Questions tagged [contact-geometry]

Contact manifolds, contact structures, contact forms, Reeb dynamics, Legendrian knots, contact homology, symplectic field theory

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How does the knot contact homology augmentation polynomial change under a surgery on the base manifold?

So for every knot $K \in S^3$, there is a knot contact homology of $K$, and we can find the augmentation variety for this homology. The defining polynomial is known as the augmentation polynomial $A(K)...
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65 views

Convex surfaces with transverse boundary (contact geometry)

Suppose I have a compact surface $\Sigma$ in a contact 3-manifold, where the boundary $\partial\Sigma$ is transverse to the contact structure. Am I able to perturb $\Sigma$ rel boundary so that it is ...
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1answer
135 views

$S^3$ as a Sasakian Manifold

Reading about Sasakian manifolds one come across two slogans: A) "A Sasakian manifold is an odd-dimensional analogue of a Kahler manifold." B) "A Sasakian manifold sits between two Kahler manifolds -...
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1answer
70 views

Transverse knots with knot types of strongly quasi-positive knots

In 2008, Etnyre and Van Horn-Morris proved that if $L$ is a fibered strongly quasi-positive link, there is a unique (up to transverse isotopy) transverse link with the knot type of $L$ in the standard ...
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1answer
65 views

Superlevel sets of a parametrized quadratic forms

Let $N$ be an odd integer, $n\in\mathbb{N}$, and $-\frac{2T}{NR^2}\leq a\leq0$ for given $R,T\in\mathbb{R}$ with $\frac{T}{NR^2}\leq\frac{\pi}{2}$. Now consider the quadratic form $\Omega(a)=\sum_{l\...
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2answers
174 views

Contactomorphisms have in general no fixed points

Let $(V, \xi = \ker \alpha)$ be a cooriented contact manifold. A contactomorphism of $(V, \xi)$ is a diffeomorphism $\phi$ which preserves the contact structure $\xi$ and its coorientation. In other ...
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144 views

boundary connect sum of Ganatra-Pardon-Shende

In Section 3.4 of https://arxiv.org/pdf/1809.03427.pdf, Ganatra-Pardon-Shende define the boundary connnect sum of two exact conical Lagrangians in a Liouville domain. In particular, in Figure 10, they ...
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48 views

Global solutions for an analytic family of differential operators with initial condition

This is related to this other question question of mine. Let $M$ be a $3$-dimensional closed (compact without boundary) strongly pseudoconvex manifold and let $\Delta_t$ be a collection of ...
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60 views

Lifting of Contact isotopies on a symplectization

Let $\mathbb{R}^{2n}\times\mathbb{R}=\mathbb{R}^n\times\mathbb{R}^n\times\mathbb{R}=\{(q,p,z)|{q},{p}\in\mathbb{R}^n,z\in\mathbb{R}\}$ be a contact manifold with the standard contact form $\alpha=pdq+...
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73 views

Intuition for the Liouville one-form restricted to the unit cotangent-bundle

So, it seems to be a fairly classical result that the Liouville one-form restricts to the unit cotangent bundle of a Riemann surface equipped with a Riemannian metric. I know that the flow of Reeb ...
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114 views

Are these two arguments incompatible?

I want to understand why (if so) these two arguments are not incompatible. And if that's the case, which one is wrong. First we have this paper (by Honda, Kazez and Matic). We look at the last Lemma ...
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103 views

Is every hyperplane distribution in $\mathbb{R}^n$ given by a nowhere vanishing one form?

From wikipedia: Contact geometry is the study of a geometric structure on smooth manifolds given by a hyperplane distribution in the tangent bundle satisfying a condition called 'complete non-...
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50 views

«Euclidean» local systems

The moduli space of G-local systems on a surface is a fundamental object in mathematics. The cases $G=SU(2)$ and $G=SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ are of particular interest. Consider the group $E$ of isometries ...
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2answers
339 views

Symplectisation as a functor between appropriate categories

Let $(M,\xi)$ be a transversally orientable contact manifold, that is, there exists a form $\alpha \in \Omega^1(M)$ such that $\xi = \ker \alpha$. Then we can associate to $(M,\xi)$ its ...
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199 views

What does it mean for two natural numbers to be *approximately equal*?

