# Questions tagged [finite-groups]

Questions on group theory which concern finite groups.

Questions on group theory which concern finite groups.

571
questions with no upvoted or accepted answers

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Let $w=w(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ be a word in a free group of rank $n$. Let $G$ be a finite group. Then we may define a class function $f=f_w$ of $G$ by
$$ f_w(g) = |\{ (x_1,\dots, x_n)\in G^n\mid w(x_1,\dots,...

36
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848
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The classification of finite simple groups states roughly that every non-abelian finite simple group is either alternating, a group of Lie type, or a sporadic group.
For each of the groups of Lie ...

31
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While people are steaming ahead on finessing the proof of the classification of finite simple groups (CFSG), we have a formal proof in Coq of one of the first major components: the Feit-Thompson odd-...

30
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I have read something which said that the large amount of common structure between the simple groups $SL(3,3)$ and $M_{11}$ indicated to Conway the possibility that the Mathieu groupoid $M_{13}$ might ...

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An elegant description of the Mathieu group $M_{23}$ is the following: Let $C$ be the multiplicative subgroup of order $23$ in the field $F=\mathbb F_{2^{11}}$ with $2^{11}$ elements. Then $M_{23}$ is ...

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Let $\Gamma$ be a finite group of order $p^n$. Is there necessarily a unipotent algebraic group $G$ of dimension $n$, defined over $\mathbb{F}_p$, with $\Gamma \cong G(\mathbb{F}_p)$?
I have no real ...

22
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978
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If there is no restriction on $n$, this is a famous open problem. I'm wondering if any recent work has been done for small $n>6$. I believe the question is answered (positively) for $n=6$ by ...

21
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543
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This is a generalization of the following question by John Wiltshire-Gordon.
Consider an inductive family of finite groups:
$$
G_0 \hookrightarrow G_1 \hookrightarrow \ldots \hookrightarrow G_i \...

20
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Let $G$ be a finite group, and $n$ an integer coprime to $|G|$. Then we have the following map, which is clearly not a morphism of groups in general: $$g\mapsto g^n.$$
This induces a linear ...

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Let $G$ be a finite group, $S\subset G$ a generating set, $|g| = |g|_S = $ word length with respect to $S$. Define the "defect" of $g,h$ to be
$$\psi(g,h) = |g|+|h|-|gh|$$
Then $\psi:G\times G \...

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During my research I came across this question, I proposed it in the chat, but nobody could find a counterexample, so I allow myself to ask you :
$G$ a group, with $p$ a prime number, and $|G|=2^p-1$, ...

18
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488
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Recently I've been going over some of Serre's reformulation of Brauer theory with a student, following the influential treatment in Part III of Serre's lectures (revised 1971 French edition) later ...

18
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Let $\chi$ be an irreducible (complex) character of a finite group, $G$. The Schur index $m_{K}(\chi)$ of $\chi$ over the field $K$ is the smallest positive integer $m$ such that $m\chi$ is afforded ...

17
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635
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Context: The number of conjugacy classes equals to the number of irreducuble representations (over C) for any finite group. Moreover for the symmetric group and some other groups there is "good ...

17
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$M_{13}$ is the Mathieu groupoid defined by Conway in
Conway, J. H. $M_{13}$. Surveys in combinatorics, 1997 (London), 1–11,
London Math. Soc. Lecture Note Ser., 241, Cambridge Univ. Press, ...

17
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482
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The following arose as a side issue in a project on graph reconstruction.
Problem: Let $a(n)$ be the greatest order of the automorphism group of a 3-connected cubic graph with $n$ vertices. Find a ...

15
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The following theorem was proved in [Helmut Wielandt. Eine Verallgemeinerung der invarianten Untergruppen. Mathematische Zeitschrift 45 (1939): 209-244.] a long time ago:
Theorem: (Wielandt) There ...

15
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Is every normal subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{Z}/n)$ also normal inside $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/n)$?
Of course, it suffices to ask the question when $n = p^m$ a prime power. In Classification of the Normal ...

15
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I attended a talk by John Conway recently where he explained to us that the usual number, 26, was wrong, that there are in fact 27 sporadic simple groups. His reason was that the Tits group, which is ...

15
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This is a follow-up to a recent mathoverflow question
34387
about computing the orders of finite unitary groups and the comments made there.
Between 1955 (Chevalley's Tohoku paper) and 1968 (...

14
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In recent work
Lifting $N_\infty$ operads from conjugacy data on homotopical combinatorics / $N_\infty$ operads in equivariant homotopy theory, collaborators
Scott Balchin, Ethan MacBrough, and I ...

14
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680
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I am reading the following article.
Ryba, Alexander J.E., A natural invariant algebra for the Baby Monster group., J. Group Theory 10, No. 1, 55-69 (2007). ZBL1228.20012..
Author works with 4370-...

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338
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Suppose $V$ is a (bosonic) chiral conformal field theory which is "holomorphic" in the sense that its category of vertex modules is trivial. (The definition of "chiral conformal field theory" might be ...

13
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This question is motivated by long experiments with GAP.
Call a monic polynomial with integer coefficients special in case it is irreducible and has only coefficients $-1$, $0$ or $1$. Let $n \geq 5$....

13
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Context: The number of conjugacy classes equals to the number of irreducuble representations (over C) for any finite group.
Moreover for the symmetric group there is well-known "natural bijection" ...

