Questions tagged [laplacian]

The Laplacian matrix is the representation of a graph in matrix form.

245 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
18 views

• 1,625
43 views

Entropy of eigenvectors of (traceless) laplacian of a bipartite graph

This problem is motivated by the edge states that sometimes appear (and sometimes not) at the level of Huckel hamiltonians for $\pi$-conjugated benzenoid hydrocarbons. If this sentence is cryptic, ...
• 251
1 vote
92 views

• 21
85 views

Self-ajointness of the Laplacian over a Riemannian manifold with boundary

I have some doubts about on a passage found on this article (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1510.08136.pdf). Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold with boundary; $E\to M$ be an hermitian fiber bundle; $\Delta$ ...
69 views

Interpreting the Higher-order Hodge-Laplace Operator

As an operator on functions, one intuitive way to think about the Laplacian seems to be as an operator that returns the average difference between a function's value at a point and the values of its ...
80 views

Non-linear diffusion on networks

The diffusion equation with constant diffusion $D$ can be represented as: $$\frac{\partial \phi(r, t)}{\partial t}=D \Delta \phi(r, t)$$ where $\Delta$ is the Laplace ...
• 117
72 views

Fractional Laplacian of smooth cut off functions

Suppose we have a smooth compactly supported function $\phi\in C^{\infty}_c(B_\epsilon(0))$ such that $0\leq \phi \leq 1$, $\phi\equiv 1$ on the unit ball and $\phi$ vanishes outside $B_\epsilon(0).$ ...
• 497
1 vote
137 views

Asymptotics for the first eigenvalue for the Laplace-Beltrami operator on the sphere

I am trying to understand the existence of positive solutions for the following equations, $-\Delta_{\mathbb{S}^n} u + \lambda u = f(u)$ where $f$ is some non-linearity, say $f(t)=t^3.$ By considering ...
• 497
553 views

• 437
128 views

Are smooth functions with compact support a core for the Laplacian on compact manifolds with boundary?

If $M$ is a complete Riemannian manifold and $L$ is the Friedrichs extension of the Laplacian $-\Delta$, then it is known (first proven by Gaffney in the '50) that $C_0 ^\infty (M)$ is a core for $L$. ...
• 4,810
189 views

Regularity bound

For $\Delta f_g = g$, can we prove that $f_g \in L^\infty_{\text{per}}(\Omega)$ and \begin{align*} \|f_g\|_{L^\infty_{\rm per}} \le c \|g\|_{L^\infty_{\rm per}} \end{align*} where $c$ does not ...
201 views

Smallest eigenvalue of Laplacian of periodic lattice after removing a vertex

Consider a 4-regular graph with $N^2$ vertices, which can be interpreted as a $N\times N$ lattice with periodic boundary conditions so that every vertex has degree 4. For an unweighted and undirected ...
• 117
180 views

Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Lichnerowicz Laplacian on positive Einstein manifolds

Suppose $(M^n,g)$ is an $n$-dimensional Einstein manifold with $Ric=(n-1)g$. Let $\lambda$ be the minimal eigenvalue of the Lichnerowicz Laplacian $\Delta_L$ defined on all transverse-traceless ...
• 437
86 views

• 73
92 views

Green kernel vs fundamental solution

Let $L$ being the Laplacian for a given Lie group $G$. I would like to know what is the difference between the two notions in relation to the operator $L$: The fundamental solution $\Gamma(x)$ of $L$;...
• 630
1 vote
54 views

Optimality condition of the harmonic form representatives of a homology class

In "Hodge theory on metric spaces, Smale et al." the $d$-th harmonic forms of the Hodge Laplacian $\Delta_d=\delta^* \delta+\delta \delta^*$ satisfying $\Delta_d(f)=0$ are claimed to be ...
114 views

Products of eigenfunctions on compact Riemann surfaces

Let $M$ be a compact Riemann surface with genus $g\geq 2$, endowed with the Riemannian metric with constant sectional curvature $-1$. Let $f_1, f_2$ be two (global) eigenfunctions for the Laplace-...
• 193
1 vote
78 views

How to show that $\Delta W \leq −2(n − 4)V$?

