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Questions tagged [unbounded-operators]

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0
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2answers
104 views

Spectrum equals eigenvalues for unbounded operator

Let $D$ be an unbounded densely defined operator on a separable Hilbert space $H$. If $D$ is diagonalisable with all eigenvalues having finite multiplicity and growing towards infinity, does it follow ...
4
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1answer
84 views

Non-point spectrum for diagonalisable self-adjoint unbounded operator

Given a (separable) Hilbert space H and an unbounded densely defined linear operator $T:{\cal D}(T) \to $H such that ${\cal D}$ is diagonalizable (it means $\exists$ an O.N.B. of H such that all basis ...
5
votes
1answer
133 views

Unbounded version of continuous functional calculus

For a normal operator $T$ on a Hilbert space ${\cal H}$, it is well known that for any continuous complex valued function $f$ on the spectrum of $T$, we have a well-defined operator $f(T) \in B({\cal ...
3
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0answers
46 views

A question about a theorem in 'Quantum dynamical semigroups generated by noncommutative unbounded elliptic operators'

I have asked this question on stack and someone advised me to ask it here. The link is https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2900658/a-question-about-a-theorem-in-quantum-dynamical-semigroups-...
2
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0answers
64 views

Common eigenvector of commuting unbounded Operators

Let be T,S two self adjoint linear Operator on a Hilbert Space $\mathcal{H}$ with pure point spectrum. Then T,S commute if and only if they have a complete set of common eigenvectors. This is the ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Invariance of simple functions

Let $(A(s),D(A(s)))_{s\in\mathbb{R}}$ be a family of unbounded operators on a Banach space $X$ and $g:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow X$ be a simple function, i.e., \begin{align*} g=\sum_{i=1}^n{x_i\textbf{1}_{...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Commuting with an unbounded operator

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. Let $A$ be a closed unbounded operator, and let $B\in B(H)$ be a bounded operator. Definition:   $A$ and $B$ strong-commute if the partial isometry in the polar ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Decomposition of the spectrum of an unbounded opeator [closed]

The Wikipedia article on spectral decomposition, see here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-adjoint_operator says the following: A self-adjoint operator A on $H$ has pure point spectrum if and ...
1
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1answer
146 views

Dirichlet fractional Laplacian and zero boundary conditions

Does there exists a non-zero function $$f\in C_0([0,1]):=\{f:[0,1]\to \mathbb R:\ f\text{ is continuous and } f(0)=f(1)=0\},$$ such that $(-\Delta)^{\frac\alpha 2}f\in C_0([0,1]) $, where $(-\Delta)^{\...
7
votes
2answers
333 views

The von Neumann algebra generated by a non-closable operator

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and let $M$ be a densely defined operator $\mathcal{D}(M) \subset H \to H$. It is closable iff its adjoint $M^{\star}$ is densely defined, and then its closure $\...
7
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1answer
234 views

Does every integer map generate a von Neumann algebra of type I?

Consider a map $m: \mathbb{N} \to \mathbb{N}$ (we call it an integer map). Let $E_r$ be the set $m^{-1}(\{r\})$. Let $H$ be the Hilbert space $\ell^2(\mathbb{N})$ and consider the densely defined ...
4
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1answer
420 views

Commuting with self-adjoint operator

Let $T$ be an (unbounded) self-adjoint operator. Assume that there is a bounded operator $S$ such that $TS=ST.$ For which kind of $f$ do we have that $f(T)S=Sf(T)?$ My thought was that using a ...
4
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0answers
107 views

Bounded self-adjoint perturbation of a p-summable spectral triple

I am new to the field of Noncommutative Geometry.I was reading the chapter on Spectral triple from the book 'Elements of Noncommutative Geometry' by Gracia-Bondía,Várilly and Figueroa.Now,after ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Symmetric diagonalizable operators and self-adjointness

Given a densely defined symmetric operator $L$ on a Hilbert space $H$, which is also assumed to be diagonalizable, will there always exist a unique extension of $L$ to a self-adjoint operator?
3
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2answers
206 views

Minimum eigenvalue of One-dimensional Schrodinger Operator

Consider the One dimensional Schrodinger Operator $$ -\frac{d^2}{dx^2} + V(x) $$ Where the Potential Function $V$ is of the form $V(x) = x^4 - a^2x^2$ , $a \in \mathbb{R} $. Now of course,the ...
4
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1answer
198 views

Spectral growth of One dimensional Schrodinger Operator

Conside the One dimentional Schrodinger Operator $$ -\frac{d^2}{dx^2} + ( V(x) + E ) $$ Where the Potential Function $V$ is of the form $V(x) = ax^2 + b^2x^4$ , $a,b \in \mathbb{R} $. What is known ...
4
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2answers
443 views

On the domains and extensions of unbounded operators

I am not an expert in functional analysis but I was studying some, motivated from some mathematical physics considerations. I am not quite sure whether this is research-level, but let me state some ...
4
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1answer
124 views

