# Questions tagged [minimal-model-program]

minimal model program is part of the birational classification of algebraic varieties.

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### Restriction of small transformations

Let $\phi:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be an elementary small transformation (isomorphism in codimension $1$) between normal and $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial projective varieties.
Then there are small contractions $...

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### descent of nef divisors

Let $f:X \rightarrow Y$ be a flat surjective morphism of complex projective varieties with connected fibers, $X$ normal, $Y$ smooth and $dim (Y) < dim(X)$. Suppose $L \in Pic (X)$ is nef such that $...

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### Cone and contraction theorems for certain sub-klt pairs

Suppose $(Y,B_Y)$ is a sub-klt pair which is a birational model of a klt pair $(X,B)$: there exists a birational morphism $\pi:(Y,B_Y) \rightarrow (X,B)$ such that $\pi^{*}(K_X+B)=K_Y+B_Y$. We know ...

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### Termination of a minimal model program

I am reading "The dual complex of
singularities" by de Fernex, Kollár
and Xu and in the proof of Corollary 24 I have encountered a bit of
reasoning that confuses me.
Let $(X, \Delta)$ be a $\...

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### Log resolution of a variety of log general type

Work over the complex numbers. Let $(B, \Delta)$ be a normal irreducible variety of log general type, i.e., $K_B + \Delta$ is ample. Let $f : (\widetilde{B}, \widetilde{\Delta}) \to (B, \Delta)$ be a ...

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### Minimal model vs canonical model of a surface

When I have a projective surface $X$, for simplicity smooth, I can find a simpler smooth surface on its binational class. In this way we find in a finite number of steps the simplest surface $Y$, i.e. ...

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### Steps of the MMP “in family”

Let $\pi\colon X\to Y$ be a morphism between irreducible varieties with terminal singularities (let us say smooth if you want). I suppose that I have an open subset $U$ of $Y$ over which the fibres ...

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### Prescribing the discriminant locus of fiber spaces

Let $X$ be a projective manifold with $\dim_{\mathbb{C}} X \geq 3$. Assume $X$ is the total space of a fiber space, i.e., there is a proper surjective holomorphic map $f : X \to Y$ with connected ...

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### How to show a contraction of singular moduli space is projective?

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a certain kind of Hilbert scheme of curves on some smooth projective variety $X$ and $\mathcal{H}$ is projective and irreducible of dimension $3$. There is a divisor $\mathcal{D}\...

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### Realising flips as quotients of flops by an involution

In Séminaire BOURBAKI, 4ième année, 1988-89, n° 712, Juin 1989, Kóllar wrote the beautiful article Minimal Models of Algebraic Threefolds: Mori's program.
Firstly, I would highly encourage this ...

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### Does nefness carry over through flips?

Suppose $\pi: X \dashrightarrow Y$ is a birational map which is an isomorphism in codimension 1 (such as a flip). Also suppose both $X$ and $Y$ have reasonable (say log terminal) singularities. We ...

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### Terminal $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial divisorial contractions

Let $X$ be a $3$-fold, and $f:Y\rightarrow X$ a birational $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial divisorial terminal contraction (of relative Picard number one) contracting a divisor $E\subset Y$ to a point $p\in X$....

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### On the birational equivalent class of algebraic surfaces with Picard number $1$

An open subset $U$ of a projective surface $Z$ is big if $\mathrm{codim}_Z(Z\setminus U)\geq2$.
Let $X$ and $Y$ be smooth complex projective surface. If there exists a birational map $f:X\...

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### Derived category of singular varieties

Let $X$ be a projective variety with only normal crossing singularity. Is there a description of the derived category or the category of perfect complexes? What about the existence of semiorthogonal ...

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### Relative logarithmic cotangent bundle

Let $\mathcal X \rightarrow S$ be a flat family of projective varieties over a discrete valuation ring $S$ such that the generic fibre $\mathcal X_{\eta}$ (say) is smooth projective variety and the ...

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### Are terminal singularities $ \mathbb{Q}$-factorial?

The proof of Lemma 5-1-5 in this 1987 paper by Kawamata, Matsuda and Matsuki (link on Projecteuclid) seems to say that a variety with terminal singularities is $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial ( I only need ...

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### Finding divisors with canonical singularities in a moving linear system

I apologize if the question is too naive or trivial:
We know that any reduced divisor in a smooth variety has Gorenstein singularities. However, I don't know if there's a cone theorem for Gorenstein ...

