Questions tagged [differential-algebra]

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How can Gröbner bases be generalized to differential algebra?

I'm aware of the Rosenfeld-Gröbner algorithm "for computing a regular decomposition of a radical differential ideal generated by a set of polynomial differential equations, ordinary or with ...
2 votes
1 answer
76 views

Is there a bound on the number of connected components of a zero set of an integrable function?

If $f$ is a real-analytic function on $[0,1]^n$, and $f$ has finite differential transcendence degree, is there some way to bound the number of connected components of its zero set or the set where it ...
2 votes
1 answer
208 views

The combinatorics of $(f \partial)^n$ in the noncommutative setting?

This is a noncommutative version of these three previous questions: differential operator power coefficients Сlosed formula for $(g\partial)^n$ A Leibniz-like formula for $(f(x) \frac{d}{dx})^n f(x)$? ...
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16 votes
6 answers
1k views

A Leibniz-like formula for $(f(x) \frac{d}{dx})^n f(x)$?

Let $f(x)$ be sufficiently regular (e.g. a smooth function or a formal power series in characteristic 0 etc.). In my research the following recursion made a surprising entrance $$ f_1(x) = f(x),\ f_{n+...
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1 vote
1 answer
105 views

References on function fields over imperfect fields in positive characteristic

There are many references (good books, papers, ...) available that treat global function fields (over finite fields) of one independent variable. To name a few, Stichtenoth's book "Algebraic ...
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6 votes
1 answer
220 views

Reference request for results that involve the transcendence degree

Currently I'm reading "On the Decidability of the Real Exponential Field" by Macintyre and Wilkie and the Proof of Theorem 1.1 (page 462-464) uses two algebraic results that involve the ...
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4 votes
0 answers
215 views

Jet Nestruev's proof that the exterior derivative $d$ on a real line is not a Kähler differential $d_{C^\infty(\mathbb{R})/\mathbb{R}}$

The relation between the exterior derivative $d:C^\infty(\mathbb{R})\to\Omega^1\mathbb(\mathbb{R})$ and the Kähler differential $d_{C^\infty(\mathbb{R})/\mathbb{R}}:C^\infty(\mathbb{R})\to\Omega_{C^\...
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50 votes
2 answers
6k views

Does there exist a complete implementation of the Risch algorithm?

Is there a generally available (commercial or not) complete implementation of the Risch algorithm for determining whether an elementary function has an elementary antiderivative? The Wikipedia article ...
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7 votes
2 answers
235 views

Books/Lecture notes which contrast Risch algorithm with basic standard procedure of finding an antiderivative

I vaguely remember a book/some lecture notes which introduce integration algorithms such as Risch algorithm by first giving a list of quasi-algorithmic way of evaluating symbolic integrals. (For ...
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2 votes
0 answers
32 views

Is there an extension of the Kovacic algorithm to handle algebraic coefficients?

Kovacic's algorithm solves second-order linear homogeneous differential equations with rational function coefficients. I'm wondering if anybody has extended this algorithm to handle algebraic ...
8 votes
1 answer
453 views

Non-normal numbers definable without parameters in the langauge of differential rings with composition

Background: It is currently unknown whether $e$ is normal. A natural way to approach this question is to find a class to which $e$ belongs, and prove all members of that class are normal. For example, ...
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4 votes
0 answers
792 views

How to extend Ritt's theorem on elementary invertible bijective elementary functions?

The elementary functions according to Liouville and Ritt are the functions of a complex variable built up by applying exponentiation, logarithms and/or algebraic operations finitely often. That means, ...
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33 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is it always possible to calculate the limit of an elementary function?

I already asked this question on https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2691331/is-it-always-possible-to-calculate-the-limit-of-an-elementary-function but as I received no answer; maybe it is not as ...
7 votes
1 answer
707 views

Semantics of derivations as derivatives

My understanding of how derivations on commutative rings are like derivatives is that a derivation on $R$ is differentiation with respect to a vector field on $\text{Spec}(R)$. But derivations are ...
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21 votes
2 answers
1k views

When can an invertible function be inverted in closed form?

The Risch algorithm answers the question: "When can a function be integrated in closed form?", see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbolic_integration Is anyone aware of any work that answers the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
206 views

"Canonical" form for gauge equivalence classes of matrices in $\mathfrak{gl}_n(x)$

Let $\mathfrak{gl}_n(x)= \mathfrak{gl}_n \otimes_\mathbb{C}\mathbb{C}(x)$ be the algebra of matrices taking values in rational functions. Definition: Two matrices $A, B \in \mathfrak{gl}_n(x)$ are ...
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1 vote
0 answers
889 views

Are all solutions to an ordinary differential equation continuous solutions to the associated implied differential equation and vice versa?

