Questions tagged [unbounded-operators]

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22 views

What is the analog of the symmetrized Jacobi matrix for delay equations?

For a linear system of ODEs in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ (with the usual inner product), say $\dot{V}(t) = A(t) V(t)$, we know that if $\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{k} \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $V_{j}(t)=V_{j}(t,\xi_{j})$...
2
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1answer
75 views

Spectral representation of closed operators with finite spectral bound

Assume $A$ is a closed linear operator on a Banach space $X$ and is densely defined. Assume the spectral bound $s(A) = \sup\{Re\lambda: \lambda\in \sigma(A)\}$ is finite. For example, if $A$ is the ...
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75 views

Laplacian spectrum

I have found (in lecture notes) a method to calculate the spectrum of the operator $$ A:D(A)\subset L^2([0,\pi])\longrightarrow L^2([0,\pi])\text{, such that} $$ $$ Au=\dfrac{\partial^2u}{\partial^2x^...
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58 views

Unboundedness of pseudo-inverse

Let $H$ be a real Hilbert space, and let $T$ be a bounded self-adjoint operator of $H$ to itself. Let $T^+$ denote the pseudo-inverse operator of $T$, that is the operator defined to be zero on $(TH)^{...
5
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1answer
141 views

Domain of $(-\Delta)^\alpha$, $\alpha \in (0,1)$

Is there any simple way to characterize explicitly the domain of fractional powers for a given operator? For example, the domain of Dirichlet Laplacian on a bounded nice domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{...
1
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1answer
183 views

Characterising closed range self-adjoint operators

Let $T:\mathrm{dom}(T) \subseteq H \to H$ be a densely defined, self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert spaces $𝐻$. In general the range of $T$ is not guaranteed to be closed. What tools are available to ...
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1answer
50 views

An adjoint characterization of (unbounded) Fredholm operators

Let $\mathcal{H}_i$, for $i=1,2$, be Hilbert spaces, and $T:{\frak Dom}(T) \subseteq \mathcal{H}_1 \to \mathcal{H}_2$ a densely-defined closed operator. If the kernel of $T$, and the kernel of its ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Closable unbounded operators and Banach space adjoints

For an unbounded operator $T:\mathcal{H}_1 \to \mathcal{H}_2$, if its adjoint $T^*$ is densely defined, then we know that $T$ is closable. What happens if we replace $\mathcal{H}_1$ or $\mathcal{H}_2$ ...
5
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2answers
237 views

Unbounded Fredholms operators

Motivated by the situation of bounded Fredholm operators, I have the following question about "unbounded Fredholm operators". Let $\mathcal{H}_1$ and $\mathcal{H}_2$ be two Hilbert spaces, and $$ D: ...
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1answer
129 views

Power of an infinitesimal generator of a $C_0$-semigroup in a Banach space

Let $A$ be the infinitesimal generator of a $C_0$-semigroup of linear operators in a Banach space. Let $n$ be a positive integer, $n\geq2$. Is $A^n$ closed? Here (setting $A^1$ $:=$ $A$, and ...
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0answers
61 views

Adjoint for a non-densely defined unbounded operator on a Hilbert space

Let $\mathbf{H}$ be a Hilbert space, and $D$ an unbounded densely-defined operator on $\mathbf{H}$. As is well-known, every such operator admits an adjoint, with domain possibly different from that ...
3
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1answer
114 views

The imaginary exponential of a tangent field on a manifold

If $M$ is a compact Riemannian manifold and $X$ is a tangent field, I am seeking to define the object $\exp {\mathrm i t X}$ for $t \in \mathbb R$, and I do not know how to do it. One option was to ...
0
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2answers
158 views

Spectrum equals eigenvalues for unbounded operator

Let $D$ be an unbounded densely defined operator on a separable Hilbert space $H$. If $D$ is diagonalisable with all eigenvalues having finite multiplicity and growing towards infinity, does it follow ...
3
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1answer
97 views

Non-point spectrum for diagonalisable self-adjoint unbounded operator

Given a (separable) Hilbert space H and an unbounded densely defined linear operator $T:{\cal D}(T) \to $H such that ${\cal D}$ is diagonalizable (it means $\exists$ an O.N.B. of H such that all basis ...
5
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1answer
298 views

Unbounded version of continuous functional calculus

For a normal operator $T$ on a Hilbert space ${\cal H}$, it is well known that for any continuous complex valued function $f$ on the spectrum of $T$, we have a well-defined operator $f(T) \in B({\cal ...
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0answers
66 views

A question about a theorem in 'Quantum dynamical semigroups generated by noncommutative unbounded elliptic operators'

I have asked this question on MathSE and someone advised me to ask it here. The link is . I'm studying the paper Quantum dynamical semigroups generated by noncommutative unbounded elliptic operators ...
2
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0answers
121 views

Common eigenvector of commuting unbounded Operators

Let be T,S two self adjoint linear Operator on a Hilbert Space $\mathcal{H}$ with pure point spectrum. Then T,S commute if and only if they have a complete set of common eigenvectors. This is the ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Invariance of simple functions

