Questions tagged [operads]

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6
votes
0answers
127 views

Finitary monads on $\operatorname{Set}$ are substitution monoids. Finitary monads on $\operatorname{Set}_*$ are…?

$\DeclareMathOperator\Fin{Fin}\DeclareMathOperator\Lan{Lan}\DeclareMathOperator\Set{Set}$It is well known that the category of functors $\Fin \to \Set$ is equivalent to the category of finitary ...
1
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0answers
61 views

Why is an operad of associative algebras Koszul?

Let $Assoc$ be an operad of associative algebras. What does it mean for $A$ to be a Koszul operad? Is it related to standard Koszul duality for algebras? As far as I understand, if $Assoc_{\infty}$ ...
5
votes
0answers
82 views

Is there a n-category structure on algebras for $e_n$-like operads?

I'm fishing in troubled waters here and therefore the question is vague and meant to be as general as possible. In particular "$e_n$-like operad" can be an algebraic or topological $e_n$ operad, as ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Semi-cocartesian operads

Context: In this interesting blog post, Mike Shulman indicates an approach for defining generalized types of operads. If I interpret the details correctly, (edit: which I apparently did not,) the idea ...
5
votes
1answer
120 views

$G_{\infty}$ (also known as $E_2$)-operad in terms of trees

It's well known that the $A_{\infty}$ and $L_{\infty}$ operads, being resolutions of the associative and Lie operads, admit descriptions as free operads of certain trees. The description I am ...
6
votes
2answers
310 views

Homotopy Gerstenhaber algebras: description via operads vs derivations

There are at least a couple of definitions in the literature for an $E_2$-algebra, also known as a homotopy Gerstenhaber algebra, also known as $G_{\infty}$-algebra. Suppose $V$ is a graded vector ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

An exercise from Loday and Vallette about Koszul morphism

I tried to solve the following exercise from Loday and Vallette's Algebraic Operad. The first three parts are straightforward, however I have no idea how to solve the last part. I can't find any ...
8
votes
1answer
261 views

Is there something “Koszul dual” to formal groups?

The Lie operad is Koszul dual to the commutative operad. In some sense, the data of a formal group is an "elaboration" of the data of a Lie algebra. Is there some corresponding "elaboration" of the ...
5
votes
0answers
141 views

The notion of $\infty$-Cooperads for which Bar-Cobar duality is an equivalence

In the paper Bar-Cobar Duality by Michael Ching, he proves that the category of operads in spectra is equivalent via the Bar-Cobar adjunction to some model category of co-operads defined in the paper. ...
5
votes
0answers
162 views

Lie algebras in braided monoidal categories

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a braided (not necessarily symmetric) monoidal category. Then we can define what monoids and commutative monoids in $\mathcal{C}$ are. What is the correct definition of a Lie ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Can an algebra over an operad be described by generators and relations?

Experts in operads, please be gentle to a beginner. Suppose I have a collection of generators $\{x_i\}_{i\in I}$ and some relations like $$ x_1x_2 -x_5x_6x_7=0\qquad x_4x_8+2x_{11}x_{12}=3x_5x_6$$ ...
10
votes
0answers
196 views

For which $k$-types are $E_{n,m}$-algebras automatically $E_{n+1}$ algebras?

Recall that an $E_{n,m}$ algebra is an $A_m$ algebra in $E_n$ algebras. Here I index my $A_m$ algebras so that an $A_1$ algebra is pointed, an $A_2$ algebra has a unital multiplication, $A_3$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Algorithm for identifying reducible braids

If $\vec{n} = (n_1,...,n_k)$ is a vector of integers, there seems to be a well-defined homomorphism $B_k \ltimes \left(B_{n_1} \times \cdots \times B_{n_k}\right) \to B_N$ where $N = \sum n_i$ and $...
7
votes
0answers
251 views

Is it a coincidence that $Gal(\mathbb C / \mathbb R) \cong C_2 \cong Aut(E_1)$? (Or: why are $\mathbb C$-algebras with involution so useful?)

The automorphism group $Aut(E_1)$ of the $E_1$ operad is the cyclic group of order 2, $C_2$, and thus $C_2$ acts on any category of algebras (by reversing the multiplication). The seeming coincidence ...
3
votes
2answers
267 views

Homology of a loop-suspension space and action of $\mathcal{D}_1$-operad

If $X$ is a based connected topological space, it is well-known what the homology of $\Omega\Sigma X$ is: according to the Bott-Samelson theorem, it is a tensor algebra over reduced homology of $X$. (...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Group completion of $E_k$-algebras

Let $X$ be an $E_k$-algebra. We can form the delooping $BX$, which is a $E_{k-1}$-algebra. The space $\Omega B X$ is again an $E_k$-algebra, which is grouplike (i. e. $\pi_0(\Omega B X)=\pi_1(B X)$ is ...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

Are these two natural $A_\infty$-structures on the realization of a cosimplicial commutative algebra isomorphic?

