Questions tagged [weights]

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Takesaki lemma 1.16 (volume II, chapter VII)

I am trying to understand the proof of the implication $(i)\implies (ii)$ in Takesaki's book "Theory of operator algebras II", chapter VII, which says the following: The relevant setting ...
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How to recalculate the weights for an event that happens multiple times and requires all outcumes to be unique?

I think it's easiest to explain with an example. I have a weighted probability list A : 0.15 B : 0.15 C : 0.15 D : 0.1 E : 0.1 F : 0.1 G : 0.1 H : 0.075 I : 0.075 ...
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4 votes
2 answers
239 views

Takesaki volume II chapter VII lemma 1.15

Consider the following fragments from Takesaki's second volume "Theory of operator algebras" in chapter VII on weight theory, lemma 1.15. Here $\mathcal{M}$ is a von Neumann algebra and $\...
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Weighted limit calculus

In coend calculus by Fosco Loregian, it is mentioned that Lawvere conjectured that co/ends constitute a categorification of logical calculus. In his own words: The somewhat far-fetched conjecture ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Decomposition of an element as a difference of positive elements in the definition subalgebra of a weight (Takesaki)

I originally asked this on MSE, but did not get an answer there. Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra. Let $\varphi: M_+ \to [0, \infty]$ be a weight on $M$. Consider \begin{align*}&\mathfrak{p}_\...
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When the Leray spectral sequences for nice compactifications give the Deligne's weight ones?

Assume that $X$ is a proper smooth variety over an algebraically closed field $k$, $U=X\setminus (\cup D_i))$ where $D_i$ are closed subvarieties such that the set-theoretic intersections of all sets ...
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3 votes
1 answer
245 views

Comparison of weight filtration on cohomology of complex manifold

Let $X$ be a smooth scheme of finite type over $\mathbb{Z}$ (or let's say a finitely generated $\mathbb{Z}$ algebra). To each prime $p \in \mathbb{Z}$ we can consider the $\mathbb{F}_p$ variety $$X_{\...
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1 vote
1 answer
54 views

inequivalent vertex weights on finite poset

Let $m\geq1$ and $P$ be an arbitrary poset with vertex set $V=\{v_1,\dots,v_n\}$, edge set $E,$ and set $O$ of orbits under $\text{Aut}(P).$ Can we efficiently generate all inequivalent nonnegative ...
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26 votes
0 answers
678 views

Nearby cycles without a function

Suppose that: $X$ is a smooth complex algebraic variety, $f : X \to D$ is a proper map to a small disc, smooth away from 0, $Z_\epsilon = f^{-1}(\epsilon)$, and $Z = Z_0$. Then there is a procedure (...
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3 votes
1 answer
93 views

Functoriality of weighted limits

Let $C$ be a complete category, let $I$ be a small category, let $F,G:I\to C$ be functors, and let $W,U:C\to\mathrm{Set}$ be also functors, which we view as "weights". The weighted limits ...
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Effective weight-monodromy conjecture

$\DeclareMathOperator\Gr{Gr}$Let $G$ be the absolute Galois group of a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ with inertia subgroup $I$, and let $V$ be an $\ell$-adic representation of $G$. Grothendieck's ...
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Where general mixed Galois representations are defined?

I am interested in etale cohomology of varieties, and respectively, in mixed $\mathbb Q_{\ell}$-adic Galois representations over finitely generated fields. What is the canonical reference for this ...
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Is a $\tau$-mixed Weil sheaf always a direct summand of a $\tau$-real sheaf?

Fix an isomorphism $\tau: \overline{\mathbf{Q}_\ell} \cong \mathbf{C}$ and consider Weil sheaves on a scheme $X$ over $\mathbf{F_q}$. It is a theorem that a $\tau$-real sheaf $\mathscr{F}$ is $\tau$-...
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What is an example of a lisse Weil sheaf which is not mixed?

Fix a base field $\mathbf{F}_q$. What is a simple example of a lisse Weil sheaf which is not $\tau$-mixed for any identification $\tau: \overline{\mathbf{Q}_\ell} \cong \mathbf{C}$? Addendum: it ...
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2 votes
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Weights of restriction to a Levi subgroup

Let us consider the group $G = \mathrm{GSp_{2g}/\mathbf{Q}}$ with respect to the symplectic pairing given by the matrix $\begin{pmatrix} & s \\ -s & \end{pmatrix}$, where $s$ is the $g\times ...
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Which fields and schemes "have enough finite residue fields"?

