# Questions tagged [laplacian]

The Laplacian matrix is the representation of a graph in matrix form.

232
questions

**1**

vote

**0**answers

37 views

### Explicit expression for the Poisson kernel solving the Dirichlet problem for geodesic balls

Let $X$ be a Riemannian manifold with the Laplace-Beltrami operator denoted by $\mathscr L$ and we look at its geodesic balls say $B$. Let $u$ be a continuous function on the geodesic sphere which is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on the traceless-transverse 2-forms

Let $(S^3/\Gamma, g)$ be a spherical space form with constant sectional curvature $1$, where $\Gamma$ is a finite subgroup of $SO(4)$ acting freely on $S^3$.
Consider the first nonzero eigenvalue ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Spectra of the Laplacian operator on the spherical space-form

Let $S^3/\Gamma$ be a spherical space form where $\Gamma$ is a finite subgroup of $O(4)$ acting freely on $S^3$.
If $\Gamma$ is trivial, it is well-known that the spectra of the Laplacian operator on $...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Are smooth functions with compact support a core for the Laplacian on compact manifolds with boundary?

If $M$ is a complete Riemannian manifold and $L$ is the Friedrichs extension of the Laplacian $-\Delta$, then it is known (first proven by Gaffney in the '50) that $C_0 ^\infty (M)$ is a core for $L$. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Regularity bound

For $\Delta f_g = g$, can we prove that $f_g \in L^\infty_{\text{per}}(\Omega)$ and
\begin{align*}
\|f_g\|_{L^\infty_{\rm per}} \le c \|g\|_{L^\infty_{\rm per}}
\end{align*}
where $c$ does not ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Smallest eigenvalue of Laplacian of periodic lattice after removing a vertex

Consider a 4-regular graph with $N^2$ vertices, which can be interpreted as a $N\times N$ lattice with periodic boundary conditions so that every vertex has degree 4.
For an unweighted and undirected ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Lichnerowicz Laplacian on positive Einstein manifolds

Suppose $(M^n,g)$ is an $n$-dimensional Einstein manifold with $Ric=(n-1)g$. Let $\lambda$ be the minimal eigenvalue of the Lichnerowicz Laplacian $\Delta_L$ defined on all transverse-traceless ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

21 views

### Spectrum of a linear operator depending of the fractional laplacian operator

Let $s \in \mathbb{R}$ such that $0<s<1$. Consider the periodic fractional Laplacian $(-\Delta)^s$ in the real line defined via Fourier series as follows: if $f:[-\pi,\pi] \subset \mathbb{R} \...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

61 views

### Inequality involving the fractional Laplacian

Let $s \in \mathbb{R}$ such that $0<s<1$. Consider the fractional Laplacian $(-\Delta)^s$ in the real line defined via Fourier series as follows: if $f:[-\pi,\pi] \subset \mathbb{R} \...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Eigenvector to zero eigenvalue of general Laplacian

I was wondering what we can say about the eigenvectors of a matrix $A$ fullfilling $Ax =0$ where $A$ is symmetric with a diagonal equal to one and every row sums up to 0. Obviously this is a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Do Laplace-Beltrami eigenfunctions vary continuously with the metric?

I'm interested in Laplace Beltrami operators $$-\Delta_g:\ \ D(-\Delta_g) \longrightarrow L^2\left(M,\sqrt{|g|}dx\right)$$
on a smooth compact Riemannian Manifold (M,g). Let us fix a unique metric $...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Green kernel vs fundamental solution

Let $L$ being the Laplacian for a given Lie group $G$. I would like to know what is the difference between the two notions in relation to the operator $L$:
The fundamental solution $\Gamma(x)$ of $L$;...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### Weighted network centrality measure

I am looking for some references (I could not find much online) and/or technical guidance on the eigenvector centrality. More specifically on its generalization for a weighted network, i.e. how to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

38 views

### Optimality condition of the harmonic form representatives of a homology class

In "Hodge theory on metric spaces, Smale et al." the $d$-th harmonic forms of the Hodge Laplacian $\Delta_d=\delta^* \delta+\delta \delta^*$ satisfying $\Delta_d(f)=0$ are claimed to be ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Products of eigenfunctions on compact Riemann surfaces

Let $M$ be a compact Riemann surface with genus $g\geq 2$, endowed with the Riemannian metric with constant sectional curvature $-1$. Let $f_1, f_2$ be two (global) eigenfunctions for the Laplace-...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Proof that $e_{k,j}^{\tau}(q,p)=\overline{e_{j,k}^{\tau}(-q,-p)}$ in the spectral theory of the twisted Laplacian?

I leave some context for this question, this question is about the spectral analysis of the twisted Laplacian, I need some assistance in solving this problem.
A fundamental ingredient in the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

76 views

### How to show that $\Delta W \leq −2(n − 4)V$?

I am reading a preprint and trying to understand the proof of Lemma 3.5. On Pg. 19 above eqn (3.49) the authors claim that $\Delta W \leq −2(n − 4)V$ where the functions $W$ and $V$ are defined below,
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Is the heat semigroup on a manifold the limit of the heat semigroups associated to a compact exhaustion?