Given a cosimplicial commutative algebra $A^\bullet$ over a field of characteristic zero, there are two ways of producing an $A_\infty$-structure on its realization $|A^\bullet| := \int^\Delta C^*(\...
5
votes
0answers
97 views

Homotopy transfer of cyclic L-infinity algebras

Suppose $W$ is a cyclic $L_\infty$ algebra, i.e. $W$ has a non-degenerate, symmetric, invariant pairing $\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle_W$. Let $V$ be a cochain complex, and suppose given the data of a ...
10
votes
1answer
269 views

Functoriality of infinite loop space machines?

If $C$ is a symmetric monoidal category, then $BC$ is canonically an algebra over a certain $E_\infty$ operad, but if $F: C \to D$ is a symmetric monoidal functor then (as far as I can see) $BF: BC \...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Computing weak operadic colimits as colimits

I am trying to reduce the computation of weak operadic colimits to colimits. Let me introduct some notation. Let $q:C^{\otimes} \to N(Fin_*)$ be a symmetric monoidal category. Let $p: K \to C^{\...
3
votes
1answer
215 views

A model for the framed little disks operad $f{\cal D}_n$ with arity one *equal* to $SO(n)$?

The framed little disks operad $f{\cal D}_n$ can be described as the semidirect product ${\cal D}_n \rtimes SO(n)$, where ${\cal D}_n$ is the little disks operad and $SO(n)$ is the special orthogonal ...
10
votes
1answer
238 views

Conceptual (operadic?) reason for the generalized EHP fiber sequence $J_{q-1}(S^{2n}) \to J S^{2n} \to JS^{2nq}$?

Let $q$ be a prime and $q=p^r$ a power. Then there is a $p$-local fiber sequence from the $q-1$st stage of the James construction on $S^{2n}$, to $J(S^{2n}) = \Omega \Sigma S^{2n}$, to $J(S^{2nq}) = \...
5
votes
1answer
169 views

Topological category of topological monoids / operads

The category of topological monoids can be made into a topological category in a naive way. Namely, the space of all continuous homomorphisms between two topological monoids is a closed subspace of ...
9
votes
2answers
304 views

Obstructions to $E_2$-algebra structure on $E_1$-algebra

Let $A$ be an $E_1$-algebra in chain complexes over $\mathbb Q$. Is there an easy way to check if $A$ admits the structure of an $E_2$-algebra (or $E_\infty$-algebra)?
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Generating an enriched multicategory

Let $C$ be an $(M,\otimes,1)$-enriched category. I am looking for a reference for a notion of “generating the morphisms of $C$” (for ordinary categories, but also for multicategories, see below). My ...
6
votes
1answer
277 views

Free operad over a monoid object

Let $\mathcal{O}$ be an operad in the monoidal category $M$. Then $\mathcal{O}(1)$ together with the morphisms $$\mathcal{O}(1)\otimes \mathcal{O}(1)\to \mathcal{O}(1)$$ and the unit $\eta:1\to \...
4
votes
0answers
158 views

Dyer–Lashof operations for more than 2 inputs

Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a topological operad and $X$ an algebra over it. Let the base ring be $\mathbb{Z}_2$. If $C_*$ denotes the singular chain complex over $\mathbb{Z}_2$, the action of $\mathcal{O}$ ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

Graded commutativity of the $n$th Browder bracket

Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a topological operad and $X$ an algebra over $\mathcal{O}$. Then $H_*(X)$ is an algebra (in the category of $\mathbb{Z}$-graded $R$-modules) over $H_*(\mathcal{O})$. Each $e\in ...
6
votes
1answer
177 views

Two monoidal structures and copowering

Let $(\mathbf{M},\otimes,1)$ be a closed monoidal category and $(\mathbf{C},\oplus,0)$ an $\mathbf{M}$-enriched monoidal category. Furthermore, assume that we have a copowering $\odot:\mathbf{M}\times\...
1
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0answers
34 views

On the notation $C[\lambda]$ where $C$ is a free cooperad in a proof of formality (and other details)

In his paper where details for Tamarkin's proof of formality are given, Hinich considers a Koszul quadratic operad $P$, a graded $P$-algebra $H$, a $P_\infty$-algebra $X$ with $HX=H$ (as $P$-algebras ...
5
votes
1answer
480 views

Bracket systems (generalization of Poisson brackets)

Related to Why symplectic geometry gives Poisson geometry by coming at it from the other side. This isn't as fully formalized as it probably should be, but I think enough of the idea is there to ask ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

The table reduction morphism of operads from Barratt-Eccles to Surjection

The Barratt-Eccles operad $E$ in the category of simplicial sets is obtained by applying the nerve functor to the canonical operad $\{\Sigma_n\}_{n>0}$ in groups. Berger-Fresse defined here an ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

“Left Brace Module”

Let $A$ be an algebra over the brace tree operad and $M$ a module over some base ring. Is there a good notion of a "left brace module" over a brace algebra? I do not think the definition of a module ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