This is related to this other question of mine about a paper of Colin and Honda. I'm trying to follow the proofs line by line. I found the following piece of notation that is not explained in the ...
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1answer
391 views

On a corollary of a paper by Colin and Honda

The question is about the last sentence of the last corollary of Stabilizing the monodromy of an open book decomposition by Vicent Colin and Ko Honda. This question is also related to this other ...
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87 views

Reference for “holomorphic contact geometry”

Just like holomorphic symplectic geometry is a complexification of real symplectic geometry, I am wondering is there any good survey paper or book talking about holomorphic version of real contact ...
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178 views

Legendrian surgery and invertible elements in zeroth degree symplectic cohomology

Is there anything known about the relation between Legendrian handle attachment and invertible elements in $\mathit{SH}^0(M)$? As the simplest interesting case, take $M_0$ to be the cotangent bundle $...
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143 views

Stabilizing an open book with Anosov piece

It was proven by Colin and Honda in Stabilizing the monodromy of an open book decomposition that any diffeomorphism can be made pseudo-Anosov and right-veering after a series of positive ...
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84 views

Contact 3-manifolds with hyperkahler Stein fillings?

Is there any classification result on (homeomorphism type) of contact 3-manifolds $\Sigma$ that have Stein filling $W$ that is 1. Hyperkahler (s.t. Stein structure is the Kahler part of it) 2. not ...
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55 views

Evolute hypersurfaces

Do you have any references on studies examining the evolute (or focal) hypersurface to a given hypersurface in dimension greater than 3 ? The evolute can for instance be defined as the envelope of ...
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3answers
975 views

Examples of odd-dimensional manifolds that do not admit contact structure

I'm having an hard time trying to figuring out a concrete example of an odd-dimensional closed manifold that do not admit any contact structure. Can someone provide me with some examples?
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2answers
240 views

Symplectic vector fields everywhere transverse to a co-dimension one hypersurface

Usually when speaking about vector fields transverse to a hypersurface in a symplectic manifold, we talk about Liouville vector fields, i.e. vector fields $X$ with the property that $\mathcal{L}_X\...
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0answers
206 views

First Chern Class of Contact Structure which is not Torsion

Let $(M,\xi)$ be a closed connected $3-$dimensional contact manifold with contact structure $\xi$. It is known that the first Chern class $c_{1}(\xi)$ defines an element in $H^{2}(M;\mathbb{Z})$ and ...
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210 views

Is there any known relationship between sutured contact homology and Legendrian contact homology?

On one hand, Colin-Ghiggini-Honda-Hutchings' construction (https://arxiv.org/abs/1004.2942) provides an invariant of a Legendrian $L$ in a closed contact manifold $(M,\xi)$ via the sutured contact ...
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96 views

On different definitions of a prequantization space

Geometric quantization associates to a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ a hermitian line bundle $L \to M$ with connection $\nabla$ whose curvature is $\omega$ (up to some constant). Without talking ...
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1answer
93 views

On the existence and classification of prequantization spaces over a closed symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a closed symplectic manifold. If the cohomology class $[\omega]$ is rational, that is if it lies in the image of the natural homomorphism $H^2(M,\mathbb{Z}) \to H^2(M,\mathbb{R})$, ...
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2answers
848 views

Lefschetz operator

Let $\omega=\sum_{i=1}^n dx_i\wedge dy_i\in\bigwedge^2(\mathbb{R}^{2n})^*$ be a standard symplectic form. The following result is due to Lefschetz: For $k\leq n$, the Lefschetz operator $L^{n-k}:...
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113 views

Bound on critical points of Lefschetz fibration over the disk with prescribed monodromy

Let $\phi$ be a right-veering diffeomorphism of a surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g$ and $r$ boundary components. Suppose that the diffeomorphism is freely periodic so if $M$ is the associated open book ...
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1answer
887 views

Weinstein neighborhood theorem for Lagrangians with Legendrian boundary

$\require{AMScd}$ Weinstein's neighborhood theorem says that every Lagrangian has a standard neighborhood. The more precise statement goes like this. Theorem 1: (Lagrangian Neighborhood Theorem) Let $...
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182 views

Contact geometry: approximation of Legendrian mappings

Let $\alpha$ be a standard contact form on $\mathbb{R}^{2n+1}$. We say that a map $f:\mathbb{R}^k\to\mathbb{R}^{2n+1}$ contact if $f^*\alpha=0$. Question 1. Is it true that a $C^1$-contact ...
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1answer
327 views

Physical intuition behind prequantization spaces

Given a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ with integral symplectic form, that is $$\omega \in \text{Im}(H_2(M,\mathbb{Z}) \to H_2(M,\mathbb{R})),$$ one can form a so-called prequantization space, that ...
3
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0answers
190 views

Where can I find good surveys on Symplectic and Contact geometry

Are there any good survey articles in symplectic and contact geometry, which focus on the "big picture", i.e how this discipline fits into the mathematical world ? In the symplectic case : I am ...
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2answers
900 views

Proof of Giroux's correspondence

It is extensively used and cited the following statement due to Giroux: Given a closed $3$-manifold $M$, there is a $1:1$ correspondence between oriented contact structures on $M$ up to isotopy and ...
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2answers
321 views

Is the Lisca-Matic bound (aka slice-Bennequin bound) strictly stronger than the Bennequin bound?

