# Questions tagged [affine-geometry]

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58
questions

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### Probability that random points are affine subspace

I asked this question in Math stack exchange, but I think it is more relevant here.
Suppose that $\mathbb{F}_q$ is a finite field with $q$ elements. Let $U = \{u_1, \ldots,u_m\}$ be a set of $m$ ...

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92 views

### On a condition on ideals viwed as a Zariski open condition on co-tangent space

Let $(R, \mathfrak m,k)$ be a Noetherian local ring such that the residue field $k$ is infinite. Let $n=\mu(\mathfrak m)$. Then $n=\dim_k(\mathfrak m/\mathfrak m^2)$ . By fixing $x_1,...,x_n \in \...

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32 views

### One parameter change of a section of $T^*M \otimes End(TM)$ on an affinely flat manifold

Let $\nabla$ be a flat symmetric connection in the tangent bundle of a smooth manifold $M.$ Let $A$ be a global section of $T^*M \otimes End(TM).$ Let $\phi:B(0,1) \to M$ be a local affine chart on $...

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119 views

### Intersection of a $\mathbb{Q}$-affine space with $\mathbb{Z}^n$

Let $E$, a $\mathbb{Q}$-affine space of arbitrary dimension included in $\mathbb{Q}^n$. Is it possible to check efficiently if $E \cap \mathbb{Z}^n$ is empty or not?
If is an hard problem could give ...

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319 views

### Covering the disk with a family of infinite total measure - the convex sequel

Let $(U_n)_n$ be an arbitrary sequence of open convex subsets of the unit disk $D(0,1)\subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$ s.t. $\sum_{n=0}^\infty \lambda(U_n)=\infty$ (where $\lambda$ is the Lebesgue measure). ...

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496 views

### Covering the disk with a family of infinite total measure

Let $(U_n)_n$ be an arbitrary sequence of open subsets of the unit disk $D(0,1)\subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$ s.t. $\sum_{n=0}^\infty \lambda(U_n)=\infty$ (where $\lambda$ is the Lebesgue measure). Does ...

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112 views

### Barycenters and the axiomatic of affine geometry

There are several ways to define an affine space,
either by starting from a transitive action of a vector
space on a set of points, or listing sets of axioms
related to parallelism in the spirit of ...

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94 views

### Cohn-Vossen rigidity theorem in hyperbolic space

There is the following rigidity theorem of Cohn-Vossen as stated on p. 86 of these lecture notes: http://www.math.brown.edu/~deigen/chern.pdf
Any isometry between two closed smooth convex surfaces in ...

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62 views

### complexity of system of equations defining affine variety

Say you have an affine variety $X$ in $n$-dimensional affine space. (You can even assume we are over $\mathbb{C}$, but I believe the nature of my question is algebraic).
I want to bound from above ...

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232 views

### Reference for “topological affine spaces”

I am wondering if there is a topological version of affine spaces as a topological space along with a free transitive (continuous) action of a topological vector space on it?
Here is a notion so-...

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336 views

### Bieberbach theorem for compact, flat Riemannian orbifolds

In his thesis, Bieberbach solved Hilbert 18 problem and
proved that any compact, flat Riemannian manifold is a
quotient of a torus. I need a reference to an orbifold version
of this result: any ...

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143 views

### Flatness of modules over dual numbers

Let $X$ be a smooth, affine complex surface, and $M$ be a coherent $\mathcal{O}_X$-module. Denote by $D:=\mbox{Spec}(\mathbb{C}[t]/(t^2))$ and $X_D:=X \times_{\mathbb{C}} D$, the trivial deformation ...

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394 views

### Projective-invariant differential operator

This question was originally asked on Math StackExchange.
Suppose we want a differential operator $T$ acting on functions $\mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ such that
\begin{align*}
&T(g) = ...

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151 views

### Is a symmetric, parallel (0,2)-tensor a metric?

I'm interested in affinely connected spaces, on which a metric is not necessarily defined, i.e. $(\mathcal{M},\Gamma)$. Since (as a physicist) my goal is to consider a generalized model of gravity, I ...

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131 views

### Bijective correspondence between $\mathbb G_a$ actions on affine varieties and exponential maps on affine $k$-domains

Let $A$ be an integral domain which is a finitely generated algebra over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $\phi :A \to A^{[1]}$ be a $k$-algebra homomorphism and let us write $\phi_t : A \to A[...

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123 views

### Factorially closed, finitely generated $k$-sub-algebra of $k[X_1,X_2,X_3]$ , where $k$ is algebraically closed field of positive characteristic

Let $S$ be a sub-ring of a commutative ring with unity $R$. Then $S$ is called factorially closed in $R$ if $a,b \in R$ and $ab \in S\setminus \{0\} \implies a,b \in S$.
Let $k$ be an algebraically ...