$H$-space structure on coloured algebras

If $\mathcal{O}$ is a (classical) topological operad with unit $1\in \mathcal{O}(1)$, $\mathcal{O}(0)=\{0\}$ and multiplications $(m;a_1,\dotsc,a_r)\mapsto m(a_1,\dotsc,a_r)$. Let $X$ be an algebra ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Operad structure on Kontsevich's admissible graphs

In his celebrated 97' preprint q-alg/9709040, M. Kontsevich constructs a $L_\infty$-quasi-isomorphism $\mathcal U:\mathcal D_{\rm poly}\to\mathcal T_{\rm poly}$ between the differential graded algebra ...
12
votes
0answers
283 views

Vertex algebras and factorization algebras

It is often said that vertex algebras are a special case of factorization algebras. In particular, in their book "FAs in QFT" Costello/Gwilliam construct a functor from a certain class of 2d "...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

$E_\infty$-algebras and Tor-unital rings

Recall that a non-unital ring $R$ is called Tor-unital if $Tor^1_{R_+}(\mathbb Z,\mathbb Z) \cong 0$ where $R_+$ is the unitalization of $R$. See e.g. https://arxiv.org/pdf/1610.04998.pdf. If $R$ is ...
6
votes
1answer
245 views

An operad-like structure, is there a name for it?

Here is an example which I'd like to have a name for. Let $P$ be a compact smooth manifold of dimension $p$, possibly with non-empty boundary. Define $E(k,P)$ to be the space of smooth (codimension ...
18
votes
3answers
947 views

Are there prominent examples of operads in schemes?

There is an abundance of examples of operads in topological spaces, chain complexes, and simplicial sets. However, there are very few (if any) examples of operads in algebraic geometric objects, even ...
10
votes
1answer
359 views

On the coalgebraic homotopy transfer theorem

Let $A$ be a dg algebra, say over a field. The Homotopy Transfer Theorem says that $H(A)$ can noncanonically be given the structure of $A_\infty$-algebra, extending the induced multiplication on $H(A)$...
7
votes
1answer
174 views

Tensor product of a DGA and an $A_\infty$ algebra

In general there seems no way to naturally define the tensor product of two $A_\infty$ algebras $A$ and $B$. But, if $(A, m^A_1,m^A_2)$ is only a DGA(differential graded algebra) and $(B, m^B_k, k\ge ...
8
votes
1answer
165 views

Permutations and framed braids as cyclic operads

The symmetric groups and the framed braid groups form an operad (in sets, not groups). It is straightforward to see this structure using the string diagrams. It is also known that these operads are ...
9
votes
1answer
527 views

“Exactness” of operadic cohomology

There are two somewhat widely known theorems which say if $A$ is a nonnegatively graded commutative algebra in char $0$, then forgetful map on operadic cohomology $H^*_{Harr}(A, A) \to H^*_{Hoch}(A, ...
8
votes
0answers
263 views

Did the Goerss-Hopkins manuscript “Multiplicative stable homotopy theory” ever appear?

A citation to "M. J. Hopkins and P. Goerss, Multiplicative stable homotopy theory, unpublished manuscript, 1996" appears in the Hill, Hopkins, Ravenel Annals paper on the Kervaire invariant. It was ...
19
votes
2answers
622 views

Does Koszul duality between $Comm$ and $Lie$ imply the power series identity $\exp(\ln(1-z))-1 = -z$?

To a symmetric sequence $V_\bullet$ of vector spaces, associate the generating function $F_V(z) = \sum_n \frac{\dim(V_n)}{n!} z^n$. Then $$F_{Comm_\ast}(z) = \exp(z)-1 \qquad F_{Lie}(z) = \ln(1-z)$$ ...
7
votes
1answer
229 views

Monoidal structures on modules over derived coalgebras

Given a Hopf-algebra $H$ (over a commutative ring), it is a classical fact that its category of (left) modules is monoidal, even if $H$ is not commutative. Given two left modules $M$ and $N$, we can ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Coefficient (or target) category for factorization homology

In the article "Factorization homology of topological manifolds" by Ayala and Francis, a symmetric monoidal $\infty$-category $\mathcal{V}$ is fixed as the target or coefficient category. This ...
8
votes
1answer
544 views

What is the interpretation of the Gerstenhaber bracket?

The homology of an $E_2$-algebra is a Gerstenhaber algebra. How precisely is the Gerstenhaber structure related to the $E_2$-structure? Obviously, the Gerstenhaber product is the commutative product ...
4
votes
0answers
178 views

Higher Braces algebra and operads

1) In [HIGHER OPERATIONS ON HOCHSCHILD COMPLEX], Gerstenhaber and Voronov showed that the Hochschild complex $C_1(\mathcal A)$ of any associative algebra (or e_1 algebra) $\mathcal A$ is naturally ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

Generalisation of the notion of operad

Let $\mathscr P$ be an operad in the category of vector spaces. An algebra (of the type encoded by $\mathscr P$) on the vector space $V$ is a morphism of operads $\mu:\mathscr P\to End_V$ with $End_V$ ...

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