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### One point compactification of the tangent bundle

Is there a smooth variety $X$ which is a one point compactification of the tangent bundle of $\mathbb P^1$?

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### Is being of general type stable under generization

This question is about how varieties of general type over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero $k$ behave under generization in families.
Definition. An integral projective ...

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### Is the generalized Kummer threefold rational in characteristics 3?

Let $E_i\!: y_i^2 = x_i^3 - x_i$, $i = 1, 2, 3$ be three copies of the supersingular elliptic curve in characteristics $3$. Consider on $E_i$ the following automorphism of order $3$:
$$
\sigma(x_i,...

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### $K_X+B \equiv 0$ implies $K_X + B \sim_\mathbb{Q} 0$?

Let $(X,B)$ be a projective log canonical pair (here I mean $B \geq 0$). Assume that the coefficients of $B$ are rational, and that $K_X+B \equiv 0$. Is it true that $K_X + B \sim_\mathbb{Q} 0$? I ...

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### Small contraction for Hyperkähler Varieties

I have the following basic question. Everything is over $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $X$ be a hyperkähler (irreducible holomorphic symplectic) variety and we consider a small contraction $f\colon X \rightarrow ...

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### Intuition behind Kawamata's definition of a relative movable Cartier divisor

I am trying to develop a good geometric intuition and to understand the motivation behind Kawamata's definition of a relative movable Cartier divisor in Section 2 of reference [1]:
[1] Y. Kawamata, ...

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### Tie-Breaking Trick for Log Canonical Pairs and F-pure pairs in Positive Characteristic

Let $X$ be a projective 3-fold in characteristic $p>0$. Let $(X, D)$ be a klt pair, and $D'$ a $\mathbb{R}$-Cartier divisor such that $D'=A'+B'$, where $A\geq 0$ is an ample $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor ...

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### Movable divisor with base locus on a hyperkahler variety

I'm looking for an example of the following:
$X$ is a hyperkahler fourfold (deformation equivalent to $K3^{[2]}$);
$D$ is a movable divisor on $X$ with $D^4=0$; and the base locus of
$D$ is a ...

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### Small contractions as blow ups

To improve my chances of getting answers/ comments I post my mathstackexchange question https://math.stackexchange.com/q/2808852/42548 also here.
I am trying to learn a bit about birational morphisms:...

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### How to split a Multi-section into finitely many Sections via base-change?

Let $:f:X\to Y$ be a projective surjective morphism between two normal varieties over $\mathbb{C}$. Assume that $f$ has only $1$-dimensional fibers. Let $D$ be a multi-section of $f$, i.e., $D$ is a ...

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### Flatness of Fano Contractions

In his 1984 paper Cone of Curves, Kawamata asks on p 629 if a Fano Contraction is flat. ( an extremal ray contraction is called a Fano Contraction if the dimension of the target is less than the ...

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### Is there a purely inseparable covering $\mathbb{A}^2 \to K$ of a Kummer surface $K$ over $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$?

Let $E_i\!: y_i^2 = x_i^3 + a_4x_i + a_6$ be two copies ($i = 1$, $2$) of a supersingular elliptic curve over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$, for odd prime $p > 3$. Consider the Kummer surface $...

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### Compactifying morphisms and ample line bundles

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a projective morphism between two normal quasi-projective varieties, and $L$ a $f$-ample line bundle on $Y$. Then the claim is: There is a compactication $\bar{f}:\overline{X}\to\...

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### How can I describe in explicit geometric terms the (in general non-complete) linear system?

Let $\varphi\!: S \to S^\prime$ be a birational morphism of projective non-singular irreducible surfaces over a (algebraically closed) field $k$ and let $D \in \mathrm{Div}(S)$. Also, let $\big(\...

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### Section ring $R(X,D)$ of $D$ is finitely generated if $\kappa (X,D) \leq 1$

In the remark on the bottom of page 5 of this paper, the author states that
It is well-known fact that the algebra of a Divisor $D$ with $\kappa (X,D) \leq 1$ is finitely generated over $k$. In ...

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### Map associated to linear system onto curve is morphism

In Mumford's first paper on Surfaces in char $p$ [1], part 2 Step (II), he wants to show that, given an indecomposable curve of canonical type $D$ on a smooth projective surface $F$ with $p_g(F)=0, ...