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193 views

### Cancellation problem for Laurent polynomial rings and power series rings

Throughout, let $k$ be an algebraically closed field. For two $k$-algebras $A,B$ let us write $A \cong_k B$ to mean that $A,B$ are isomorphic as $k$-algebras.
It is known that if $A$ is an integral ...

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445 views

### How many rich directions does a set in $\mathbb F_p^2$ determine?

$\newcommand{\F}{\mathbb F}$
A subset $P$ of the affine plane $\F_p^2$ is said to determine a direction if there is a line in this direction containing at least two points of $P$.
A set of size $|P|&...

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71 views

### If a partial normalisation of an affine variety is affine?

Let $X$ be an affine variety. Let $x$ be an isolated singular point of $X$. Let $U$ is an affine neighbourhood of $x$ such that $U\setminus \{x\}$ is smooth. Let $\pi:\tilde{U}\to U$ be the ...

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181 views

### What conditions are sufficient to prove a transformation in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is affine? [closed]

What conditions are sufficient to prove a transformation in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is affine?
I currently have shown that the transformation is bijective, points and lines are preserved and also the ...

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228 views

### Almost blocking sets in $\mathbb F_q^2$

$\newcommand{\F}{{\mathbb F}}$
Let $q$ be an odd prime power. A blocking set in the affine plane $\F_q^2$ is a set blocking (meeting) every line.
A union of two non-parallel lines is a blocking set ...

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193 views

### Automorphism group of fiber products of schemes

Let $A \mapsto S$ and $B \mapsto S$ be two schemes over the scheme $S$. Is there a connection between the automorphism group of the scheme $A \otimes_{S} B$ and the automorphism groups of $A$ and $B$ ?...

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239 views

### Space of halfspaces

Consider a real vector space $V$ with dimension $n$ (say $V=\mathbb{R}^n$). The construction I'm describing is similar to the construction of the projective space. Instead of the space of lines, it is ...

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71 views

### Relation between the geodesics of Finsler norms $F(V)$ and $F(-V)$

I am trying to solve this exercise. Let $(M,F)$ be a Finsler space and define $\tilde{F}(x,y):=F(x,-y)$. Then $(M,\tilde{F})$ is a Finsler space and given a geodesic $t\mapsto \gamma(t)$ of $F$, $t\...

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328 views

### Definition of Affine Root System: What is $\alpha_{+}$?

I was beginning to read Bruhat and Tits article Groupes Reductifs sur un Corps Locale and was confused on a point in the beginning of the section on affine root systems.
$\mathbf{A}$ is a finite ...

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174 views

### Maximin diameter of a transformed convex figure

You are given a compact convex figure in the plane, $C$.
Your goal is to transform $C$ to a different figure $C'$ with the smallest possible diameter, as long as:
The trasformation from $C$ to $C'$ ...

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310 views

### Affine spaces as algebras for an operad?

(at.algebraic-topology because I don't know who else thinks about operads)
Let $A$ be an affine space, i.e. a torsor over (the abelian group underlying) a vector space $V$ over a field $K$. Then for ...

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574 views

### Can a convex polytope with $f$ facets have more than $f$ facets when projected into $\mathbb{R}^2$?

Let $P$ be a convex polytope in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with $n$ vertices and $f$ facets.
Let $\text{Proj}(P)$ denote the projection of $P$ into $\mathbb{R}^2$.
Can $\text{Proj}(P)$ have more than $f$ facets?
...

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786 views

### When is a flow geodesic and how to construct the connection from it

Let $(M,\Gamma)$ be a $C^\infty$ $n$ dimensional real manifold with a linear connection $\Gamma$ on it. I know the following:
If $\gamma:[t_0,t_1]\rightarrow M$ is a smooth curve and is a geodesic, ...

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237 views

### Problem on triangles

Let $T\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ be any triangle and $T^t$ a deformation of $T$. Call $l_1,l_2,l_3$ the squares of the lengths of the sides of $T$ and $l_1^t,l_2^t,l_3^t$ the squares of the lengths of the ...

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246 views

### Square-free sets in $\mathbb F_2^n\oplus\mathbb F_2^n$

A square in $\mathbb F_2^n\oplus\mathbb F_2^n$ is a quadruple of the form
$$ (u,v)+\{(0,0),(0,d),(d,0),(d,d)\},\quad u,v,d\in\mathbb F_2^n,\ d\ne 0. $$
A set $A\subset\mathbb F_2^n\oplus\mathbb F_2^...

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263 views

### Status of an open question in Artin's “Geometric Algebra”

In Artin's book "Geometric Algebra", Chapter II, the author states some axioms for geometry (section 1) and then begins to prove some results about the symmetries of the geometry (section 2).
The ...

