Questions tagged [finite-groups]

Questions on group theory which concern finite groups.

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Tower of $p$-groups

The number of isomorphism classes of groups of order $p^n$ grows so fast $\big (p^{{\frac{2}{27}}n^{3}+O(n^{8/3})} \big)$, that a folklore conjecture asserts that, asymptotically, almost every finite ...
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40 views

Atypical use of Sylow?

The typical application of Sylow's Theorem is to count subgroups. This makes it difficult to search the web for other applications, since most hits are in the context of qualifying exams. What are ...
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158 views

Group presentation in the category of finite group

Context: I'm trying to deal with presentations in the framework of Gonthier et al. formalization of the group theory in the proof assistant Coq. It was used to machine check the Feit-Thompson odd ...
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25 views

Group graphs and Ramsey Theory. Sub-question 2

This note is a continuation of Group graphs and Ramsey theory. Sub-question 1. Let $\ X\ $ be a group, and let $\ c:\binom X2\to C\ $ be a two-coloring ($r\ $ and $\ g\ $ are the two colors). ...
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1answer
280 views

Chapter 4 Section 2 of Macdonald's Symmetric Functions and Hall Polynomials

Throughout this post $G$ denotes $GL_{n}(\mathbb{F})$ where $\mathbb{F}$ denotes the finite field of $q$ elements. I'm currently reading the aforementioned book to understand how the irreducible ...
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1answer
104 views

Finite maximal closed subgroups of Lie groups

$\DeclareMathOperator\SU{SU}\DeclareMathOperator\PSU{PSU}\DeclareMathOperator\SO{SO}$ Let $G$ be a Lie group. I am interested in maximal closed subgroups $ G $ which happen to be finite. The ...
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1answer
146 views

Twisted forms of $\mathrm{SL}(2,q)$

$\DeclareMathOperator\SL{SL}$Let $q = p^r$ be a prime power. Let $H$ denote the subgroup of $\SL(2,\overline{\mathbb{F}}_q)$ consisting of matrices of the form $\begin{pmatrix}a & b\\ b^q & a^...
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2answers
818 views

Low-order symmetric group 2-generation: n=5,6,8

In a comment at the recent question What is the standard 2-generating set of the symmetric group good for?, it was remarked that the symmetric groups $S_n$ for $n\gt 2$, $n\neq 5,6,8$, can be ...
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114 views

General linear group analogs

The Wikipedia pages for $E_6$ and $E_7$ list three series of groups notated as each of $E_6(q)$, $^2E_6(q)$, and $E_7(q)$: The simple form, analogous to $\operatorname{PSL}_n(q)$ The adjoint form, ...
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6answers
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What is the standard 2-generating set of the symmetric group good for?

I apologize for this question which is obviously not research-level. I've been teaching to master students the standard generating sets of the symmetric and alternating groups and I wasn't able to ...
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102 views

General lower bound on the number of subgroups of a finite group

The general question is this: given a positive integer $n$, are there any non-trivial lower bounds on the number of subgroups of a group of order $n$? Some more specific thinking: we know that in the ...
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2answers
102 views

Smallest $\mathbb R$-algebra which contains a subgroup isomorphic to $A_4$

$A_4$ (the alternating group on $4$ elements) can be thought of as the group of direct Euclidean isometries of a regular tetrahedron. This shows that there is a subgroup of the algebra of $3\times3$ ...
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120 views

Computationally intractable orbit of a monoid action on a finite set

Suppose for each integer $n\geq 1$ we have a submonoid $M_n\subset \mathrm{Self}(\{1, \dots, n\})$ of self-maps of $\{1, \dots, n\}$. A characterization of $M_n$ is an algorithm that takes an integer $...
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1answer
1k views

Known and fixed gaps in the proof of the CFSG

As the "second-generation" proof of the Classification of Finite Simple Groups is being written up in the volumes by Gorenstein, Lyons, Aschbacher, Smith, Solomon, and others (see e.g. this ...
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1answer
113 views

Automorphism groups of simple groups of Lie type

$\DeclareMathOperator\PSL{PSL}\DeclareMathOperator\PGL{PGL}$In “Automorphisms of finite linear groups”, Steinberg proves that any automorphism of a simple group of Lie type (normal or twisted) is a ...
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Conway's quaternion notation +1/3[C_3×C_3]∙2^(2) represent C_3h of 4d Point group?

In John Conway and Derek Smith's On Quaternions and Octonions: their Geometry, Arithmetic, and Symmetry, they introduce a way to connect quaternions to 4D Point Group. Suppose: $[l,r]:x\to \bar lxr\;,\...
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Can the relation between count of commuting pairs and conjugacy classes for finite groups be generalized to semigroups?