The Bennequin bound [1] says that, for a transverse knot (or later link) $K$ in $S^3$, $$\mathrm{sl}(K) \le - \chi(\Sigma)$$ for any Seifert surface $\Sigma$ for $K$, where $\mathrm{sl}$ is the self-...
3
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2answers
257 views

Non-trivial examples of overtwisted contact structures

Are there any non-trivial examples of overtwisted contact structures on closed contact $3$-manifolds? By non-trivial I mean any examples besides the trivial one $\xi = \ker (\cos(r)dz - r \sin(r)d\...
5
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0answers
94 views

Is there a simply connected contact manifold, “non-exactly” fillable, cappable, such that the whole thing is symplectically aspherical?

Is there an example of a simply connected contact manifold W, with a non exact symplectic filling $M_1$, (that is, $M_1$ is a symplectic manifold, with contact boundary $W$ and a Liouville vector ...
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0answers
274 views

Correct notion of chain homotopy for linearized homology of augmented DGAs?

$\require{AMScd}$ Preliminaries: Let $(A,\partial)$ be a differential graded $k$-algebra with an augmentation $\epsilon$. That is, $\epsilon$ is a DGA map $\epsilon:(A,\partial) \to k$ where $k$ is ...
3
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0answers
152 views

Lutz twist and open book decompositions

Let $M^3$ be a closed oriented 3-manifold, endowed with an open book decomposition. Consider a section of the open book, that is a knot $K \subset M$ disjoint from the binding and meeting every page ...
4
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170 views

Right-veering periodic automorphisms of surfaces that are not composition of right-handed Dehn twists

Basically the title of the question. For the sake of completeness I state an introduction to the question. In "Right-veering diffeomorphisms of compact surfaces with boundary I" and II, the authors ...
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2answers
238 views

Ozsváth-Szabó's contact invariant on the Brieskorn sphere $\Sigma(2,3,6m+1)$

According to Theorem 1.7 of Mark-Tosun's paper, the Brieskorn sphere $\Sigma(2,3,6m+1)$ admits two tight contact structure $\xi_{i}\ (i=0,1)$. They are both Stein fillable and they are contactomorphic ...
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3answers
644 views

Do Contact and CR structures have corresponding G-Structures?

For an $n$-dimensional manifold $M$, almost complex and almost symplectic structures on $M$ correspond to reductions on the structure group of the tangent bundle, introducing a $GL(n/2,\mathbb{C})$ ...
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2answers
539 views

Solving ODE via contact geometry

I have been reading H. Geiges' "A Brief History of Contact Geometry and Topology". According to him contact transformations were introduced as a geometric tool to study systems of differential ...
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1answer
148 views

An equivalent definition for contact pair manifolds

َContact manifold A $(2n + 1)$-dimensional manifold $M$ is said to be a contact manifold if it admits a global 1-form $\eta$ such that $\eta\wedge (d\eta)^n\neq 0$. There is an equivalent ...
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0answers
112 views

The isotopy class of a Boothby-Wang contact structure

Let $p:\Sigma\to M$ be a non-trivial principal $S^1$-bundle over a closed orientable surface $M$. Let's call $V$ the vector field generating the $S^1$-action. It is known that there exists a Boothby-...
6
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1answer
302 views

“Explicit” perturbations of Morse-Bott functions

There are explicit perturbations of Morse-Bott functions $f:X\to\mathbb{R}$ used in the literature (ex: Austin-Braam, Banyaga-Hurtubise, Bourgeois) to help solve various problems (ex: building Morse ...
5
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1answer
202 views

Almost complex structures on a 4-ball that are not tamed

Recall that an almost complex structure $J$ on a manifold $M^{2n}$ is called tamed if there exists a symplectic form $\omega$ on $M^{2n}$ such that $\omega(v,Jv)>0$ for any non-zero tangent vector $...
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0answers
98 views

Confusion about the definition of a formal Legendrian isotopy

We say two Legendrian embeddings $f_0,f_1:L^n\rightarrow (Y^{2n+1},\xi)$ are formally isotopic if there is a smooth isotopy $f_t$ connecting $f_0$ and $f_1$ and a bundle monomorphism $F_t^s:TL\...
6
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1answer
299 views

Non-Reeb vector fields on the three-sphere

Let $X$ be the Hopf vector field on the three-sphere. Is there a smooth nowhere zero function $f$ so that the modified vector field $fX$ is not the Reeb vector field of any contact form on the three-...
9
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1answer
459 views

Reeb flows on $S^3$ versus volume preserving flows

Is there an example of a smooth vector field $v$ on $S^3$ such that $v$ preserves a volume form and $v$ is not a Reeb vector field? Recall that $v$ is a Reeb vector field if there exists a contact $...