Questions tagged [function-fields]

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Ramification and singular points

Let $ X $ and $ Y $ be integral curves over some perfect field $ k $ and suppose that $ X $ is smooth. Moreover, let $ \pi_1 : Y \to X $ and $ \pi_2 : Y \to X $ be finite morphisms such that the ...
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Monogenic function fields

Recall that a number field $K$ is said to be monogenic if its ring of integers is of the form $\mathbb{Z}[\alpha]$, or equivalently, if it has a power integral basis. There are many references one can ...
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References on function fields over imperfect fields in positive characteristic

There are many references (good books, papers, ...) available that treat global function fields (over finite fields) of one independent variable. To name a few, Stichtenoth's book "Algebraic ...
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6 votes
0 answers
259 views

Étale cohomology of the field with one element

In the function field - number field analogy, some expect progress on RH to come from reproducing various aspects of the Grothendieck program in a way where $\mathbb{Z}$ could be treated as a function ...
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14 votes
2 answers
427 views

Does every non-isotrivial 1-parameter family of elliptic curves have a positive rank specialization?

Let $\mathcal{E}/\mathbb{Q}(t)$ be given by $$y^2=x^3+A(T)x+B(T)$$ for some $A(T),B(T)\in\mathbb{Q}[T]$ and assume $\mathcal{E}$ is non-isotrivial (the $j$-invariant $\frac{6912 A(T)^3}{4A(T)^3 + 27B(...
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1 vote
0 answers
61 views

Artin L-series for non-geometric extensions of global function fields

There is a theorem of A. Weil on Artin L-series (Page 129 of Number Theory in Function Fields): Let $L/K$ be a geometric, Galois extension of global function fields. Denote by $q$ the number of ...
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Reference Request: CM Motives over Function Fields

Inspired by Schutt and Shioda's lovely "An interesting elliptic surface over an elliptic curve", I have been investigating the following surface: $$ \mathcal{E} : y^2 = x^3 - 27ux - 54v \...
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2 votes
0 answers
78 views

Weierstrass points in Artin-Schreier extensions of the rational function field in characteristic $p$

I encountered a problem when proving a result regarding the orders at non-Weierstrass points ($n$ is an order of the point $P$ if there is some holomorphic differential $\omega$ with order $n$ at $P$) ...
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4 votes
1 answer
395 views

Galois cohomology of separable closure

Let $K$ be a local field, $K^{sep}$ its separable closure, $G = Gal(K^{sep}/ K)$ the Galois group and $C := \overline{K^{sep}}$ the completion with respect to the induced valuation. In his paper on $p$...
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2 votes
1 answer
112 views

Wild ramification in composite fields

Let $ F $, $ F_i $ for $ i = 1, 2 $ and $ E $ be function fields over a finite field with characteristic $ p $ such that $ F \subseteq F_i \subseteq E $ and $ E = F_1 \cdot F_2 $ is the composite ...
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1 answer
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An automorphism of a function field

I am looking for an explicit example of a function field other than rational with an automorphism which fixes places of different degrees. Also, is there a counterexample, namely a function field with ...
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4 votes
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Honda-Tate theorem and prescribing roots of $L$-functions

I'm currently working with Artin $L$-functions in function field extensions (on one variable, over finite fields). I have heard about a theorem of Honda-Tate which vaguely states that a polynomial $P \...
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1 vote
1 answer
83 views

Under what conditions is the compositum of two rational cubic Kummer extensions a rational function field?

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p > 3$ and $F = k(x)$ be the rational function field in the variable $x$. Consider two Kummer extensions $F_1 = F(\sqrt[3]{g_1})$, $F_2 = ...
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3 votes
1 answer
365 views

Understanding moduli of shtukas of non-minuscule cocharacter

I have kind of a soft question. I've studied the basics of L. Lafforgue's proof of function field Langlands for GLn, and its use of the moduli of shtukas with two legs, and the cocharacters $[1,0,\...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Computing the class group of a quadratic function field

I am asking for a reference in which I can find tools to answer questions like the following: Let $K=\mathbb{F}_q(X)$ be a rational function field over the finite field with $q$ elements. Let $E/K$ be ...
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3 votes
1 answer
186 views

Bounds on Artin conductors over function fields

Let $L/K$ be a geometric Galois extension of function fields over $\mathbb F_q$. Let $\chi$ be a non-trivial irreducible character of $\text{Gal}(L/K)$. According to Michael Rosen's Number Theory in ...
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33 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the most direct proof of the Riemann hypothesis for Dirichlet L-functions over function fields?