It is well-known that number of pairs of commuting elements in finite group G is equal to number of conjugacy classes multiplied by cardinality of G. More generally here (MO275769) Qiaochu Yuan ...
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1answer
269 views

On the density of the orders excluded by the Sylow theorems for simple groups

If $G$ is a finite group whose order is divisible by a prime $p$ and $p^r$ is the maximal power of $p$ that divides it, the Sylow theorems tell us that the number $n_p$ of Sylow $p$-subgroups of $G$ ...
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135 views

Subgroups of $\operatorname{GL}(n,q)$ transitive on non-zero vectors

Is there a classification of subgroups $G$ of $\operatorname{GL}(n,q)$ which act transitively on $\mathbb{F}_q^n \setminus \{0\}$, the set of non-zero vectors? Any $G$ with $\operatorname{GL}(n/m,q^m) ...
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Classification of octonionic reflection groups

I know that there exist classification theorems for real, complex, and quaternionic, reflection groups. There are presentations for the real reflection groups, as well as further presentations for the ...
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38 views

How can I find the order of the elements of the maximal subgroups for G_2(3)?

I'm looking to find the maximal subgroups for the exceptional group of Lie type $G_{2}(3)$ using GAP. Currently I can do the following: ...
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What are the stable cohomology classes of the "orthogonal groups" of finite abelian groups?

Let $A$ be a finite abelian group, and equip it with a nondegenerate symmetric bilinear form $\langle,\rangle : A \times A \to \mathrm{U}(1)$. Then you can reasonably talk about the "orthogonal ...
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Counting the number of generating triples of various types in finite simple groups

I am trying to figure out how specific generating triples in finite simple groups are calculated. My understanding is that it uses Frobenius's formula and character theory. I'm not an expert on ...
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177 views

Is there a finite group with nontrivial $H^2$ but vanishing $H^4$, $H^5$, and $H^6$?

Is there a finite group $G$ such that the group cohomology $\mathrm{H}^2_{\mathrm{gp}}(G; \mathbb{Z}/2)$ is nontrivial but $\mathrm{H}^4_{\mathrm{gp}}(G; \mathbb{Z}/2)$, $\mathrm{H}^5_{\mathrm{gp}}(G;...
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1answer
114 views

How do I find hyperbolic generating triples for a group using GAP?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $x, y, z \in G$. A hyperbolic generating triple for $G$ is a triple $(x, y, z) \in G\times G\times G$ such that $\frac{1}{o(x)}+\frac{1}{o(y)}+\frac{1}{o(z)} <1$, $\...
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4answers
988 views

$\operatorname{PSL}(2,\mathbb{F}_p) $ does not embed in $\mathfrak{S}_p$ for $p>11$

A famous result of Galois, in his letter to Auguste Chevalier, is that for $p$ prime $>11$ the group $\operatorname{PSL}(2,\mathbb{F}_p) $ does not embed in the symmetric group $\mathfrak{S}_p$. ...
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2answers
573 views

The finite groups with a zero entry in each column of its character table (except the first one)

$\DeclareMathOperator\PSL{PSL}\DeclareMathOperator\Aut{Aut}$Consider the class of finite groups $G$ having a zero entry in each column of its character table (except the first one), i.e. for all $g \...
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106 views

Tensor products of irreducible representations of $GL_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{q})$

Throughout the post $G = GL_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{q})$ where $q$ is a prime power with the prime not being 2. Let $V_{1}$ and $V_{2}$ be cuspidal representations of $G$ over $\mathbb{C}$. I can understand ...
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Subalgebra of group algebra generated by idempotents

Let $G$ be a finite group, and let $A$ and $B$ be two abelian subgroups of $G$. Let $K$ be a number field such that all characters of $A$ and of $B$ take values in $K$. Let $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the ring ...
9
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1answer
238 views

How small can the support of a nontrivial $\mathbb F_p$-cocycle on $C_p$ be?

Let $p$ be a prime, and let $\phi : C_p^n \to \mathbb F_p$ be an $\mathbb F_p$-valued $n$-cocycle on $C_p$ (the cyclic group of order $p$) which is not an $n$-coboundary, i.e. $\phi$ represents a ...
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60 views

The number of orbits of a two-point stabilizer of the symplectic group $Sp(2m,2)$

I am trying to figure out the number of orbits of a two-point stabilizer of the action of $Sp(2m,2)$ on its two orbits $\Omega^+$ and $\Omega^-$ as detailed in Dixon and Mortimer's "Permutation ...
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2answers
336 views

Why are finite simple groups useful? [duplicate]

The classification of finite simple groups has been called one of the great intellectual achievements of humanity, but I don't even know one single application of it. Even worse, I know a lot of ...
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3answers
430 views

Small simplicial set models for BG

Let $F$ be a finite group. Is there a model for $BF$ as a simplicial set such that the number of nondegenerate $n$-simplices grows at most polynomially? For example the Bar construction has the ...
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1answer
150 views