Now I have to heavily emphasize the fact that I have never studied differential algebra or the concept of other types of differentiation (which is what I believe is the concept behind a differential ...
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2 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the index of a given DAE system of equations?

I have very simple multi-body dynamic system from which I have to solve following DAE: $ \textbf{q}(t) - 3 \times1 \text{ vector of known state variables} $ $ \phi(\textbf{q}(t))=0 - 2 \times 1 - \...
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3 votes
1 answer
94 views

Complications barring differential rings with an infinite number of derivations

In all the texts I have seen on differential algebra, differential rings/fields/algebras/etc. are always specified as having a finite number of derivations (some books e.g. those specifically on ...
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6 votes
1 answer
351 views

Levelt-Turrittin Theorem over p-adics (or the monodromy theorem)

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{C}((t))$. Let $D:V\rightarrow V$ be a differential operator; i.e., an additive $\mathbb{C}$-linear map satisfying $$ D(a.v)=(t\frac{d}{dt}a)....
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2 votes
0 answers
190 views

Factorisation of twisted polynomials

Let $K=\mathbb{C}((t))$ and let $K_m=\mathbb{C}((t^{1/m}))$. let $K\{x\}$ denote the ring of twisted polynomials. The addition in this ring is defined as usual, but the multiplication is adjusted by ...
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3 votes
0 answers
197 views

Exponential analogue of formal connections

Let $F=\mathbb{C}((t))$. Let $G=GL_n$. Then $G(F)$ acts on $\mathfrak{g}(F)$ by gauge transformation: $$ g.x:=gxg^{-1} + \dot{g}g^{-1},\quad \quad g\in G(F), \quad x\in \mathfrak{g}(F). $$ Here, $\...
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7 votes
0 answers
257 views

Differentially closed fields

Let F be a field. Recall that an additive map $d: F\rightarrow F$ is said to be a derivation if $d(ab)=ad(b)+d(a)b$. Now let $F$ be a ring and let $d$ be a derivation of $F$. Examples I have in mind ...
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21 votes
1 answer
769 views

Does a theory of stochastic differential algebras exist?

My question is motivated primarily by finance, where a non-technical student will learn how to approach SDEs using the symbolic manipulation of Itô calculus and the few basic rules of Brownian motion, ...
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79 votes
2 answers
17k views

Why is differential Galois theory not widely used?

E.R. Kolchin has developed the differential Galois theory in 1950s. And it seems powerful a tool which can decide the solvability and the form of solutions to a given differential equation.(e.g. ...
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15 votes
5 answers
2k views

Differential Algebra Book

I'm looking for a couple good textbooks covering differential algebra. I'm a prospective Ph.D. student, and this is potentially applicable to my specialization. As such, I'm not afraid of depth; I've ...
1 vote
0 answers
140 views

Logarithms in an algebraic differential field

I have this problem: let $Y_1,\dots,Y_n$ be real analytic functions $\mathbb{R}^+\to\mathbb{R}^+$ such that all the $Y_1,\dots,Y_n$ and all their derivatives are algebraically independent over $\...
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2 votes
0 answers
305 views

Can it be decided whether $\int\root 3 \of{\cos^2(t)}\,dt$ is expressible by elementary functions? [closed]

I would like to decide by methods of Differential Algebra whether the integral $\int\root 3 \of{\cos^2(t)}\,dt$ contrary to the output of CAS Mathematica Online Integrator might be expressible by ...
7 votes
2 answers
385 views

Decidability of differential equations

Is there anything well-known about the algorithmic decidability of the satisfiability of an ODE $\dot{x}=f(x)$, $x: [0,1]\to R^n$ with an initial condition $x(0)=x_0$, given that $f(x)$ belongs to ...
0 votes
1 answer
443 views

algebraic extensions of (differential) function fields

Let $K$ be a differential field with algebraically closed constant field $C$ (Think $K=\mathbb{C}(x)$ here). I am looking for an example of a simple algebraic extension $L = K[t]$, such, that $t' \...
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15 votes
2 answers
2k views

Solvability in differential Galois theory

It is well known that the function $f(x) = e^{-x^2}$ has no elementary anti-derivative. The proof I know goes as follows: Let $F = \mathbb{C}(X)$. Let $F \subseteq E$ be the Picard-Vessiot extension ...
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7 votes
2 answers
777 views

Differential ideal membership problem

We know that in the ordinary algebra ideal case, the ideal membership problem can be solved by the Grobner Base theory, then, is there a counterpart theory in the differential ideal case? To be ...
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15 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why do we need admissible isomorphisms for differential Galois theory?

Background: In Kaplansky's Introduction to Differential Algebra, an isomorphism between differential fields $K, L$ is defined to be admissible if $K,L$ are contained in a larger differential field $M$....
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