# Questions tagged [inverse-problems]

Inverse problems involve for example reconstruction of an object based on physical measurements and finding a best model/parameters out of a family given observed data. Typically the corresponding "forward" problems are well-posed and can be solved straightforwardly, while the inverse problems are often ill-posed. Not to be confused with the (inverse) tag.

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### Inverse Galois problem for G with a derived sequence of length 2

For a finite group G with a derived sequence of length 2, please tell me how to specifically construct a field that is a Galois extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ and whose Galois group is G. I made some edits ...
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### Is the real and imaginary part of the Dirichlet eta function invertible when viewed as single variable function?

If we examine $\Re(\eta(\alpha + \beta i))$ as a function of $\alpha$ or only $\beta$ is $\eta$ invertible? That is, if we define that map $J:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ as \...
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### How can we calculate the Euler-lagrange equations?

In this paper https://arxiv.org/pdf/1907.09605.pdf \ let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with $n \geq 1$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain with boundary $\partial \Omega$, $f: \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ ...
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### What is the impact of individual estimate on each other in matrix inversion?

I am looking to understand the impact of each estimate on each other in matrix inversion. Lets say I have a vector $A = \left[a_1, a_2 \right]^T$ of size $2 \times 1$ and $a_1$ and $a_2$ are related ...
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### Recovering a binary function on a lattice by studying its sum along closed walks

I recently posted this question on MSE. While it attracted interest, no answers were submitted, so I thought to try and post it here. I have a binary function $f:\mathbb N^2\rightarrow\{0,1\}$. While ...
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### Is there any sufficient or equivalent condition for the invertibility of a regular map, i.e. a self map of $\mathbb{R}^m$ with polynomial components?

Let $P:\mathbb{R}^m\to \mathbb{R}^m$ be a regular map, i.e. a map whose components are polynomials. I was wondering whether we can say anything about the the component polynomials, their degrees or ...
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### Reconstruction of second-order elliptic operator from spectrum

Let $M$ be a compact smooth manifold, $(\lambda_n)_{n=1}^{\infty}$ be a square-summable monotonically increasing sequence of non-negative numbers, and let $(f_k)_{k=1}^{\infty}$ be continuous ...
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### Implicit function theorem / Implicit selections when Jacobian not invertible

I saw the attached result in the book by Dontchev and Rockafellar. It requires the Jacobian to be of full rank m. I suspect this condition can be further relaxed. Assume that we know that the columns ...
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### Reference request: diffusion approximation to the radiative transport

I'm looking for a good, modern reference for the diffusion approximation to the radiative transport problem. I'm aware of the text of Dautray and Lions, as well as the monograph by Bensoussan, Lions, ...
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