Questions tagged [weil-conjectures]

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14
votes
1answer
408 views

What is the automorphic interpretation of the Weil conjectures over finite fields

I am very much a beginner in the theory of automorphic forms and I might (will?) make mistakes in what follows. Please correct me. A loose interpretation of the Langland's philosophy is that to any ...
2
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0answers
131 views

Is there any generalization of Weil conjecture for non-smooth variety?

Is there any generalization of Weil conjecture for any non-smooth geometric-connected variety? For example, for more general curve, or at least some numerical evindence (example)?
7
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0answers
203 views

The geometric meaning of the sign in the functional equation

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety of dimension $n=\dim X$ over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. As is well known, its zeta function satisfies a functional equation of the form $$Z(X,q^{-n}T^{-1})=\...
4
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0answers
150 views

Original motivation for pairing definitions

Today the Weil and Tate pairings are used a lot in cryptography. I'm curious, what was the original motivation of Weil and Tate for defining them? (Especially curious about Weil.) I've understood Weil ...
4
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1answer
339 views

Are degrees of polynomials in Weil's zeta function equal/bounded to/by dimensions of SOME cohomologies in non-smooth or non-projective case?

[Edit] Let me make question more focused. It is about details of Weil conjectures. Rationality of zeta function does NOT require the manifold to be smooth & projective, so zeta function is a ...
10
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0answers
750 views

Nick Katz observation: “the rationality of the zeta function!”

In the proceedings "Algebraic Geometry - Arcata 1974" edited by R. Hartshorne there is an article by Nick Katz called "$p$-adic $L$-functions via moduli of elliptic curves". He starts by recalling $p$-...
6
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1answer
750 views

The connection between the Weil conjectures and Ramanujan's conjecture

I'm writing an essay about Ramanujan's conjecture and have some questions: 1 How is Ramanujan's conjecture connected with the Weil conjectures? 2 How could Ramanujan's conjecture be assumed true or ...
2
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1answer
148 views

Geometric (or at least non-cohomological) proof of Lefschetz trace formula for curves

There is an isomorphism between (rational) correspondences on a curve $C/\mathbb{F}_p$ orthogonal to the "valence zero" ones (i.e. orthogonal under intersection pairing to $\{*\}\times C$ and $C\times ...
24
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8answers
2k views

Relatively concise English expositions of the proofs of the various Weil conjectures

Where can I find relatively concise (i.e. not excessively wordy and waxing poetic about history and intuitions and such, doesn't spend an eternity carefully developing various parts of the theory of ...
0
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0answers
159 views

Unexpected isomorphisms between “unrelated fields”

I read in the post Why worry about the Axiom of Choice ? that the existence of isomorphisms between $\overline{\mathbb{Q}_p}$, $p$ any prime, and $\mathbb{C}$, makes some worry about the Axiom of ...
18
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1answer
492 views

Weil conjectures for higher dimensional cycles?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{F}_{q}$. For each pair of positive integers $n$ and $d$, let $\text{Chow}_{n,d}(X)$ denote the (coarse) moduli space of $n$-cycles of degree $d$ on ...
3
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1answer
273 views

Weil Conjectures Analog for Multivariate Zeta Functions

We know that the Riemann zeta function can be generalized to multivariate zeta functions. Is there a multivariate analog of the Weil conjectures?
8
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0answers
278 views

Does Stepanov's method extend to complete intersections?

Stepanov (circa 1970) created the polynomial method to limit the rational points of an algebraic curve over $\mathbb{F}_q$, leading to one of several alternative proofs of Weil's Riemann hypothesis ...
14
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1answer
1k views

Gabber's original proof of his purity theorem

Gabber's purity theorem is the statement that if $\mathscr{F}$ is a pure perverse sheaf on an open subvariety $j : U \hookrightarrow X$ then so is $j_{!*} \mathscr{F}$. It is remarkable because it ...
3
votes
3answers
388 views