Scattering of relativistic particle by long-range potential

Let $\mathcal{H}=L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$, $H_0=\sqrt{-\Delta+M^2}$, ($M$ is a positive constant, $\Delta$ is the laplacian) and $H=H_0+V(\vec{x})$ (where $V(\vec{x})$ is the operator of ...
7
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3answers
288 views

Notations for dual spaces and dual operators

I'm asking for opinions about the 'best' notations for: 1. the algebraic dual of a vector space $X$; 2. the continuous dual of a TVS; 3. the algebraic dual (transpose) of an operator $T$ between ...
0
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1answer
172 views

Is the range of a weak convergent sequence also a weak convergent sequence?

Under which condition the image of a weakly convergent sequence (xn) by an unbounded linear operator T is a weakly convergent sequence (Txn) ?
2
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0answers
181 views

Inverse and implicit function theorems with domain

I have seen an author use the Implicit Function Theorem for a map whose second partial derivative has a bounded inverse, but is unbounded. The map itself is not defined on an open set, but only on a ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Stochastic integral is a continous or closed operator?

The Setup Let $\xi_t$ be a process adapted to the filtration $\mathfrak{F_t}$ of the semi-martinagale $X_t$, such that both are square integrable. Then is the map \begin{align} F_T: L^2(\mathfrak{...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Selfadjointness of hamiltonian with 1/x potential

Let us consider the Hilbert space $L^2([0,\infty))$ and operator $H=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2} + \frac{1}{x}$ on the domain of $C^{\infty}_0((0,\infty))$ (smooth functions with compact support away from $0$). ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

On extending a semigroup property

Let $T(t)$ be a $C_0-$semigroup on a Hilbert space $H$ with a generator $A$. It is well known that for all $x\in H,$ we have: $ \int_0^t T(s)x ds \in D(A) $ and $ A\int_0^t T(s)x ds = T(t)x-x$. How ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Simplify the expression of $ T^+$ for an unbounded operator $T$?

For a negative unbounded operator $T$, what equals the operator $$ T^+ = \left[\frac{1}{2}(|T| + T) \right]^{**},$$ where $|T|= (T^2)^{1/2}$ and $A^{**} $ is the minimal closed extension of an ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

For self-adjoint $T$ on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$, when does $(1 + |x|)^{-1} (T - i \varepsilon)^{-1}(1 + |x|)^{-1}$ have a limit as $\varepsilon \to 0$?

Let $T : L^2(\mathbb{R}^n) \to L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be a possibly unbounded self adjoint operator. Let $R_\varepsilon$ denote the resolvent $(T - i \varepsilon)^{-1}$, $\varepsilon > 0$. Suppose that,...
0
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1answer
145 views

Unbounded operator [closed]

Is the Laplacian operator $\Delta: C^2([a,b],\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(a,b)$ unbounded? Here $a,b \in\mathbb{R}$, $C^2([a,b],\mathbb{R})$ associated with $L^2$ norm. If yes, how can we "modify" these ...
6
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1answer
511 views

Does an element in the center of universal enveloping algebra becomes a scalar in irreducible representations?

I'm asking a question about Lie group representation. Let $G$ be a Lie group, not necessarily connected. Let $\Omega$ be an element in the center of the universal enveloping algebra $U(\mathfrak{g})$ ...
3
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1answer
172 views

Possible lower bound in quantum many body system with non-local terms

I am asking a question related to Lieb-Robinson bound and nonlocality. As we know from Lieb-Robinson theorem (see e.g. http://arxiv.org/abs/1008.5137): Suppose a Hamiltonian system is local, i.e. $H=\...
-3
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1answer
286 views

Is :$\frac{\Bbb d}{\Bbb d x}$ a chaotic operator in infinite-dimensional Hilbert space? [closed]

I proposed this question in SE but no answer ,may I have a problem in my question, I would like to know when $\frac{\Bbb d}{\Bbb d x}$ does chaotic operator in Hilbert space ? Let $H$=$L^2(\mathbb R)$...
-2
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1answer
152 views

Infinitesimal generator is bounded [closed]

Consider a strongly continuous semigroup of bounded linear operators $S(t):X\to X$. The infinitesimal generator of $S(t)$ is the linear operator $A:D(A)\subseteq X \to X$ defined by $$D(A):=\bigg\...
0
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0answers
200 views

Densely-defined operator with closed range: conditions for operator closed

Suppose we have Banach spaces (or Hilbert spaces) $X$ and $Y$, and a densely-defined linear operator $A : \operatorname{dom}(A) \subset X \rightarrow Y$ that is densely-defined and with closed range. ...
1
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1answer
719 views

Sum of two unbounded self-adjoint operators

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unbounded self-adjoint operators. From this mathoverflow post, for instance, we know that $A + B$ is self-adjoint on $\mathcal{D}(A) \cap \mathcal{D}(B)$ if $A$ and $B$ are ...
0
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1answer
631 views