Let $M$ be a paracompact Riemannian manifold, and $E \to M$ a Hermitian vector bundle endowed with a Hermitian connection $\nabla$. Write $M$ as an exhaustion $\bigcup _{j \ge 0} U_j$ with relatively ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Relation between the eigenvalues of the weighted laplacian and fractional laplacian?

Consider the eigenvalue problem $-\Delta u = \lambda u\rho$ for $u\in \dot{H}^{1}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with $n\geq 3$ and weight $\rho\in L^{n/2}(\mathbb{R}^n).$ Let $(\lambda_k, \psi_k)$ be the increasing ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Are there any known results for the spectrum of $(-\Delta)^s/V^{p-1}$?

I am interested in generalizing some results known for the $\frac{-\Delta}{U^{p-1}}$ where $U$ is a Talenti bubble to the non-local operator $\frac{(-\Delta)^s}{V^{p-1}}$ where $U$ and $V$ are bubbles ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

156 views

### Graph Laplacian definition

Assume that we have node indices $\{1,...,p\}$ and weights between the indices $w_{ji} = w_{ij}\geq 0$ for $i,j \in \{1,...,p\}$ with $w_{ii} = 0$. Then the Laplacian matrix is defined as $L:= \...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

67 views

### Property about the fractional Laplacian

Let $s \in \mathbb{R}$ such that $0<s<1$. Consider the fractional Laplacian $(-\Delta)^s$ in the real line defined via Fourier series as follows: if $f:[-\pi,\pi] \subset \mathbb{R} \...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Limit of $e^{-t(-\Delta)^\alpha}$ when $\alpha \to 1$

Let us consider the fractional heat semigroup $\left(e^{-t(-\Delta)^\alpha}\right)_{t\ge 0}$ for $\alpha\in (0,1)$ (the fractional power is taken in whole $\mathbb R^d$). Is there any result about the ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

362 views

### Differentiation of functions over graphs

In short: There are various ways to define differentiation over a graph. I am trying to get the big picture, like a more complete and structured bestiary.
Definitions.
Let $G=(V,E)$ be a directed ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

328 views

### Differential inequalities under which a flat function must be identically zero

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function which is flat at $0\in \mathbb{R}$. That is $f^{(k)}(0)=0,\; k=0,1,2,\ldots $.
Assume that $|f''(x)|\leq M|f(x)|\quad \forall x\in \mathbb{R}$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Eigenvalues of Laplacian and eigenvalues of curvature operator

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold (without boundary). The symmetries of the curvature $R$ of (the Levi-Civita connection associated to) $g$ allow one to realise $R$ as a self-adjoint (...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

293 views

### Line graphs called "graph derivatives": any intuition?

Short version: in several papers, line graphs (and closely related graphs) are called graph derivatives or derived graphs; is there any intuition for such terminologies, in connection with the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

416 views

### Chip-firing clocks

Let $G$ be some outdegree-regular directed graph with $n$ vertices and let $H$ be the Laplacian of $G$, so that the rows of $H$ correspond to chip-firing moves. I’m interested in linear functions $f$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Deducing elliptic regularity using spherical formula for Laplacian

It is well known that if $\Delta u = f$ and $u\in H_0^1(U),f \in L^2(U)$ for some domain $U,$ then we have $\|u\|_{H^2(U)} \leq C\|f\|_{L^2(U)}$ for some constant $C.$ One way to prove this is to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Neumann/Robin Laplacian semigroup well-known estimate

Let $\Delta_R:D(\Delta_R)\to L^2(\Omega)$ the Robin Laplacian defined on:
$$D(\Delta_R)=\left\{u\in H^1(\Omega)\ \big |\ \Delta u\in L^2(\Omega),\ \dfrac{\partial u}{\partial\nu}+bu=0 \ \text{on}\ \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

60 views

### Show that the Laplacian on these domains is isospectral

Let $\Omega_i\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be bounded and open, $A_i$ denote the weak Laplacian with domain $\mathcal D(A):=\{u\in H_0^1(\Omega_i):\Delta u\in L^2(\Omega_i)\}$ on $L^2(\Omega_i)$ and $$T_i(t)f:...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

53 views

### Estimate of the norm of the radial part of a function

Consider a function $u\in L^2(\mathbb R^N)$, and another function $\varphi$ which is the unique solution to the Poisson equation $\Delta \varphi = u$ vanishing at $\infty.$ We know that the radial ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

274 views

### The contractivity of the heat semigroup in $L^p$ spaces

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. By functional calculus, it is immediate to show that the heat semigroup is a contraction in $L^2(M)$. I can also show that it is a contraction in any $L^p(M)$ with $p ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### Harmonic functions on knot complements

In Axler's Harmonic Function Theory, he and his coauthors develop the theory of harmonic functions on spheres and discs by considering the restrictions of arbitrary polynomials on the sphere $S^{n-1} =...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### What is a random eigenfunction on the hyperbolic plane?

