# Questions tagged [conjugacy-classes]

The conjugacy-classes tag has no usage guidance.

51
questions

3
votes

1
answer

169
views

### Finite subgroup of $\operatorname{Sp}(2n,K)$

Let $G$ be the algebraic group $\operatorname{Sp}(2n, K)$ where $K$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic not $2$. There is a quaternion subgroup $Q$ such that $Q/Z(G)$ is elementary ...

0
votes

0
answers

42
views

### A question on width vs covering of the subgroup generated by a conjugacy class in a finite group

Let $G$ be a finite group and $C$ be a conjugacy class of $G$. It is clear that there exists $k\in \mathbb{N}$, such that $1\cup C\cup C^2 \cup \cdots \cup C^k=\langle C \rangle$. Note that $\langle C ...

2
votes

0
answers

105
views

### Elementary abelian 2-subgroups of $\mathrm{Aut}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$ (with and without choice)

Consider the absolute Galois group $G_{\mathbb{Q}} := \mathrm{Aut}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$.
As I understand it, the only torsion elements have order $2$ (by Artin-Schreier), and they are ...

4
votes

1
answer

154
views

### A probability problem in the conjugacy classes of symmetric group

Assume that $\sigma\in S_n$ has the cycle type $(p,.,p,1,..,1)$ where $p>2$ is a prime and the numbers of $1$ maybe $0$. If $\sigma_1$ and $\sigma_2$ are chosen uniformly in the conjugacy class of $...

0
votes

0
answers

82
views

### Is there a formula for $fgf^{-1}$ in $G_2$?

Let $G_2$ be the exceptional Lie group of smallest dimension, represented as the exponentials of the antisymmetric real $7×7$ matrices $A$ with $$\sum_{i=1}^{3}{A(x+2^i,x-2^{i-1})} = 0$$ for integer $...

3
votes

0
answers

150
views

### Almost conjugate subgroups of compact simple Lie groups

$\DeclareMathOperator\SU{SU}\DeclareMathOperator\Sp{Sp}\DeclareMathOperator\SO{SO}$Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group.
Definition:
Two finite subgroups $H_1,H_2$ of $G$ are said to be almost ...

1
vote

0
answers

59
views

### Choice of generators to make the centralisers connected

In $G=\operatorname{PGL}_{2n}(\textbf{C})$, WLG, we assume all the toral elementary abelian 2-subgroups in discussion are in $T$, the image in $G$ of the group of diagonal matrices in $\operatorname{...

12
votes

2
answers

321
views

### Conjugacy classes as left Kan extension of forgetful functor

Let $\mathbf{Set}$, $\mathbf{Grp}$, and $\mathbf{Grp}^{\rm conj}$ denote the categories of sets and functions, groups and homomorphisms, and groups and homomorphisms up to conjugation, respectively. (...

2
votes

0
answers

120
views

### Need for "minimal representation" of a symmetric group

I need to construct a representation of a symmetric group $S_n$, in which a character of the conjugacy class $(n)$ (a class of permutations, which are cycles of a maximal possible length $n$) would be ...

1
vote

1
answer

212
views

### Kronecker product preserves the conjugacy relation?

Let $G =$ PGL$_{n}(\textbf{C})$ and $T$ be the image in $G$ of the subgroup of the invertible diagonal matrices of $\operatorname{GL}_{n}(\textbf{C})$. Let $A$ and $B$ be two elementary abelian $2$-...

3
votes

1
answer

105
views

### Fusing conjugacy classes II

(Followup to this question)
Consider a finite-dimensional Lie group $G$ and two conjugacy classes $H$ and $I$ of isomorphic subgroups of $G$.
Question. Is there some finite-dimensional Lie overgroup ...

6
votes

1
answer

416
views

### Center of a monoid ring

According to the Wikipedia page the center of a group ring $R[G]$ is the set:
$$
\{ p | \forall g,\, h \in G.\, p(g) = p(hgh^{-1}) \}
$$
i.e. class functions which do not distinguish elements of the ...

2
votes

1
answer

112
views

### Zeroes of characters of general linear group induced from certain characters of parabolic subgroups

$\DeclareMathOperator\GL{GL}\DeclareMathOperator\Ind{Ind}$My question is about the types of conjugacy classes of $\GL(n,q)$, the general linear group over the finite field with $q$ elements, on which ...

7
votes

2
answers

342
views

### Size of conjugacy classes in infinite groups

Let G be an infinite group wich is finitely generated.
Is that true that the size of all finite conjugacy classes is bounded?
What I know. If G is a finitely generated FC-group then it's true (follows ...

2
votes

0
answers

115
views

### Conjugacy class of upper triangular matrices over algebraically closed field: Reference request

We know that the conjugacy classes of $A\in M_n(\mathbb{C})$ are determined by the characteristic polynomial of $A$ and a partition of $n$. Is there an analogous statement for upper triangular ...

2
votes

1
answer

77
views

### conjugacy in adjoint representation

Let $G$ be an adjoint algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$, $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra.
Let $\rho:G\rightarrow GL(\mathfrak{g})$ be the adjoint representation. Let $g,g'\in G$ be two semisimple ...