Curve with given Frobenius polynomial

Does there exist a prime $p$ and a smooth genus 2 curve $C / \mathbf{F}_p$ such that the characteristic polynomial of Frobenius on the Tate module of $J(C)$ is given by $(T^2 - p)^2$? More generally, ...
13
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1answer
1k views

Relation between Weil Conjecture and Langlands Program

Recently I read Gelbart's An Elementary Introduction To The Langlands Program, which explained the origin of the program, and this question came to me. For an elliptic curve over finite field, the ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Idea of using etale site

I have just read an article which mentions that, when Grothendieck considered using etale morphism, he did borrow the idea from Riemann that multivalued function on an open subset of complex plane ...
22
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1answer
1k views

When is “independence of l” known?

My question is for which varieties over local fields is "independence of l" known for etale cohomology. Say $X/{\mathbb Q}_p$ is a complete non-singular variety and $W_l$ is the (complex) Weil-...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

“Inverse problem” for the zeta function [duplicate]

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective, geometrically irreducible curve, of genus $g$, over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. By the Weil conjectures, the zeta function has the shape $$ Z_C(t)=\frac{P(t)}{(1-t)(...
8
votes
1answer
528 views

What is the current state of the crystalline analogue of the Weil conjectures?

In "F-isocrystals on open varieties results and conjectures" Faltings says: "Finally, we extend the theory of weights and show as much as possible of the crystalline analogue of the Weil ...
1
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2answers
631 views

About Weil's proof of “Weil conjectures for curves and abelian varieties”

I know that the Weil's proof of the Weil conjectures for curves and abelian varieties is made under the lenguage of his "Foundation of algebraic geometry", however in "Polarizations and Grothendieck's ...
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0answers
123 views

Is semistability of smooth Weil sheaf preserved under tensor product?

Let $X_0$ be a smooth, geometrically connected scheme over $\mathbb{F}_q$. As usual, let $\tau : \bar{\mathbb{Q}}_{\ell} \simeq \mathbb{C}$ be a fixed isomorphism. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be the category of ...
5
votes
3answers
423 views

Reference for counting points over finite fields

The following fact is extremely well known: Fact. Let $Y$ be a geometrically irreducible variety (not necessarily smooth or proper) over a finite field $k$. Then there is a constant $B$, ...
26
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1answer
2k views

Is there a cheap proof of power savings for exponential sums over finite fields?

Let $p$ be a large prime, and let $f(x) = P(x)/Q(x)$ be a non-constant rational function over ${\Bbb F}_p$ of bounded degree. From the Weil conjectures for curves, we have a bound of the form $$ |\...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How did Weil prove the Weil conjectures for curves?

I understand that Weil proved the Weil conjectures for curves. I have seen his proof of the third and trickiest part, the "Riemann Hypothesis for curves," but I am curious about how he showed ...
18
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1answer
2k views

How many proofs of the Weil conjectures are there?

I hope this this is not seen as too much as jumping on the band-wagon, but here goes. Deligne's proof of the last of the Weil conjectures is well-known and just part of a huge body of work that has ...
6
votes
1answer
902 views

weight monodromy conjecture for curves?

Hi, Is there a simple proof of the weight monodromy conjecture in the case of a curve over a mixed characteristic local field? Thanks!
36
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6answers
3k views

Elementary examples of the Weil conjectures

I'm looking for examples of the Weil conjectures---specifically rationality of the zeta function---that can be appreciated with minimal background in algebraic geometry. Are there varieties for which ...
4
votes
4answers
912 views

Hodge numbers of reduction mod $p$

Let $X$ be a projective variety defined over a number field $K$, and $p \in \textrm{Spec }\mathcal{O}_K$ a maximal ideal, so that reduction mod $p$ makes sense, and the resulting scheme (mod $p$) $\...
9
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1answer
887 views

Motivic proof of Weil-conjectures?

