# Questions tagged [laplacian]

The Laplacian matrix is the representation of a graph in matrix form.

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### Explicit expression for the Poisson kernel solving the Dirichlet problem for geodesic balls

Let $X$ be a Riemannian manifold with the Laplace-Beltrami operator denoted by $\mathscr L$ and we look at its geodesic balls say $B$. Let $u$ be a continuous function on the geodesic sphere which is ...
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### First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on the traceless-transverse 2-forms

Let $(S^3/\Gamma, g)$ be a spherical space form with constant sectional curvature $1$, where $\Gamma$ is a finite subgroup of $SO(4)$ acting freely on $S^3$. Consider the first nonzero eigenvalue ...
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### Green kernel vs fundamental solution

Let $L$ being the Laplacian for a given Lie group $G$. I would like to know what is the difference between the two notions in relation to the operator $L$: The fundamental solution $\Gamma(x)$ of $L$;...
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### Weighted network centrality measure

I am looking for some references (I could not find much online) and/or technical guidance on the eigenvector centrality. More specifically on its generalization for a weighted network, i.e. how to ...
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### Optimality condition of the harmonic form representatives of a homology class

In "Hodge theory on metric spaces, Smale et al." the $d$-th harmonic forms of the Hodge Laplacian $\Delta_d=\delta^* \delta+\delta \delta^*$ satisfying $\Delta_d(f)=0$ are claimed to be ...
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### Products of eigenfunctions on compact Riemann surfaces

Let $M$ be a compact Riemann surface with genus $g\geq 2$, endowed with the Riemannian metric with constant sectional curvature $-1$. Let $f_1, f_2$ be two (global) eigenfunctions for the Laplace-...
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### Proof that $e_{k,j}^{\tau}(q,p)=\overline{e_{j,k}^{\tau}(-q,-p)}$ in the spectral theory of the twisted Laplacian?

I leave some context for this question, this question is about the spectral analysis of the twisted Laplacian, I need some assistance in solving this problem. A fundamental ingredient in the ...
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### How to show that $\Delta W \leq −2(n − 4)V$?

I am reading a preprint and trying to understand the proof of Lemma 3.5. On Pg. 19 above eqn (3.49) the authors claim that $\Delta W \leq −2(n − 4)V$ where the functions $W$ and $V$ are defined below, ...
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### Is the heat semigroup on a manifold the limit of the heat semigroups associated to a compact exhaustion?

Let $M$ be a paracompact Riemannian manifold, and $E \to M$ a Hermitian vector bundle endowed with a Hermitian connection $\nabla$. Write $M$ as an exhaustion $\bigcup _{j \ge 0} U_j$ with relatively ...
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### Relation between the eigenvalues of the weighted laplacian and fractional laplacian?

Consider the eigenvalue problem $-\Delta u = \lambda u\rho$ for $u\in \dot{H}^{1}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with $n\geq 3$ and weight $\rho\in L^{n/2}(\mathbb{R}^n).$ Let $(\lambda_k, \psi_k)$ be the increasing ...
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### Are there any known results for the spectrum of $(-\Delta)^s/V^{p-1}$?

I am interested in generalizing some results known for the $\frac{-\Delta}{U^{p-1}}$ where $U$ is a Talenti bubble to the non-local operator $\frac{(-\Delta)^s}{V^{p-1}}$ where $U$ and $V$ are bubbles ...
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### Limit of $e^{-t(-\Delta)^\alpha}$ when $\alpha \to 1$

Let us consider the fractional heat semigroup $\left(e^{-t(-\Delta)^\alpha}\right)_{t\ge 0}$ for $\alpha\in (0,1)$ (the fractional power is taken in whole $\mathbb R^d$). Is there any result about the ...
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### Differentiation of functions over graphs

In short: There are various ways to define differentiation over a graph. I am trying to get the big picture, like a more complete and structured bestiary. Definitions. Let $G=(V,E)$ be a directed ...
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### Differential inequalities under which a flat function must be identically zero

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function which is flat at $0\in \mathbb{R}$. That is $f^{(k)}(0)=0,\; k=0,1,2,\ldots$. Assume that $|f''(x)|\leq M|f(x)|\quad \forall x\in \mathbb{R}$ ...
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### Eigenvalues of Laplacian and eigenvalues of curvature operator

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold (without boundary). The symmetries of the curvature $R$ of (the Levi-Civita connection associated to) $g$ allow one to realise $R$ as a self-adjoint (...
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### Line graphs called "graph derivatives": any intuition?

Short version: in several papers, line graphs (and closely related graphs) are called graph derivatives or derived graphs; is there any intuition for such terminologies, in connection with the ...
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### Chip-firing clocks

Let $G$ be some outdegree-regular directed graph with $n$ vertices and let $H$ be the Laplacian of $G$, so that the rows of $H$ correspond to chip-firing moves. I’m interested in linear functions $f$ ...
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### Deducing elliptic regularity using spherical formula for Laplacian

It is well known that if $\Delta u = f$ and $u\in H_0^1(U),f \in L^2(U)$ for some domain $U,$ then we have $\|u\|_{H^2(U)} \leq C\|f\|_{L^2(U)}$ for some constant $C.$ One way to prove this is to ...
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### Estimate of the norm of the radial part of a function

Consider a function $u\in L^2(\mathbb R^N)$, and another function $\varphi$ which is the unique solution to the Poisson equation $\Delta \varphi = u$ vanishing at $\infty.$ We know that the radial ...
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### What is a random eigenfunction on the hyperbolic plane?

Is there an (invariant under isometries) notion of a random eigenfunction on the hyperbolic plane, for a given eigenvalue? It is a reference request because the answer is probably positive and I even ...
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### From one eigenvector to many, in a very local graph?

Let $\Gamma$ be an undirected graph of bounded degree $d$ with $V = \{1,2,\dotsc,N\}$ as its set of vertices, and edges only between vertices that are at a distance $\leq M$ apart (where $M$ is much ...
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### How to understand the combinatorial Laplacian $\Delta$ which is defined on the graph?

I have a question about the combinatorial Laplacian $\Delta$ which is defined by $$\Delta(u,v)=c(u)1_{u=v}-c(u,v)$$ where $u, v$ are some vertices in the graph $G=(V, E)$, and $c(u,v)$ is a ...
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### Recent work on Pseudo-Laplacian and Pseudo-cuspform in the spirit of Riemann Hypothesis after the work of Bombieri and Garrett

( This is my first MO question . I'm totally inexperienced on MO so, forgive me for my mistakes .) Paul Garrett and Enrico Bombieri were (are?) Secretly Working on Pseudo-Laplacians and Pseudo-...