I am reading a preprint and trying to understand the proof of Lemma 3.5. On Pg. 19 above eqn (3.49) the authors claim that $\Delta W \leq −2(n − 4)V$ where the functions $W$ and $V$ are defined below, ...
• 497
72 views

Is the heat semigroup on a manifold the limit of the heat semigroups associated to a compact exhaustion?

Let $M$ be a paracompact Riemannian manifold, and $E \to M$ a Hermitian vector bundle endowed with a Hermitian connection $\nabla$. Write $M$ as an exhaustion $\bigcup _{j \ge 0} U_j$ with relatively ...
• 4,810
36 views

Relation between the eigenvalues of the weighted laplacian and fractional laplacian?

Consider the eigenvalue problem $-\Delta u = \lambda u\rho$ for $u\in \dot{H}^{1}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with $n\geq 3$ and weight $\rho\in L^{n/2}(\mathbb{R}^n).$ Let $(\lambda_k, \psi_k)$ be the increasing ...
• 497
81 views

Are there any known results for the spectrum of $(-\Delta)^s/V^{p-1}$?

I am interested in generalizing some results known for the $\frac{-\Delta}{U^{p-1}}$ where $U$ is a Talenti bubble to the non-local operator $\frac{(-\Delta)^s}{V^{p-1}}$ where $U$ and $V$ are bubbles ...
• 497
1 vote
209 views

• 205
184 views

Limit of $e^{-t(-\Delta)^\alpha}$ when $\alpha \to 1$

Let us consider the fractional heat semigroup $\left(e^{-t(-\Delta)^\alpha}\right)_{t\ge 0}$ for $\alpha\in (0,1)$ (the fractional power is taken in whole $\mathbb R^d$). Is there any result about the ...
• 373
632 views

Differentiation of functions over graphs

In short: There are various ways to define differentiation over a graph. I am trying to get the big picture, like a more complete and structured bestiary. Definitions. Let $G=(V,E)$ be a directed ...
• 1,287
343 views

Differential inequalities under which a flat function must be identically zero

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function which is flat at $0\in \mathbb{R}$. That is $f^{(k)}(0)=0,\; k=0,1,2,\ldots$. Assume that $|f''(x)|\leq M|f(x)|\quad \forall x\in \mathbb{R}$ ...
• 119
101 views

Eigenvalues of Laplacian and eigenvalues of curvature operator

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold (without boundary). The symmetries of the curvature $R$ of (the Levi-Civita connection associated to) $g$ allow one to realise $R$ as a self-adjoint (...
• 641
358 views

Line graphs called "graph derivatives": any intuition?

Short version: in several papers, line graphs (and closely related graphs) are called graph derivatives or derived graphs; is there any intuition for such terminologies, in connection with the ...
• 1,287
425 views

Chip-firing clocks

Let $G$ be some outdegree-regular directed graph with $n$ vertices and let $H$ be the Laplacian of $G$, so that the rows of $H$ correspond to chip-firing moves. I’m interested in linear functions $f$ ...
• 17.7k
45 views

Deducing elliptic regularity using spherical formula for Laplacian

It is well known that if $\Delta u = f$ and $u\in H_0^1(U),f \in L^2(U)$ for some domain $U,$ then we have $\|u\|_{H^2(U)} \leq C\|f\|_{L^2(U)}$ for some constant $C.$ One way to prove this is to ...
• 1,449
202 views

59 views

Estimate of the norm of the radial part of a function

Consider a function $u\in L^2(\mathbb R^N)$, and another function $\varphi$ which is the unique solution to the Poisson equation $\Delta \varphi = u$ vanishing at $\infty.$ We know that the radial ...
• 1,449
378 views

• 143
1 vote
56 views

What is a random eigenfunction on the hyperbolic plane?

Is there an (invariant under isometries) notion of a random eigenfunction on the hyperbolic plane, for a given eigenvalue? It is a reference request because the answer is probably positive and I even ...
• 6,711