Operator theory of the Hessian

How can I learn more about the operator theory of the Hessian? The Hessian of a function $u : \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb R$ over a domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb R^n$ is the matrix of second ...
5
votes
1answer
326 views

Some questions on analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations

I would like to ask a number of questions about the theory of analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations, but before I do so, let me fix the terminology to be used in this ...
2
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1answer
325 views

Eigenvalues and Compact Resolvent

For $A$ an unbounded (densely defined) operator on a separable Hilbert space, what conditions on its eigenvalues will show that, for $\lambda \notin $spec$(A)$, we have that $(A-\lambda)^{-1}$ is a ...
0
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1answer
162 views

Pullback via flow as operator group

Let $X$ be a vector field on a manifold $M$ that induces a complete flow $\Theta_t$. Then the operator family $\Theta_t^*$, $$\Theta_t^*u(x) = u(\Theta_t(x))$$ is a strongly continuous semigroup of ...
3
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0answers
140 views

Operator theory of initial-value ODE problems

The theory of elliptic boundary value problems is usually treated from the perspective of functional analysis, and the theory of operators between Hilbert spaces. In contrast to that, the theory of ...
2
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2answers
332 views

A question on unbounded operators

Assume that $H$ is a separable Hilbert space. Is there a polynomial $p(z)\in \mathbb{C}[x]$ with $deg(p)>1$ with the following property?: Every densely defined operator $A:D(A)\to D(A),\;D(A)\...
0
votes
1answer
385 views

Densely-defined unbounded operators with large support

Most densely-defined unbounded linear operators on Hilbert spaces have a very large domain. In fact, for a lot of natural operators the intersection of their domains are still dense. Let us consider ...
1
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1answer
146 views

Laplacian on space of measures

Let $X$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\mathcal{M}(X)$ be the space of regular finite Borel measures with the total variation as norm. The Laplace-Belrami-Operator $\Delta$ on $X$ with ...
1
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1answer
133 views

Special form of unbounded operators on $L_2(\mathbb{R}_+, \mathcal{H})$

I have the following problem; Fix a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Let $S \colon \mathrm{Dom}S \subset L_2(\mathbb{R}_+, \mathcal{H}) \rightarrow L_2(\mathbb{R}_+, \mathcal{H}) $ be a closed densely ...
10
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3answers
333 views

Does the generator of a 1-parameter group of Banach space isometries know which elements are entire?

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space. Let $(\sigma_t)_{t \in \mathbb{R}}$ be a 1-parameter group of linear isometries of $X$ which is strongly continuous i.e. $t \mapsto \sigma_t(x)$ is continuous for ...
8
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2answers
233 views

why is this a sufficient condition for a domain to be a core of an unbounded operator?

Let $\alpha:\mathbb R\to U(H)$ be a strongly continuous action of the reals on some Hilbert space, and let $A=-i\frac d{dt}\alpha(t)|_{t=0}$ be its infinitesimal generator, so that $\alpha(t)=e^{itA}$....
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Self-adjointness of a perturbed quantum mechanical Hamiltonian specified in an infinite matrix form

Consider an operator $H$ on the Hilbert space $\ell_2$ given as an infinite matrix with two pieces, one diagonal and one arbitrary: $H_{ij}=E_i\delta_{ij}+V_{ij}$. This has a physical meaning in ...
7
votes
2answers
768 views

C*-algebraic representation of observables vs self-adjoint operators one

I am trying to reconcile the "physicist" definition of an observable: self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, and the operational one as given by Strocchi in "An introduction to the mathematical ...
13
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2answers
645 views

Perturbation of unbounded self-adjoint operators

In the paper "A CRITERION FOR THE NORMALITY OF UNBOUNDED OPERATORS AND APPLICATIONS TO SELF-ADJOINTNESS" by M. H MORTAD (http://arxiv.org/pdf/1301.0241.pdf), the author states the following theorem ...
7
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1answer
314 views

Product of commuting nonnegative operators

Let $V$ be a real vector space with an inner product and $A,B : V \to V$ linear maps which are self-adjoint nonnegative-definite, i.e. $\langle Ax,y \rangle = \langle x,Ay \rangle$ and $\langle Ax,x \...
3
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3answers
2k views

How to define Laplacian on $L_2$

This might be a dumb question, but I thought the Laplacian (classical) is defined for $C^2$ functions. How do we extend that to be a self-adjoint operator on all of $L_2$? Is it the so called ...
4
votes
1answer
432 views

Hormander's bracket condition for the adjoint of an operator

Let $X_0, X_1, \dots, X_k$ be smooth vector fields over ${\mathbb R}^n$, and let us consider the operator $$ L = \sum_{i=1}^k X_i^2 + X_0~. $$ Here, I assume that Hörmander's bracket condition is ...