# Questions tagged [ricci-flow]

The ricci-flow tag has no usage guidance.

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### Understanding the Hamilton's definition of $\ast$-operation

I'm studying by myself Mean Curvature Flow and I'm trying understand the definition of $\ast$-operation given by Richard Hamilton in the beginning of the section $13$ (page $40$) of his paper "Three-...

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79 views

### On the infimium of a functional

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold. Define
$$\lambda(g)=\inf\{\mathcal{F}(g,f),\;0<f\in C^{\infty}(M),\; \int_Mf^2\;d\nu=1\},$$
where $$\mathcal{F}(g,f)=\int_M\left(|\nabla f|^2+ af^2\...

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### Eigenvalues of geometric operators along geometric flows

I have two questions:
1- what is the relation between eigenvalues of geometric operators such as Laplace operator and topology or geometry of a Riemannian manifold?(please give an example if possible)...

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212 views

### The Ricci flow and integrable systems

It is well-know that the Ricci flow is defined by the following equation:
$$ \frac{\partial g}{\partial t}=-2R(g)$$ where $g$ is the metric and $R(g)$ is the Ricci curvature. Let $g_0$ be a metric and ...

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87 views

### Isometries along the normalized Ricci flow

As we know the Ricci flow preserves isometries of the initial manifold along the flow. But I want to know does the normalized Ricci flow preserves isometries of the initial manifold along the flow as ...

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144 views

### Curvature decay of Ricci expanders

Let $M$ be a gradient Ricci expander with nonnegative curvature operator. Assume $\Sigma$ is its space of directions at infinity (so $M$ looks like a cone over $\Sigma$).
What is the curvature ...

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140 views

### Converse of Hamilton's Maximum Principle?

The famous maximum principle of Hamilton states the following. Let $C$ be a convex $O(n)$-invariant subset of the space of algebraic curvature operators. Then if it is invariant under the ODE
$$ \dot{...

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66 views

### Differentiable dependence on the data for parabolic equations

Let $g_{\lambda}$ be a one parameter family of Riemannian metrics, which are complete and with bounded curvature, on the unit disk, depending smoothly on the parameter $\lambda$. Let $\Delta_{\lambda}$...

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297 views

### Ricci flow is not a gradient flow for $L^2$-space of metrics

I am reading Ben Andrews book about Ricci flow and at the start of the chapter about Perelman's gradient flow formulation for Ricci flow he says Robert Bryant exposed that there are no functionals ...

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136 views

### Classical solutions for parabolic PDE's

I am studying Ricci flow theory and the Ricci flow is not a parabolic equation. But there is some variant of it, called DeTurck-Ricci equation, that happens to be a parabolic PDE. So to argue ...

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73 views

### Reference for example of gradient steady Ricci solitons

Recently I read a paper about Ricci solitons. I quote a paragraph of it here:
In dimension three, the classification of complete gradient steady Ricci solitons is still open. Known examples are ...

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106 views

### Strong uniqueness of the Ricci flow

In the paper ``Strong uniqueness of the Ricci flow", Chen proved the following strong uniqueness of the Ricci flow: let $g(t)$ be a smooth complete solution to the Ricci ﬂow on $\mathbb{R}^3$, with ...

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169 views

### Question on $\alpha-$Einstein manifolds

A Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ is called $\alpha-$Einstein if there exist a non-zero $1-$form $\alpha$ such
$$\rho=ag+b\alpha\otimes\alpha$$
where $a,b$ are smooth functions on $M$ and $\rho$ is ricci ...

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126 views

### Pseudolocality outside of geometric PDE?

In Ricci flow, the pseudolocality theorem says roughly that regularity in some region implies that as time goes on, there is some regularity in a smaller region. The first version is due to Perelman. ...

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258 views

### “Elliptic” proof that Compact Ricci Solitons are Gradient Ricci Solitons

I'm concerned with the following
Proposition: If a compact manifold $M$ satisfies $$Rc + \textstyle\frac{1}{2}\mathcal{L}_Xg = \lambda g $$
where $\lambda$ is a constant (i.e. $M$ is a compact Ricci ...

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203 views

### Curvature blow up along Ricci flow

In the book on Ricci flow by Andrews and Hopper, it has been proved that if Ricci flow on $M$ has a finite time singularity at time $T$ then $\lim_{t \nearrow T} \sup_{x\in M} |Rm(x,t)|=\infty$. I am ...