Let $(A(s),D(A(s)))_{s\in\mathbb{R}}$ be a family of unbounded operators on a Banach space $X$ and $g:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow X$ be a simple function, i.e., \begin{align*} g=\sum_{i=1}^n{x_i\textbf{1}_{...
4
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1answer
280 views

Commuting with an unbounded operator

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. Let $A$ be a closed unbounded operator, and let $B\in B(H)$ be a bounded operator. Definition:   $A$ and $B$ strong-commute if the partial isometry in the polar ...
2
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1answer
102 views

Decomposition of the spectrum of an unbounded opeator [closed]

The Wikipedia article on spectral decomposition, see here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-adjoint_operator says the following: A self-adjoint operator A on $H$ has pure point spectrum if and ...
1
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1answer
231 views

Dirichlet fractional Laplacian and zero boundary conditions

Does there exists a non-zero function $$f\in C_0([0,1]):=\{f:[0,1]\to \mathbb R:\ f\text{ is continuous and } f(0)=f(1)=0\},$$ such that $(-\Delta)^{\frac\alpha 2}f\in C_0([0,1]) $, where $(-\Delta)^{\...
7
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2answers
374 views

The von Neumann algebra generated by a non-closable operator

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and let $M$ be a densely defined operator $\mathcal{D}(M) \subset H \to H$. It is closable iff its adjoint $M^{\star}$ is densely defined, and then its closure $\...
7
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1answer
244 views

Does every integer map generate a von Neumann algebra of type I?

Consider a map $m: \mathbb{N} \to \mathbb{N}$ (we call it an integer map). Let $E_r$ be the set $m^{-1}(\{r\})$. Let $H$ be the Hilbert space $\ell^2(\mathbb{N})$ and consider the densely defined ...
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1answer
220 views

Are $\| \Delta u \|_{L^p(\Bbb R^d)} + \| u \|_{L^p(\Bbb R^d)}$ and $\| u \|_{W^{2,p}(\Bbb R^d)}$ equivalent norms?

Is it true that $$\| \Delta u \|_{L^p(\Bbb R^d)} + \| u \|_{L^p(\Bbb R^d)}\quad\text{and}\quad\| u \|_{W^{2,p}(\Bbb R^d)}$$ are equivalent norms? This results is pretty easy and straightforward for $...
4
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1answer
669 views

Commuting with self-adjoint operator

Let $T$ be an (unbounded) self-adjoint operator. Assume that there is a bounded operator $S$ such that $TS=ST.$ For which kind of $f$ do we have that $f(T)S=Sf(T)?$ My thought was that using a ...
4
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0answers
112 views

Bounded self-adjoint perturbation of a p-summable spectral triple

I am new to the field of Noncommutative Geometry.I was reading the chapter on Spectral triple from the book 'Elements of Noncommutative Geometry' by Gracia-Bondía,Várilly and Figueroa.Now,after ...
3
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1answer
141 views

Symmetric diagonalizable operators and self-adjointness

Given a densely defined symmetric operator $L$ on a Hilbert space $H$, which is also assumed to be diagonalizable, will there always exist a unique extension of $L$ to a self-adjoint operator?
3
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2answers
249 views

Minimum eigenvalue of One-dimensional Schrodinger Operator

Consider the One dimensional Schrodinger Operator $$ -\frac{d^2}{dx^2} + V(x) $$ Where the Potential Function $V$ is of the form $V(x) = x^4 - a^2x^2$ , $a \in \mathbb{R} $. Now of course,the ...
4
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1answer
223 views

Spectral growth of One dimensional Schrodinger Operator

Conside the One dimentional Schrodinger Operator $$ -\frac{d^2}{dx^2} + ( V(x) + E ) $$ Where the Potential Function $V$ is of the form $V(x) = ax^2 + b^2x^4$ , $a,b \in \mathbb{R} $. What is known ...
4
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2answers
643 views

On the domains and extensions of unbounded operators

I am not an expert in functional analysis but I was studying some, motivated from some mathematical physics considerations. I am not quite sure whether this is research-level, but let me state some ...
4
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1answer
140 views

Scattering of relativistic particle by long-range potential

Let $\mathcal{H}=L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$, $H_0=\sqrt{-\Delta+M^2}$, ($M$ is a positive constant, $\Delta$ is the laplacian) and $H=H_0+V(\vec{x})$ (where $V(\vec{x})$ is the operator of ...
7
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3answers
358 views

Notations for dual spaces and dual operators

I'm asking for opinions about the 'best' notations for: 1. the algebraic dual of a vector space $X$; 2. the continuous dual of a TVS; 3. the algebraic dual (transpose) of an operator $T$ between ...
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1answer
230 views

Is the range of a weak convergent sequence also a weak convergent sequence?

Under which condition the image of a weakly convergent sequence (xn) by an unbounded linear operator T is a weakly convergent sequence (Txn) ?
2
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0answers
226 views

Inverse and implicit function theorems with domain

I have seen an author use the Implicit Function Theorem for a map whose second partial derivative has a bounded inverse, but is unbounded. The map itself is not defined on an open set, but only on a ...
2
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1answer
156 views

Stochastic integral is a continous or closed operator?