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field of order $q$, let $m$ be an irreducible polynomial in the ring $\mathbb{F}[T]$, and let $\chi$ be a Dirichlet character modulo $m$. Define the function field ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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A version of weak approximation with S-integers

Let $k$ be a finite field. Let $K$ a finite extension of $k(t)$. Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$. Let $$K_S = \prod_{v\in S} K_v$$ where $K_v$ is the completion of $K$ at $v$. For $v\in S$, ...
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7 votes
0 answers
288 views

A mysterious number related to Hasse-Weil L-function of elliptic curve

Let $E/K$ be a non-isotrivial elliptic curve over a function field $K$ of characteristic $p$, with field of constant $F_q$, with semistable reduction. Its Hasse-Weil L-function $L(s)$ is a polynomial ...
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3 votes
0 answers
68 views

The analogue of difference operator in Drinfeld module theory

The theory of Drinfeld modules is, in part, inspired by the analogy between Frobenius and the operator of differentiation. My question is: what should be the analogue of a difference operator $f(x)\...
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0 answers
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Reference request: ramified and local geometric class field theory

There are lots of references on global unramified geometric class field theory (following Deligne's $\ell$-adic sheaves approach). There are also some notes talking about how to extend Deligne's ...
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1 answer
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On the maximal value of the valuation at infinity of elements in the ring of integers of a global function field

Let $F$ be a global function field with full constant field $\mathbb{F}_q$. We fix a place $\infty$ and let $A$ be the ring of elements of $F$ regular away from $\infty$. We denote by $v_\infty$ the ...
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1 answer
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Understanding a valuation property of function fields

I came across this point in a paper recently and I'm having difficulty seeing why it's true. Any explanations or hints would be appreciated. For any prime $\mathfrak{p}$ of $\mathbb{F}_q [t]$ such ...
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6 votes
0 answers
129 views

Quadratic function fields that are norm-euclidean or PIDs

It is known that there are finitely many square-free integers $d$ for which the ring of integers of $\mathbf{Q}(\sqrt{d})$ is Euclidean under the norm function. Is there an analogous result for ...
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2 votes
1 answer
200 views

maximal pro-l-quotients of absolute Galois groups

Let $K$ be a field, preferably a function field of a variety $X$ over $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$. I am looking for an answer or existing literature on the following question: What is known about the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
158 views

$[J_F : P_FN_{E/F}J_E] = 2$ for quadratic extensions of global fields of characteristic 2?

Let $E/F$ be a quadratic extension of global fields. Denote by $J_F$ the idèle group of $F$, by $P_F$ the subgroup of principal idèles and by $N_{E/F} : J_E \to J_F$ the norm map between idèles. In ...
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5 votes
2 answers
403 views

Is there any work on the Gauss circle problem over function fields? [closed]

I would be thankful if someone had references to provide...
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0 votes
1 answer
160 views

Field of constants of a Galois extension of function fields

Let $F$ be a finite Galois extension of the rational function field $\mathbb Q(x)$. Let $k$ be the field of constants of $F$, i.e., the algebraic closure of $\mathbb Q$ in $F$. Is $k$ necessarily a ...
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Rational point on variety over function field

This is one of the theorems in Field Arithmetic written by M. Fried and M. Jarden as following which is Proposition 13.4.6 in that monograph: Every field K has a regular extension F which is PAC ...
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1 answer
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Genus of a function field after an extension

Let $t$ and $x$ be indeterminates, and let $P\in\mathbb Q(t)[x]$ be irreducible. Adjoining a root of $P$ to $\mathbb Q(t)$ we obtain a function field $F/\mathbb Q$. Now suppose that $K$ is an ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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An estimate to show that Goss L functions are entire

In Section 8 of Goss' Basic Structure of Function Field Arithmetic, Goss computed an estimate in section 8.8 in order to show that his L-function is entire on $S_\infty$. The main tool is binomial/...
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2 votes
1 answer
362 views

Modular parametrization in terms of the moduli of shtukas

The modular parametrization of an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ (and maybe over a number field in general?) is well-known; also for an elliptic curve over global function field with some condition (...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Algorithm to test if a variety is rational

Is there an algorithm to test if a variety is rational? Equivalently, is there an algorithm to test if a field extension is purely transcendental? I could not find anything in the book by Cox-Little-...
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3 votes
1 answer
172 views

Puiseux decomposition over a field with positive characteristic

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field with characteristic $p>0$, and let $f(t,x)\in K[t,x]$ be a polynomial separable in $x$. Denote: \begin{equation} \Lambda = \bigcup_{i\in \mathbb{N}} K((t^\...
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  • 133
5 votes
1 answer
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Elementary symmetric functions of reciprocals of monic polynomials in function fields

