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3
votes
3answers
206 views

Reference for counting points over finite fields

The following fact is extremely well known: Fact. Let $Y$ be a geometrically irreducible variety (not necessarily smooth or proper) over a finite field $k$. Then there is a constant $B$, ...
21
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a cheap proof of power savings for exponential sums over finite fields?

Let $p$ be a large prime, and let $f(x) = P(x)/Q(x)$ be a non-constant rational function over ${\Bbb F}_p$ of bounded degree. From the Weil conjectures for curves, we have a bound of the form $$ ...
8
votes
1answer
882 views

How many proofs of the Weil conjectures are there?

I hope this this is not seen as too much as jumping on the band-wagon, but here goes. Deligne's proof of the last of the Weil conjectures is well-known and just part of a huge body of work that has ...
3
votes
1answer
322 views

weight monodromy conjecture for curves?

Hi, Is there a simple proof of the weight monodromy conjecture in the case of a curve over a mixed characteristic local field? Thanks!
24
votes
5answers
1k views

Elementary examples of the Weil conjectures

I'm looking for examples of the Weil conjectures---specifically rationality of the zeta function---that can be appreciated with minimal background in algebraic geometry. Are there varieties for which ...
4
votes
4answers
600 views

Hodge numbers of reduction mod $p$

Let $X$ be a projective variety defined over a number field $K$, and $p \in \textrm{Spec }\mathcal{O}_K$ a maximal ideal, so that reduction mod $p$ makes sense, and the resulting scheme (mod $p$) ...
6
votes
1answer
545 views

Motivic proof of Weil-conjectures?

Assuming the standard conjectures (and whatever is needed in addition), is there a nice proof of the Weil-conjectures written completely in the language of motives?
15
votes
1answer
696 views

On the Hasse-Weil L-function of $P^n$

So let us start with the "simplest" scheme over $Spec(\mathbf{Z})$ namely $X_0=Spec(\mathbf{Z})$. Then the (reciprocal) Weil zeta function of $X_0$ at a prime $p$ is given by $Z_p(T)=1-T$ (a ...
8
votes
2answers
694 views

Can one find the hodge number by counting points over finite fields?

Given a proper smooth variety $X$ of dimension $n$ over $\mathbb{C}$, assume it has a model over a DVR of mixed characteristic $(0,p)$ with residue field $\mathbb{F}_q$, and assume the closed fiber ...
2
votes
2answers
579 views

Is the integrality of the zeta function easy?

I'm trying to get the gist of the proof of the Weil conjectures. Let $X$ be a variety over $\mathbb{F}_{p^n}$. A priori $Z(X,t)\in \mathbb{Q}[[t]]$. Due to the Grothendieck-Lefschetz fixed point ...
2
votes
1answer
736 views

In what way do the Weil Conjectures pertain to Langlands?

For a relative variety $X$ over a ring of integers $O_K$, we can define a zeta function. This zeta function is defined as the product of the zeta functions of the variety specialized to ...
4
votes
1answer
500 views

Serre's Analogue of the Weil Conjectures for Non-Compact Kahler Manifolds

The classical Riemann Hypothesis concerns the locations of zeroes of the Riemann zeta-function, or more generally the Dedekind zeta-functions of number fields. Its analogue for varieties defined over ...
10
votes
2answers
921 views

How would a motivic proof of the Riemann hypothesis over finite fields go?

It is well known that Grothendieck had a different idea than Deligne about how one should go about proving the Riemann hypothesis for finite fields. However, since Grothendieck's desired proof never ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is the zeta function of a variety over a finite field not a polynomial? (question about motives)

I've been doing some light(?) reading on motives and the standard conjectures in an attempt to put various things that I tangentially know in perspective. The question is this: the Weil conjectures ...
5
votes
2answers
806 views

Direct proof of special case of Hasse's theorem for elliptic curves

Consider the elliptic curve $y^2 = x^3 + x$ over $\mathbb{F}_p$, where $p \equiv 1 \pmod 4$. If memory serves correctly, the number of points (excluding the point at infinity) is $p - a$ where $a$ is ...
17
votes
0answers
764 views

Is there a Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch type of theorem generalizing Grothendieck's Lefschetz trace formula

Grothendieck deduced that the L-function of a (constructible) $\ell$-adic sheaf on a variety over $\mathbf{F}_p$ is rational from the generalized trace formula. My first question is based on the ...
8
votes
0answers
866 views

Do the Standard Conjectures imply parts of the “Weil II” Riemann Hypothesis?

It is known that Grothendieck's Standard Conjectures on algebraic cycles imply the Riemann Hypothesis of the original Weil Conjectures. However, do they also say something about the version of the ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there “motivic” proofs of Weil conjectures in special cases?

This is a question meant as a first step to get into reading more on Weil conjectures and standard conjectures. It is known that the standard conjectures on vanishing of cycles would imply the Weil ...