13
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356
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Let $W$ be a finite Coxeter group and $\mathcal{N}(W)$ its nilCoxeter
algebra (over the reals, say), as defined at
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nil-Coxeter_algebra. $\mathcal{N}(W)$ has
a natural ...

13
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574
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Suppose we have a triple of groups $G,H,K$ satisfying the following conditions:
$G$ and $H$ are finite groups and $K$ is an infinite group.
there exist two monomorphisms $G \rightarrow K \leftarrow H$...

12
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360
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Let $A$ be a discrete valuation ring with perfect residue field $k$ of characteristic $p$ and field of fractions $K$ of characteristic $0$. Let $G$ and $H$ be two finite groups and assume that $K$ is ...

12
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An Eulerian subgroup lattice is Boolean (see here), so it is natural to wonder whether it is also true for an interval of finite groups. The smallest non-Boolean Eulerian lattice is the following:
It ...

12
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681
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A standard way to find solutions to a finite set of equations in a finite symmetric group
${\rm S}_n$ is to take the equations as relators of a finitely presented group, to use
the low index subgroups ...

12
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391
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This question is partly motivated by a situation which arises in modular representation theory. A finite group $G$ is said to be almost simple if $G$ has a unique minimal normal subgroup which is a ...

12
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Hypothesis: Let $P$ be a finite $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups $M$ and $N$ such that $P/M\cong C_4$ (the cyclic group of order $4$) while $P/N\cong C_2^2$. By the lattice theorem, ...

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$\def\Z{\mathbb{Z}}$
Let $A$ be a finite abelian group and $G$ a finite group acting on $A$.
Then the extension $0 \to A \to E \to G \to 1$ is splits if and only if the corresponding $2$-cocycle is ...

12
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I came accross a beautiful and "simple" (no pun intended) theorem, mentioned here in slide 14 by Jack Schmidt.
All finite simple groups have a cyclic
Sylow $p$-subgroup for some $p$
I found ...

11
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In the setting of complex representations of finite groups, a class sum $1_C=\sum_{g\in C} g$ acts on an irreducible representation $V$ as $\lambda(C,V)\operatorname{Id}$, where $\lambda(C,V)=|C|\...

11
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As might be known, the function $L(x) = x+\exp(x)\log(x)$ plays a prominent role in the Lagarias formulation of the Riemann hypothesis:
$$\sigma(n) \le H_n + \exp(H_n) \log(H_n)$$
My question is, ...

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A tuple $(A_1,\dots,A_n)$ of subsets of a finite group $G$ is called a factorization of $G$ if $G=A_1\cdots A_n$ and $|A_1|\cdots|A_n|=G$.
In Cryptology factorizations of groups are known as ...

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(I asked some people this question in person and got the answer "no", but wanted to see if the Internet had more to say)$
\newcommand{\FinGrp}{\mathbf{FinGrp}}
$
Way back in my first group theory ...

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Let $F_2$ be the free group on two generators $x,y$ and let $R$ be the group algebra $\mathbf{Q}[F_2]$. Let $a,b,c$ be integers. Then define a right $R$-module
$M = R / (ax + by + c) R$.
I am ...

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$\DeclareMathOperator\Aut{Aut}$Let $G$ be a finite group and let $k$ be a field with algebraic closure $K$. Is there a smooth projective curve $C$ defined over $k$ such that $\Aut_k(C)=\Aut_K(C)$ is ...

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Let $G$ be a finite $p$- group and let $\varphi$ be an automorphism of $\mathbb{F}_pG$ as $\mathbb{F}_p$-algebras and let $n = \sum_{g\in G} g$ be the norm element. Does it follow that $\varphi(n)=n$?
...

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Throughout the post $G = GL_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{q})$ where $q$ is a prime power with the prime not being 2.
Let $V_{1}$ and $V_{2}$ be cuspidal representations of $G$ over $\mathbb{C}$. I can understand ...

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Is it possible to give a reasonable description of those finite solvable groups $G$ such that $A = {\rm Aut}(G)$ is also solvable?
The central case to deal with is that in which $G$ is a $p$-group of ...

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567
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Suppose that we are given a finite $p$-group $G$ and an abelian normal subgroup $A$ of $G$. The question I have is whether any sufficient conditions are known for $A$ to have a complement in $G$. From ...

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This question was inspired by Smith Normal Form of a Cayley Graph of the Symmetric Group.
Let $\mathbb{Q}S_n$ denote the group algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ of the
symmetric group $S_n$. Identify a ...

9
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A group $G$ is called $\frac{3}{2}$-generated if every non-trivial element is contained in a generating pair, i.e. $$\forall g \in G \setminus \{e \}, \ \exists g' \in G \text{ such that } \langle g,g'...

9
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I suspect that many permutation puzzles can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ moves, which has led me to the following question/conjecture:
Suppose that
1. $P_i$ for $i<k=O(1)$ are permutations on an $n$ ...

9
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Let $M_n$ be the rank 2 free metabelian group of exponent $n$. For which $n$ is $M_n$ center-free?
The abelianization $M_n^{ab}\cong C_n\times C_n$, so the commutator subgroup $M_n'$ is a cyclic $(\...

9
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The 1985 paper A simple construction of the Fischer-Griess monster group by Conway refers to an "in press" article, A remarkable Moufang loop, with an application to the Fischer group $Fi_{24}$, by ...

9
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I would like to know whether the problem described below has appeared in the literature and/or whether similar questions have been studied. I would be very happy to find some references or, if none ...