Let $q$ be a prime power and $\mathbb{F}_q$ the field of cardinality $q$. Let $A = \mathbb{F}_q[T]$ and let $A_+ \subset A$ be the monic polynomials. Choose any ordering $<$ of $A_+$ and let $k$ be ...
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3 votes
1 answer
269 views

Function field of a Drinfeld module and product formula

I am learning about Drinfeld modules, and I have a few questions. There is an analogue that Drinfeld modules are like elliptic curves, which are projective, or are compact Riemann surfaces over $\...
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8 votes
1 answer
292 views

Lexicographic distribution of irreducible polynomials

Let $A = {\mathbb F}_2[X]$, though the following can be adapted to $p \neq 2$ too. Order the elements of $A$ lexicographically. Equivalently, take a polynomial such as $P = X^4 + X + 1$, write its ...
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2 votes
1 answer
154 views

What is the cokernel of $O_S \to F_\infty/O_\infty$?

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $\neq 2$ and consider the quadratic extension $F$ of $k(T)$ generated by $\sqrt{T^3 + 1}$. Let $X$ be the set of all places of $F$. Let $S = \{\infty\} \subset X$ ...
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4 votes
0 answers
367 views

Fermat's Little Theorem in function fields

There is a well-known generalisation of Fermat's Little Theorem as for any $a\in\mathbb{Z}$ and $n\in\mathbb{N}$ we have $$\sum_{d\mid n} \mu(n/d) a^d\equiv 0\pmod n.$$ where $\mu$ is the Möbius ...
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0 votes
0 answers
316 views

Extension of a valuation on a function field

Let $K$ be a field, and $K(x)$ the field of rational functions over $K$. Consider the degree valuation $v$ on $K(x)$, That is $v\left(\frac{f(x)}{g(x)}\right)=\deg(g)-\deg(f)$. So for every $f(x)\in ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Pairing for non-uniformizable Anderson T-motives

Let $M$ be an Anderson T-motive (the simplest case, i.e. abelian in the meaning of [G] Goss, Basic structures of function field arithmetic, Def. 5.4.12, over $A^1$, having $N=0$), and let $H_1(E)$ ([G]...
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1 vote
0 answers
67 views

Generators of fixed function fields under involutions

I am trying to prove something for function fields in two generators and only one involution but I don't know if it is true, if true, I would like to generalize, here it is. Let $K=k(\eta_1,\eta_2)$ ...
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4 votes
0 answers
261 views

Ranks of elliptic curves over Q(t)

I have an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}(t)$, and I want to compute its rank. Does knowing the rank over $\mathbb{F}_p(t)$ for some prime of good reduction give a bound on the rank over $\mathbb{Q}(t)$?...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Action of a Drinfeld modular group on a Drinfeld symmetric space

Let $\Bbb C_\infty$ be functional field case analog of $\Bbb C$, i.e. $\Bbb C_\infty$ is the completion of the algebraic closure of the field of Laurent series $\Bbb F_q((\theta^{-1}))$, where $q$ is ...
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5 votes
1 answer
408 views

Relation between ramification locus of a tower and of its constant field extension

I am trying to understand Remark 7.2.22 (Page 256) of Algebraic Function Fields and Codes (Second Edition) by Henning Stichtenoth. In that remark he considers a tower $\mathcal{F} = (F_0,F_1,F_2,\...
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  • 93
12 votes
2 answers
838 views

Infinitely many irreducible polynomials of the form f(X^2) + X mod 3?

Are there infinitely many polynomials $f \in \mathbb{F}_3[X]$ for which $f(X^2) + X$ is irreducible?
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  • 11k
2 votes
0 answers
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Genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch

Let $F$ be a function field with one variable with total constant field $k$, and let $X$ be the set of all places of $F$. How do I show that the genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch? Is ...
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8 votes
1 answer
577 views

Abelian varieties with good reduction everywhere over function fields

There is a famous theorem due to J.-M. Fontaine, Il n'y a pas de variété abélienne sur Z (and independently by V.A. Abrashkin) that there are no abelian varieties over Z. I was wondering whether ...
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3 votes
1 answer
277 views

Special linear groups over function fields

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $q$ be a finite power of $p$. Denote by $F_q$ the unique field with $q$ elements. What is known about the structure and properties of $\mathrm{SL}_2(F_q[t])$ as ...
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  • 11k
3 votes
0 answers
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The uniform boundedness of rational torsion for traceless abelian surfaces over a function field

The function field analog of the theorem of Mazur-Kamienny-Merel (giving a universal bound in $[K:\mathbb{Q}]$ for the size of the $K$-rational torsion of an elliptic curve) is immediate just from the ...
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