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229 views

### Gromov Hausdorff limit and Ricci flow

Let $M$ be a compact, smooth manifold and $\{g(t)\}$ be a family of Riemannian metrics on $M$ evolving under Ricci flow. Suppose the maximal existence time $T$ is finite. To what extent the following ...

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167 views

### Some questions on a paper of Wilking

I am currently trying to understand Wilking's paper "A Lie algebraic approach to Ricci flow invariant curvature conditions and Harnack inequalities". If I may, I wish to clarify a few points where I ...

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146 views

### Ricci flow and evolution of the shape of drops in spray

Several years ago, I was a trainee in a physics lab where I was supposed to study atomisation in sprays (ensemble of liquid drops). As we did observe that the drops tended to adopt a spherical shape ...

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353 views

### Geometric meaning of Ricci flow [duplicate]

What is the geometric meaning, for a metric in function of the time that is a solution of the Ricci flow ($g'(t)=-2Ric(t)$), compared to one that is not?
EXPLANATION
I'm interested to understand, ...

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177 views

### Evolution of $W_+$ and $W_-$ under the Ricci flow

In dimension $4$ the Weyl operator $W$ splits in two parts
$$W_+:\Lambda^{2}_{+} \to \Lambda^{2}_{+}$$
and
$$W_-:\Lambda^{2}_{-} \to \Lambda^{2}_{-}.$$
(a) Has there been a study of the evolution ...

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171 views

### Technical argument for Ricci flow uniqueness

I'm trying to prove carefully Ricci flow uniqueness with the book Lectures on the Ricci flow by Peter Topping at http://homepages.warwick.ac.uk/~maseq/topping_RF_mar06.pdf .
I have trouble with ...

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545 views

### Example of steady Ricci soliton whith indefinite or nonpositive Ricci curvature

I am looking for example of steady Ricci soliton with indefinite or nonpositive Ricci curvature.
Any help will be appreciated.
Thanks!

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110 views

### Two questions about Li-Yau-Hamilton estimate

This question is from my question on mathematics.
Picture below is from 231 page . For to prove $Q\ge 0$ on $M \times (0,T)$,
$(\partial_t -\Delta)Q \ge 0$ and $Q\ge 0$ are needed to prove.But I ...

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235 views

### Ricci soliton on contact manifolds

Recently I am studying Ricci flow and its self-similar solution called Ricci soliton. In this respect I found some papers which focuses Ricci soliton in the setting of various kind of contact ...

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650 views

### How is Ricci flow related to computer graphics?

I recently came across the book Ricci Flow for Shape Analysis and Surface Registration: Theories, Algorithms and Applications by Wei Zeng and Xianfeng David Gu. Because, I just saw the book on the ...

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485 views

### Ricci flow and isometry group

It is known (via Kotschwar's uniqueness of backwards Ricci flows) that the isometry group of a Riemannian metric remains unchanged under the Ricci flow. But, one can easily observe that it can change ...

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321 views

### Optimal exponent in the Lojasiewicz-Simon gradient inequality

Lojasiewicz's theorem asserts that if $F: \mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ is a real-analytic function in a neighborhood of its critical point $0$, then there exist constants $\theta\in (0,1/2]$, $\gamma\...

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130 views

### Faster (than normal) convergence of the normalized Ricci flow on surfaces

Consider a compact surface $M$ of genus $\gamma > 1$ (I am using the more usual letter "$g$" to denote metric), and the normalized Ricci flow on it. It is known that at time $t$, the scalar ...

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### ricci flow on surfaces

In Hamiltons paper "Ricci flow on surfaces" there is an estimate on $|\nabla R|^2$ which shows that $|\nabla R|^2 \leq C_1 \exp{\frac{rt}{2}}$ for some constant $C_1$.
Actually for any solution of the ...

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202 views

### Long time existence of Ricci flow on compact surfaces of negative curvature

Is there a long time existence for the Ricci flow on compact negatively curved surfaces? I just read that the normalized Ricci flow has a long time solution converging to a metric of constant negative ...

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643 views

### Prerequisites for reading Gregory Perelman's work

What are the prerequisites for understanding the work of Perelman concerning the Poincaré conjecture?
I am referring to the last three papers here.

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### Variational Properties of the Perelman Functional

After reading a bit more about Perelman's entropy and gradient solitons, I came up with a hunch, which I must test. Non-singular solitons can be regarded as critical points of Perelman's entropy, or ...