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### Minimal Model Program for sub-lc pairs

In many articles of the minimal model program the authors work with sub-lc pairs instead of lc-pairs. In other words, they consider non-necesarilly effective boundary divisors $B$.
Is it expected (...

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### Pseudo-effective divisor which is not nef in any birational model

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective algebraic variety and let $D$ be a $\mathbb{Q}$-Cartier pseudo-effective divisor on $X$. Lets say that $D$ is birationally nef
if there exists a birational ...

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### Finding basis of cohomology of a symplectic manifold by using Symplectic Minimal Model Program

My question is about Floer theory via symplectic surgery of Minimal Model program for finding basis of cohomology.
Motivation: Perelman for solving Thurston's Geometrization Conjecture used some sort ...

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### Finiteness of models around a non-pseudo-effective ray

Let $(X,\Delta) $ a klt pair and $\rho $ a numerical class of divisor that is not contained in the pseudo-effective cone. Let $(X,\Delta_i)$ be a sequence of klt pairs such that $K_X+\Delta_i$ is not ...

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### relative tangent sheaf

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a surjective birational morphism of varieties. Suppose the center of the birational morphism is $Z$ and $f:f^{-1}(Z)\rightarrow Z$ is a $\mathbb{P}^n$-bundle. Consider the ...

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### Bertini's type theorems over imperfect fields

Let $X$ be a projective variety over an imperfect (hence infinite and char(k)=p>0) field $k$. If the local rings of $X$ are all regular, then can we say that a general hyperplane section $H$ is also ...

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### Deminormal and Gorenstein

Let X be an irreducible deminormal variety such that the normalisation is Gorenstein. Does it follow that X is also Gorenstein?
for deminormal definition, see https://arxiv.org/pdf/1506.02002.pdf

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### dualizing sheaf of deminormal variety

Let X be a deminormal variety (over Char 0). Then is it true that the dualizing sheaf is divisorial?
Please provide a reference..

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### A question about the dimension of a relatively ample divisor

Suppose $f: Y \to Z$ is a projective morphism of smooth varieties with connected fibers. If an effective divisor $H$ on $Y$ is relatively ample over $Z$, and $\dim Y >\dim Z$, is $h^0(Y, mH)>1$ ...

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### Kuranishi family and smoothing of Calabi-Yau n-fold

Consider $X$ be a Calabi-Yau n-fold with at
most one ordinary double point singularity. Suppose $X$ is smoothable. Then it is known that the Kuranishi family of $X$ is a smoothing of $X$.
Now, ...

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### Example of a non-algebraic singularity II

In an answer of this MO question, Frank Loray constructed an example of analytic singularity which is not algebraic. On the other hand, as I learned from one of Joël's comments in that question, ...

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### Nefness property for symplectic equivalency of Moishezon manifolds

Definition:The two symplectic manifolds $(X,\omega_X)$ and $(Y,\omega_Y)$ are defined to be symplectically equivalent if there exists a diffeomorphism $\phi:X\to Y$ such that $\phi^∗ω_Y$ is in the ...

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### Moishezon projectivity criterion for Moishezon spaces with canonical singularites

A Moishezon manifold is projective if and only if it is Kähler. This is no longer true for a singular Moishezon space. Moishezon proved a projectivity criterion for Moishezon spaces with isolated ...

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### Picard number of a general fiber of a fiber contraction

Suppose in the last step of a MMP, we obtain a Mori fiber space $f: X \to Z$, and let $F$ be a general fiber of $f$, then is the Picard number $\rho(F)$ of $F$ equal to $1$? Notice that the relative ...

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### Bogomolov–Miyaoka–Yau inequality for minimal varieties with intermediate Kodaira dimension $0<\kappa (X)<\dim X$

From the differential geometric proof of Yau and the algebraic proof of Miyaoka for minimal varieties of general type $\kappa (X)=\dim X$, we know that $$(-1)^nc_1^n(X)\leq (-1)^n\frac{2(n+1)}{n} c_1^...

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### Castelnuovo and Artin contractibility criteria for families

In the course of a proof, I need some version of Castelnuovo and Artin's contractibility criteria for a family of surfaces. Say I have a family (flat is probably needed, in order to compare ...

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### rational effective implies effective?

Let $X$ be a weak del pezzo surface, I Wonder whether the following statment is true:
Let $L$ be a line bundle on $X$, then $h^0(L)=0$ implies $h^0(nL)=0$ for all $n\geq 1$.