I am looking for assumptions on the spectrum $S$ of a field $K$ that ensure the following: there exists an excellent noetherian finite dimensional (integral) scheme $S'$ such that $S$ is its generic ...
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Significance of the Eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of a weighted di-graph

I'm currently running a simulation on a bunch of randomly generated points, each with two randomly selected 'partners' from the set of points. In the simulation the points try to move such that they ...
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About the geometry of the set of weights that is strongly linked to $\lambda$

Define $\eta\uparrow\lambda$ if $\eta=\lambda$ or $\eta=s_\alpha\cdot\lambda<\lambda$ for some $\alpha\in\Phi^+$. More generally, $\eta\uparrow\lambda$ if $\eta=\lambda$ or $\eta=s_{\alpha_1}s_{\...
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About weights in $\mathfrak{h}^*$

On p.24 of the book "Representations of Semisimple Lie Algebras in the BGG Category $\mathcal{O}$". I quote: "For example, the fixed point $-\rho$ under the dot action lies in a linkage class by ...
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Highest weight of a representation of a Lie Algebra [closed]

Given a Lie Algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, its Cartan Matrix $A$ and a finite representation $R$, is there a way of determining its highest weight $\Lambda$ in a simple way? In my course, we consider $\...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Show that if $\Theta$ is an infinitesimal weight of a real $T$-module $W$ ($T$ is a torus) then $-\Theta$ is also a weight

Show that if $\Theta$ is an infinitesimal weight of a real $T$-module $W$ ($T$ is a torus) then $-\Theta$ is also a weight. It is an exercise of Bröcker's book on Representations of Compact Lie ...
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1 vote
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Barycentric weighting of a point in a mesh

I know there is a way to get a barycentric weighting of a point $p$ inside a convex polygon; for weighting $\omega_n$ of component $q_n$ with adjacent angles $\gamma_n$ and $\delta_n$: $$\omega_n = \...
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About regular infinitesimal character

Let $Z(\mathfrak{g})$ be the centre of $U(\mathfrak{g})$ and let $\chi_\lambda$ be an algebra homomorphism $Z(\mathfrak{g}) \to \mathbb{C}$ such that $ z \cdot v = \chi_\lambda(z)v $ for all $z \in Z(\...
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1 answer
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About finite direct sum of full subcategory of category $\mathcal{O}^\mathfrak{p}$

As is shown in Representations of Semisimple Lie Algebras in the BGG Category $\mathcal{O}$, every nonzero module $M \in \mathcal{O}^\mathfrak{p}$ has a finite filtration with nonzero quotients, each ...
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Associated subgroup of Weyl group

Let $\Phi$ be a root system. For a weight $\lambda\in\mathfrak{h}^*$, start by defining $ \Phi_{[\lambda]}:=\{\alpha\in \Phi \ | \ \langle \lambda,\alpha^{\lor}\rangle\in\mathbb{Z} \} $ and $ W_{[\...
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Simplicity Criterion for Verma module

In Representations of Semisimple Lie Algebras in the BGG Category $\mathcal{O}$, $\lambda\in\mathfrak{h}^*$ is antidominant if $\langle \lambda + \rho, \alpha^\lor\rangle \not\in \mathbb{Z}^{>0}$ ...
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2 answers
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Some confusion about weights and roots in parabolic root systems

I was reading James Arthur's book An Introduction to the Trace Formula and had a couple of questions. Here $A_0$ is a maximal split torus of a reductive group $G$, $P_0 \supset A_0$ is a minimal ...
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About Extension group and weights in $\mathcal{O}^\mathfrak{p}$

Denote $M_I(\lambda)$ be the generalized Verma module with highest weight $\lambda$ and $L(\mu)$ is the simple highest weight module with highest weight $\mu$. Suppose $\text{Ext}_{\mathcal{O}^\...
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1 vote
1 answer
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About Hom and weight space of nilpotent Lie algebra cohomology

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex semisimple Lie algebra. Denote by $\Phi$ the root system of $(\mathfrak{g},\mathfrak{h})$ and denote by $\mathfrak{g}_\alpha$ the root subspace of $\mathfrak{g}$ ...
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Minimizing the set of "wrong" edges in $K_\omega$ with $\{0,1\}$-weights

For any set $X$, let $[X]^2 = \big\{\{x,y\}:x\neq y\in X\big\}$. Let $f:[\omega]^2\to\{0,1\}$ be a function. The principal goal is to find a partition of $\omega$ such that if $m\neq n\in \omega$ ...
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2 votes
0 answers
33 views

About Extension group in Category $\mathcal{O}^\mathfrak{p}$

Let $M_I(\lambda)$ be the generalized Verma module with highest weight $\lambda$, $L(\lambda)$ be the simple highest weight module with highest weight $\lambda$. Suppose $\mu\le \lambda\le \nu$, does ...
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about weight decomposition of U(sl3) [closed]

the universal enveloping algebra is $\mathbb{Z}^2$-graded algebra. $U(sl_3)= \bigoplus_{(i_1,i_2) \in \mathbb{Z}^2 } U_{i_1\alpha_1+i_2\alpha_2}$ $($the weight decomposition$)$ where $\alpha_1$ and $...
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About block $\mathcal{O}_\lambda$ of Category $\mathcal{O}$