4
votes

2
answers

640
views

### Conjugacy classes in the automorphism group of a simple Lie algebra

A lower bound of the number of conjugacy classes in the automorphism group of a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{s}$, of finite dimension over an arbitrary field $\mathbb{F}$, can be the size of the ...

4
votes

1
answer

181
views

### Lower bound on size of largest conjugacy class of centreless perfect group

Problem 20.30 in the Kourovka Notebook asks whether the maximum size
of a conjugacy class of a perfect and centreless finite group $G$ is bounded below
by $|G|^{\frac{1}{2}}$. Clearly, there cannot be ...

11
votes

1
answer

562
views

### What are the conjugacy classes of the category of ($\kappa$-small) sets?

$\newcommand{\unsim}{{\sim}}$The set of conjugacy classes of a group $G$ is the quotient of $G$ by the equivalence relation $\sim_1$ obtained by declaring $a\sim_1b$ if there exists some $g\in G$ such ...

7
votes

2
answers

457
views

### Groups with three conjugacy classes that define an ordering

Consider the following property for a group $(\mathcal{G},\cdot,1)$:
There are exactly three conjugacy classes $\{1\}$, $\mathcal{C}_1$, $\mathcal{C}_2$ in $\mathcal{G}$, and we have $\mathcal{C}_1 \...

1
vote

0
answers

126
views

### How many conjugacy classes of cyclic subgroups of order $p^2$ does $\operatorname{GL}_{n}(\Bbb Z / p\Bbb Z)$ have?

$\DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom}\DeclareMathOperator\GL{GL}\DeclareMathOperator\Aut{Aut}$Let $f\in \Hom((\Bbb Z/p^2\Bbb Z),\GL_{n}(\Bbb Z / p\Bbb Z))$ be an injective homomorphism. What is the number ...

1
vote

0
answers

102
views

### Haar measure decomposition using orbital integrals

Let $G$ be a unimodular locally compact group, $N,A \le G$ be unimodular closed subgroups. Suppose that $A$ normalizes $N$. Let $N_0 \le N$ be a compact open subgroup. Suppose that a function $f : N \...

1
vote

2
answers

364
views

### Are the character degrees determined by the conjugacy class sizes?

The computation below (part 1) shows that if two finite groups of order at most $100$ have the same (ordered) list of conjugacy class sizes, then they also have the same (ordered) list of (irreducible)...

2
votes

1
answer

453
views

### Conjugacy of elements in a parabolic subgroup

Let $G$ be a complex connected reductive group, and let $P \subseteq G$ be a parabolic subgroup. My question is the following: if $g$ and $h$ are elements of $P$ which are conjugate as elements of $G$,...

1
vote

1
answer

76
views

### What do conjugacy classes of involutions like in finite simple group $E_7(q)$?

Are there any refences for conjugacy classes of involutions in finite simple group $E_7(q)$?

4
votes

0
answers

147
views

### Reference request - conjugacy classes over local fields

Is there a nice reference for reductive groups over local fields, which for example contains discussion of things such as: Given a semisimple element in $G(F)$, its $G(F)$-conjugacy class is closed in ...

4
votes

0
answers

167
views

### rational representants of sigma-conjugacy classes

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over a local non-archimedean field $K$. Let $\widehat{K}^{nr}$ be the completion of the maximal unramified extension of $K$ and let $\sigma$ denote the Frobenius ...

0
votes

1
answer

236
views

### Number of commuting pairs in p-group

Let $p$ be a prime number and $G=GL_n ( \mathbb{Z} / p \mathbb{Z}
)$. Consider the set $U$ of upper-triangular matrices of $G$ having
entries of $1$ on the diagonal. The set $U$ is a Sylow $p$-...

7
votes

4
answers

782
views

### Maximum conjugacy class size in $S_n$ with fixed number of cycles

Context: It is well known that given a permutation in $S_n$ with $a_i$ $i$-cycles (when written as a product of disjoint cycles), the size of the conjugacy class is given by
$$ \frac{n!}{\prod_{j=1}^...

4
votes

0
answers

94
views

### $\mathrm{Sp}_n(q)$-conjugacy classes in $\mathrm{GL}_{2n}(q)$

The symplectic group $\mathrm{Sp}_n(q)$ acts on $\mathrm{GL}_{2n}(q)$ by conjugation. All the literature I have found concerning the orbits of action of this kind is "Unipotent conjugacy classes in ...

4
votes

1
answer

286
views

### Coxeter groups generated by one finite conjugacy class

Let $(W,S)$ be an arbitrary Coxeter system. We consider the following scenario:
Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a conjugacy class of an element $w$ in $W$ which is finite and which generates the whole group $W$....

4
votes

2
answers

467
views

### Variety of conjugacy classes

Consider a reductive group $G$ over an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic $0$. I would like to consider the space $X$ of all $G$-conjugacy classes in $G$. Does the space $X$ have some ...