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87 views

### Sets blocking every $2$-flat in $AG(n,2)$

The following may be well-known $-$ but not known to me:
What is the smallest possible size of a set in ${\mathbb F}_2^n$ that blocks every $2$-flat?
Here "blocks" means "have a non-empty ...

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291 views

### How to show the two convex bodies are affinely isomorphic?

This problem comes from the response of the author of papers.
Consider two convex bodies $A$ and $B$:
$$A= \{X\in \mathcal{S}^4 : \operatorname{tr}(X) = 1, X\succeq 0 \}$$
$$B = \operatorname{...

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324 views

### Pasch axiom and Pythagorean field condition?

I am looking for a reference for the claim that the Pasch axiom is equivalent to the Pythagorean field condition, and with respect to what base theory this should be true.
Since posting the question, ...

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**1**answer

331 views

### What is meant by a Lie group acting by affine transformations?

This question is a continuation of this one, where I did not receive a complete answer so am moving to MO. I am trying to understand a paper by JP Szaro that was referred to there, and in particular, ...

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81 views

### Characterizing normal vectors of affinely independent subsets of the hypercube

Suppose we are looking at the hypercube in $\mathbb{R}^n$. I tend to the think of the cube with vertex coordinates 0 or 1, but maybe this is easier for the $\pm1$ cube.
Now suppose we have an affine ...

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**1**answer

174 views

### Affinely flat structures. How many different ones on the same manifold?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold endowed with $\nabla$ a flat torsion-free connection. Let $\operatorname{Diff}(M)$ be the group of smooth diffeomorphisms of $M.$ Obviously if $ \phi \in \operatorname{...

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123 views

### Affine hull of a set of non-negative matrices with fixed row-sums

Fix any non-negative matrix $M \in \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}^{m \times n}$ that contains no zero-row and no zero-column.
Further, fix any positive vector $r \in \mathbb{R}_{> 0}^m$.
With $nz(M) := \{(i,j)...

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119 views

### What is this 2-form on a Lagrangian torus fibration?

Suppose we are given a regular $2n$-dimensional Lagrangian fibration $\pi : (M,\omega) \to B$ with connected, compact fibers. Then it is well-known (Arnold-Liouville) that each fibre is a Lagrangian ...

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330 views

### $(n-2)$-blocking sets in $AG(n,2)$

Let's define $k$-blocking set in affine space $AG(n,q)$ a set that meets every coset (translate of subspace) of dimension $k$.
I have seen a lot work related to minimal $(n-1)$-blockings set.
...

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116 views

### Affine-regular hexagon in convex body

An affine-regular $n$-gon is a non-degenerate affine image of the regular $n$-gon. It seems to be a standard fact in combinatorial geometry that inside every convex compact set $K\subseteq \mathbb R^2$...

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246 views

### Osculating ellipsoids

Let $K$ be a given smooth, origin-symmetric, strictly convex body in $n$ dimensional euclidean space. At every point $x$ on the boundary of $K$ there exists an origin-symmetric ellipsoid $E_x$ that ...

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150 views

### A questions related to the Markus conjecture for special affine manifolds

An affine manifold $M$ is called special if there is a parallel volume form $\omega$ on $M$,
and a nowhere vanishing vector field $\mathcal{V}.$
Here we need to point out that any affine manifold of ...

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166 views

### Uniqueness affine curvature

Let $\gamma_1,\gamma_2: \mathbb{S}^1 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be two smooth, closed, convex curves that their (special)affine curvature, $\mu_1,\mu_2$ are equal, that is $\mu_1(\theta)=\mu_2(\theta)$, for ...

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### Who first proved the fundamental theorem of projective geometry?

The following theorem is often called the fundamental theorem of projective geometry:
Let $k$ be a field and let $n \geq 3$. Let $X$ be the partially ordered set of nonzero proper subspaces of $k^n$....

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223 views

### Parallel Ricci condition - Status report and bibliography

First I'd like to point out that I'm not a mathematician but a physicist. Dealing with a (hopefully) new affine theory of gravity we have find that the equation of motion are not the usual Einstein's ...

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361 views

### Existence of certain “nondegenerate” function and manifold topology

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold without boundary, not necessarily compact.
Let $f$ be a real-valued smooth function on $M\times M$. We say $f$ is good if for any point $(x,y)\in M\times M$ with local ...

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162 views

### Affine differential geometry. Is Calabi's hypersurface isotropic?

I am in the framework of (equi)affine differential geometry. Let $E$ be a centro-equiaffine space, that is a real vector space of dimension $n$, together with the special linear group $SL_n(R)$. Let $...

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122 views

### Strictly Convex Smoothing of a function defined on an affine manifold

A function defined on an interval is strongly convex if it has positive definite second derivative. A function on an affine manifold is strongly convex
if its restriction to each line is. An affine ...