Is there an (invariant under isometries) notion of a random eigenfunction on the hyperbolic plane, for a given eigenvalue?
It is a reference request because the answer is probably positive and I even ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Spectrum of Laplace-Beltrami with piecewise constant coefficients

By the Laplace-Beltrami with piecewise constant coefficients I means the operator $-div (f\, \nabla .)$ in the 2-sphere. Where $f$ is a piecewise constant function that takes two values $1$ and $a>...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### Laplacian of Fourier-like function

The question that follows has to do with the effects of a turbulent atmosphere on wave propagation. The structure function, $D(\vec{r})$, which is defined as,
\begin{equation}
D(\vec{r}) = \left\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Spectrum of the Witten Laplacian on compact Riemannian manifolds

Below I have given what I am calling as the ${\rm Witten{-}Laplacian}_{s,p}$ on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ for any constant $s >0$ and $p \in C^2(M,g)$
How generally is it true that this ${\rm ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

143 views

### From one eigenvector to many, in a very local graph?

Let $\Gamma$ be an undirected graph of bounded degree $d$ with $V = \{1,2,\dotsc,N\}$ as its set of vertices, and edges only between vertices that are at a distance $\leq M$ apart (where $M$ is much ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Laplacian on a manifold with two boundary components

I am interested in the Laplace equation on knot complements. The full complement of a knot $K$ is in $S^3$, but for compactness, we delete an open tubular neighborhood around $K$. The Laplace PDE on $...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

479 views

### Fiedler vector, what else?

In the spectral analysis of a graph with 1 connected component, the first non-trivial eigenvector (corresponding to the non-zero smallest eigenvalue) is also called the Fiedler vector. This vector is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

123 views

### Relation between expected values of eigenvalues of Laplacian matrix of a graph and eigenvalues of expected Laplacian matrix of that graph?

Particularly, I am dealing with Erdős–Rényi random 𝐺(𝑛,𝑝), so the expected Laplacian matrix of 𝐺(𝑛,𝑝) is 𝑝(𝐽𝑛−𝐼𝑛), where 𝐽𝑛 and 𝐼𝑛 are one and identity matrices, respectively.
In ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### Approach to solve a coupled system of PDE (heat transfer in cylindrical coordinates)

I have the following two PDEs, which describe steady-state coupled heat transport between an externally heated axisymmetric solid body (Eq. 1, $T(r,z)$) and a fluid (Eq. 2, $t(z)$) flowing inside it:
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Is $\Delta \phi$ monotone operator on $H^1(\mathbb{R}^d)$ for monotone $\phi$

Let $H^1(\mathbb{R}^d)$ be the usual Sobolev space and let $\phi: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a non decreasing Lipschitz function with $\phi(0)=0$. Is the operator $\Delta \phi $ on $H^1(\mathbb{R}^...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

541 views

### How to understand the combinatorial Laplacian $\Delta$ which is defined on the graph?

I have a question about the combinatorial Laplacian $\Delta$ which is defined by
$$\Delta(u,v)=c(u)1_{u=v}-c(u,v)$$
where $u, v$ are some vertices in the graph $G=(V, E)$, and $c(u,v)$ is a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

307 views

### Recent work on Pseudo-Laplacian and Pseudo-cuspform in the spirit of Riemann Hypothesis after the work of Bombieri and Garrett

( This is my first MO question . I'm totally inexperienced on MO so, forgive me for my mistakes .)
Paul Garrett and Enrico Bombieri were (are?) Secretly Working on Pseudo-Laplacians and Pseudo-...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### Domain of $(-\Delta)^\alpha$, $\alpha \in (0,1)$

Is there any simple way to characterize explicitly the domain of fractional powers for a given operator? For example, the domain of Dirichlet Laplacian on a bounded nice domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

202 views

### Normalized Laplacian matrix versus walk Laplacian matrix (or normalized adjacency matrix versus walk adjacency matrix)

In graphs, found that two different normalization matrices exist for Laplacian and adiacency matrix. I will ask about the adjacency matrix (for the Laplacian matrix the questions are the same). The ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Pointwise convergence of the eigenfunctions expansion of $f(x)=\frac{1}{|x|}$

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ a bounded domain with smooth boundary, $0<\lambda_1\leq \lambda_2 \leq \dots \leq \lambda_k\leq \dots$ the Dirichlet eigenvalues and $\{w_k\}_{k=1}^{+\infty}$ an $L^...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

89 views

### Coupled (Solid-Fluid) Heat transfer problem in a Heat Sink

I am trying to solve a coupled heat transfer problem between a solid and fluid (I have under braced the governing equations and labelled them). Eqn. (3) is the partio-integral differential equation I ...