Assuming the standard conjectures (and whatever is needed in addition), is there a nice proof of the Weil-conjectures written completely in the language of motives?
17
votes
1answer
904 views

On the Hasse-Weil L-function of $P^n$

So let us start with the "simplest" scheme over $Spec(\mathbf{Z})$ namely $X_0=Spec(\mathbf{Z})$. Then the (reciprocal) Weil zeta function of $X_0$ at a prime $p$ is given by $Z_p(T)=1-T$ (a ...
14
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2answers
1k views

Can one find the hodge number by counting points over finite fields?

Given a proper smooth variety $X$ of dimension $n$ over $\mathbb{C}$, assume it has a model over a DVR of mixed characteristic $(0,p)$ with residue field $\mathbb{F}_q$, and assume the closed fiber $...
2
votes
2answers
647 views

Is the integrality of the zeta function easy?

I'm trying to get the gist of the proof of the Weil conjectures. Let $X$ be a variety over $\mathbb{F}_{p^n}$. A priori $Z(X,t)\in \mathbb{Q}[[t]]$. Due to the Grothendieck-Lefschetz fixed point ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

In what way do the Weil Conjectures pertain to Langlands?

For a relative variety $X$ over a ring of integers $O_K$, we can define a zeta function. This zeta function is defined as the product of the zeta functions of the variety specialized to $O_K/\mathfrak{...
6
votes
1answer
867 views

Serre's Analogue of the Weil Conjectures for Non-Compact Kahler Manifolds

The classical Riemann Hypothesis concerns the locations of zeroes of the Riemann zeta-function, or more generally the Dedekind zeta-functions of number fields. Its analogue for varieties defined over ...
11
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2answers
2k views

How would a motivic proof of the Riemann hypothesis over finite fields go?

It is well known that Grothendieck had a different idea than Deligne about how one should go about proving the Riemann hypothesis for finite fields. However, since Grothendieck's desired proof never ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Why is the zeta function of a variety over a finite field not a polynomial? (question about motives)

I've been doing some light(?) reading on motives and the standard conjectures in an attempt to put various things that I tangentially know in perspective. The question is this: the Weil conjectures ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Direct proof of special case of Hasse's theorem for elliptic curves

Consider the elliptic curve $y^2 = x^3 + x$ over $\mathbb{F}_p$, where $p \equiv 1 \pmod 4$. If memory serves correctly, the number of points (excluding the point at infinity) is $p - a$ where $a$ is ...
26
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0answers
1k views

Is there a Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch type of theorem generalizing Grothendieck's Lefschetz trace formula

Grothendieck deduced that the L-function of a (constructible) $\ell$-adic sheaf on a variety over $\mathbf{F}_p$ is rational from the generalized trace formula. My first question is based on the ...
11
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0answers
1k views

Do the Standard Conjectures imply parts of the “Weil II” Riemann Hypothesis?

It is known that Grothendieck's Standard Conjectures on algebraic cycles imply the Riemann Hypothesis of the original Weil Conjectures. However, do they also say something about the version of the ...
18
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3answers
2k views

Are there “motivic” proofs of Weil conjectures in special cases?

This is a question meant as a first step to get into reading more on Weil conjectures and standard conjectures. It is known that the standard conjectures on vanishing of cycles would imply the Weil ...
17
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4answers
2k views

Weil conjecture for algebraic surfaces

Deligne's proof of the Weil conjecture is difficult. On the other hand, there are some "simpler" proofs of the Weil conjecture in the case of algebraic curves. For instance, in GTM52, one see it ...
32
votes
4answers
6k views

What would a “moral” proof of the Weil Conjectures require?

At the very end of this 2006 interview (rm), Kontsevich says "...many great theorems are originally proven but I think the proofs are not, kind of, "morally right." There should be better proofs......
4
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2answers
970 views

Weil Conjectures for Grassmannians

To establish the Weil conjectures for $n$-dimensional projective space over a finite field is elementary. Does there exist a simple direct proof of the conjectures for finite field Grassmannians?
11
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5answers
2k views

Equivalent Statements of Riemann Hypothesis in the Weil Conjectures

In the cohomological incarnation, the Riemann hypothesis part of the Weil conjectures for a smooth proper scheme of finite type over a finite field with $q$ elements says that: the eigenvalues of ...