21
votes

2
answers

661
views

### Does $\mathrm{SL}_{n}(\mathbb{Z}/p^{2})$ have the same number of conjugacy classes as $\mathrm{SL}_{n}(\mathbb{F}_{p}[t]/t^{2})$?

Let $p$ be a prime; $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ is the field with $p$ elements
and $\mathbb{F}_{p}[t]$ the ring of polynomials in $t$ over $\mathbb{F}_{p}$.
Does $\mathrm{SL}_{n}(\mathbb{Z}/p^{2})$ have the ...

1
vote

0
answers

63
views

### Relation Among Conjugacy Classes

This is more a request to find out if there is any work in the literature
discussing certain things.
Is there a naturally defined partial ordering on the set of conjugacy classes of a finite group G? ...

2
votes

1
answer

333
views

### Torsion-free groups with finite conjugacy classes

Does there exist a finitely presented, torsion-free group $G$ which has conjugacy classes of finite size greater than one?
This condition came up in a research project, and we would like to rule out ...

12
votes

2
answers

439
views

### Finite groups with lots of conjugacy classes, but only small abelian normal subgroups?

Denote the commuting probability (the probability that two randomly chosen elements commute) of a finite group $G$ by $\operatorname{cp}(G)$. By a result of Gustafson [2], $\operatorname{cp}(G)=\...

12
votes

1
answer

452
views

### Constructing the largest finite group with a fixed number of conjugacy classes

It is known that there are finitely many finite groups with a given number of conjugacy classes. How can one construct (or get a character table for) the groups $G$ that realize the maximum possible ...

34
votes

3
answers

4k
views

### Conjugacy classes of $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$

I was wondering if there is some description known for the conjugacy classes of $$\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})=\{A\in \mathrm{GL}_2(\mathbb{Z})|\;\;|\det(A)|=1\}.$$ I was not able to find anything about ...

8
votes

1
answer

254
views

### Need a good name for an algorithmic problem in groups that generalizes the conjugacy problem

I am looking for a good name for the following problem:
Given elements $g_1,\dotsc,g_n$ in a (finitely generated) group $G$, determine if the product of their conjugacy classes $g_1^G\dotsb g_n^G$ ...

1
vote

0
answers

160
views

### Conjugacy scheme, fppf versus GIT

I would be glad to have some guidance in the following.
Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field. Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over $k$. Denote by $\mathfrak{c}$ the Zariski spectrum of the ...

21
votes

2
answers

968
views

### Is there a big solvable subgroup in every finite group?

Definition: Let $G$ be a group, and let $H \leq G$ be a subgroup. We say that $H$ is big in $G$ if for every intermediate subgroup $H \leq L \leq G$ there exists some $x \in L$ such that $\langle H \...

2
votes

2
answers

633
views

### Rational Conjugacy Classes of Finite Groups

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and $A$ is the set of all character values of $G$. By character values, I mean entries of the character table of $G$. Let $\Gamma = \operatorname{Gal}({\mathbb{Q}(A)}/{\...

10
votes

2
answers

432
views

### existence of a finite group which is the union of self normalizing subgroups

Can a finite group G be the union of self normalizing subgroups such that the intersection between any two of these subgroups is equal to the unit of the group G? I don't think so but I can't prove ...

9
votes

2
answers

812
views

### What is natural about the well-known bijection between conjugacy classes and irreps of a symmetric group?

Symmetric groups possess a well-known bijection between conjugacy classes and irreducible representations. More precisely, both sets are indexed by Young diagrams.
Question: To what extent is this ...

13
votes

2
answers

1k
views

### The Simultaneous Conjugacy Problem in the symmetric group $S_N$

We are interested in the following notions in the case $G=S_N$, the symmetric group on
$\{1,\dots,N\}$.
Fix a group $G$ and a number $d$. For $(g_1,\dots,g_d)\in G^d$ and $x\in G$, define
$$(g_1,\...

33
votes

2
answers

2k
views

### Examples of finite groups with "good" bijection(s) between conjugacy classes and irreducible representations?

For symmetric group conjugacy classes and irreducible representation both are parametrized by Young diagramms, so there is a kind of "good" bijection between the two sets. For general finite groups ...

16
votes

4
answers

3k
views

### Is there an infinite group with exactly two conjugacy classes?

Is there an infinite group with exactly two conjugacy classes?

7
votes

3
answers

830
views

### Characters of p-groups

Berkovich mentioned the following result of Mann in his book on p-groups:
The number of nonlinear irreducible characters of given degree in a p-group is divided by p-1.
Do you know any reference for ...

8
votes

4
answers

2k
views

### Product of conjugacy classes - is there an analog of Tanaka-Krein reconstruction ?

Consider a finite group G. The product of conjugacy classes can be defined in natural way just by multiplying the representatives and counting multiplicities (see e.g. MO 62088). So we get ring with ...

12
votes

1
answer

580
views

### Why would dim primitive irrep divide size of some conjugacy class ?

From Isaacs et.al. 2005
Conjecture C. Let χ be a primitive
irreducible character of an arbitrary
ﬁnite group G. Then χ(1) divides |
clG(g)| for some element g ∈ G.
Here, of course, we ...