# Questions tagged [teaching]

For questions related to teaching mathematics. For questions in Mathematics Education as a scientific discipline there is also the tag mathematics-education. Note you may also ask your question on http://matheducators.stackexchange.com/.

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### Notation for weak derivatives

I remember that, as a student, I felt a bit uncomfortable because I had to use the same notation (say $f'$, $D^\alpha f$, $\frac{\partial f}{\partial x^j}$, $\nabla \cdot f$ etc...) for classical and ...
131 views

### Suitability of formal type theory for mathematical thinking (vs. traditional set theory)

Type theory has advantages over set theory for the (computer) formalisation of mathematics, but has anybody who does mathematics with pen and paper found proof assistants or automated theorem provers, ...
158 views

### Teaching suggestions for Kleene fixed point theorem

I will take over two lectures from a colleague in which we discuss fixed point theory in the context of complete partial orders, and culminates in showing the Kleene fixed point theorem (see f.e. ...
613 views

### Does some published texbook take a particular approach (described here) to the transition from discrete to continuous probability distributions?

(I posted this question at matheducators.stackexchange.com and it seems to be considered an inappropriate question for that site. I don't understand why.) Imagine an introductory probability course ...
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868 views

### Interesting examples of systems of linear differential equations with constant coefficients

In this paper, Gian-Carlo Rota wrote: A lot of interesting systems with constant coefficients have been discovered in the last thirty years: in control, in economics, in signal processing, even in ...
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### Examples of new results found via exams [closed]

I suspect that there have been many instances throughout history where a new proof of an existing result has been discovered by a student while taking an exam. Does anyone have an example of this?
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### Zorn's lemma: old friend or historical relic?

It is often said that instead of proving a great theorem a mathematician's fondest dream is to prove a great lemma. Something like Kőnig's tree lemma, or Yoneda's lemma, or really anything from this ...
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### PDF readers for presenting Math online

In the current situation it seems especially important to be able to present your mathematical results online in a way that your audience does not fall asleep in front of their screens. But I am ...
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### Math talk for all ages

I've been asked to give a talk to the winners of a recent math competition. The talk can be entirely congratulatory, or it can contain a bit of actual mathematics. I'd prefer the latter. I'd also ...
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### Books on the relationship between the Socratic method and mathematics?

Apart from books on heuristics by George Polya. When trying to engage with and understand mathematical concepts and when applying abstract mathematical concepts to model "continuum" or real ...
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### Are there search algorithms that are competitive against (gradient based) optimization routines for continuous problems?

Suppose that $f: \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous function for which we want to minimize. We may arbitrarily impose good conditions for $f$, such as Lipschitzness, smoothness, convexity, ...
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### Seeking a combinatorial proof for a binomial identity

Let $n\geq m\geq0$ be two integers. The below binomial identity is provable by other means: $$\sum_{j=0}^m(-1)^j\binom{n+1}j2^{m-j} =\sum_{j=0}^m(-1)^j\binom{n-m+j}j.$$ QUESTION. Can you provide a ...
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1 vote
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### What benefits of math can be conveyed to mid/high schoolers? [closed]

I'm teaching mathematical proof writing to a few of math teachers (in the US) this summer. In the beginning of class, I send a survey asking them why they are here. Most of them are here for getting ...
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### What do we learn from the Wronskian in the theory of linear ODEs?

For a real interval $I$ and a continuous function $A: I \to \mathbb{R}^{d\times d}$, let $(x_1, \dots, x_d)$ denote a basis of the solution space of the non-autonomous ODE  \dot x(t) = A(t) x(t) \...
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### Interesting things you learned while grading/marking? [closed]

What are some interesting mathematical things you have learned while grading (or marking, if you prefer) student work? For example, clever proofs that students came up with; nice counterexamples or ...
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### How to find eigenvalues following Axler?