The blocks of $\mathcal{O}$ are precisely the subcategories consisting of modules whose composition factors all have highest weights linked by $W_{[\lambda]}$ to an antidominant weight $\lambda$. I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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About subcategory of parabolic Category $\mathcal{O}^\mathfrak{p}$

It follows from Exercise 1.13 in Humphreys' Category $\mathcal{O}$ book that $M\in\mathcal{O}^\mathfrak{p}_{\chi_\lambda}$ has a direct sum decomposition $M=\oplus M_i$ such that all weights of each $...
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About weight of $M\in\mathcal{O}_{\chi_\lambda}$ in the Category $\mathcal{O}$

Given $M\in\mathcal{O}_{\chi_\lambda}$, how does the weights of $M$ relate to $\lambda$? Is it something about $W\cdot\lambda$?
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About block of category $\mathcal{O}$

In the book "Representation of Semisimple Lie Algebra in the BGG Category $\mathcal{O}$". Exercise 1.13. Suppose $\lambda\not\in\Lambda$, so the linkage class $W\cdot\lambda$ is the disjoint union of ...
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Highest weight category and weight structures

In various branches of representation theory, there is a notion of highest weight category. On the other hand there is a notion of weight structure on a triangulated category $C$ (introduced by ...
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About Morita equivalent and regular block of category $\mathcal{O}^\mathfrak{p}$

In the following paper: Representation type of the blocks of category $\mathcal{O}_S$ https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001870804002853 On p.196, it states that "When $\mu$ is ...
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4 votes
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Good range and fair range

Let $G$ be a noncompact simple Lie group with complexified Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Fix a Cartan involution $\theta$, which defines a maximal compact subgroup $K$ of $G$. Take a $\theta$-stable ...
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2 answers
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Achieving every possible ranking by rearranging weights

This problem actually arose as a question in the real world (see the paragraph "Origin of the problem" below). Let $\mathbb{N}$ denote the set of the positive integers and let $n\in\mathbb{N}$. If $...
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7 votes
3 answers
706 views

Decomposition of tensor power of symmetric square

Studying some representation theory I came up with the following problem. We work over a field of characteristic $0$. Let $V$ be the standard representation of $\mathrm{GL}_n$ and let $W$ be the ...
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Stability of mixed complexes under open embeddings

In Weil II, Deligne proves that the six functors preserve the category of mixed $l$-adic complexes. Most difficulties are encountered when proving that if $f\colon X\to Y$ is a finite type separated ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How to compute the index of a given weight?

I am learning the Borel–Weil–Bott theorem in rational homogeneous varieties. Working on them, I need to know two questions: How to judge if a weight is singular? How to compute the index of a given ...
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5 votes
1 answer
550 views

Comparing Frobenius weights with Mixed Hodge theory

For a variety over a finite field Deligne define weights by looking at the eigenvalues of the Frobenius. On the other hand, if we take a variety over $\mathbb{Q}$, at least for its constant sheaf we ...
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Element of the Weyl group acting on co-roots

Let $W$ be the Weyl group of a semisimple algebraic group defined over say $\mathbb C$. We have the root space $\mathfrak a^*$ spanned by the roots $\{\beta \in \Delta\}$ and also by the weights $\{ \...
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Interior and boundary vertices of weighted graphs

Xu He's article Rigidity of Infinite Disk Patterns and I have a problem with a statement he makes on page 7. He considers weighted embedded planar graphs $G=(V, E)$ with weight function $\Theta: E \...
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Are multiplicity-free representations weight multiplicity free?

A rational representation $(G,V)$ of a complex reductive linear algebraic group is called multiplicity-free if the decomposition of $\mathbb C[V]$ into irreducible $G$-modules contains each ...
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15 votes
1 answer
547 views

Integrability property of polynomials in several variables

This might be very trivial, or not. Let $p\colon\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ be a polynomial of even degree, at most $n-2$. Assume that $p(x)\leq 0$ for any $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$. Assume that there ...
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Robust weighted estimator of location

Let $X = (x_1, \ldots, x_n)$ be a sample of i.i.d values. There are several robust estimators of sample location, most notably sample median and Hodges-Lehmann estimator. Now let $W = (w_1, \ldots, ...
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6 votes
0 answers
298 views

Embeddings between weighted Besov spaces

Consider the Besov spaces $B_{p,q}^s(\mathbb{R}^d)$ for parameters $0<p,q\leq \infty$ and $s\in \mathbb{R}$. The weighted Besov space $B_{p,q}^s(\mathbb{R}^d;\mu)$ is defined for $\mu \in \mathbb{R}...
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