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572 views

### Avoiding mean-curvature flow dumbbell neck-pinch by inflating a surface

It is well known that
Grayson's dumbbell neck-pinch1,2 separates
into disconnected pieces under
mean curvature flow:
Image ...

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137 views

### On the definition on the Ricci flow [closed]

I'm trying to understand how one can define the Ricci flow equation.
First you have to parametrized the set of all Riemannian metrics.
Then you have to define the derivative on this parametrized ...

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132 views

### Sources on evolution of submanifolds subject to Ricci flow

I am seeking any textbook or paper addressing the evolution of submanifolds of a manifold undergoing Ricci Flow. Please, any pointer towards this topic is more than welcome.
This old MO post may be ...

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844 views

### Self-contained book on Ricci Flow/Geometric Analysis

Can someone please tell me whether there is any self-contained book on Geometric Analysis/Ricci Flow/analytic techniques used in Riemannian Geometry? By self-contained I mean it does not assume that ...

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422 views

### Ricci flow on non-compact manifold

Suppose $\omega$ defines a Kähler metric on a non-compact complex manifold. Does
the Kähler-Ricci flow equation always have a solution (for small $t$)?

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305 views

### Ricci flow and conformal classes

Is it true that the conformal class of the metric is preserved under Ricci flow? I have seen it mentioned in an answer on this site. Is there an easy argument?
(This question was asked on MSE but it ...

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513 views

### Gradient Ricci soliton

I am reading Cao and Chen's paper "On Bach-flat gradient shrinking Ricci solitons".
A complete Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g_{ij})$ is called a gradient shrinking Ricci soliton if there exists a smooth ...

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345 views

### Hamilton-Ivey pinching in dimension 4

I've heard it said (e.g., in the accepted answer to this MO question) that a major obstacle to an effective theory of Ricci Flow in dimension 4 is the absence of the Hamilton-Ivey pinching phenomenon. ...

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283 views

### Hamilton's Proof of the Tensor Maximum Principle

My questions come from Richard Hamilton's Three-Manifolds with Positive Ricci Curvature paper. I'm trying to work through parts of the paper so I can better understand the Ricci Flow for my research. ...

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391 views

### RG flow and Ricci flow

It looks like the Laplace operator in the nonlinear sigma model (say the Polyakov action) is different from the Laplace-Beltrami operator, how can one get the Ricci flow as a low order approximation ...

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338 views

### Negative pinching and Ricci flow

Let $\varepsilon>0$ be sufficiently small.
Denote by $\mathrm{Rm}$ and $\mathrm{R}$ the curvature operator and the scalar curvature.
Consider the following pinching condition
$$\langle\mathrm{Rm}\,...

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271 views

### Optimal, conformal diffeomorphisms between two surfaces in 3D

Let $S_1$ and $S_2$ be two smooth, closed surfaces embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Q. Is there a natural definition of the optimal, conformal diffeomorphism between $S_1$ and $S_2$?
I am imagining $...

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743 views

### Yang-Mills flow, Ricci flow and the holonomy

Is the holonomy group (based at some point) preserved along the Yang-Mills flow/ Ricci flow?
(1) For Yang-Mills case, we know that the centralizer of the holonomy $H_x$ is the isotropy group of the ...

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241 views

### On the definition of convergence of a sequence of sections of a bundle

Convergence of a sequence of sections of a bundle is defined as follows:
Definition: Let $E$ be a vector bundle over a manifold $M$, and let metrics $g$ and connections $∇$ be given on $E$ and on $TM$...

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### Expressing the Ricci flow as a gradient flow in a case that manifold $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold with boundary

I want to express the Ricci flow as a gradient flow in a case that manifold $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold with boundary. For this I use the Einstein-Hilbert action
$$S(g_{\mu \nu})=\frac{1}{16\pi}\...

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702 views

### Reverse Ricci Flow and Longtime Existence

The usual Ricci flow and normalized Ricci flow for surfaces are
$$ \partial_t g = -2Kg $$
and
$$ \partial_t g = -2Kg + 2sg,$$
where $K$ is the Gaussian curvature and $s$ is its average.
The latter ...

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510 views

### Possible Error in Chow-Knopfs Ricci Flow Introduction

On page 105 of Chow--Knopfs "Ricci Flow: An Introduction", it reads:
"$r = \int_M R d\mu / \int_M d\mu$ ... is determined by the Euler characteristic $\chi(M^2)$ of the surface, hence is independent ...