# Questions tagged [euler-characteristics]

The euler-characteristics tag has no usage guidance.

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### Noether's formula for real algebraic surfaces

Is there a version of Noether's formula for the Euler characteristic of a surface for Real algebraic surfaces?
Specifically, given $X$ a real algebraic compact smooth surface, what is the relationship ...

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### Possible Euler characteristics of manifolds with tangential structures

Let $p:B\to BO$ be a fibration. We say that a manifold has a $B$-structure if its stable tangent bundle lifts to $B$. I am interested in the question of whether there exists, for a given even ...

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### Is it known whether a homeomorphism close to the identity of a compact manifold with nonzero Euler characteristic necessarily has a fixed point?

I recently saw in Kirby's list of open problems that it isn't known if two commuting homeomorphisms of a compact manifold close to the identity necessarily share a common fixed point, when the ...

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### Grothendieck ring of varieties in positive characteristic, away from the characteristic

In "The universal Euler characteristic for varieties of characteristic zero", Bittner shows that over a field $k$ of characteristic zero, the Grothendieck ring $K_{0}(Var_{k})$ of varieties ...

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### Fibrations and Euler characteristics with bad fundamental group

Consider a fibration $F\to E\to B$ where $H^i(F;\mathbb{Q})$ and $H^i(B;\mathbb{Q})$ are finite-dimensional, and they vanish for $i\gg 0$, and $B$ is connected. However, we do not assume that $B$ is ...

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### Polynomiality of the equivariant Euler characteristic of a sheaf tensored with a standard line bundle on the flag variety

Let ${\mathcal B}=Fl(V)$ be the variety of complete flags in an $(m+2n)$-dimensional vector space $V$ over $\mathbb C$. Then we have the standard line bundles $\mathcal{O}(\lambda)$ on $\mathcal B$ ...

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### When can the trace on cohomology be computed as the Euler characteristic of fixed points?

In this question all groups are finite, and all spaces are nice (eg, simplicial sets).
Given a $G$ space $X$, which we assume has finitely many nonzero cohomology groups, we can compute the trace of ...

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### Does the (Poincare) dual complex represent the same topology?

To start with, consider some abstract $3$-dimensional simplicial complex $\Delta$ representing a manifold without boundary, for simplicity. Then, there is this well-known construction of the "(...

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### Signed number of pieces in a decomposition in the Grothendieck ring of varieties

Let $X/k$ be a (geometrically integral and connected) variety over $k$ either a field of characteristic $0$ or a finite field. Let $[X] = \sum_{i\in I}[Y_i] - \sum_{j\in J}[Z_j]$ be a decomposition ...

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### When are bundles of odd and even differential forms isomorphic?

Let $M$ be a compact oriented $n$-manifold. Denote $\Omega^k := {\bigwedge}^k T^*M$ the vector bundle of differential $k$-forms, and let $\Omega^{\text{odd}} := \bigoplus_{\text{$k$ odd}} \Omega^k$ ...

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### Euler characteristic of pseudomanifolds with boundary

It is a well-known fact that for every compact oriented odd-dimensional manifold $\mathcal{M}$ with boundary it holds that
$$\chi(\mathcal{M})=\frac{1}{2}\chi(\partial\mathcal{M}).$$
In particular, if ...

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### In what sense do the real and complex places correspond to setting q equal to 1 or -1?

It often happens that if we have a scheme $X/\mathbb Z$ (or an open subset thereof) and we denote by $p(q) = X(\mathbb F_q)$, then $p(1)$ and $p(-1)$ compute the euler characteristic of $X(\mathbb C)$ ...

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### Is the secondary Euler characteristic a categorical trace?

Context: The ordinary Euler characteristic of a complex (satisfying appropriate finiteness conditions so that all cohomology groups are finite-dimensional over some field ''k'', say, and only finitely ...

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### Euler characteristic of the simplicial complex of sets of elements in a semilattice with non-zero meet

In a combinatorial computation, I came across the following quantity:
Consider a finite meet semilattice $L$, that is, a finite poset which is closed under $\min$. Denote the least element of $L$ by $...

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### Variation of Euler characteristic when the sheaf is not flat

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat, projective morphism with $Y$ integral and every fiber of $f$ normal and integral. Let $F$ be a torsion-free, coherent sheaf on $X$ (not necessarily flat over $Y$). Then, is ...

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### Refined Euler characteristic

Is there a refinement of Euler characteristic that distinguishes between the torus $S^1 \times S^1$ and the cylinder $S^1 \times [0,1]$?
(The intuition here is that $\chi$ is multiplicative, so that $...