The Setup Let $\xi_t$ be a process adapted to the filtration $\mathfrak{F_t}$ of the semi-martinagale $X_t$, such that both are square integrable. Then is the map \begin{align} F_T: L^2(\mathfrak{...
2
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1answer
209 views

Selfadjointness of hamiltonian with 1/x potential

Let us consider the Hilbert space $L^2([0,\infty))$ and operator $H=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2} + \frac{1}{x}$ on the domain of $C^{\infty}_0((0,\infty))$ (smooth functions with compact support away from $0$). ...
2
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1answer
58 views

On extending a semigroup property

Let $T(t)$ be a $C_0$-semigroup on a Hilbert space $H$ with a generator $A$. It is well known that for all $x\in H,$ we have: $ \int_0^t T(s)x ds \in D(A) $ and $ A\int_0^t T(s)x ds = T(t)x-x$. How ...
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1answer
51 views

Simplify the expression of $ T^+$ for an unbounded operator $T$?

For a negative unbounded operator $T$, what equals the operator $$ T^+ = \left[\frac{1}{2}(|T| + T) \right]^{**},$$ where $|T|= (T^2)^{1/2}$ and $A^{**} $ is the minimal closed extension of an ...
4
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1answer
115 views

For self-adjoint $T$ on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$, when does $(1 + |x|)^{-1} (T - i \varepsilon)^{-1}(1 + |x|)^{-1}$ have a limit as $\varepsilon \to 0$?

Let $T : L^2(\mathbb{R}^n) \to L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be a possibly unbounded self adjoint operator. Let $R_\varepsilon$ denote the resolvent $(T - i \varepsilon)^{-1}$, $\varepsilon > 0$. Suppose that,...
0
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1answer
164 views

Unbounded operator [closed]

Is the Laplacian operator $\Delta: C^2([a,b],\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(a,b)$ unbounded? Here $a,b \in\mathbb{R}$, $C^2([a,b],\mathbb{R})$ associated with $L^2$ norm. If yes, how can we "modify" these ...
6
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1answer
610 views

Does an element in the center of universal enveloping algebra becomes a scalar in irreducible representations?

I'm asking a question about Lie group representation. Let $G$ be a Lie group, not necessarily connected. Let $\Omega$ be an element in the center of the universal enveloping algebra $U(\mathfrak{g})$ ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Possible lower bound in quantum many body system with non-local terms

I am asking a question related to Lieb-Robinson bound and nonlocality. As we know from Lieb-Robinson theorem (see e.g. http://arxiv.org/abs/1008.5137): Suppose a Hamiltonian system is local, i.e. $H=\...
-3
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1answer
295 views

Is :$\frac{\Bbb d}{\Bbb d x}$ a chaotic operator in infinite-dimensional Hilbert space? [closed]

I proposed this question in SE but no answer ,may I have a problem in my question, I would like to know when $\frac{\Bbb d}{\Bbb d x}$ does chaotic operator in Hilbert space ? Let $H$=$L^2(\mathbb R)$...
-2
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1answer
175 views

Infinitesimal generator is bounded [closed]

Consider a strongly continuous semigroup of bounded linear operators $S(t):X\to X$. The infinitesimal generator of $S(t)$ is the linear operator $A:D(A)\subseteq X \to X$ defined by $$D(A):=\bigg\...
0
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0answers
278 views

Densely-defined operator with closed range: conditions for operator closed

Suppose we have Banach spaces (or Hilbert spaces) $X$ and $Y$, and a densely-defined linear operator $A : \operatorname{dom}(A) \subset X \rightarrow Y$ that is densely-defined and with closed range. ...
1
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1answer
900 views

Sum of two unbounded self-adjoint operators

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unbounded self-adjoint operators. From this mathoverflow post, for instance, we know that $A + B$ is self-adjoint on $\mathcal{D}(A) \cap \mathcal{D}(B)$ if $A$ and $B$ are ...
0
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1answer
781 views

Operator theory of the Hessian

How can I learn more about the operator theory of the Hessian? The Hessian of a function $u : \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb R$ over a domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb R^n$ is the matrix of second ...
5
votes
1answer
371 views

Some questions on analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations

I would like to ask a number of questions about the theory of analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations, but before I do so, let me fix the terminology to be used in this ...
2
votes
1answer
455 views

Eigenvalues and Compact Resolvent

For $A$ an unbounded (densely defined) operator on a separable Hilbert space, what conditions on its eigenvalues will show that, for $\lambda \notin $spec$(A)$, we have that $(A-\lambda)^{-1}$ is a ...
0
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1answer
214 views

Pullback via flow as operator group

Let $X$ be a vector field on a manifold $M$ that induces a complete flow $\Theta_t$. Then the operator family $\Theta_t^*$, $$\Theta_t^*u(x) = u(\Theta_t(x))$$ is a strongly continuous semigroup of ...