
votes

1
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530
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### A constructive proof of the theorem of the cube

Do you know a constructive proof of the theorem of the cube ? More precisely, let $X$, $Y$, $Z$ be projective varieties (e.g., over an algebraically closed field $k$) with points $x$, $y$, $z$ ...

2
votes

1
answer

240
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### Two conditions on divisors on surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface and $D$ be an effective Cartier divisor (not necessarily ample) on $X$. Is there a connection between these two conditions?
$(i)$ for a large enough $n$, the ...

4
votes

1
answer

164
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### Tri-homogenous polynomials of tridegree $(3,3,3)$ to add three points on an elliptic curve

Consider an elliptic curve $E \subset \mathbb{P}^2$ with the zero point $\mathcal{O}$. There are classical articles about complete systems of addition laws on $E$ (see
Lange and Ruppert - Complete ...

3
votes

1
answer

202
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### Extending effective Cartier divisors

Let $X$ be a non-singular, quasi-projective variety (over $\mathbb{C}$) of dimension at least $3$, $D_1, D_2$ are integral effective divisors in $X$ with $D_1 \cap D_2$ of codimension $2$ in $X$. Let $...

4
votes

0
answers

889
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### Is there any relation between the pushforward of a divisor and the pushforward of its line bundle?

Given a morphism between normal varieties $f: X \to Y$, we can push forward a Cartier divisor $D$ to get a cycle $f_* D$. On the other hand, we can form the line bundle $\mathscr{L}(D)$ and push that ...

2
votes

0
answers

52
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### Conditions for long exact sequence for line bundles on curve to degenerate?

Let $\varphi:X\to Y$ be a morphism of schemes of relative dimension 1, and $\mathcal{L}' \xrightarrow{g} \mathcal{L}$ an injection of line bundles on $X$.
The sequence
$$0\to \mathcal{L}' \xrightarrow{...

4
votes

1
answer

220
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### Volume of conic bundles

Consider a smooth conic bundle $X\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ with discriminant of degree $d$ (the locus of $\mathbb{P}^1$ over which the fibers are reducible conics). There is a formula for $(-K_X)^2$ ...

4
votes

1
answer

395
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### Zsigmondy's Theorem Generalization

Zsigmondy's Theorem states that if $a>b>0$ are coprime integers then for any integer $n\geq 1$ there is a prime $p$ that divides $a^n-b^n$ and does not divide $a^k-b^k$ for any positive integer $...

2
votes

0
answers

125
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### Average length of consecutive integers which have an increasing number of divisors

Consider the nine consecutive natural numbers starting from $1584614377$.
...