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### Source of a quote by Ferdinand Rudio

I am looking for the source and context of this quote, found e.g. at St Andrews:
Only with the greatest difficulty is one able to follow the writings of any author preceding Euler, because it was ...

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### Can this be interpreted as one Euler characteristic?

Let $[n]:=\{1,\cdots,n\}$. It is known that $\{\log(p) \mid p \text{ is prime }\}$ is linearly independent over $\mathbb{Q}$. For a subset $A \subset [n]$ we can consider the matrix $L(A):=(\log(x) \...

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### A version of Hurwitz' theorem in terms of Euler characteristic

Page 203 of Farb and Margalit's Primer on Mapping Class Groups contains the result:
Let $g ≥ 2$. The order of any finite subgroup of $MCG(S_g)$ is at most $84(g − 1)$.
I've been told by my ...

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### Compact $G$-ENR's and Euler characteristic computed with Alexander-Spanier cohomology with compact support

Let $(Z,A)$ a compact ENR pair, then
$$\chi(Z)=\chi_c(Z-A)+\chi(A)$$
where $\chi_c$ is the Euler characteristic taken in Alexander-Spanier cohomology with compact support (ENR means euclidean ...

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### Properties of a generalization (regularization) of the Euler characteristic?

Intro: This question is about a version of the Euler characteristic for infinite dimensional chain complexes. I have no idea if this is a pre-existing concept, that's essentially what my query is ...

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### Euler Characteristic of $SL_m(\mathbb{C})/SO_m(\mathbb{C})$

As described in the title, what is the (topological) Euler characteristic of the homogeneous space $SL_m(\mathbb{C})/SO_m(\mathbb{C})$?

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### Is this line of thought (using linear algebra to get number theoretic results) already being pursued in the literature?

Let $Log(n) = \sum_{i=1}^r \alpha_i \cdot e_i$, where $n = \prod_{i=1}^r p_i^{\alpha_i}$ and $p_i$ is the $i$-th prime, $\alpha_i \ge 0$, $e_i$ is the $i$-th standard basis vector. For example $6 = 2\...

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### Compact simply-connected homogeneous symplectic manifold

I was reading a paper in which the authors use the fact that any compact simply-connected homogeneous symplectic manifold has non-zero Euler characteristic. They prove it by quoting a theorem by ...

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### On the notion of multiplicity of a fixed point [closed]

I am trying to understand the notion of multiplicity of a fixed point of a map $f: M \to M$, say, $M$ being a smooth closed manifold, and $f$ being a smooth diffeomorphism.
There is a notion of ...

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### On Lefschetz theorem and sum of Betti numbers as lower bounds for fixed points

Let $M$ be a closed manifold with holomorphic cell decomposition (if it is complex), or at least with only even cohomology. In particular, its Euler characteristic is equal to the sum of its Betti ...

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### Intuition for the Euler form in a finitary category

Suppose that $\mathcal{C}$ is a finitary category, so for any two objects $A$ and $B$ we have that $|\mathrm{Ext}^i(A,B)| < \infty$ for $i\geq 0$, suppose $\mathcal{C}$ has finite global dimension, ...

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### Compactification of open manifolds in the form of a manifold( with zero Euler characteristic)

Edit: According to the interesting comments of Michael Albanese and Nick L we revise the question as follows:
By manifold compactification of a manifold $M$ we mean a compact manifold $\tilde{M}$ ...

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### Integral of Gaussian curvature multiplied by mean curvature

Let $M$ be a 3-manifold with positive definite metric $g$, and let $S\subset M$ be an oriented 2-surface. For $x\in S$ let $K(x)$ be the Gaussian curvature and $H(x)$ be the mean curvature of $S$ at ...

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### Euler characteristic of local system depends only on rank?

Let $X$ be a proper variety over a finite field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$, and let $\mathcal F$ be a finite rank $\mathbb F_\ell$ local system on (the etale site of) $X$. Is it true (and, if so, ...

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### Invariance of combinatorial/geometric euler characteristic

I am trying to read and understand the paper:
TARGET ENUMERATION VIA EULER CHARACTERISTIC INTEGRALS
by YULIY BARYSHNIKOV AND
ROBERT GHRIST.
And I am having trouble with a statement. First of all, ...

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### What is the significance of the $-1$-simplex?

The number of $k$-simplex elements in an $n$-simplex is counted by the binomial coefficient $\binom{n+1}{k+1}$. For example, the $3$-simplex is the tetrahedron, which has the following elements: $4$ ...

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### Non-multiplicative Euler-Poincaré Characteristics

Are there known examples of a non-multiplicative Euler-Poincaré characteristic on varieties?
Let $\mathbf{Var}/k$ be the category of varieties over a filed $k$, i.e. the category of reduced separated ...