Irreducible representations of finite p-groups

Let $G$ be a finite $p$-group. What are irreducible representations of $G$ over a field of characteristic $q$, such that $(p,q)=1$ ? Can we say something in general ? In particular, if there exists ...
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107 views

Another question concerning finite metacyclic groups

Given a non-split finite metacyclic group $H$, does there always exist a finite split metacyclic group $G$ with a normal cyclic subgroup $N$ of prime power order such that $H \cong G/N$? Based on my ...
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1answer
156 views

Structures of subgroups of a finite abelian p-group

$\newcommand\la{\langle}\newcommand\ra{\rangle}$Let $G=\mathbb{Z}/p^{i_1}\times\cdots\times\mathbb{Z}/p^{i_r}$ with $i_1\leq\ldots\leq i_r$ be a finite abelian $p$-group. Then there can be many ...
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1answer
203 views

Finite simple groups with the same numbers of elements of orders p and q

Let $G$ be a nonabelian finite simple group, and let $p$ and $q$ be distinct prime divisors of the order of $G$. Is it true that the number of elements of $G$ of order $p$ never equals the number of ...
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1answer
187 views

A transitive action on a specific set

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\lambda\in G$, consider a set $$D^{p+*}_{G}(\lambda):=\{P\in S^{p+*}_G|P^{\lambda}=P=[P,\lambda]\}$$ where: $S^{p+*}_{G}$ denotes the set consisting of all non-trivial $...
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3answers
444 views

Large product-1-free sets in finite groups

$\DeclareMathOperator\SmallGroup{SmallGroup}$Definition. A subset $A$ of a group $G$ is called product-1-free if for any sequence of pairwise distinct elements $a_1,\dots,a_n$ of $A$ the product $a_1\...
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1answer
113 views

Subgroups and representations of finite groups of Lie type

Is there a usable bound for the minimal index of a proper subgroup in a finite simple group of Lie type in terms of its rank and the characteristic (or even cardinality) of its field of definition? ...
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Action of diagonal automorphisms on the set of irreducible characters of $D_n(q)$

Let $S$ be $D_n(q)$ where $q$ is a prime power. We know that a diagonal automorphism $\phi_h$ of $S$ is of the form $g\mapsto hgh^{-1}$, where $h\in \hat H$ and $\hat H$ normalizes $S$. Note that $\...
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117 views

Finite simple groups of automorphisms of finite simple Lie algebras

I begin by briefly recalling some basic facts in order to pose my question in context. According to the classification, the finite simple groups are cyclic of prime order, are alternating on $n \geq 5$...
11
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1answer
322 views

Number of 1's in binary expansion of $a_n = \frac{2^{\varphi(3^n)}-1}{3^n}$

My question is about the Hamming Weight (or number of 1's in binary expansion) of $a_n = \frac{2^{\varphi(3^n)}-1}{3^n}$ A152007 For example, $a_3 = 9709 = (10110111101001)_2 $ has nine 1's in binary ...
7
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3answers
465 views

Product-one sets in non-commutative groups

A nonempty subset $D$ of a group $G$ is called $\bullet$ decomposable if $D\subseteq DD$, that is every element $x\in D$ is can be written as the product $x=yz$ of some elements $y,z\in D$; $\bullet$ ...
4
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1answer
205 views

Finite groups with a dihedral maximal subgroup

Suppose $G$ is a finite group with a dihedral maximal subgroup. Suppose that $G$ is not isomorphic to $\operatorname{PSL}(2,q)$ for some any prime-power $q$. Is $G$ always solvable?
8
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1answer
151 views

Is there always a simple module whose Green correspondent is a simple module under some conditions?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $KG$ its group algebra over some field $K$ with $\mathrm{char}\ K$ dividing the order of $G$. It's well-known that the Green correspondence is compatible with the Brauer ...
4
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1answer
256 views

Is the fixed subring a symmetric algebra?

Let A be a finite dimensional symmetric k-algebra over some field k. The set of units of A is denoted by U(A). Suppose G is a cyclic group of prime order which acts via inner algebra automorphism on A,...
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68 views

Is Broué's abelian defect conjecture true for finite groups with abelian TI Sylow p-subgroups?

I am now interested in Broué's abelian defect conjecture and I have read many papers concerning it. For a prime $p$, I informally define a finite group to be a $p$-ATI-group if it has abelian Sylow $p$...
9
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1answer
288 views

When is the augmentation ideal projective as RG-module?

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $R$ be a commutative ring. I'd like to ask, if there is a theorem of the following kind: The augmentation ideal $I_G$ is projective as RG-module, if and only if ... ?...
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177 views

Inverse Galois problem on simple groups

Im trying to find a way to connect a possible solution of the inverse Galois problem on simple groups to a more general solution on any finite group. I've tryied to mess with the embedding problem for ...

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