Preparing my Linear Algebra lecture I like the determinant free approach of Axler because the proof that operators $T$ on an $n$-dimensional complex vector space have eigenvalues is so simple: Fix ...
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### Elementary classification of division rings

Are there examples (other than the two mentioned below) of fields $K$ such that the classification of all finite dimensional division $K$-algebras is possible using only elementary theory (lets say a ...
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519 views

### Source of a quote by Ferdinand Rudio

I am looking for the source and context of this quote, found e.g. at St Andrews: Only with the greatest difficulty is one able to follow the writings of any author preceding Euler, because it was ...
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### How many ways are there to teach class field theory?

I will soon have to teach class field theory (I do not know whether it will be local or global yet:)) to postgraduate students. I wonder, which approaches to this subject(s) exist now. I definitely ...
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### Teaching cohomology via everyday examples

This question is a "sequel" to my similar questions about the fundamental group and homology. All of these questions were inspired by seeing a talk, by Tadashi Tokieda, about the interesting physics ...
346 views

### Defining integrals by residue theorem

I have always been interested in alternative definitions of mathematical objects. I wonder if one can craft an useful definition of definite integral by using the Residue Theorem from complex analysis....
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### Different derivations of the value of $\prod_{0\leq j<k<n}(\eta^k-\eta^j)$

Let $\eta=e^{\frac{2\pi i}n}$, an $n$-th root of unity. For pedagogical reasons and inspiration, I ask to see different proofs (be it elementary, sophisticated, theoretical, etc) for the following ...
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358 views

### Theory of surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$ as level sets

Is there a book that treats the classical theory of surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$ from the point of view of level sets of a function? I seem to remember someone telling me that such a book exists, but I ...
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### Pages from a known textbook on Euclidean geometry?

Do you recall having seen the attached pages in a textbook once? If so, would you be so kind as to share its bibliographic record (or the main items in it) with me below? A teacher provided us xerox ...
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### Name of a matrix with one column and row removed [closed]

I am looking for the exact name of a matrix where the i-th column and rows have been removed. I cannot remember how it is called in linear algebra, does anyone got an idea? Thanks!
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### Teaching prime number theorem in a complex analysis class for physicists

This is a question about pedagogy. I want to sketch the proof of the prime number theorem or any other application of complex analysis to number theory in a single lecture, in a complex analysis ...
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### Big ideas and big ways of thinking in statistics?

I'm moving to a new university for the fall semester, and I'll be teaching a statistics class for the first time. I'm familiar enough with doing statistics (my dissertation in math ed was a mixed-...
10k views

(I know this is perhaps only tangentially related to mathematics research, but I'm hoping it is worthy of consideration as a community wiki question.) Today, I was reminded of the existence of this ...
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### Is it consistent with ZF that $V \to V^{\ast \ast}$ is always an isomorphism?

Let $k$ be a field and $V$ a $k$-vector space. Then there is a map $V \to V^{\ast \ast}$, where $V^{\ast}$ is the dual vector space. If we are in ZFC and $\dim V$ is infinite, then this map is not ...
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### Examples of analytic functions to motivate a first course in complex variables

[Changed title as a plea to re-open the question.] If one is to motivate a course in complex variables, what specific analytic (holomorphic/meromorphic) function of one variable would you cite as an ...
2k views

### A conjecture in which both "if" and "only if" are near misses

[Migrated from Math Stack Exchange] More than a year ago, I posted the following on the Math Stack Exchange. Consider $2^n-1$. Based on checking a few small numbers for $n$ (in fact, the first ...
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### Teaching Steenrod Operations

I am teaching a class on topology and want to introduce Steenrod Operations. I have talked about simplicial sets and classifying spaces of groups but have not talked about Eilenberg–MacLane spaces. ...
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### Easy proof that reflections generate $N(T)/T$ for connected compact group?
I'm teaching a course on Coxeter groups and I'd like to provide an overview of the connection to compact Lie groups. Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group, $T$ a maximal torus and $N(T)$ the ...