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### Triviality of certain vector bundles

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and let $SM$ be the bundle of symmetric bi-linear forms on $TM.$ Riemannian metrics are a particular kind of sections in this bundle. Since any manifold admits a global ...

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### Generalized Euler characteristics of non-motivic origin

By a generalized Euler characteristic $\chi$, I mean an isomorphism invariant $\chi(V)$ inside some abelian group $A$, defined for every varietiy $V$ over a field $k$, with the property that, for all ...

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### Does the Grothendieck ring of varieties contain torsion?

Let $K_0(Var_k)$ be the abelian group generated by the isomorphism classes of varieties over the field $k$ with the relations
$$[X]=[U]+[X\setminus U]$$
for every variety $X$ and open subvariety $U$.
...

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### In Gromov-Witten theory, why is the string coupling constant weighted by $2g-2$?

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and let us fix a homology class $\beta\in H_2(X,\mathbb Z)$, just for simplicity. The generating series of Gromov-Witten invariants of $X$ in class $\beta$, $$\mathsf ...

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### What is the Euler characteristic of a mapping space?

Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are topological spaces homotopy equivalent to finite cell complexes, and let $B^A = \mathrm{maps}(A,B)$ denote the space of maps from $A$ to $B$. Is it there a formula for ...

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### The Euler characteristic of Hilbert series

The Hilbert series of a graded vector space $V=\bigoplus_{n\mathbb Z}V_n$ is the (ordinary) generating function of the dimensions of its homogeneous components, $h_V(t)=\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}t^n\dim V_n$...

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### The Gauss-Bonnet theorem for Sheaves

Euler Characteristic of Sheaves and the Generalized Gauss-Bonnet Theorem
Consider a sheaf $\mathscr{F}$ over a site $\mathscr{(C,J)}$, where $\mathscr{C}$ is a small category with a coverage $\mathscr{...

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### Euler number for base change of a K3 surface

Suppose you have a K3 surface $S$ containing a smooth rational curve $C$ and suppose you have an elliptic fibration $S \rightarrow \mathbb P^1$ that restricts to a morphism $C \rightarrow \mathbb P^1$ ...

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### Are there perverse sheaves on abelian varieties with small Euler characteristic?

Let $A$ be a simple abelian variety of dimension $g$. Let $K$ be an irreducible perverse sheaf on $A$. We know that $\chi(A,K)\geq 0$. (Corollary 1.4 of Franecki and Kapranov.) How small can $\chi(A,K)...

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### Is Euler-characteristic of a simplicial complex on $n$ vertices and $f$ facets at most $n^{O(\log f)}$?

(Definition: Facet = Maximal Face)
This question is a continuation of the previous one that I had asked a couple of years ago: Is Euler characteristic of a simplicial complex upper bounded by a ...

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### What kinds of manifolds admit non-vanishing vector fields defining convergent congruences?

One of the corollaries of the Poincaré–Hopf index theorem is that a closed, connected manifold $M$ admits non-vanishing vector fields iff its Euler characteristic is zero; i.e. $\chi(M) = 0$.
I am ...

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### Did ancient mathematicians know Euler's characteristic for convex polyhedra?

The formula $V-E+F=2$ is so simple that I can't believe that it was really Euler (or perhaps Descartes) who first observed it (I mean the formula itself in some generality, not necessarily a valid ...

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### How to show the Euler Characteristic is equal to self-intersection number of zero-section [duplicate]

myThe definition of the Euler characteristic (given in Guillemin and Pollack's "Differential Topology") of a compact oriented manifold $X$ is the self-intersection number of the diagonal $\Delta$ in $...

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### Status of the Euler characteristic in characteristic p

In the introduction to the Asterisque 82-83 volume on `Caractérisque d'Euler-Poincaré, Verdier writes:
Enfin signalons que la situation en caractéristique positive est loin
d'être aussi ...

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### When does an even-dimensional manifold fiber over an odd-dimensional manifold?

Are there simple necessary and sufficient conditions for an (oriented) even-dimensional compact smooth manifold to fiber over an (oriented) odd-dimensional manifold (with oriented fibers)?
For ...

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### Chern numbers via Euler characteristics?

Let $X$ be a space good enough to have a fundamental class, and $E$ a complex vector bundle on $X$. Let $P$ be some polynomial expression, and say I want to evaluate $P(c_i(E)) \cap [X]$.
Is ...

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### "Mathai-Quillen-type" form on $M\times M$?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact, oriented, $(2n)$-dimensional Riemannian manifold. I'm wondering whether there is a "canonical" construction of a $(2n)$-form $\eta_g$ on $M\times M$, such that
$\eta_g$ is ...